Harstad (Norwegian) or Hárstták (Northern Sami) is the second-most populated municipality in Troms county, Norway. It is mostly located on the large island of Hinnøya. The municipal center is the town of Harstad, the most populous town in Central Hålogaland, and the third-largest in all of Northern Norway. The town was incorporated in 1904. Villages in the municipality include Elgsnes, Fauskevåg, Gausvik, Grøtavær, Kasfjord, Lundenes, Nergården and Sørvika.
Harstad during the winter of 2005–2006
Harstad within Troms
|Established||1 Jan 1904|
|• Mayor (2011)||Marianne Bremnes (Ap)|
|• Total||445.17 km2 (171.88 sq mi)|
|• Land||428.37 km2 (165.39 sq mi)|
|• Water||16.80 km2 (6.49 sq mi) 3.8%|
|Area rank||#227 in Norway|
|• Rank||#45 in Norway|
|• Density||57.9/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||5.1%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1903|
|Official language form||Neutral|
The 445-square-kilometre (172 sq mi) municipality is the 227th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Harstad is the 45th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 24,820. The municipality's population density is 57.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (150/sq mi) and its population has increased by 5.1% over the last decade.
The municipality is located on many islands in southern Troms county. Most of the municipality is located on the large island of Hinnøya, which is Norway's largest coastal island (three islands in the Svalbard archipelago are larger). The northern part of the municipality is located on the smaller islands of Grytøya, Bjarkøya, Sandsøya, Helløya, Flatøya and Krøttøya and many even smaller islands between the Andfjorden (to the west) and the Vågsfjorden (to the east). The municipality contains several small islands, including Arnøya, Gressholman, Helløya, Kjeøya, Kjøtta, Kjøttakalven, Flatøya, Meløyvær, Måga, Rogla, Lille Rogla and Åkerøya.
Harstad is bordered by the municipality Kvæfjord to the west and Tjeldsund (in Nordland county) to the south. To the southeast, the Tjeldsund Bridge connects Hinnøya with Skånland municipality and the mainland across Tjeldsundet, and to the northeast is the Vågsfjorden, where Harstad shares a water border with Ibestad municipality. The city itself is located on the northeastern part of on Hinnøya; it is the only city on the island, and is popularly known as Vågsfjordens perle (The pearl of Vågsfjorden).
The highest mountain in Harstad is Sætertinden, which is 1,095 m (3,593 ft) above sea level. It is located near the village of Sandtorg in southern Harstad. The 412-metre (1,352 ft) tall mountain, Nupen, is located in the northwestern part of the municipality on the border with Kvæfjord.
Climate and lightEdit
Despite being located north of the Arctic Circle, Harstad features either a dry-summer subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsc), or the rare cold-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csc), depending on if the 0°C or the -3°C isotherm is used. Harstad features relatively mild, wet winters and cool, dry summers. Harstad does not have the brutal winters most locations north of the Arctic Circle experience, and is sheltered from Atlantic gales by mountains in the west, and has the main part of the Scandinavian Mountains to the east. The city experiences warmer winters than major cities located 25 to 30 degrees farther south in latitude such as Beijing, Chicago and Toronto. Summers in Harstad are cool, with average high temperatures seldom breaking the 22 °C (72 °F) mark. Since the new weather station opened in August 2002, July 2014 was the warmest month with 6 days above 27 °C (81 °F) and a new all-time high of 31.7 °C (89 °F) on 10 July. The record low of −16.1 °C (3 °F) was recorded in February 2010. The particular variety of a subpolar climate experienced could be best described as "continental maritime" as it experiences winters much like Boston but summers much like coastal northern California.
