Sein Lwin (Burmese: စိန်လွင်, pronounced [sèiɴ lwɪ̀ɴ]; 27 January 1924 – 9 April 2004) was a Burmese politician and retired military general in the Myanmar Army. He was served as President of Myanmar for 17 days in 1988, following the resignation of San Yu.
|6th President of Burma|
27 July 1988 – 12 August 1988
|Vice President||Aye Ko|
|Preceded by||San Yu|
|Succeeded by||Aye Ko as Acting President|
|Chairman of the Burma Socialist Programme Party|
26 July 1988 – 12 August 1988
|Preceded by||Ne Win|
|Succeeded by||Maung Maung|
|Born||27 January 1924|
Kawkayin village, Paung, Mon State, British Burma
|Died||9 April 2004 (aged 80)|
|Political party||Burma Socialist Programme Party|
Ma Ma Gyi
|Occupation||Military official, Politician|
|Years of service||1943–1988|
Sein Lwin was dubbed the “Butcher of Rangoon” for his brutal suppression of successive student-led demonstrations in the capital. He was served the brutal cohort of Ne Win and the man responsible for the ruthless suppression of dissent, notably antigovernment protests in 1962 in which scores of university students were slaughtered.
Military and governmental careerEdit
Sein Lwin had a reputation as being a henchman for General Ne Win. He was one of those responsible for the Rangoon University Student Union massacre on 7 July 1962 when 130 university students protesting against General Ne Win's coup d'état were killed and the Student Union building dynamited the next day. Aung Gyi and Tin Pe were the senior officers, and Sein Lwin was the field commanding officer in the University region. No one knows exactly who gave the order.
In 1978, Sein Lwin became chief of staff of the Burmese armed forces with the rank of general. After serving as chief of the Mandalay and Irrawaddy division army commands, he was brought to the Burmese capital of Rangoon as joint general secretary of the party in 1981. Later, he served variously as Minister of Cooperatives, Minister of Transport, Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Religious Affairs under the General Ne Win's cabinet.
Sein Lwin, as commander of the security force riot police (Lon Htein) was again responsible for dealing with student protests during the 1988 pro-democracy demonstrations. On 16 March, following the killing of two students, students marching on Prome Road were confronted near Inya Lake by the riot police and many beaten to death or drowned. On 17 March, soldiers and riot police entered Rangoon University and arrested hundreds of students, 41 dying in custody. As public unrest grew, a general strike was called for 8 August 1988. Sein Lwin, succeeded Ne Win as Burma Socialist Programme Party Chairman on 26 July and San Yu as President on 27 July 1988.
Sein Lwin, implementing the threat in Ne Win's "when the army shoots, it shoots to hit" resignation speech, directed troops to fire on groups of unarmed demonstrators in Yangon during the 8 August 1988 demonstrations (referred to as the 8888 Uprising), killing and wounding hundreds. Protests, more shootings and arrests continued until Sein Lwin resigned on 12 August. For these actions, he earned the nickname "Butcher of Rangoon".
The State Law and Order Restoration Council was established shortly after by Gen Saw Maung who staged a coup on 18 September 1988. Following the military takeover, the junta provided assistance to Sein Lwin, including guards, a pension, several four-wheel drive vehicles and monthly food rations. However, after the junta put Ne Win under arrest in March 2002, this assistance was removed.
Sein Lwin launched his career as leader of Burma with accusations that the country's problems were the fault of individuals, and not the ruling party.
- Sein Lwin Short Biography
- Guardian Newspaper 4 August 1988 "But the 64-year-old brigadier general, known as the 'Butcher of Rangoon' for his brutal suppression of successive students' demonstrations in the capital, has marked his first days in power with a show of force against government critics".
- The New York Times 12 April 2004 "General Sein Lwin had a reputation for being the brutal henchman of U Ne Win, the military dictator, and was best known for suppressing antigovernment activities. He led a violent crackdown on pro-democracy protesters in 1988."
- Encyclopædia Britannica Year in Review 2004 "..he was better known as the "Butcher of Rangoon," the brutal cohort of U Ne Win ... and the man responsible for the ruthless suppression of dissent, notably anti-government protests in 1962 in which scores of university students were killed".
| President of Burma
27 July – 12 August 1988
|Party political offices|
| Chairman of the Burma Socialist Programme Party
26 July 1988 – 12 August 1988