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Bokaro Steel City (About this soundpronunciation ) is one of the planned cities of India, a major industrial centre and the fourth largest city in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the administrative headquarters of Bokaro district.

Bokaro Steel City
City
City
Bokaro Steel City is located in Jharkhand
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City
Location in Jharkhand, India
Bokaro Steel City is located in India
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City (India)
Coordinates: 23°40′N 86°09′E / 23.67°N 86.15°E / 23.67; 86.15Coordinates: 23°40′N 86°09′E / 23.67°N 86.15°E / 23.67; 86.15
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictBokaro
Founded bySteel Authority of India
Named forSteel Manufacturing Sector/Gas Exploration
Government
 • TypeCorporate
 • BodySteel Authority of India
Area
Includes the sub urban area of Chas Municipal Corporation and Balidih Industrial Area.
 • Total183 km2 (71 sq mi)
Area rank3rd in state
Elevation
210 m (690 ft)
 • Rank4th in state
Demonym(s)Bokaroite
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
827 001
Telephone code(+91)- 06542
Vehicle registrationJH 09
Websitewww.bokaro.nic.in

The city stands at an elevation of 210 metres (690 feet) above sea level and has an urban area of 183 square kilometres (71 square miles). Bounded on the east by Dhanbad and Purulia, on the west by Ramgarh and Hazaribagh, on the north by Giridih and on the south by Ranchi. It is accessible through National Highway NH 143 & NH-18.

OverviewEdit

Each sector has shopping centres, playgrounds, schools, recreational areas and health centres. The entire city is planned with avenues and residential areas as well as commercial areas. Bokaro was one of the first planned cities in the state of Jharkhand.[1]

Bokaro Steel City is the headquarters of the Bokaro District as well as Koylanchal range (Bokaro, Dhanbad and Giridih). It is also one of the three headquarters of the Police IG zone, apart from Ranchi and Dumka, covering seven districts- Hazaribagh, Dhanbad, Giridih, Koderma, Chatra, Bokaro, and Ramgarh.[2]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 Census of India, Bokaro Steel City is the 86th largest urban agglomeration in India, and the 4th largest city in Jharkhand.[3]

As per 2011 Census of India, Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration had a total population of 563,417, of which males were 299,232 and females 264,185.[4] Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration is composed of Bokaro Steel City (Census Town), Chas (Nagar Parishad) and Bandhgora (CT).[5]

Bokaro Steel City has an average literacy rate of 84.87%, higher than the national average of 74%, with male literacy of 93% and female literacy of 79%.

EconomyEdit

The city has presence of Steel Authority of India Ltd., Oil and Natural Gas Corporation , Electrosteel Castings amongst others.

  • Steel Authority India Limited- The economy of the City is primarily depended on the integrated steel plant established by Steel Authority of India . The Bokaro Steel Plant was established with the collaboration of Soviet Union when the First Prime Minister of India Jawahar lal Nehru desired to establish a Steel Plant in the region.Bokaro Steel Plant expansion[6] to extend its capacity from 7.5 Metric Tonnes before 2011.

Electrosteel Castings Limited- A Kolkata-based water pipe manufacturer acquired 2,500 acres (10 square kilometres) of land 18 kilometres (11 miles) from the city and has erected its 2.2 MTPA steel plant. The company has invested close to Rs 80 Bn (USD 1.6 Bn) on this project which was operational from 2010.[7][8]

  • ONGC Bokaro operates the Bokaro Coal Bed Methane (CBM) block BK-CBM-2001/1 with 80 per cent stake while the remaining 20 per cent is with Indian Oil Corp (IOC). It plans to invest ₨ 823 Crores from 2017–18 to achieve a peak production of 0.9 million standard cubic meters per day.[9]
 
ONGC, Bokaro Steel City
  • SAIL-POSCO JV Steel Plant: Steel minister Sri Virbhadra Singh has announced another new steel plant for Bokaro as part of a joint venture with Posco and SAIL by using FINEX technologies for high quality steel. The capacity of the plant will be 1.5 mt, establish in BSP periphery of 500 acres (2.0 km2).[11][12][13]
  • Bokaro Power Supply Company Ltd is a joint venture between DVC and SAIL in 50:50 ratio incorporated on 18.9.2001. It produces 180 MW of monthly power generation with the primary consumer being the Bokaro Steel Plant.[14][better source needed]
  • ArcelorMittal[15][16] is looking to set up a 12 million tonne greenfield plant in Bokaro. The company is now looking for 8,000 acres (32 km2) of land but primarily take 2,500-acre (10 km2) of land at Petarwar/Kasmar (in Bokaro district) just 20 kilometres (12 miles) from the city, nearby on NH-23. The company has been allocated 32–35 million cubic meter of water to be drawn from the Tenughat dam. In another move ArcelorMittal are to use the spare land of SAIL by establishing a new steel plant of 3–4 ml/ton capacity of 50:50 JV with PSU in BSL premises itself by the investment of $2.7 billion. The project is current stalled for over 11 years after signing of MOU.[17]
  • Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd,[18][19][20] which signed an MoU on 5 February 2003, has identified 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) for its project. Monnet Ispat will invest over Rs 140 billion for the project and is building a 280-mW power plant. This project is also stalled for over 13 years now and most likely be scrapped.[21][22]

ConnectivityEdit

AirEdit

The nearest commercial airport is at Ranchi, named Birsa Munda Airport, at a distance of 120 km.