The city enjoys the midnight sun during the summer months, from 22 May to 18 July. There is also a period from early May to early August with twilight for a few hours each night as the sun just dips below the horizon, so there is no darkness. The polar night, when the sun is always below the horizon, lasts from 30 November to 12 January. At this time, there are 3–4 hours of dawn and dusk around noon, sometimes with colourful skies towards the south. From late January, the period of daylight rapidly increases, reaching 12 hours by March and 18 hours in April. Harstad is located in the midst of the aurora borealis (a.k.a. the northern lights) zone, and the aurora can often be seen on clear nights, but not in summer due to the continuous daylight.
|Climate data for Harstad (45 m, averages 2004-2018, extremes 2002-2019 eklima/met.no)|
|Record high °C (°F)||8.8
|Average high °C (°F)||−0.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.2
|Average low °C (°F)||−4
|Record low °C (°F)||−15.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||85
|Source #1: |
|Source #2: |
The town of Harstad was established as a municipality on 1 January 1904 when it was separated from the municipality of Trondenes because it had just been declared a ladested. The initial population of the town of Harstad was 1,246. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the town of Harstad (population: 3,808) was merged with neighboring municipalities of Sandtorg (population: 7,512) and Trondenes (population: 6,567) to form a new, larger municipality of Harstad with a population of 17,882. Prior to the merger, the town of Harstad had 3,808 residents. On 1 January 2013, the municipality of Bjarkøy (to the north) was merged with Harstad, forming a new, larger municipality of Harstad.
In recent years, a 3000-year-old bronze axe and a 2600-year-old bronze collar have been found at the Trondenes peninsula, just north of the city center. These, together with the burial cairns built close to the sea, are indications of a well-developed Bronze Age culture in the Harstad area.
There is also substantial archeological evidence of a well-developed Iron Age culture in the area, around 200 AD.
Trondenes Church, the world's northernmost medieval church, which dates back to the 13th–15th century, is situated just outside the town.
Adjacent to the church is the Trondenes Historical Center and nearby is the Adolf Gun, an enormous land-based cannon from World War II, and the last of four cannons originally constructed by the Nazis. Harstad is one of the few towns in this part of Norway which were left largely undamaged by World War II.
Origin of the nameEdit
The municipality is named after the old Harstad farm (Old Norse: Harðarstaðir), since it is built on its ground. The first element is (probably) the genitive case of the male name Hǫrðr, and the last element is staðir which means "homestead" or "farm".
Coat of armsEdit
The coat of arms is from modern times and it was granted on 24 April 1953. The arms are blue with two silver-white wavy lines. The blue background symbolizes the sea and the silvery white lines represent waves.
All municipalities in Norway, including Harstad, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Trondenes District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of|
|Christian Democratic Party||Kristelig Folkeparti||1|
|Green Party||Miljøpartiet De Grønne||1|
|Socialist Left Party||Sosialistisk Venstreparti||1|
|Total number of members:||35|
The oil industry of North Norway is centered in Harstad; including Statoil's main office for a new operational area for Northern Norway, the DNV office for Northern Norway, as well as other regional offices including Total E&P, Det Norske Oljeselskap ASA and Aibel. Harstad also has shipyards and other industries that are important for the economy. Harstad and the surrounding area have traditionally been among the most productive agricultural regions in Northern Norway,. The old seabed, now dry land due to isostatic rebound (up to 60 to 80 metres or 200 to 260 feet above sea level), creating fertile soil that is well-suited for farming.
Institutions and cultureEdit
Harstad University College, with approximately 1,100 students, has a thriving foreign exchange program with students from all over the world. The hospital in Harstad is part of the University Hospital of North Norway.
Harstad Camping is a campsite located in the municipality.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
|Bjarkøy og Sandsøy||Bjarkøy Church||Nergården||1766|
|Trondenes||Trondenes Church||Trondenes||15th century|
Harstad traditionally has strong ties with the Norwegian Armed Forces. Kystjegerkommandoen (Coastal Ranger Command) has its home base at Trondenes, Harstad. Marinejegerkommandoen is based in Ramsund in Tjeldsund on the mainland south of Harstad. General Carl Gustav Fleischer led the field operations of the Norwegian Armed Forces in WW2, among them the 7,500 soldiers which from the north pushed the Nazi Germans back to Narvik and participated in retaking Narvik on 28 May 1940. A street in Harstad is named Gen. Fleischers Gate in his honour.
Harstad is also the hometown of the Norwegian army band "Forsvarets Musikkorps Nord Norge" with professional musicians.
