Sehwan (Sindhi: سيهوڻ شريف, Urdu: سیہون; also commonly referred to as Sehwan Sharif, or Holy Sehwan) is a historic city located in Jamshoro District of Sindh province in Pakistan, and is situated on the west bank of the Indus, 80 miles (130 km) north-west of Hyderabad. The city is renowned for being home of one of Pakistan's most important Sufi shrines, the Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar.
|• Estimate ()||over 100,000|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Due to the popularity of its Sufi shrine, the terms "Sehwan" and "Qalandar" are often used interchangeably in Pakistan. Sehwan is one of Pakistan's most important religious centres, along with other shrines of Pakistan such as the Data Durbar Complex in Lahore, Bari Imam in Noorpur Shehan near Islamabad, and the lustrous tombs of the Suhrawardi sufis in Multan.
It is possible that the name Sehwan originates from "Siwistan" or "Seevistan", the kingdom of Raja Dahir which extended to the Punjab. It was conquered by Muhammad bin Qasim in 711, and two centuries later by Mahmud of Ghazni. An abortive attempt was made by the Mughal emperor Humayun to capture it on his way to Umarkot but it finally fell to his son Akbar.[when?] Before this, it was the capital of the Thatta Kingdom under Juni Bek.
Lal Shahbaz was a Sufi saint who is buried in Sehwan Sharif. It is a truly syncretic place, where Hindus and Muslims are equally welcome and worship together. Sehwan was once a major centre for Shaivism, and the hereditary guardian of the tomb is still a Hindu. It is told that there was a Shiva lingam right there in the shrine until the 1970s. Some Hindus are said to consider Lal Shahbaz an incarnation of a fourth century Sanskrit poet turned Shaivaite ascetic, others call him Jhule Lal, the god of the Indus. All these Hindu legends and beliefs have come together with the faith of the Muslims to create a truly extraordinary place.
The Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors every year and a large number of people are served free meals. Another famous place is the inverted city, which may be the Debal Bandar of Raja Dahir.[clarification needed] Manchar Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan, is a short distance from Sehwan Sharif.
On the 16th of February 2017, a suicide bomber triggered an explosion at the Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, killing at least 83 people and injuring almost 250. The attack occurred during a praying session. The bombing took place at an 800 year old Shrine.
- Akhtar, Suleman (22 February 2017). "Damadam mast Qalandar is a cry of rebellion against established orders". Dawn. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- P. 150, Introduction To Political Science: Political Theory By R.C. Aggarwal.
- John F. Richards, The New Cambridge History of India: The Mughal Empire (New York: Cambridge University Press, 19930 p. 51
- CNN, Ray Sanchez, Sophia Saifi and Adeel Raja. "At least 75 killed in suicide attack at Pakistani shrine". CNN. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- "Blast hits Pakistan's Lal Shahbaz Qalandar Sufi shrine". www.aljazeera.com.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sehwan.|