Skånland

Skånland (Northern Sami: Skánit) is a former municipality that was located in the old Troms county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1926 until its dissolution in 2020 when it was merged into Tjeldsund Municipality. It was part of the Central Hålogaland region, just southeast of the city of Harstad. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Evenskjer. Other villages included Grovfjord, Renså, Sandstrand, and Tovik.

Skånland kommune

Skániid suohkan
View of Evenskjer
View of Evenskjer
Official logo of Skånland kommune
Troms within
Norway
Skånland within Troms
Skånland within Troms
Coordinates: 68°38′24″N 16°57′26″E / 68.64000°N 16.95722°E / 68.64000; 16.95722Coordinates: 68°38′24″N 16°57′26″E / 68.64000°N 16.95722°E / 68.64000; 16.95722
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictCentral Hålogaland
Established1 July 1926
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreEvenskjer
Area
 • Total495.00 km2 (191.12 sq mi)
 • Land464.77 km2 (179.45 sq mi)
 • Water30.23 km2 (11.67 sq mi)  6.1%
Area rank210 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2018)
 • Total2,994
 • Rank265 in Norway
 • Density6.4/km2 (17/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
4.6%
Demonym(s)Skånlending[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1913
Official language formBokmål[2]
Preceded byTrondenes in 1926
Succeeded byTjeldsund in 2020
The river Tennevikelva, Skånland.

The Tjeldsund Bridge in Skånland connects the island of Hinnøya (the largest coastal island in Norway) to the Norwegian mainland.

At the time of its dissolution as a municipality on 1 January 2020, the 495-square-kilometre (191 sq mi) municipality was the 210th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Skånland was also the 265th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,994. The municipality's population density was 6.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (17/sq mi) and its population has increased by 4.6% over the previous decade.[3][4]

General informationEdit

Skånland was established on 1 July 1926 when the large municipality of Trondenes was divided into three municipalities: Sandtorg (population: 4,224) in the southwest, Skånland (population: 2,443) in the southeast, and Trondenes (population: 3,429) in the north. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the neighboring municipality of Astafjord (population: 1,120) was merged into Skånland. On the same date, the part of Skånland on the island of Rolla (population: 143) was transferred to neighboring Ibestad Municipality.[5]

The municipalities of Skånland and Tjeldsund voted to merge on 1 January 2020 to form a new, larger municipality of Tjeldsund.[6][7]

NameEdit

The municipality, and the parish, is named after the old Skånland farm (Old Norse: Skánøyjarland), since the first Skånland Church was built there (in 1870). The first element is the genitive case of an old name Skánøy (but the meaning of this is uncertain) and the last element is land which means "land" or "farm". The name might be of Sami origin, meaning "small mountains" (skánit).[8]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times (1988). They show a black auger on a gold background. This was chosen since the production of augers, and their use in construction of boats, has long roots in the municipality.[9][10]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Skånland. It is part of the Trondenes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Skånland
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Astafjord Astafjord Church Grov 1978
Skånland Skånland Church Evenskjer 1901
Tovik Tovik Church Tovik 1905

EconomyEdit

 
Autumn view of Novafjell (Nova mountain) in Skånland

Agriculture is important in Skånland, and there are also many people working in Harstad or at the Harstad/Narvik Airport, Evenes.

GeographyEdit

The municipality includes the western and northern part of the Ofoten peninsula, which is bordered by Ofotfjord in the south, Tjeldsundet in the west, and the Astafjorden and Vågsfjorden in the north. Neighbouring municipalities are Evenes to the south, Narvik in the southeast, Tjeldsund in Nordland to the southwest. Harstad in the northwest, across the Tjeldsundet, and Gratangen in the northeast, are located in Troms county. Evenskjer, located in the lowland bordering the Tjeldsundet strait, is the largest village. In the northern part is the smaller village of Grov. Other villages are Renså, Tovik and Sandstrand.

The largest lake is Skoddebergvatnet, and the highest mountain is Skittendalstinden at 1,306 metres (4,285 ft) in the mountainous center of the peninsula. There are calcareous pine forests near Skoddebergvatnet. The lake Niingsvatnet is located on the border with Evenes.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Evenskjer
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.1
(30.0)
−0.9
(30.4)
0.9
(33.6)
4.2
(39.6)
9.6
(49.3)
13.4
(56.1)
15.9
(60.6)
15.0
(59.0)
10.8
(51.4)
6.2
(43.2)
2.2
(36.0)
0.2
(32.4)
6.4
(43.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
−3.4
(25.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
1.6
(34.9)
6.4
(43.5)
10.0
(50.0)
12.4
(54.3)
11.9
(53.4)
8.0
(46.4)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
3.6
(38.5)
Average low °C (°F) −6.8
(19.8)
−6.5
(20.3)
−5.0
(23.0)
−1.6
(29.1)
2.7
(36.9)
6.8
(44.2)
9.2
(48.6)
8.4
(47.1)
4.8
(40.6)
1.1
(34.0)
−2.9
(26.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.4
(32.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 77
(3.0)
69
(2.7)
57
(2.2)
46
(1.8)
39
(1.5)
42
(1.7)
64
(2.5)
67
(2.6)
74
(2.9)
103
(4.1)
77
(3.0)
85
(3.3)
800
(31.5)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.9 13.8 12.6 10.2 8.4 11.0 13.6 13.5 15.2 15.8 13.8 15.0 156.8
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[11]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Skånland, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[12] The municipality falls under the Trondenes District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Skånland was made up of 15 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Skånland Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Red Party (Rødt)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:15
Skånland Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Red Party (Rødt)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:15
Skånland Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:15
Skånland Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:15
Skånland Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Skånland Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Indre Grovfjord Common List (Indre Grovfjord Fellesliste)1
 Lavangseidet Common List (Lavangseidet Fellesliste)2
 Common List Kvitnes-Nordland border
(Felleslisten Kvitnes-Nordland Grense)
3
Total number of members:29
Skånland Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Indre Grovfjord Common List (Indre Grovfjord Fellesliste)1
 Lavangseidet Common List (Lavangseidet Fellesliste)3
 Common List Kvitnes-Nordland border
(Felleslisten Kvitnes-Nordland Grense)
6
Total number of members:29
Skånland Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Common List Kvitnes-Nordland (Fellesliste Kvitnes-Nordland)5
 Lavangseidet Common List (Lavangseidet fellesliste)4
Total number of members:29
Skånland Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Lavangseidet's Common List (Lavangseidets fellesliste)3
Total number of members:29
Skånland Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre),
Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti),
and Centre Party (Senterpartiet)
10
 Lavangseidet's Common List (Lavangseidets fellesliste)4
Total number of members:29
Skånland Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Non-socialist common list (Borgerlig fellesliste)7
 Grovfjord Non-party Common List
(Grovfjord Upolitiske Fellesliste)
6
 Lavangseidet Common List (Lavangseidet Fellesliste)2
Total number of members:29
Skånland Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)29
Total number of members:29
Skånland Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)29
Total number of members:29
Skånland Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)29
Total number of members:29
Skånland Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:19
Skånland Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:19
Skånland Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Skånland Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)7
Total number of members:16
Skånland Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:16
Skånland Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:16

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Kommunereform" (in Norwegian). Skånland kommune. Retrieved 2017-09-09.
  7. ^ Jensen, Morten (2017-03-06). "Tjeldsund + Skånland = Sant" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09.
  8. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 14.
  9. ^ "Troms fylke-beskrivelse" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-12-07.
  10. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  11. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  12. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  13. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  14. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Troms Romsa". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-26.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.

External linksEdit