The following events occurred in January 1924:
- The Rose Bowl football game between the Navy Midshipmen and the Washington Huskies ended in a 14–14 tie.
- During a New Year's Day party at the home of millionaire oil broker Courtland S. Dines, the chauffeur of actress Mabel Normand shot and wounded Dines in the abdomen with a pistol belonging to Normand. When police arrived they found Normand and fellow actress Edna Purviance in the kitchen frantically insisting they didn't know how Dines came to be shot. Alcohol was found on the premises (illegal at the time under Prohibition), and the whole episode caused a scandal which caused some exhibitors to pull Purviance's film A Woman of Paris from theaters.
- Born: Earl Torgeson, baseball player, in Snohomish, Washington (d. 1990)
- Died: Billy Miske, 29, American boxer (Bright's disease)
- The Mexican government reported that federal troops loyal to President Álvaro Obregón had achieved a victory over the rebels of Adolfo de la Huerta in the vicinity of Zacualpan, State of Mexico.
- Primary railway stations in Paris closed as the water level of the Seine rose due to flooding.
- The Bulgarian government gave former King Ferdinand, who had been living in exile since 1918, permission to return to Sofia. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia immediately sent an ultimatum objecting to the move.
- The new Greek parliament convened.
- Died: Sabine Baring-Gould, 89, English composer and novelist
- Germany issued an emergency decree known as the Emminger Reform, best known for abolishing the jury system in court proceedings and replacing it with a mixed system of judges.
- The Kingdom of Yugoslavia sent another sharp note to Bulgaria saying it would not accept the return of Ferdinand from exile or any further provocations. Newspapers in Belgrade clamored for war.
- Born: Wally Ris, competitive swimmer, in Chicago (d. 1989)
- Died: John Peters, 73, American baseball player
- The National Assembly of Greece elected national hero Eleftherios Venizelos as its Speaker, but he had to leave due to illness. It was later announced that he'd had a minor heart attack. He would only serve six days in the position.
- Factories and mines in the Ruhr region shut down as laborers refused to work ten hours a day.
- Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk survived a bomb attack, but his wife Latife Uşşaki was injured. The assailant visited Atatürk's home and asked to see him, then threw a bomb when he appeared.
- The French government gave the Catholic Church the right to reoccupy its former property under the "diocesan associations" system.
- Born: Earl Scruggs, musician, near Boiling Springs, North Carolina (d. 2012)
- Soviet newspaper Pravda reported that Leon Trotsky was ill, a statement which the rank and file took to mean as a sign of his imminent removal.
- United Kingdom Labour Party leader Ramsay MacDonald gave a speech at a packed Royal Albert Hall where he announced that Labour would accept office as soon as it was invited to do so, though it would be taking over a "bankrupt estate". MacDonald pledged to run the country along sound economic lines, make efforts through the League of Nations to retain peace in Europe, and end the "pompous folly" of refusing to recognize the Soviet Union.
- Born: Ron Moody, actor, in Tottenham, England
January 10, 1924 (Thursday)Edit
- The British submarine HMS L24 sank in a collision with the battleship HMS Resolution in a training exercise in the English Channel. All 43 crewmen were lost.
- In the occupied Rhineland, the border to the rest of Germany was closed to traffic except for railroad business and food supplies and a curfew was imposed, due to fears of a new separatist coup attempt after the murder of Franz Josef Heinz the previous day.
- Relations between Britain and France became strained when French Prime Minister Raymond Poincaré refused to allow British officials into the occupied Rhineland to conduct their own investigation of the separatist movement there.
- Born: Max Roach, jazz drummer, in Newland, North Carolina (d. 2007)
January 11, 1924 (Friday)Edit
- Mexican government troops recaptured Pachuca from the rebels, and began a battle to retake Tuxpan.
- Born: Roger Guillemin, French neuroendocrinologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; Sam B. Hall, Jr., politician, in Marshall, Texas (d. 1994); Slim Harpo, blues musician, in Lobdell, Louisiana (d. 1970)
January 12, 1924 (Saturday)Edit
- Mexican mountaineer irregulars loyal to President Obregón recaptured Oaxaca City from the rebels.
