Trondenes

Trondenes is an old parish and former municipality in Troms county in Norway. The 186-square-kilometre (72 sq mi) municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 1964. It was located along the western shore of the Vågsfjorden in what is now Harstad Municipality. Trondenes included the majority of the island of Grytøya and part of the eastern coast of the island of Hinnøya as well as some smaller islands. Located just north of the town of Harstad, the village of Trondenes was the administrative centre of the municipality. That village is also the site of the historic Trondenes Church, the northernmost medieval stone church in Norway. The Trondenes Historical Center was built in 1997 near the church to teach about the history of the area. Trondenes Fort is also located on the Trondenes peninsula.[2][3]

Trondenes herred
Trondenes Church
Official logo of Trondenes herred
Troms within
Norway
Trondenes within Troms
Trondenes within Troms
Coordinates: 68°49′18″N 16°33′48″E / 68.82167°N 16.56333°E / 68.82167; 16.56333Coordinates: 68°49′18″N 16°33′48″E / 68.82167°N 16.56333°E / 68.82167; 16.56333
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictCentral Hålogaland
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreTrondenes
Area
 • Total186 km2 (72 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1964)
 • Total6,567
 • Density35/km2 (91/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Trondenesværing
Tronesværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1914
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byHarstad in 1964

HistoryEdit

The parish of Trondenes was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The village of Harstad (population: 1,246) was declared a ladested and was therefore separated from Trondenes on 1 January 1904 to become a separate municipality. This left Trondenes with 7,775 inhabitants. On 1 January 1912, part of southern Trondenes (population: 291) was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Evenes (in Nordland county).

On 1 July 1926, the municipality of Trondenes was divided into three separate municipalities. The areas east of the Tjeldsundet strait and east of the Vågsfjorden (population: 2,443) became the municipality of Skånland and the areas on the west side of the Tjeldsundet and Vågsfjorden were split two ways. The southern part (population: 4,224) became the municipality of Sandtorg and the northern part (population: 3,429) remained as the municipality of Trondenes. On 25 October 1956, a small border adjustment was made between Trondenes and the neighboring Kvæfjord Municipality. This resulted in 32 inhabitants becoming residents of Trondenes.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, Trondenes municipality (population: 6,567), Sandtorg municipality (population: 7,512), the town of Harstad (population: 3,808) were merged to form a new, larger Harstad Municipality.[4]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old Trondenes farm (Old Norse: Þróndarnes), since the first Trondenes Church was built there. The first element is the genitive of þróndr which means "hog" and the last element is nes which means "headland". The shape of the headland was probably compared with the snout of a hog.[2][5]

GovernmentEdit

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Herredsstyre) of Trondenes was made up of 29 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council was as follows:

Trondenes Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [6]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:29
Trondenes Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [7]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)15
Total number of members:29
Trondenes Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [8]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)11
Total number of members:20
Trondenes Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)7
Total number of members:20
Trondenes Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:20
Trondenes Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:20

Media galleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ a b Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2018-02-19). "Trondenes – tidligere kommune". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  3. ^ Helland, Amund (1899). "Trondenes herred". Norges land og folk: Tromsø amt (in Norwegian). XIX. Kristiania, Norway: H. Aschehoug & Company. p. 73. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 12.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  10. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  11. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.

External linksEdit