Bokaro Steel City

Bokaro Steel City (About this soundpronunciation , or simply Bokaro, is one of the planned cities of India and also an urban agglomeration, a major industrial centre and the fourth-largest city in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the administrative headquarters of Bokaro district. It is a developing city.

Bokaro Steel City
City
Bokaro Steel City at Night .jpg
Bokaro District Montage.png
Ukrid Makka Mosque.JPG
The Bokaro Mall at Sector 3C.jpg
City Center at Sector 4 in Night, Kalika Temple, Railway Station, Bokaro Steel Plant, Park, Garga Dam, Ukrid Makkah Masjid and The Bokaro Mall
Bokaro Steel City is located in Jharkhand
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City
Location in Jharkhand, India
Bokaro Steel City is located in India
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City (India)
Coordinates: 23°40′N 86°09′E / 23.67°N 86.15°E / 23.67; 86.15Coordinates: 23°40′N 86°09′E / 23.67°N 86.15°E / 23.67; 86.15
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictBokaro
Founded bySteel Authority of India
Named forSteel Manufacturing Sector/Gas Exploration
Government
 • TypeCorporate
 • BodySteel Authority of India
Area
Includes the sub urban area of Chas Municipal Corporation and Balidih Industrial Area.
 • Total183 km2 (71 sq mi)
Area rank4th in state
Elevation
210 m (690 ft)
Population
 • Total563,417[1]
 • Rank4th in state
Demonym(s)Bokaroite
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
827 001
Telephone code(+91)- 06542
Vehicle registrationJH 09
Websitewww.bokaro.nic.in

The city stands at an elevation of 210 metres (690 feet) above sea level and has an urban area of 183 square kilometres (71 square miles). Bounded on the east by Dhanbad and Purulia, on the west by Ramgarh and Hazaribagh, on the north by Giridih and on the south by Ranchi. It is accessible through National Highway NH 143 & NH-18.

OverviewEdit

Each sector has shopping centres, playgrounds, schools, recreational areas and health centres. The entire city is planned with avenues and residential areas as well as commercial areas. Bokaro was one of the first planned cities in the state of Jharkhand.[2]

Bokaro Steel City is the headquarters of the Bokaro District as well as Koylanchal range (Bokaro, Dhanbad and Giridih). It is also one of the three headquarters of the Police IG zone, apart from Ranchi and Dumka, covering seven districts- Hazaribagh, Dhanbad, Giridih, Koderma, Chatra, Bokaro, and Ramgarh.[3]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 Census of India, Bokaro Steel City is the 86th largest urban agglomeration in India, and the 4th largest city in Jharkhand.[4]

As per 2011 Census of India, Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration had a total population of 563,417, of which males were 299,232 and females 264,185.[1] Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration is composed of Bokaro Steel City (Census Town), Chas (Nagar Nigam) and Bandhgora (CT).[5] The UA had an effective literacy rate (7+ population) of 84.87%, with male literacy of 92.27% and female literacy of 76.50%.[1]

Bokaro Steel City (CT) had a population of 413,934, of which males were 220,088 and females were 193,846. Population in the age range of 0-6 was 48,834. The effective literacy rate (7+ population) was 84.94%, with male literacy of 92.35% and female literacy of 76.54%.[6]

LanguagesEdit

Languages of Bokaro Steel City - CT (2011)[7]

  Hindi (25.4%)
  Bhojpuri (17.8%)
  Khorta (17.7%)
  Magahhi (10.2%)
  Urdu (6.7%)
  Bengali (6.2%)
  Santali (5.5%)
  Maithili (3.5%)
  Other (7%)

The major languages spoken are Hindi, Bhojpuri, Khortha, Magahi, Urdu, Bengali, Santhali and Maithili in descending order of population.[7]

GeographyEdit

The city has the total area of 183 km. It includes the suburban area of Chas Municipal Corporation. There are many national highways crossing the city of Bokaro.

This place is nearer to the border of West Bengal. Each and every year it gets a good and a nice climate.

