Bu Ali Shah Qalandar

Sharafuddeen Bu Ali Shah Qalandar Panipati renowned as Bu Ali Qalandar (1209-1324 CE) born in Panipat, Haryana, India[1] was a Qalandar and Sufi saint of the Chishtī Order who lived and taught in India. His shrine or dargah (mausoleum) is at Bu Ali Shah Qalandar Dargah, Panipat which is a place of pilgrimage.

Shaikh Sharafuddeen Bu Ali Qalandar Panipati
Six Sufi masters (retouched).jpg
Six Sufi masters: Khvaja Mu'in al-Din, Ghaus al-A'zam, Khvaja Qutb al-Din, Shaikh Mihr, Shah Sharafuddeen Bu 'Ali Qalandar and Sultan Musa Shaikh.
Bornc. 1209
Diedc. 1324
Panipat, Haryana
Major shrineBu Ali Shah Qalandar Dargah, Panipat, Haryana
PatronageHaryana, India
Tradition or genre
Sufi Islam

His real name was Sharfuddin but he is well knowned by his title Bu Ali Shah Qalandar.His father Syed Muhammad Abu al Hassan (Fakhar Uddin) also known as Fakhar e Alam was a great scholar and saint of his time. His father was buried in Village Kirman Parachinar, Pakistan. He is from the ancestry of forth shia Imam Zain-ul-Abidin. His large descendants reside in Pakistan and are known as Husseini. He completed his studies at an early age and subsequently taught near the Qutub Minar in Delhi for 20 years. He published a collection of Persian poetry by the name of "Diwan Hazrat Sharafuddeen Bu Ali Qalandar"[2] which was later translated by Khawaja Shahudin in Punjabi. It was a great Sufi work in Persian language.[3][4] Some other famous Qalandars include Lal Shahbaz Qalandar and Shams Ali Qalandar.

BirthplaceEdit

One account says he was born in early 1209 and lived till 1324 in Panipat, India. However an epitaph on his tomb in Persian gives his birthplace as Ganja in present-day Azerbaijan[citation needed]; while some scholars opine that in fact, he was born near Ganjah, once a small suburb of Lahore city but now integrated in the main old city complex[citation needed]. His father, Sheikh Fakhar Uddin was a famous scholar of his time. His mother was Hafiza Jamal, the daughter of Maulana Nemat Ullah Hamdani. Some people also claim his father actually came from Iraq and settled down in Panipat.[5]

 
Chilla Gah of Bu Ali Qalandar in Chiniot

TombEdit

The dargah (mausoleum or shrine), mosque and enclosure at the Qalandar Chowk in Panipat were constructed by Mahabat Khan, a general in the service of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Mahabat Khan's own tomb in red sandstone is adjacent to the saint's mausoleum. The tombs of Hakim Mukaram Khan and the Urdu poet Maulana Altaf Hussain Hali are also located within the enclosure. A nearby structure is the tomb of the last Lodi dynasty ruler of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, killed in the First Battle of Panipat (1526).[6]

The left wall of the mausoleum has a qasida (panegyric) embossed and painted in blue and gold, written by Zahuri Neishabouri who visited India during the reign of Akbar.

A large number of people from all walks of life Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Christians visit the tomb and offer prayers there each Thursday and during the annual Urs Mela.[7]

 
Tomb of Bu Ali Shah Qalandar

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Shahudin, Maulavi. Diwane Bu Ali. Malik Chananuddin.
  3. ^ Boota, Sohail (2007). Tazkara Aulia. Sialkot: Shahudin Academy.
  4. ^ Qadri Sarwari, Mumtaz Ali. Hazeena Tul Uns. Sialkot: Zam Zama Printing Press.
  5. ^ "More about the saint". www.aulia-e-hind.com/d.
  6. ^ Ibrahim Lodi's Tomb Archived 22 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Ali-Shah-Qalandar-14137.htm Dargah of Bu Ali-Shah-Qalandar[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit