Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr (Arabic: قاسم ابن محمد ابن ابی بکر, romanized: Qāsim ibn Muḥammad ibn Abī Bakr; c. 656 –728 or 730) better known as Qasim al-Faqi (Arabic: قاسم الفقيه, romanized: Qāsim al-Faqī, lit. 'Qasim the Jurist') was a Muslim jurist and scholar. The grandson of Caliph Abu Bakr (r. 632–634), Qasim was an ancestor of Ja'farid line of Shia Imams.
al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
قاسِم بِن مُحمّد بِن أبي بَكَر
|Born||36 or 38 AH|
|Died||106 AH, 108 AH|
|Spouse||Asma bint Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr|
|Children||Umm Farwah bint al-Qasim |
Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Qasim
|Parents||Father: Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr|
|Era||Islamic golden age|
|Main interest(s)||Sunnah, Hadith, fiqh and tafsir|
Al-Qāsim's father was Muhammad, son of the first Rashidun Caliph, Abu Bakr. His paternal aunty was Aisha, one of the wives of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Some traditions state that Al-Qāsim's mother was a daughter of Yazdegerd III and a sister of Shahrbanu, the mother of fourth Shi'a Imam, Ali ibn Husayn.
Al-Qāsim married Asma, a daughter of his paternal uncle Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr. They were the parents of a daughter, Umm Farwah. The latter later married Ali's son Muhammad al-Baqir and became the mother of the sixth Shi'a Imam, Ja'far as-Sadiq. Al-Qāsim also had a son named Abdur-Rahman.
Aisha lived until old age and taught her nephew Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr. Many Hadith are quoted through Qasim.
He was among The Seven Fuqaha of Medina who were largely responsible for the transmission of knowledge from Medina and were the source of much of the information of Islam and the Sunnah available today.
He left and went to al-Qudayd, a place between Makkah and Madinah on the 9th of Muharram, where he died. The year was 108 (or 109) AH/730 or 731 CE, and he was seventy years old.
Early Islam scholarsEdit
- Biography of Imam Al Qasim Ibn Muhammad by www.at-tawhid.net
- The Four Imams by Muhammad Abu Zahrah, chapter on Imam Malik Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Algar, Hamid (2008). "Jaʿfar al-Ṣādeq iii. And Sufism". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica, Volume XIV/4: Jade III–Jamalzadeh, Mohammad-Ali II. Work. London and New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 356–362. ISBN 978-1-934283-04-2. A full list of the Naqshbandi Golden Chain is given by Farrer, Douglas S. (2009). Shadows of the Prophet: Martial Arts and Sufi Mysticism. Springer Science & Business Media. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-9356-2. ISBN 978-1-4020-9355-5. p. 273.
- Shaykh Muhammad Mahdi Shams al-Din, The Authenticity of Shi'ism, Shi'ite Heritage: Essays on Classical and Modern Traditions (2001), p. 49 
- Imam Al-Nawawi, Musa Furber, Nuh Ha Mim Keller, Etiquette with the Quran (2003), p. 174