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Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi (Arabic: ابوسعیدمبارک مخزومی‎), known also as Mubarak bin Ali Makhzoomi and Abu Saeed and Abu Sa'd al-Mubarak (rarely known as Qazi Abu Sa'd al-Mubarak al-Mukharrimi) was a Sufi saint as well as a Muslim mystic and traditionalist. He was an Islamic theologian and a Hanbali jurist based in Baghdad, Iraq. Abu Saeed was his patronym.[1]

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi
Mystic
Born12 Rajab 403 H or January 1013
Hankar, Mosul
Died11 Rabī’ al-Thānī 513 H or July 1119
Baghdad
Venerated inIslam
Preceded byAbu Al Hassan Ali bin Mohammad Qureshi Hankari
Succeeded byShaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani
Major shrineBaab-e-Azj, Baghdad

Contents

BiographyEdit

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi was born in Hankar (the land of his Murshid) on 12th Rajab 403 Hijri but spent most of his life in Makhzum, a small town in Baghdad.[2] He established Baab-ul-Azj,[3] the famous madrasa of Baghdad whom he later handed over to his disciple and khalifah, Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi was also appointed as the chief justice but he preferred to renounce the worldly life. Thereafter he led his life as a mystic and devoted his time to the dhikr of Allah. He died on 11th Rabī’ al-Thānī 513 Hijri and was buried in Baab-ul-Azj, Baghdad.[4]

Sufi traditionEdit

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi is known as one of the greatest Imams of Fiqh in his era. He followed the Hanbali[5] school of thought.[6][7] He was the Murshid and most proficient spiritual guide of Shaikh Abdul Qadir jilani amongst teachers. He often said:

“I invested Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani with a robe khirqa and he invested me too with a robe. We attained blessings from each other.”[8][9]

Spiritual lineageEdit

The lineage of Faqr reaches Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi from Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم in the following order:[10]

  1. Hazrat Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم
  2. 'Alī bin Abī Ṭālib رضي الله عنها
  3. al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī رحمة الله
  4. Hazrat Habib al Ajami رحمة الله
  5. Hazrat Dawud Tai رحمة الله
  6. Hazrat Maruf Karkhi رحمة الله
  7. Hazrat Sirri Saqti رحمة الله
  8. Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi, رحمة الله founder of the Junaidia order
  9. Hazrat Abu Bakr Shibli رحمة الله
  10. Hazrat Abdul Aziz bin Hars bin Asad Yemeni Tamimi رحمة الله
  11. Hazrat Abu Al Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi رحمة الله
  12. Hazrat Mohammad Yousaf Abu al-Farah Tartusi رحمة الله
  13. Hazrat Abu-al-Hassan Ali Bin Mohammad Qureshi Hankari رحمة الله
  14. Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi رحمة الله

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi conferred khilafat upon Shaikh Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani رحمة الله who continued the order by renaming it as Qadri order.[11][12][13]

TitlesEdit

1. QIBLA-E-SAALIKA (Destination of Wayfarers).

2. JAAMI ULOOM-E-MARIFAT (Collector of Gnosis of Allah).[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 69. ISBN 9004081143.
  2. ^ Shah Mohammad Hasan Rampuri. Tawareekh Aina e Tasawuf. Printed in 1311, India, 2nd Edition printed in 1391 Kasur, Pakistan.
  3. ^ Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani. Mystical Discourses of Ghaus-e-Azam. Abbasi Publications, original from the University of Michigan. ISBN 978-9-698-51020-6.
  4. ^ Muhammad Riyaz Qadri. The Sultan of the Saints. Abbasi Publications 2000, original from the University of Michigan. ISBN 978-9-698-51016-9.
  5. ^ Juan Eduardo Campo, Encyclopedia of Islam, p 4. ISBN 1438126964
  6. ^ Arberry, A.J., Muslim Saints and Mystics: Episodes from the Tadhkirat Al-Auliya’ ('Memorial of the Saints'). Abridged from Tadhkirat Al-Auliya by Farid al-Din Attar. London, England.: Penguin (Non-Classics), 1990. ISBN 0-14-019264-6, 32–38
  7. ^ Mohammad Riyaz Qadri. Qasidah Ghausia. Abbasi Publications, original from the University of Michigan. ISBN 978-9-698-51023-7.
  8. ^ "Quote about Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani – Khalifa".
  9. ^ "First Encyclopedia of Islam Vol I, 1913–1936".
  10. ^ Sult̤ān Bāhū (1998). Death Before Dying: The Sufi Poems of Sultan Bahu. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-92046-0.
  11. ^ Westerlund, David; Svanberg, Ingvar (2012). Islam Outside the Arab World. Routledge. p. 199. ISBN 1136113304. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  12. ^ Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. "The Special Sufi Paths (Taqiras)." Muslim Communities of Grace: The Sufi Brotherhoods in Islamic Religious Life. New York: Columbia UP, 2007. 86-96.
  13. ^ Sult̤ān Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. Sultan Bahoo: The Life and Teachings. Sultan-ul-Faqr Publications. ISBN 978-9-699-79518-3.
  14. ^ "Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi – Spiritual Titles".