- France rejected a British-backed proposal to arrange a League of Nations committee to investigate separatism in the Rhineland Palatinate. Prime Minister Poincaré insisted it was strictly the business of the countries directly involved in administrating the region.
- Bengali activist Gopinath Saha shot a man he thought was Calcutta police commissioner Charles Tegart, but he'd killed a different Englishman instead. Saha would be sentenced to death for the crime.
- Born: Chris Chase, model, actress, and journalist, in New York City (d. 2013); Olivier Gendebien, racing driver, in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1998)
- Died: Alexis Lapointe, 63, French Canadian athlete
January 13, 1924 (Sunday)Edit
- A long meeting between British ambassador Crewe and Prime Minister Poincaré over the Rhineland separatism issue was said to be unproductive.
- The American Communist newspaper The Worker changed its name to Daily Worker.
- The Chicago Daily Tribune announced a nationwide contest to name the new general interest magazine the paper's owners were planning to launch in the spring. The winner would receive a $20,000 cash prize. The entry eventually chosen would be Liberty.
- The crime drama film The Humming Bird starring Gloria Swanson was released.
- Born: Henry Fonde, American football player, in Knoxville, Tennessee (d. 2009); Roland Petit, dancer and choreographer, in Villemomble, France
- Died: Georg Hermann Quincke, 89, German physicist
January 14, 1924 (Monday)Edit
- Charles G. Dawes accepted the chairmanship of a committee assembled to investigate Germany's capacity to pay its war reparations.
- Britain began an independent investigation into the Rhineland separatist movement, against the wishes of France.
- Born: Carole Cook, actress, in Abilene, Texas
- Died: Luther Emmett Holt, 68, American pediatrician
January 15, 1924 (Tuesday)Edit
- King George V and Queen Mary opened the new session of British Parliament.
- The French Cabinet drafted a plan to stabilize the franc, which had lost more than three-quarters of its pre-war value. The plan called for many tax hikes and a reduction in civil servants.
- The world's first radio play, Danger by Richard Hughes, was broadcast by the British Broadcasting Corporation from its studios in London.
January 16, 1924 (Wednesday)Edit
- Argentine engineer Raúl Pateras Pescara broke his own record for helicopter flight when he kept his model 2F aloft in the air for 8 minutes and 13.8 seconds at Issy-les-Moulineaux near Paris. It flew in a straight line almost three-quarters of a mile at an altitude of about fifteen feet.
- The Broadway version of the 1911 German play The Miracle opened at the Century Theatre.
- At around 7:00 in the evening, the American dirigible Shenandoah broke free of its mooring mast in Lakehurst, New Jersey during a raging gale and began drifting with 22 men aboard.
- Born: Katy Jurado, actress, in Guadalajara, Mexico (d. 2002)
- Died: Licerio Gerónimo, 68, Filipino military leader
January 17, 1924 (Thursday)Edit
- The Shenandoah was brought back under control and lowered into the hangar around 3:20 in the morning.
- H. H. Asquith of the Liberal Party made a surprising speech in the British House of Commons pledging to support a minority government headed by the Labour Party, making the fall of the Stanley Baldwin Conservative government almost certain.
January 18, 1924 (Friday)Edit
- Conflicting accounts arose as to the whereabouts of Leon Trotsky amid rumors he had been arrested. He was in fact traveling to the Black Sea to convalesce from illness.
- A Soviet party conference ended with the passing of a resolution blaming Trotsky for divisions within the Communist Party. Joseph Stalin attacked Trotsky in a withering speech accusing him of sowing dissent.
- A preliminary hearing into the New Year's Day shooting of Courtland Dines began in Los Angeles. Edna Purviance testified that she was not present in the room when the shooting occurred.
- In Madison Square Garden, world middleweight boxing champion Harry Greb defeated Johnny Wilson in a fifteen-round decision to retain the title.
January 19, 1924 (Saturday)Edit
- U.S. Naval Secretary Edwin Denby made a speech before the House Naval Affairs Committee supporting an expedition to the Arctic by the USS Shenandoah to claim any undiscovered land. "This area is certain to be of high strategic value if we look forward to warfare and commerce in the future", he said.
- The short story "The Most Dangerous Game" by Richard Connell appeared in this week's issue of Collier's.
