Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

  (Redirected from Chimamanda Adichie)

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (/ˌɪmɑːˈmɑːndə əŋˈɡzi əˈd/ (About this soundlisten);[note 1] born 15 September 1977)[3] is a Nigerian writer whose works range from novels to short stories to nonfiction.[4] She was described in The Times Literary Supplement as "the most prominent" of a "procession of critically acclaimed young anglophone authors [which] is succeeding in attracting a new generation of readers to African literature",[5] particularly in her second home, the United States.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Adichie in 2013
Adichie in 2013
Born (1977-09-15) 15 September 1977 (age 43)
Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
OccupationNovelist, short story writer, non-fiction writer
Alma materEastern Connecticut State University (BA)
Johns Hopkins University (MA)
Yale University (MA)
Notable worksPurple Hibiscus (2003)
Half of a Yellow Sun (2006)
Americanah (2013)
We Should All Be Feminists (2014)
Notable awardsMacArthur Fellowship (2008)
Ivara Esege
(m. 2009)
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie talks about The Thing Around Your Neck on Bookbits radio

Adichie, a feminist,[6][7][8] has written the novels Purple Hibiscus (2003), Half of a Yellow Sun (2006), and Americanah (2013), the short story collection The Thing Around Your Neck (2009), and the book-length essay We Should All Be Feminists (2014).[9] Her most recent book, Dear Ijeawele, or A Feminist Manifesto in Fifteen Suggestions, was published in March 2017.[10] In 2008, she was awarded a MacArthur Genius Grant.[11][12]

Personal life and educationEdit

Adichie was born in the city of Enugu in Nigeria, and grew up as the fifth of six children in an Igbo family in the university town of Nsukka in Enugu State.[13] While she was growing up, her father, James Nwoye Adichie, worked as a professor of statistics at the University of Nigeria. Her mother, Grace Ifeoma, was the university's first female registrar.[14] The family lost almost everything during the Nigerian Civil War, including both maternal and paternal grandfathers.[15] Her family's ancestral village is in Abba[3] in Anambra State.[16]

Adichie completed her secondary education at the University of Nigeria Secondary School, Nsukka, where she received several academic prizes.[17] She studied medicine and pharmacy at the University of Nigeria for a year and a half. During this period, she edited The Compass, a magazine run by the university's Catholic medical students. At the age of 19, Adichie left Nigeria for the United States to study communications and political science at Drexel University in Philadelphia.[18] She soon transferred to Eastern Connecticut State University to be near her sister Uche,[19] who had a medical practice in Coventry, Connecticut. While the novelist was growing up in Nigeria, she was not used to being identified by the colour of her skin which suddenly changed when she arrived in the United States for college. As a black African in America, Adichie was suddenly confronted with what it meant to be a person of color in the United States. Race as an idea became something that she had to navigate and learn.[20] She writes about this in her novel Americanah. She received a bachelor's degree from Eastern Connecticut State University,[21] with the distinction of summa cum laude in 2001.[22]

In 2003, she completed a master's degree in creative writing at Johns Hopkins University.[23] In 2008, she received a Master of Arts degree in African studies from Yale University.[24]

Adichie was a Hodder fellow at Princeton University during the 2005–2006 academic year. In 2008 she was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship.[11] She was also awarded a 2011–2012 fellowship by the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University.[22]

Adichie divides her time between the United States, and Nigeria, where she teaches writing workshops.[25][1] In 2016, she was conferred an honorary degree – Doctor of Humane letters, honoris causa, by Johns Hopkins University.[26][27] In 2017, she was conferred honorary degrees – Doctor of Humane letters, honoris causa, by Haverford College[28] and The University of Edinburgh.[29] In 2018, she received an honorary degree, Doctor of Humane Letters, from Amherst College.[30] She received an honorary degree, doctor honoris causa, from the Université de Fribourg, Switzerland, in 2019.[31]