Bokaro Airport is an unserviced airport with no scheduled commercial flights. However, the Government of India has planned to connect Bokaro to the regional hub of Patna and an international airport in Kolkata through the UDAN regional airport development scheme, opening the airport up could see commercial flights by 2019.[23]

SpiceJet airline has been awarded under the second phase of the UDAN Scheme to cater unserved market of Bokaro.[1][24]

RailwayEdit

Bokaro Steel City railway station lies at the edge of the Jharia Coalfield and serves the residents of Bokaro and the surrounding mining-industrial area. It is a A-category railway station, with amenities including escalators[25], A.C waiting rooms, a food court, charging points, a foot over-bridge, and computerised ticket reservation counters.[26] The railway station is operated by the South Eastern Railway of the Indian Railways, and provides connectivity to neighbouring states and major metropolitan areas such as Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai.

RoadEdit

Dhanbad-Bokaro-Ranchi-Jamshedpur Mega Industrial Corridor Expressway got completed till Bokaro in 2018 and Bokaro-Dhanbad 6-laning is going to be completed in 2020.[27] Bokaro Bus Stand is a private bus stand and land acquisition is being done in Sector-12 for new bus stand. National Highway-18 (old NH-32) and National Highway-23 which is a 4-laned till Purulia. Bokaro is well connected by road with industrial cities like Ranchi, Kolkata, Asansol, Patna, Jamshedpur and Durgapur.

Bokaro was ranked by Paytm, among fastest growing destinations when it came to travelling by bus in Tier-2 & Tier-3 cities.

SportsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bokaro". jharkhand.org. 22 August 2016.
  2. ^ Jharkhand Police Organisation Chart
  3. ^ "View population details". Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  4. ^ "Provisional population totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Urban Agglomeration – Cities having population 1 lakh and above. Government of India. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Provisional population totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomerations haing population above 1 lakh and above, Census 2011. Government of India. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  6. ^ "PM inaugurates the modernization of Bokaro Steel Plant". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  7. ^ "Electrosteel in cash chase for Bokaro unit". The Telegraph. Kolkota. 3 July 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  8. ^ "Electrosteel-Bokaro". The Economic Times. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  9. ^ "ONGC, partners to invest Rs 823 crore for gas in Bokaro block". The Economic Times.
  10. ^ "Dalmia Cement fully acquires Bokaro Jaypee Cement plant". Business Standard India. 4 December 2014.
  11. ^ Our Bureau (19 March 2010). "POSCO-SAIL new greenfield Plant". The Telegraph. Kolkota. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  12. ^ "POSCO could be junior partner in SAIL joint venture project". www.dailypioneer.com.
  13. ^ "SAIL, Posco to set up Rs 6,000-cr plant in Bokaro". The Financial Express. 29 May 2015.
  14. ^ "The Official Website of BPSCL". www.bpscl.in.
  15. ^ ArcelorMittal explores other Jharkhand sites for steel plant in Bokaro Archived 26 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "ArMittal hunts for new J'khand site in Bokaro". The Financial Express. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  17. ^ "ArcelorMittal's $6.5 bn Jharkhand project hangs in balance". Business Standard India. 6 May 2016.
  18. ^ "Monnet Steel & Power". The Telegraph. Kolkota. 16 September 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  19. ^ Navtan Kumar (17 September 2010). "Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd". The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  20. ^ BMW Steel Unit In Bokaro Archived 16 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Steel plants go slo-mo". The Telegraph.
  22. ^ "Monnet Ispat may abort Jharkhand plan". The Hindu Business Line. 21 July 2013.
  23. ^ A.S.R.P. MUKESH (7 August 2013). "UDAN for steel city". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  24. ^ "SpiceJet starts direct flight between Kolkata and Lilabari under UDAN scheme". The Economic Times. 26 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  25. ^ "Moving stairs at Bokaro station". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  26. ^ Shashank Shekhar (17 August 2016). "Bokaro eyes model station tag". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  27. ^ Pioneer, The. "Ranchi-Dhanbad-Jamshedpur Expressway on the anvil". The Pioneer. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  28. ^ Swetank (9 August 2016). "Senapati Cricket Stadium". mapio.net. Retrieved 21 September 2016.

External linksEdit