The towns airport is Harstad/Narvik Airport, Evenes, located on the mainland, 44 kilometres (27 mi) by road from the town center. The airport offers daily flights to Oslo, Trondheim, Bodø, Tromsø and Andenes.
There are several ferries and buses in the district, and in Harstad there are local buses.
- Villages north/west of the city
Alvestad, Aune, Elgsnes, Ervik, Grøtavær, Hagan, Kasfjord, Kilhus, Kjøtta, Lundenes, Mustaparta, Nergården, Røkenes, Steinnes, Stornes, Storvassbotn, Sørlia, Tennvassåsen, Tømmeråsen, Undlandet, Vika and Årnes.
- City neighbourhoods
Bergseng, Blåbærhaugen, Breivika, City Center, Eineberget, Gangsås, Grønnebakkan, Harstadbotn, Harstadåsen, Heggen, Holtet, Kanebogen, Kilbotn, Medkila, Ruggevika, Sama, Seljestad, Skaret, Stangnes, Trondenes and Åsby.
- Villages south of the city
- Knut Andersen (1931–), film director
- Elisabeth Aspaker (1968-), politician. Minister of Fisheries
- Bjarne Berg-Sæther (1919–2009), mayor, county mayor
- Trygve Bornø (1942–), former national football player
- Kristin Clemet (1957–), politician, former Minister of Education
- Hans Egede (1686–1758), priest, the Apostle of Greenland
- Karl Erik Harr (1940–), painter
- Kine Hellebust (1954–), singer
- Leif Arne Heløe (1932–), former Minister of Social Affairs
- Sofie Elise Steen Isachsen (1994–), blogger and singer
- Rikard Kaarbø (1850–1901), businessman and politician
- Thea Floer Kulseng (2003–), winner of Melodi Grand Prix Junior 2015
- Hanna Kvanmo (1926–2005), politician
- John Bernhard Rekstad (1852–1934), geologist
- Iren Reppen (1965–), actress
- Iselin Steiro (1985–), model
- Unni Wikan (1944–), professor of social anthropology
- Sandra Meland (1995-), singer
- Hans Arne Jacobsen (1978-), software pioneer
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Kartverket. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
- Municipality second largest in Troms county, by population
- City second largest in Troms county; third largest in Northern Norway
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Infoclimat Harstad averages".
- "Eklima/met.no". Norwegian Meteorological Institute - extremes and precipitation Harstad Stadion.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- "Bronze axe". Archived from the original on 11 March 2007.
- "Bronze collar".
- Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 21.
- "Harstad kommunes byvåpen" (in Norwegian). Harstad kommune. Retrieved 2 December 2008.
- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Festspillene i Nord-Norge". Archived from the original on 13 October 2004.
- "Arctic Moving Image and Film Festival".
- "Harstad University College".
- "HIL" (in Norwegian).
- "Harstad Vikings" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2006.
- "Anna Rogde" (in Norwegian).
- Harstad/Narvik Lufthavn Evenes. supersaver.no. Accessed 2011-06-11.
- Coastal Express. hurtigruten.com. Accessed 2011-10-14.
- Troms fylkestrafikk. tromskortet.no. Accessed 2011-06-30.
- Heli-Team. heliteam.no.
- "Twin towns". Choose English > Political info > Friendship cities
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harstad.|
- Harstad travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Information in English Harstad municipality
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway (in Norwegian)
- Visit Harstad
- Old history of Harstad
- Harstad pictures
- Green and black aurora over Harstad NASA astronomy picture of the day
- Particularly rare purple auroral corona over Harstad NASA astronomy picture of the day
- Web-cam Showing various parts of the town
- Photo presentation on YouTube
- The Adolf Cannon
- Art of the States: Frozen Horizon Musical work inspired by the Harstad landscape
- Harstad Tidende (Harstad Times) Newspaper for the district (in Norwegian)
- iHarstad.no Information portal (in Norwegian)
- Live weather station located in Harstad (in Norwegian)
- About Hinnøy (in Norwegian)
- Magnars garden at 69 degrees north (in Norwegian)