In an interview published in the Financial Times in July 2016, Adichie revealed that she had a baby daughter.[32][33] In a profile of Adichie, published in The New Yorker in June 2018, Larissa MacFarquhar wrote, "the man she ended up marrying in 2009 was almost comically suitable: a Nigerian doctor who practiced in America, whose father was a doctor and a friend of her parents."[34] Adichie is a Catholic and was raised Catholic as a child, though she considers her views, especially those on feminism, to sometimes conflict with her religion. At a 2017 event at Georgetown University, she stated that religion "is not a women-friendly institution" and "has been used to justify oppressions that are based on the idea that women are not equal human beings."[35] She has called for Christian and Muslim leaders in Nigeria to preach messages of peace and togetherness.[36]

In 2017 and again in 2020, Adichie was criticised by some as transphobic — initially for saying that "we should not conflate the gender experiences of transgender women with that of women born female",[37][8] and secondly for defending JK Rowling's heavily scrutinized essay on separating women's from transgender issues.[8] One of the critics was Nigerian author Akwaeke Emezi, who had graduated from Adichie's writing workshop.[38] Adichie expressed concern that the trans debate is being used as an excuse to take away freedom of speech by labelling and aggressively trying to silence people who may not agree with trans activism, and that the trans movement wishes an erosion of women as a political and biological class.[7] In 2020, she weighed into "all the noise" sparked by Rowling's article on sex and gender,[39] and defended Rowling's essay as being "a perfectly reasonable piece".[7]

Adichie criticised cancel culture, saying: "There's a sense in which you aren't allowed to learn and grow. Also forgiveness is out of the question. I find it so lacking in compassion."[39]

Writing careerEdit

Ngozi Adichie's original and initial inspiration came from Chinua Achebe, after reading his 1958 novel Things Fall Apart, at the age of 10;[40] Adichie was inspired by seeing her own life represented in the pages.[17] She has also named Buchi Emecheta as a Nigerian literary precursor, on whose death Adichie said: "Buchi Emecheta. We are able to speak because you first spoke. Thank you for your courage. Thank you for your art. Nodu na ndokwa."[41][42]

Adichie published a collection of poems in 1997 (Decisions) and a play (For Love of Biafra) in 1998. She was shortlisted in 2002 for the Caine Prize[43][44] for her short story "You in America",[45][46][47] and her story "That Harmattan Morning" was selected as a joint winner of the 2002 BBC World Service Short Story Awards.[48] In 2003, she won the O. Henry Award for "The American Embassy", and the David T. Wong International Short Story Prize 2002/2003 (PEN Center Award).[49] Her stories were also published in Zoetrope: All-Story,[50] and Topic Magazine.[51]

Her first novel, Purple Hibiscus (2003), received wide critical acclaim; it was shortlisted for the Orange Prize for Fiction (2004)[52][53] and was awarded the Commonwealth Writers' Prize for Best First Book (2005).[54] Purple Hibiscus starts with an extended quote from Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart.[55]

Her second novel, Half of a Yellow Sun (2006), named after the flag of the short-lived nation of Biafra, is set before and during the Nigerian Civil War. Adichie has said of Buchi Emecheta's Destination Biafra (1982): " [It] was very important for my research when I was writing Half of a Yellow Sun."[56] Half of a Yellow Sun received the 2007 Orange Prize for Fiction[57] and the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award.[58] Half of a Yellow Sun was adapted into a film of the same title directed by Biyi Bandele, starring BAFTA award-winner and Academy Award nominee Chiwetel Ejiofor and BAFTA winner Thandie Newton, and was released in 2014.[59]

Adichie's third book, The Thing Around Your Neck (2009), is a collection of 12 stories that explore the relationships between men and women, parents and children, Africa and the United States.

In 2010 she was listed among the authors of The New Yorker's "20 Under 40" Fiction Issue.[60] Adichie's story "Ceiling" was included in the 2011 edition of The Best American Short Stories.

