Qasim al-Faqi

  (Redirected from Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr)

Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr (Arabic: قاسم ابن محمد ابن ابی بکر, romanizedQāsim ibn Muḥammad ibn Abī Bakr; c. 656 –728 or 730) better known as Qasim al-Faqi (Arabic: قاسم الفقيه, romanizedQāsim al-Faqī, lit.'Qasim the Jurist') was a Muslim jurist and scholar. The grandson of Caliph Abu Bakr (r. 632–634), Qasim was an ancestor of Ja'farid line of Shia Imams.

al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
قاسِم بِن مُحمّد بِن أبي بَكَر
Qasim.png
Personal
Born36 or 38 AH
Died106 AH,[1] 108 AH[2]
ReligionIslam
SpouseAsma bint Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr
ChildrenUmm Farwah bint al-Qasim
Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Qasim
ParentsFather: Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
EraIslamic golden age
RegionMuslim scholar
Main interest(s)Sunnah, Hadith, fiqh and tafsir[2]
Muslim leader
Influenced by

In the Naqshbandi Sufi order (originated in the 14th century) he is regarded as a link in the Golden Chain, in which he was purportedly succeeded by his maternal grandson Ja'far al-Sadiq.[3]

BiographyEdit

Al-Qāsim ibn Muhammad ibn Abī Bakr was born on a Thursday, in the month of Ramadan, on 36 / 38 AH (approximately).[citation needed]

FamilyEdit

Al-Qāsim's father was Muhammad, son of the first Rashidun Caliph, Abu Bakr. His paternal aunty was Aisha, one of the wives of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[2] Some traditions state that Al-Qāsim's mother was a daughter of Yazdegerd III and a sister of Shahrbanu, the mother of fourth Shi'a Imam, Ali ibn Husayn.[4]

Al-Qāsim married Asma, a daughter of his paternal uncle Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr. They were the parents of a daughter, Umm Farwah.[5] The latter later married Ali's son Muhammad al-Baqir and became the mother of the sixth Shi'a Imam, Ja'far as-Sadiq. Al-Qāsim also had a son named Abdur-Rahman.[2]

LifeEdit

Aisha lived until old age and taught her nephew Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr. Many Hadith are quoted through Qasim.[citation needed]

He learned hadith and fiqh from his aunt and from Ibn Abbas. He was a transmitter of hadith.[2]

He was among The Seven Fuqaha of Medina[2] who were largely responsible for the transmission of knowledge from Medina and were the source of much of the information of Islam and the Sunnah available today.

He left and went to al-Qudayd, a place between Makkah and Madinah on the 9th of Muharram, where he died. The year was 108 (or 109) AH/730 or 731 CE, and he was seventy years old.[citation needed]