- Born: Jean-François Revel, writer and philosopher, in Marseille, France (d. 2006)
January 20, 1924 (Sunday)Edit
January 21, 1924 (Monday)Edit
- 60,000 rail workers went on strike in the United Kingdom beginning at midnight, protesting a recent reduction in wages ordered by the National Wage Board. British newspapers with nationwide distribution arranged fleets of trucks to maintain their circulations during the work stoppage.
- The British House of Commons passed a motion of no confidence against the Stanley Baldwin government, 328 to 256.
- Semi-retired Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin died at his estate in Gorki at 18:50 hrs Moscow time following a stroke.
- Top Soviet leaders were convening at the Eleventh All-Russia Congress of Soviets at the Bolshoi Theatre when news of Lenin's death was communicated by telephone; an eyewitness reported never seeing so many men in tears.
- Mabel Normand and Courtland S. Dines testified in the New Year's Day shooting case when the court convened in the hospital where they were staying (Normand was there with an inflamed appendix). Both of them claimed to be unable to remember much about the incident.
- The musical comedy Lollipop with book by Zelda Sears, lyrics by Sears and Walter De Leon and music by Vincent Youmans opened on Broadway.
- Born: Benny Hill, comedian and actor, in Southampton, England (d. 1992)
- Died: Vladimir Lenin, 53, communist revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union
January 22, 1924 (Tuesday)Edit
- King George V summoned Labour Party leader Ramsay MacDonald to Buckingham Palace and asked him to form a government. MacDonald accepted and became the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- A complete autopsy was conducted on Lenin's body. A cerebral hemorrhage was given as the cause of death.
- The first issue of Howard University student newspaper The Hilltop was published.
- Born: Sonny Myers, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
January 23, 1924 (Wednesday)Edit
- Lenin's casket was transported to the House of the Unions and placed in its Hall of Columns.
- Soviet architect Alexey Shchusev was given the task of constructing a tomb for Lenin within three days.
- Saltillo and Monterrey fell into the hands of Mexican insurgents.
- Britain and the United States signed a treaty allowing American authorities to search British ships suspected of rum-running.
- The Western film Heritage of the Desert, starring Bebe Daniels, was released.
- Born: Frank Lautenberg, politician, in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2013)
January 24, 1924 (Thursday)Edit
January 25, 1924 (Friday)Edit
- The first Winter Olympics opened in Chamonix, France.
- France and Czechoslovakia signed a mutual defense pact pledging aid in the event of an unprovoked attack by a third party.
- 37 miners were killed in a coal mine explosion near Johnston City, Illinois.
- Mexican rebels took Morelia after a four-day battle.
- Born: Lou Groza, American football player, in Martins Ferry, Ohio (d. 2000); Husein Mehmedov, Olympic wrestler, in Razgrad, Bulgaria (d. 2014); Speedy West, guitarist and record producer, in Springfield, Missouri (d. 2003)
January 26, 1924 (Saturday)Edit
- U.S. President Calvin Coolidge announced he would appoint special counsel from both parties to prosecute any criminal wrongdoing in the Teapot Dome scandal.
- The Soviet Union announced that the city of Petrograd had been renamed Leningrad.
- Princess Nagako married Prince Regent Hirohito in Tokyo.
- 36 died in the Lancashire No. 18 Mine explosion in Shanktown, Pennsylvania.
- Saad Zaghloul became Prime Minister of Egypt.
- Born: Annette Strauss, philanthropist and politician, in Houston, Texas (d. 1998)
January 27, 1924 (Sunday)Edit
- A state funeral was held for Vladimir Lenin in Moscow's Red Square under frigid (−35 degrees Fahrenheit) conditions.
- Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes signed the Treaty of Rome which agreed that Fiume would be annexed to Italy while Sušak would go the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.
- Benito Mussolini dissolved the Chamber of Deputies and called new elections.
- Born: Sabu Dastagir, film actor, in Karapur, Mysore, British India (d. 1963)
January 28, 1924 (Monday)Edit
- Campaigning began for a general election in Italy. Benito Mussolini addressed 10,000 Blackshirts in the Palazzo Venezia in Rome, predicting complete victory at the polls and declaring that the Fascists were "ready to kill or die."
