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Sufi saints or Wali (Arabic: ولي‎, plural ʾawliyāʾ أولياء) played an instrumental role in spreading Islam throughout the world.[1] In the traditional Islamic view, a saint is portrayed as someone "marked by [special] divine favor ... [and] holiness", and who is specifically "chosen by God and endowed with exceptional gifts, such as the ability to work miracles."[2]

ListEdit

 
Mosque and shrine of Sayyid Baha ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari in Bukhara, Uzbekistan. After whom the Naqshbandi Golden Chain is named after.
 
Quranic calligraphy inscribed on the walls of the famous 12th century Persian Islamic saint, scholar, jurist and theologian Jalal ad-Din Rumi in Konya, Turkey.
 
Mosque and shrine of Imam Al-Mursi Abu'l-'Abbas, in ميدان المساجد، الجمرك، Qesm Al Gomrok, Alexandria Governorate, Egypt.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Schimmel, Annemarie (1975). Mystical Dimensions of Islam. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. p. 346. ISBN 0-8078-1271-4.
  2. ^ Radtke, B., "Saint", in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C..
  3. ^ Biographical encyclopaedia of Sufis: Central Asia and Middle East by N. Hanif, 2002, p. 123.
  4. ^ The Sultan of the saints: mystical life and teaching of Shaikh Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani, Muhammad Riyāz Qādrī, 2000, p. 24.
  5. ^ Pnina Werbner (2003). Pilgrims of Love: The Anthropology of a Global Sufi Cult. C. Hurst & Co. p. 4.
  6. ^ S Ahmed Ali (2002-12-22). "On Urs, Mumbai police keep tryst with Sufi saint". Archived from the original on 2005-04-22. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
  7. ^ "Hazrat Pir Baba (Rahmatullahi Allaih)". www.pirbaba.org. Archived from the original on 29 October 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  8. ^ Dr. Harbhajan Singh (2002). Sheikh Farid. Hindi Pocket Books. p. 11. ISBN 81-216-0255-6.
  9. ^ E.G. Browne (1998). Literary History of Persia.
  10. ^ originally compiled by Amir Hasan ʻAlāʼ Sijzī Dehlawī ; English translation with introduction and historical annotation by Ziya-ul-Hasan Faruqi. (1996). Fawa'id Al-Fu'ad--Spiritual and Literary Discourses of Shaikh Nizammuddin Awliya. South Asia Books. ISBN 8124600422.
  11. ^ The Brahmaputra Beckons. Brahmaputra Beckons Publication Committee. 1982. p. 39. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  12. ^ Jagadish Narayan Sarkar. Thoughts on Trends of Cultural Contacts in Medieval India. p. 41.
  13. ^ ZH Sharib (2006). The Sufi saints of the Indian subcontinent. Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Ltd.
  14. ^ Urs-e-Sharief of Khwaja Bande Nawaz in Gulbarga from tomorrow Archived 2008-06-12 at the Wayback Machine "The Hindu", Nov 27, 2007.
  15. ^ "Article on KhwajaBaqi Billah". Archived from the original on 2010-06-27. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  16. ^ Ernst, Carl W. (1997). The Shambhala Guide to Sufism. Boston: Shambhala. p. 67. ISBN 978-1570621802.
  17. ^ "Dargah of Bu-Ali-Shah-Qalandar". Archived from the original on 2010-03-14. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
  18. ^ "CHISTI SAINTS". Archived from the original on 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
  19. ^ a b Schimmel, Annemarie (1997). My Soul Is a Woman: The Feminine in Islam. New York: Continuum. p. 50. ISBN 0-8264-1014-6.
  20. ^ Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh’, Vol II and III, by Abdul Qadir bin Mulik Shah Al-Badaoni (Translated into English by R.A. Ranking in 1894).
  21. ^ Sandeep Singh Bajwa. "Baba Fariduddin Mas'ud". Archived from the original on 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
  22. ^ Neeti M. Sadarangani. Bhakti poetry in medieval India. p. 60.
  23. ^ "Haji Huud" (Oct. 1, 2001). Published in Al Ashraf: Pages 17–20.
  24. ^ G. M. D. Sufi. "THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN KASHMIR". Archived from the original on 2007-04-19. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
  25. ^ William C. Chittick. "ʿERĀQĪ,FAḴR-al-DĪN EBRĀHĪM". Encyclopedia Iranica. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-17.
  26. ^ Sarah Ansari (1971). Sufi Saints and State Power: The Pirs of Sind, 1843-1947. Vanguard Books.
  27. ^ K J S Ahluwalia22 (May 2006). "Spot the Emperor in the Story of Fakir Mian Mir". The Times Of India. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  28. ^ Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 69. ISBN 9004081143.
  29. ^ N. Hanif. Biographical encyclopaedia of Sufis. p. 321.
  30. ^ Aziz Ahmad, Studies in Islamic Culture in the Indian Environment, Oxford University Press, 1964, p.189
  31. ^ "HISTORY OF MULTAN". Archived from the original on 2008-12-04. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
  32. ^ Carl W. Ernst; Bruce B. Lawrence (2002). Sufi martyrs of love: the Chishti Order in South Asia and beyond. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 98. ISBN 1403960275.
  33. ^ Gupta, M.G. (2000). Sarmad the Saint: Life and Works (Revised ed.). MG Publishers. ISBN 81-85532-32-X.
  34. ^ Carl W. Ernst, Bruce B. Lawrence. (2002). Sufi Martyrs of Love: The Chishti Order in South Asia and Beyond. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1403960267.
  35. ^ Tasadduq Husain (Jul–Aug 2002). "The Spiritual Journey of Dara Shukoh". Social Scientist. 30 (7/8): 54–66. doi:10.2307/3518151. JSTOR 3518151.
  36. ^ DRAMK DURRANI (1989). "Central Asian Saints of Multan". Area Study Centre (Central Asia), University of Peshawar.
  37. ^ Lal, Mohan. (2006) Encyclopaedia of Indian literature. Vol. 5, Sahitya Akademi, Delhi, p. 3940. ISBN 81-260-1221-8
  38. ^ Karim, Abdul (2012). "Shah Jalal (R)". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 2015-07-07.
  39. ^ Kānunago, Sunīti Bhūshaṇa (1988). A History of Chittagong. Dipankar Qanungo. Dipankar Qanungo. p. 476. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
  40. ^ Muhammad Dawood. "Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari". Archived from the original on 2010-03-15. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
  41. ^ edited by Masood Ali Khan, S. Ram. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Sufism. New Delhi: Anmol Publications. ISBN 8126113111.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)