Her third novel Americanah (2013), an exploration of a young Nigerian encountering race in America was selected by The New York Times as one of "The 10 Best Books of 2013".[61]

In April 2014, she was named as one of 39 writers aged under 40[62] in the Hay Festival and Rainbow Book Club project Africa39, celebrating Port Harcourt UNESCO World Book Capital 2014.[63][64]

Adichie's short story, "My Mother, the Crazy African" discusses the problems that arise when facing two cultures that are complete opposites from each other. On one hand, there is a traditional Nigerian culture with clear gender roles, while in America there is more freedom in how genders act, and less restrictions on younger people. Ralindu, the protagonist, faces this challenge with her parents as she grew up in Philadelphia, while they grew up in Nigeria. Adichie dives deep into gender roles and traditions and what problems can occur because of this.[65]

In 2015, she was co-curator of the PEN World Voices Festival.[66]

In a 2014 interview, Adichie said on feminism and writing: "I think of myself as a storyteller but I would not mind at all if someone were to think of me as a feminist writer... I'm very feminist in the way I look at the world, and that world view must somehow be part of my work."[67]

In March 2017, Americanah was picked as the winner for the "One Book, One New York" program,[68][69] part of a community reading initiative encouraging all city residents to read the same book.[70]

In April 2017, it was announced that Adichie had been elected into the 237th class of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, one of the highest honours for intellectuals in the United States, as one of 228 new members to be inducted on 7 October 2017.[71][6]

Her most recent book, Dear Ijeawele, or A Feminist Manifesto in Fifteen Suggestions, published in March 2017,[72] had its origins in a letter Adichie wrote to a friend who had asked for advice about how to raise her daughter as a feminist.[8]

In 2020, Adichie published Zikora, a stand-alone short story about sexism and single motherhood.[73][74][75]

In November 2020, Half of a Yellow Sun was voted by the public to be the best book to have won the Women's Prize for Fiction in its 25-year history.[76][77]


Adichie spoke on "The Danger of a Single Story" for TED in 2009.[78] It has become one of the top ten most-viewed TED Talks of all time with more than fifteen million views.[72] On 15 March 2012, she delivered the "Connecting Cultures" Commonwealth Lecture 2012 at the Guildhall, London.[79] Adichie also spoke on being a feminist for TEDxEuston in December 2012, with her speech entitled, "We should all be feminists".[80] It initiated a worldwide conversation on feminism and was published as a book in 2014.[72] It was sampled for the 2013 song "***Flawless" by American performer Beyoncé, where it attracted further attention.

"The Danger of a Single Story"Edit

Adichie spoke in a TED talk entitled "The Danger of a Single Story", posted in July 2009.[78] In it, she expressed her concern for under-representation of various cultures.[81] She explained that as a young child, she had often read American and British stories where the characters were primarily of Caucasian origin. At the lecture, she said that the under-representation of cultural differences could be dangerous: "Now, I loved those American and British books I read. They stirred my imagination and opened up new worlds for me. But the unintended consequence was that I did not know that people like me could exist in literature."[81]

Throughout the lecture, she used personal anecdotes to illustrate the importance of sharing different stories. She briefly talked about the houseboy that was working for her family whose name is Fide and said the only thing she knew about him was how poor his family was. However, when Adichie's family visited Fide's village, Fide's mother showed them a basket that Fide's brother had made, making her realize that she created her opinion about Fide based on only one story of him. Adichie said, "It had not occurred to me that anybody in his family could actually make something. All I had heard about them was how poor they were, so that it had become impossible for me to see them as anything else but poor. Their poverty was my single story of them."[81] She also said that on leaving Nigeria to go to Drexel University, she encountered the effects of the under-representation of her own culture. Her American roommate was surprised that Adichie was fluent in English and that she did not listen to tribal music.[82] She said of this: "My roommate had a single story of Africa: a single story of catastrophe. In this single story, there was no possibility of Africans being similar to her in any way, no possibility of feelings more complex than pity, no possibility of a connection as human equals."[81]