- The U.S. House of Representatives adopted a resolution appropriating $100,000 for the use of special counsel to pursue the investigation and any charges in the Teapot Dome scandal.
- A trial began in Milwaukee over a lawsuit brought by banned baseball player Shoeless Joe Jackson against the Chicago White Sox for $18,200 in backpay.
- Born: Hans Mortier, professional wrestler, in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 2010); Betty Tucker, baseball player, in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2012)
January 29, 1924 (Tuesday)Edit
January 30, 1924 (Wednesday)Edit
January 31, 1924 (Thursday)Edit
- The United States Senate passed a resolution concerning the Teapot Dome scandal, stating that the leases to the Mammoth Oil Company and the Pan American Petroleum Company "were executed under circumstances indicating fraud and corruption".
- Japanese Prime Minister Kiyoura Keigo dissolved the National Diet and called for new elections. A brawl broke out during the morning session over accusations that the government had failed to protect a train that prominent opposition leaders were riding on when it was pelted with rocks and timbers.
- White Sox owner Charles Comiskey took the stand as a hostile witness in the Joe Jackson lawsuit trial.
- Former U.S. President Woodrow Wilson was reported to be seriously ill with a digestive disorder.
- Twenty-four days after the death of his wife, Prussian state executioner Paul Spaethe dressed in formal evening wear, lit 45 candles – one for each person he'd beheaded – and committed suicide with a revolver.
- Baxter, John (2010). Von Sternberg. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 55–56. ISBN 978-0-8131-2601-2.
- Milton, Joyce (1998). Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin. Da Capo Press. pp. 221–223. ISBN 0-306-80831-5.
- Cornyn, John (January 2, 1924). "Mexico Rebels Trap 2,000 Men, Battle 2 Days". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
- Fendrick, Raymond (January 2, 1924). "Ultimatum to Bulgars Sent by Jugo-Slavs". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Jan 3, 1924: King Tut's sarcophagus uncovered". This Day in History. History. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- Holston, Kim R. (2013). Movie Roadshows: A History and Filmography of Reserved-Seat Limited Showings, 1911–1973. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-7864-6062-5.
- "Balkan Clash Near on Former King Ferdinand". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 5, 1924. p. 1.
- "Venizelos Ill in Triumph's Mist". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 6, 1924. p. 1.
- Wales, Henry (January 6, 1924). "Fight on 10 Hour Workday Again Paralyzes Ruhr". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 10.
- "New Report Says Bomb Hit Kemal". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 8, 1924. p. 1.
- "Chronology 1924". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- "Tampico, Oil Port, Captured by Rebels, Report". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 8, 1924. p. 3.
- Kotkin, Stephen (2014). Stalin: Volume I: Paradoxes of Power, 1878–1928, Volume 1. New York: Penguin Press. ISBN 978-0-698-17010-0.
- Steele, John (January 9, 1924). "British Labor Head Promises War on War". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Steele, John (January 10, 1924). "MacDonald is Re-Elected Head of British Labor". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5.
- Steele, John (January 11, 1924). "Locate Wreck of Submarine". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "British Give Up Hope of Saving Any on Submarine". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 13, 1924. p. 16.
- Clayton, John (January 11, 1924). "Allies Resume Check on German Military Moves". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 4.
- Cornyn, John (January 12, 1924). "Obregon Troops Open Battle for Rebel Tuxpam". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 7.
- Cornyn, John (January 13, 1924). "Loyal Mountaineers Drive Mexican Rebels from Town". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 16.
- Clayton, John (January 13, 1924). "Allied Officers Hunting German Arms Face Mob". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 16.
- Sengupta, Nitish K. (2011). Land of Two Rivers: A History of Bengal from the Mahabharata to Mujib. London: Penguin Books. p. 342. ISBN 978-0-14-341678-4.
- Clayton, John (January 14, 1924). "Britain Defies France; Begins Rhine Inquiry". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 11.
- Goldwater, Walter Radical periodicals in America 1890–1950 New Haven, Yale University Library 1964 pp.10, 30, 42, 46
- "$25,000 Cash for a Name for Magazine!". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 13, 1924. p. 1.