Early Islam scholarsEdit

Muhammad (570–632 the Constitution of Medina, taught the Quran, and advised his companions
`Abd Allah bin Masud (died 650) taughtAli (607–661) fourth caliph taughtAisha, Muhammad's wife and Abu Bakr's daughter taughtAbd Allah ibn Abbas (618–687) taughtZayd ibn Thabit (610–660) taughtUmar (579–644) second caliph taughtAbu Hurairah (603–681) taught
Alqama ibn Qays (died 681) taughtHusayn ibn Ali (626–680) taughtQasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr (657–725) taught and raised by AishaUrwah ibn Zubayr (died 713) taught by Aisha, he then taughtSaid ibn al-Musayyib (637–715) taughtAbdullah ibn Umar (614–693) taughtAbd Allah ibn al-Zubayr (624–692) taught by Aisha, he then taught
Ibrahim al-Nakha’i taughtAli ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin (659–712) taughtHisham ibn Urwah (667–772) taughtIbn Shihab al-Zuhri (died 741) taughtSalim ibn Abd-Allah ibn Umar taughtUmar ibn Abdul Aziz (682–720) raised and taught by Abdullah ibn Umar
Hammad bin ibi Sulman taughtMuhammad al-Baqir (676–733) taughtFarwah bint al-Qasim Jafar's mother
Abu Hanifa (699–767) wrote Al Fiqh Al Akbar and Kitab Al-Athar, jurisprudence followed by Sunni, Sunni Sufi, Barelvi, Deobandi, Zaidiyyah and originally by the Fatimid and taughtZayd ibn Ali (695–740)Ja'far bin Muhammad Al-Baqir (702–765) Muhammad and Ali's great great grand son, jurisprudence followed by Shia, he taughtMalik ibn Anas (711–795) wrote Muwatta, jurisprudence from early Medina period now mostly followed by Sunni in Africa and taughtAl-Waqidi (748–822) wrote history books like Kitab al-Tarikh wa al-Maghazi, student of Malik ibn AnasAbu Muhammad Abdullah ibn Abdul Hakam (died 829) wrote biographies and history books, student of Malik ibn Anas
Abu Yusuf (729–798) wrote Usul al-fiqhMuhammad al-Shaybani (749–805)Al-Shafi‘i (767–820) wrote Al-Risala, jurisprudence followed by Sunni and taughtIsmail ibn IbrahimAli ibn al-Madini (778–849) wrote The Book of Knowledge of the CompanionsIbn Hisham (died 833) wrote early history and As-Sirah an-Nabawiyyah, Muhammad's biography
Isma'il ibn Ja'far (719–775)Musa al-Kadhim (745–799)Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780–855) wrote Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal jurisprudence followed by Sunni and hadith booksMuhammad al-Bukhari (810–870) wrote Sahih al-Bukhari hadith booksMuslim ibn al-Hajjaj (815–875) wrote Sahih Muslim hadith booksDawud al-Zahiri (815–883/4) founded the Zahiri schoolMuhammad ibn Isa at-Tirmidhi (824–892) wrote Jami` at-Tirmidhi hadith booksAl-Baladhuri (died 892) wrote early history Futuh al-Buldan, Genealogies of the Nobles
Ibn Majah (824–887) wrote Sunan ibn Majah hadith bookAbu Dawood (817–889) wrote Sunan Abu Dawood Hadith Book
Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni (864- 941) wrote Kitab al-Kafi hadith book followed by Twelver ShiaMuhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838–923) wrote History of the Prophets and Kings, Tafsir al-TabariAbu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari (874–936) wrote Maqālāt al-islāmīyīn, Kitāb al-luma, Kitāb al-ibāna 'an usūl al-diyāna
Ibn Babawayh (923–991) wrote Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih jurisprudence followed by Twelver ShiaSharif Razi (930–977) wrote Nahj al-Balagha followed by Twelver ShiaNasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201–1274) wrote jurisprudence books followed by Ismaili and Twelver ShiaAl-Ghazali (1058–1111) wrote The Niche for Lights, The Incoherence of the Philosophers, The Alchemy of Happiness on SufismRumi (1207–1273) wrote Masnavi, Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi on Sufism
Key: Some of Muhammad's CompanionsKey: Taught in MedinaKey: Taught in IraqKey: Worked in SyriaKey: Travelled extensively collecting the sayings of Muhammad and compiled books of hadithKey: Worked in Persia

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Biography of Imam Al Qasim Ibn Muhammad by www.at-tawhid.net
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h The Four Imams by Muhammad Abu Zahrah, chapter on Imam Malik Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Algar, Hamid (2008). "Jaʿfar al-Ṣādeq iii. And Sufism". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica, Volume XIV/4: Jade III–Jamalzadeh, Mohammad-Ali II. Work. London and New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 356–362. ISBN 978-1-934283-04-2. A full list of the Naqshbandi Golden Chain is given by Farrer, Douglas S. (2009). Shadows of the Prophet: Martial Arts and Sufi Mysticism. Springer Science & Business Media. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-9356-2. ISBN 978-1-4020-9355-5. p. 273.
  4. ^ Shaykh Muhammad Mahdi Shams al-Din, The Authenticity of Shi'ism, Shi'ite Heritage: Essays on Classical and Modern Traditions (2001), p. 49 [1]
  5. ^ Imam Al-Nawawi, Musa Furber, Nuh Ha Mim Keller, Etiquette with the Quran (2003), p. 174

Further readingEdit

  • Classical Islam and the Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition, Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani, Islamic Supreme Council of America (June 2004), ISBN 1-930409-23-0.
  • The Approach of Armageddon: An Islamic Perspective, Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani , (June 2003), ISBN 1-930409-20-6.

External linksEdit