Adichie concluded the lecture by noting the significance of different stories in various cultures and the representation that they deserve. She advocated for a greater understanding of stories because people are complex, saying that by understanding only a single story, one misinterprets people, their backgrounds and their histories.[83]

"We should all be feminists"Edit

In 2012, Adichie gave a TEDx talk entitled: "We should all be feminists", delivered at TedXEuston in London, which has been viewed more than five million times.[80] She shared her experiences of being an African feminist, and her views on gender construction and sexuality. Adichie said that the problem with gender is that it shapes who we are.[80] She also said: "I am angry. Gender as it functions today is a grave injustice. We should all be angry. Anger has a long history of bringing about positive change, but in addition to being angry, I'm also hopeful because I believe deeply in the ability of human beings to make and remake themselves for the better."[84]

"Flawless" songEdit

Parts of Adichie's TEDx talk were sampled in Beyoncé's song "Flawless" in December 2013.[85]Fourth Estate published an essay based on the speech as a standalone volume, We Should All Be Feminists, in 2014. Adichie later said in an NPR interview that "anything that gets young people talking about feminism is a very good thing."[14] She later qualified the statement in an interview with the Dutch newspaper De Volkskrant: "Another thing I hated was that I read everywhere: now people finally know her, thanks to Beyoncé, or: she must be very grateful. I found that disappointing. I thought: I am a writer and I have been for some time and I refuse to perform in this charade that is now apparently expected of me: 'Thanks to Beyoncé, my life will never be the same again.' That's why I didn't speak about it much."[86]

Adichie has clarified that her particular feminism differs from Beyoncé's, particularly in their disagreements about the role occupied by men in women's lives, saying: "Her style is not my style but I do find it interesting that she takes a stand in political and social issues since a few years. She portrays a woman who is in charge of her own destiny, who does her own thing, and she has girl power. I am very taken with that."[86] Nevertheless, she has been outspoken against critics who question the singer's credentials as a feminist and said that "Whoever says they're feminist is bloody feminist."[87]

Awards and nominationsEdit

On 20 May 2019, Ngozi Adichie received an honorary degree from Yale University.[88]

Adichie on the cover of Ms. magazine in 2014
Year Award Work Result
2002 Caine Prize for African Writing[43] "You in America" Nominated[A]
Commonwealth Short Story Competition "The Tree in Grandma's Garden" Nominated[B]
BBCmeasuring Competition "That Harmattan Morning" Won[C]
2002/2003 David T. Wong International Short Story Prize (PEN American Center Award) "Half of a Yellow Sun" Won
2003 O. Henry Prize "The American Embassy" Won
2004 Hurston-Wright Legacy Award: Best Debut Fiction Category Purple Hibiscus Won
Orange Prize Nominated[A]
Booker Prize Nominated[D]
Young Adult Library Services Association Best Books for Young Adults Award Nominated
2004/2005 John Llewellyn Rhys Prize Nominated[A]
2005 Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best First Book (Africa) Won
Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best First Book (overall) Won
2006 National Book Critics Circle Award Half of a Yellow Sun Nominated
2007 British Book Awards: "Richard & Judy Best Read of the Year" category Nominated
James Tait Black Memorial Prize Nominated
Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best Book (Africa) Nominated[A]
Anisfield-Wolf Book Award: Fiction category Won[C]
PEN Beyond Margins Award Won[C]
Orange Broadband Prize: Fiction category Won
2008 International Dublin Literary Award Nominated
Reader's Digest Author of the Year Award Won
Future Award, Nigeria: Young Person of the Year category[89] Won
MacArthur Foundation Genius Grant[90] Won
2009 International Nonino Prize[91] Won
Frank O'Connor International Short Story Award The Thing Around Your Neck Nominated[D]
John Llewellyn Rhys Prize Nominated[A]
2010 Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best Book (Africa) Nominated[A]
Dayton Literary Peace Prize Nominated[B]
2011 This Day Awards: "New Champions for an Enduring Culture" category Nominated
2013 Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize: Fiction category Americanah Won
National Book Critics Circle Award: Fiction category[92][93] Won
2014 Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction[94] Nominated[A]
Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Fiction[95] Nominated[A]
MTV Africa Music Awards 2014: Personality of the Year[96] Nominated
2015 International Dublin Literary Award[97][98] Americanah Nominated[A]
Grammy Awards: Album of the Year[99] Beyoncé (as featured artist) Nominated
2018 PEN Pinter Prize[100][101] Won
A^ Shortlisted
B^ Runner-up
C^ Joint win
D^ Longlisted

