Haji Bektash Veli Complex

The Haji Bektash Veli complex (Turkish: Hacıbektaş Külliyesi) is an Alevi Cultural Monument of the Republic of Turkey, located in Hacıbektaş, Nevshehir province. It was built in the 13th century as a teqe (dergâh) of the Sufi saint Haji Bektash Veli. After his death, his mausoleum was built here.

Haji Bektash Veli complex
Hacı Bektaş Veli külliyesi
Hacı Bektaş Veli - panoramio (5).jpg
Haji Bektash Veli Complex is located in Turkey
Haji Bektash Veli Complex
Shown within Turkey
LocationHacıbektaş, Nevşehir Province, Turkey
Coordinates38°56′N 34°33′E / 38.933°N 34.550°E / 38.933; 34.550Coordinates: 38°56′N 34°33′E / 38.933°N 34.550°E / 38.933; 34.550
TypeReligious complex
History
PeriodsSeljuks of Anatolia
Haji Bektash Veli Complex

Before the secularization of Turkey in 1925, the complex was home to the pir evi ("pir's house") of Haji Bektash Veli, which served as the international headquarters of the Bektashi Order.[1]

SecularizationEdit

Atatürk's 1925 ban on all dervish orders caused the exodus of the Bektashi Order to Albania in 1925, and the complex was closed for religious use. As a result, the administrative seat of the Bektashi Order was shifted to the World Headquarters of the Bektashi in Tirana, Albania in 1930. The Haji Bektash Veli complex was later declared as museum in 1964. The teqe of the complex is thought to be the first "King type" teqe in Turkey.

TourismEdit

Nowadays, the Haji Bektash Veli Complex is visited by hundreds of thousands of Alevis, Bektashis, and even Sunni Muslims from Turkey, Albania, and the Turkish diaspora in Europe and around the world. Large festivals are held here every August. Since 2012, the Haji Bektash Veli complex is on the World Heritage Sites Tentative list of the UNESCO.

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elsie, Robert (2019). The Albanian Bektashi: history and culture of a Dervish order in the Balkans. London: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-78831-569-2. OCLC 1108619669.