- Wales, Henry (January 15, 1924). "Dawes Speeds German Quiz to Save Europe". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Steele, John (January 16, 1924). "King's Ermine Rubs Tweeds of Socialism". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Wales, Henry (January 16, 1924). "France Boosts Taxes to Stem Finance Crash". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Mining the seams of radio history". The Stage.
- "AERONAUTICS: Pateras Pescara", Time, January 28, 1924
- "French Helicopter Rises 15 Feet; Flies 8 Minutes". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 17, 1924. p. 1.
- New York Times, January 24, 1924.
- "U.S. Blimp Outrides Storm". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 17, 1924. p. 1.
- Steele, John (January 18, 1924). "Asquith Rocks Commons with Labor Speech". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.
- Steele, John (January 19, 1924). "Use Dynamite in Battle to Nab Trotzky". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Soviet Leaders Blame Trotzky For Party Split". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 20, 1924. p. 21.
- Doherty, Edward (January 18, 1924). "Edna Purviance Testifies in Dines Shooting". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 11.
- "Committee Told Value of Polar Trip to Nation". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 20, 1924. p. 21.
- Wright, Frederick (January 21, 1924). "Rebels Take Town". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 2.
- "British Rail Lines Tied Up; 60,000 Strike". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 21, 1924. p. 1.
- Steele, John (January 22, 1924). "Britain Calls Socialists to Rule Monarchy". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Tumarkin, Nina (1997). Lenin Lives! The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 169. ISBN 0-674-52431-4.
- Doherty, Edward (January 22, 1924). "Miss Normand and Dines Take Witness Roles". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.
- Doherty, Edward (January 24, 1924). "Dines Ordered to Appear Again at Greer Trial". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.
- Higham, Charles (2004). Murder in Hollywood: Solving a Silent Screen Mystery. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 176–177. ISBN 0-299-20360-3.
- Mantle, Burns, Editor, "The Best Plays of 1923–1924", Dodd, Mead & Company, p. 389.
- Steele, John (January 23, 1924). "Socialist Son of Poor Scot Rules Britain". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.
- "Viewing Lenin's Body in Moscow". Smart Moscow. Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- Fansler, Harry (January 24, 1924). "Mexico Rebels Take Saltillo and Monterey". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5.
- Steele, John (March 4, 1924). "Booze Treaty Lets U.S. Seize British Ships". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Simkin, John (November 2014). "Teapot Dome Scandal". Spartacus Educational. Spartacus Educational Publishers Ltd. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- "37 Killed in Illinois Coal Mine Explosion". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 26, 1924. p. 1.
- Cornyn, John (January 29, 1924). "400 Yaquis Battle 4,000 Rebels 4 Days". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Wilcox, Grafton (January 27, 1924). "Special Counsel Ordered to Let No Guilty Escape". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Rename Petrograd Leningrad, Honor Late Red Premier". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 25, 1924. p. 3.
- Matheson, Roderick (January 27, 1924). "Rally Japs to War on Peers as Prince Marries". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5.
- Blake, eather (January 26, 2014). "County's second-worst mine disaster hits 90th anniversary". Indiana Gazette. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- "Honors of King Paid Lenin as 500,000 Freeze". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 28, 1924. p. 1.
- Seldes, George (January 30, 1924). "Ready to Kill or Die, Ballot Cry of Mussolini". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 6.
- "$100,000 Voted for Coolidge to Strain Oil Dregs". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 29, 1924. p. 4.
- "British Railway Strike Settled; Men Back Today". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 29, 1924. p. 1.
- "Dawes in Berlin; "Stay Until We Solve the Problem"". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 30, 1924. p. 1.
- Wright, Frederick (January 31, 1924). "Obregon Victory Breaks Back of Rebels in East". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 6.
- Matheson, Roderick (February 1, 1924). "Premier Closes Japanese Diet in Fistic Battle". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 7.
- "Illness Prostrates Wilson". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 1, 1924. p. 1.
- Blazek, Matthias. "1924 und 1925 nahmen sich einige Henker das Leben". Matthias-Blazek.eu. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- "Headsmen's Suicides". The Register. Adelaide, Australia. May 8, 1924. p. 10.