Other recognitionEdit



Year Title Publisher ISBN Notes
2003 Purple Hibiscus 4th Estate (London) ISBN 9780007189885 Novel
2006 Half of a Yellow Sun 4th Estate (London) ISBN 9780007200283 Novel
2009 The Thing Around Your Neck 4th Estate (London) ISBN 9780007306213 Short story collection
2013 Americanah Alfred A. Knopf (New York) ISBN 9780307271082 Novel
2014 We Should All Be Feminists 4th Estate (London) ISBN 9780008115272 Essay (excerpt in New Daughters of Africa, ed. Margaret Busby, 2019)[111]
2017 Dear Ijeawele, or A Feminist Manifesto in Fifteen Suggestions 4th Estate (London) ISBN 9780008275709 Essay

Short fictionEdit

Year Title First published
2013 "Checking Out" "Checking out". The New Yorker. 89 (5): 66–73. 18 March 2013.
2015 "Apollo" "Apollo". The New Yorker. 91 (8): 64–69. 13 April 2015.
2016 "The Arrangements: A Work of Fiction" "'The Arrangements': A Work of Short Fiction". The New York Times Book Review. 3 July 2016.
2020 "Zikora" Amazon Original Stories[73]


Guest appearances

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Although Adichie's name has been pronounced a variety of ways in English, this transcription, CHIM-ah-MAHN-də əng-GOH-zee ə-DEE-chay, attempts to best approximate the Igbo pronunciation of it for English speakers.


