The Australian Government Postmaster-General's Department (PMG) was established at Australia's Federation tasked with responsibility for postal and telegraphic services. It was abolished in December 1975 concerning growing responsibility, and two separate legal entities were established: Telecom (which later became Telstra) and Australia Post.
|Formed||1 January 1901|
|Dissolved||22 December 1975|
|Jurisdiction||Commonwealth of Australia|
The Postmaster-General's Department of Australia was created in 1901 to take over all postal and Telegraphy services within Australia from the states and administer them on a national basis. The Department was administered by the Postmaster-General.
The first permanent Secretary of the Department was Sir Robert Townley Scott who held office from 1 July 1901 until his retirement on 31 December 1910.
In mid-1975 the department was disaggregated into the Australian Telecommunications Commission (trading as Telecom Australia) and the Australian Postal Commission (trading as Australia Post). It also controlled radio and television broadcast licensing, which is now controlled by the Australian Communications and Media Authority. Telecom Australia changed its name to Telstra in 1995 and has since been privatised.
The Department was abolished in December 1975 by the Fraser Government, and replaced by the Postal and Telecommunications Department. The change was intended to take account of the increase in the functions of the department to include all electronic media matters which had previously been the responsibility of the Department of the Media.
Early history of telephonyEdit
- Post Master General - Public Telephone system : It was operating with the 6 volts DC battery, and it can be also used for the point to point communication without human operator. With human operator, the telephone system can be connected to the long distance location via several human operators, and the call charge depends on the distance between the sourse to destination.
- The call change to the long distance can be referenced via the book : Telephone trunk line service - distance, duration of call and price chart for long distance trunk call.
- Guide Book about TELEPHONE TRUNK LINE SERVICE: It was published by the Post Office Communications : about 1930-1935
The first exchange in Sydney opened with 10 subscribers at 1pm on 11 October 1881. It was located at the Royal Exchange building, and the following year was transferred to the GPO.
The Victorian Telecommunications Museum houses examples of old technology used since the PMG's inception.
- CA 9: Postmaster-General's Department, Central Administration, National Archives of Australia, retrieved 5 December 2013
- "Federation- 25 Years' Achievements Reviewed: Commonwealth Problems". The Canberra Times. 21 October 1926. p. 8.
- Fraser, Malcolm (18 December 1975). "MAJOR CHANGES IN MINISTERIAL AND DEPARTMENTAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND FUNCTIONS" (Press release). Archived from the original on 11 January 2014.
- Telecom Australia (1979), Switching Tomorrow, HQ Information and Publicity office
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