  1. ^ a b Brockes, Emma (4 March 2017). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: 'Can people please stop telling me feminism is hot?'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". Front Row. 3 May 2013. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Biography | List of Works, Study Guides & Essays | GradeSaver".
  4. ^ Nixon, Rob (1 October 2006). "A Biafran Story". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 15 September 2012.
  5. ^ Copnall, James (16 December 2011), "Steak Knife", The Times Literary Supplement, p. 20.
  6. ^ a b Egbedi, Hadassah (15 April 2017). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie has been elected into the prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences". Ventures Africa. Archived from the original on 11 August 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Okafor, Chinedu (17 November 2020). "Chimamanda Adichie comes under same fire as Rowling over transphobia". YNaija. Nigeria. Archived from the original on 20 November 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Allardice, Lisa (28 April 2018). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: 'This could be the beginning of a revolution'". The Guardian UK. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020.
  9. ^ "The London Conference 2018 - Conference dinner - Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". Chatham House. UK. 2018. Archived from the original on 24 November 2020.
  10. ^ "About Chimamanda". Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Official Author Website. 24 May 2018. Archived from the original on 7 December 2020.
  11. ^ a b "Class of 2008 - MacArthur Foundation". MacArthur Foundation. 2008. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013.
  12. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie | Biography, Books, & Facts". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  13. ^ Anya, Ikechuku (15 October 2005). "In the Footsteps of Achebe: Enter Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". African Writer.
  14. ^ a b "Feminism Is Fashionable For Nigerian Writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". NPR, 18 March 2014.
  15. ^ Enright, Michael (30 December 2018) [2006]. The Sunday Edition (Radio interview). Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Event occurs at 52:00.
  16. ^ Tunca, Daria (27 July 2020). "Biography". The Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Website. Belgium: English Department, University of Liège. Archived from the original on 7 December 2020.
  17. ^ a b Ezebuiro, Peace (13 June 2015). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Husband, Family, Education, Biography, Facts". Answers Africa. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Pennsylvania Center for the Book". Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Why Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Considers Her Sister a 'Firm Cushion' at Her Back", Vanity Fair, May 2016.
  20. ^ "'Americanah' Author Explains 'Learning' To Be Black In The U.S.", Fresh Air, NPR, 27 June 2013.
  21. ^ "Alumni Profiles – Adichie | Alumni Affairs | Eastern Connecticut State University". Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  22. ^ a b Okachie, Leonard (19 May 2011). "In the News | Chimamanda Selected as Radcliffe Fellow". National Mirror. Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  23. ^ "The Women of Hopkins". The Women of Hopkins. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  24. ^ "Recent Alumni". Yale Council on African Studies. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  25. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie profile". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  26. ^ "Eight to receive Johns Hopkins honorary degrees at commencement ceremony", HUB, Johns Hopkins University, 22 April 2016.
  27. ^ "You can now call her Dr Adichie", This Is Africa, 19 May 2016.
  28. ^ "Commencement 2017 Honorary Degrees", Haverford College, 15 May 2017.
  29. ^ "Acclaimed author receives honorary degree", The University of Edinburgh, 28 July 2017.
  30. ^ "2018 Honorees | Amherst College".
  31. ^ "L'écrivaine nigériane Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie devient docteure honoris causa de l'Université de Fribourg", Université de Fribourg, 15 November 2019.
  32. ^ Chutel, Lynsey (3 July 2016). "Award-winning author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie has had a baby, not that it's anyone's business". Quartz. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  33. ^ Pilling, David (30 July 2016). "Lunch with the FT: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". Financial Times. UK. Archived from the original on 14 December 2016.
  34. ^ MacFarquhar, Larissa (28 May 2018). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Comes to Terms with Global Fame". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 22 November 2020.
  35. ^ "Award-Winning Author Adichie Explores Faith, Feminism at Georgetown Event". Georgetown University. 17 March 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  36. ^ Shariatmadari, David (13 January 2012). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: religious leaders must help end Nigeria violence". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  37. ^ Crockett, Emily (15 March 2017). "The controversy over Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie and trans women, explained". Vox. US. Archived from the original on 6 August 2020.
  38. ^ Akhabau, Izin (18 November 2020). "Akwaeke Emezi: Non-binary author shares heartbreak at Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". The Voice. UK. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020.
  39. ^ a b Allardice, Lisa (14 November 2020). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: 'America under Trump felt like a personal loss'". The Guardian UK. Archived from the original on 15 November 2020.
  40. ^ Franklin, Ruth (19 May 2008). "Chinua Achebe and the Great African Novel". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017.
  41. ^ "Chimamanda Adichie mourns Buchi Emecheta". Linda Ikeji's Blog. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  42. ^ "Celebrating Buchi Emecheta". Library blog. Goldsmiths, Uni ersity of London. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  43. ^ a b "Previous Shortlisted Writers". The Caine Prize for African Writing. UK. 2009. Archived from the original on 12 August 2013.
  44. ^ "Previously Shortlisted — Caine Prize". The Caine Prize for African Writing. UK. 2016. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017.
  45. ^ "Abba's Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". Abba Town, Igboland. Nigeria. 2013. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013.
  46. ^ "You in America", in Discovering Home: A selection of writings from the 2002 Caine Prize for African Writing, Jacana, 2003, pp. 27–34.
  47. ^ "Kwanini? Series > You In America". Kwanini?. Nairobi, Kenya: Kwani Trust. 2006. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010.
  48. ^ "Short Story Competition 2002", BBC World Service.
  49. ^ "Awards & Nominations", Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie website; "Half of a Yellow Sun", full story.
  50. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". Zoetrope: All-Story. US: The Family Coppola. 2003. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017.
  51. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: Home is Where the Heart Was", Topic Magazine, Issue 3, Winter 2003.
  52. ^ "BAILEYS Women's Prize for Fiction 2004". Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  53. ^ Ezard, John (27 May 2004). "Debut novel from Nigeria storms Orange shortlist". The Guardian UK. Archived from the original on 21 November 2020.
  54. ^ Holdsworth, Victoria (10 February 2012). "Prize winning author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie to speak at Commonwealth Lecture". The Commonwealth. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  55. ^ Hewett, Heather (2004). Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi (ed.). "Finding Her Voice". The Women's Review of Books. 21 (10/11): 9–10. doi:10.2307/3880367. JSTOR 3880367.
  56. ^ Busby, Margaret (3 February 2017). "Buchi Emecheta obituary". The Guardian.
  57. ^ Majendie, Paul (6 June 2007). "Nigerian author wins top women's fiction prize". Reuters. Retrieved 7 June 2009.
  58. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie | Half of a Yellow Sun", Winners, The 82nd Annual Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards, 2007.
  59. ^ Felperin, Leslie (10 November 2013), "Half of a Yellow Sun: London Review", The Hollywood Reporter.
  60. ^ Knox, Jennifer L. (7 July 2010). "20 Under 40: Q. & A.: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 22 November 2020.
  61. ^ "The 10 Best Books of 2013". The New York Times. 4 December 2013. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014.
  62. ^ List of artists, Africa39.
  63. ^ Attree, Lizzy (10 April 2014), "Africa39 and Caine Prize authors", The Caine Prize Blog.
  64. ^ "Port Harcourt World Book Capital - Africa 39: Meet the Authors III". Port Harcourt World Book Capital. Nigeria. 30 September 2014. Archived from the original on 1 October 2014.
  65. ^ Adichie, Chimamada. "My Mother, the Crazy African". Web Del Sol. Spectrum Publishers. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  66. ^ Wolfe, Alexandra (1 May 2015). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie on the World of African Literature". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 3 May 2015.
  67. ^ Hobson, Janell (2014). "Storyteller". Ms. (Summer): 26–29.
  68. ^ Weller, Chris (16 March 2017), "New Yorkers just selected a book for the entire city to read in America's biggest book club", Business Insider.
  69. ^ "One Book, One New York | And the winner is...", NYC.
  70. ^ Williams, John (31 January 2017). "One Book for Five Boroughs (Published 2017)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 21 November 2020.
  71. ^ "American Academy of Arts and Sciences Elects 228 National and International Scholars, Artists, Philanthropists, and Business Leaders", American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
  72. ^ a b c "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's Award-Winning Novel Purple Hibiscus is the 2017 One Maryland One Book". Maryland Humanities. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  73. ^ a b Law, Katie (29 October 2020). "Zikora: A Short Story by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie review: a taut tale of sexism and single motherhood". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
  74. ^ Nicolaou, Elena (26 October 2020). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's First Work of Fiction Since Americanah Is Here". Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  75. ^ Carty-Williams, Candice (31 October 2020). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's new short story is what I've been waiting for". The Guardian.
  76. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie voted best Women's Prize for Fiction winner". BBC News. 12 November 2020.
  77. ^ Flood, Alison (12 November 2020). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie voted Women's prize 'winner of winners'". The Guardian.
  78. ^ a b TEDGlobal 2009. "Chimamanda Adichie: "The danger of a single story", TED, July 2009". Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  79. ^ "Commonwealth Lecture 2012: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, "Reading realist literature is to search for humanity"". Commonwealth Foundation. London, UK. 28 May 2012. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012.
  80. ^ a b c "We should all be feminists – Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie at TEDxEuston". 12 April 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013 – via YouTube.
  81. ^ a b c d Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi. "Transcript of 'The danger of a single story'". Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  82. ^ TED (7 October 2009). "The danger of a single story | Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  83. ^ Brown, Annie (2 May 2013). "The Danger of a Single Story". Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  84. ^ "TED | We should all be feminists – Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie at TEDxEuston (transcript)". Vialogue, 30 December 2013.
  85. ^ Raymer, Miles (4 September 2014), "'Billboard' Hot 100 recap: Beyonce's 'Flawless' finally hits the chart", Entertainment Weekly.
  86. ^ a b Kiene, Aimée (7 August 2016). "Ngozi Adichie: Beyoncé's Feminism Isn't My Feminism". De Volkskrant. The Netherlands. Archived from the original on 20 November 2020.
  87. ^ Danielle, Britni (20 March 2014). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Defends Beyoncé: 'Whoever Says They're Feminist is Bloody Feminist'". Clutch Magazine. UK. Archived from the original on 22 April 2014.
  88. ^ "Biographies of Yale's 2019 honorary degree recipients". YaleNews. 20 May 2019. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  89. ^ Ogbu, Rachel (27 January 2008). "Tomorrow Is Here". Newswatch. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  90. ^ "Chimamanda Adichie – MacArthur Foundation". 27 January 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  91. ^ "African Writing Online, No. 6". 17 May 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  92. ^ "Announcing the National Book Critics Awards Finalists for Publishing Year 2013". National Book Critics Circle. 14 January 2014. Archived from the original on 15 January 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  93. ^ "National Book Critics Circle Announces Award Winners for Publishing Year 2013". National Book Critics Circle. 13 March 2014. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  94. ^ Brown, Mark (7 April 2014). "Donna Tartt heads Baileys women's prize for fiction 2014 shortlist". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  95. ^ Italie, Hillel (30 June 2014). "Tartt, Goodwin awarded Carnegie medals". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  96. ^ "Mafikizolo, Uhuru, Davido lead nominations for MTV Africa Music Awards". Sowetan LIVE. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  97. ^ "The 2015 Shortlist". International Dublin Literary Award. 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  98. ^ Flood, Alison (15 April 2015), "Impac Dublin prize shortlist spans continents", The Guardian (London).
  99. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie", Grammy Awards.
  100. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie wins PEN Pinter Prize". The Irish Times. 12 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  101. ^ Otosirieze Obi-Young (12 June 2018),"Chimamanda Adichie Awarded the 2018 PEN Pinter Prize for Her Courage", Brittle Paper.
  102. ^ "The Leading Global Thinkers of 2013 - Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". Foreign Policy. US. 14 December 2013. Archived from the original on 20 November 2020.
  103. ^ Busby, Margaret, "Africa39: how we chose the writers for Port Harcourt World Book Capital 2014", The Guardian Books Blog, 10 April 2014.
  104. ^ Jones, Radhika (16 April 2015). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: The World's 100 Most Influential People". Time. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  105. ^ "Commencement Address by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie". Wellesley College. 2015.
  106. ^ "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Commencement Address 2017". Commencement. 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  107. ^ "Class Day Speakers". Harvard University.
  108. ^ Cho, Serena (3 March 2019). "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie GRD'08 to speak at Class Day".
  109. ^ "Meghan Markle puts Sinéad Burke on the cover of Vogue's September issue". The Irish Times. 29 July 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  110. ^ Africa, Ventures (9 October 2019). "Top 10 Nigerians in Africa Report's 100 most influential Africans". Ventures Africa. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  111. ^ Hubbard, Ladee (10 May 2019). "Power to define yourself: The diaspora of female black voices". TLS.

Further readingEdit

  • Ernest N. Emenyonu (ed.), A Companion to Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, James Currey/Boydell and Brewer, 2017, ISBN 978-1847011633
  • Ojo, Akinleye Ayinuola. Discursive Construction of Sexuality and Sexual Orientations in Chimamanda Adichie's Americanah. Ibadan Journal of English Studies 7 (2018): 543-560-224.

External linksEdit