Cityscape and neighbourhoodsEdit

CityscapeEdit

Bokaro Steel Plant Panoramic View

NeighbourhoodsEdit

During the creation of the city, there were different sectors created. Sectors are the central area of the city. this places are with shopping malls, houses and marketplaces, etc. On the south of the city, there is other areas namely Marafari, Siwandih and Ukrid etc.

EconomyEdit

 
Bokaro Steel Plant main gate, commonly known as Steel Gate ay Bokaro Steel Plant - SAIL at Marafari

The economy of the city is primarily depended on the integrated steel plant established by Steel Authority of India . The Bokaro Steel Plant was established with the collaboration of Soviet Union when the First Prime Minister of India Jawahar lal Nehru desired to establish a Steel Plant in the region. Bokaro Steel Plant expansion[8] to extend its capacity from 7.5 Metric Tonnes before 2011.

Vedanta Electrosteel Castings Limited - A Kolkata-based water pipe manufacturer acquired 2,500 acres (10 square kilometres) of land 18 kilometres (11 miles) from the city and has erected its 2.2 MTPA steel plant. The company has invested close to Rs 80 Bn (US$1.6 Bn) on this project which was operational from 2010.[9][10]

ONGC Bokaro operates the Bokaro Coal Bed Methane (CBM) block BK-CBM-2001/1 with 80 per cent stake while the remaining 20 per cent is with Indian Oil Corp (IOC). It plans to invest ₨ 8.23 billion from 2017 to 2018 to achieve a peak production of 0.9 million standard cubic meters per day.[11]Dalmia Cement Bharat Limited (DCBL) operates a 1.5 Million Tonne cement plant at Bokaro utilising slag supply from Bokaro Steel Plant.[12]

Here is also many shopping complexes and a shopping Mall namely The Bokaro Mall. It is located at Sector 3/C. This is showing that retail is also a major economic part of the city. And also Bokaro. Jaypee Cement in Bokaro at Balidih is one the largest cement producers in the city. This is one of the major cement manufacturers of Bokaro

Future projectsEdit

SAIL-POSCO JV Steel Plant: Steel minister Sri Virbhadra Singh has announced another new steel plant for Bokaro as part of a joint venture with Posco and SAIL by using FINEX technologies for high quality steel. The capacity of the plant will be 1.5 mt, establish in BSP periphery of 500 acres (2.0 km2).[13][14][15]

Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited - BPCL will set up a LPG bottling plant and POL (petroleum, oil and lubricants) terminal in Bokaro, the foundation stone of which was laid on 11 August 2019.[16]

Software Technology Parks of India - STPI will setup an IT Park.

CultureEdit

Bokaro Sangeet Kala Academy in Sector-4(beside YMCA) offers learning opportunities in fine art, especially classical music. The students also get opportunities to showcase their talent and training. Kala Kendra in Sector-2 is a center for Arts and Culture. Festivals like Durga Puja, Diwali, Holi, Eid and Chhath Puja are celebrated across the township. Kali Bari the temple for Goddess Kali, promotes arts and provides training in classical dances like Kathak.[citation needed]

TransportEdit

AirEdit

The nearest commercial airport is at Ranchi, named Birsa Munda Airport, at a distance of 120 km. Bokaro Airport is an unserviced airport with no scheduled commercial flights. However, the Government of India has planned to connect Bokaro to the regional hub of Patna and an international airport in Kolkata through the UDAN regional airport development scheme, opening the airport up could see commercial flights by 2019.[17]

SpiceJet airline has been awarded under the second phase of the UDAN Scheme to cater unserved market of Bokaro.SpiceJet starts direct flight between Kolkata and Lilabari under UDAN scheme[18]

RailwayEdit

Bokaro Steel City railway station lies at the edge of the Jharia Coalfield and serves the residents of Bokaro and the surrounding mining-industrial area. It is a A-category railway station, with amenities including escalators,[19] A.C waiting rooms, a food court, charging points, a foot over-bridge, and computerised ticket reservation counters.[20] The railway station is operated by the South Eastern Railway of the Indian Railways, and provides connectivity to neighbouring states and major metropolitan areas such as Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai.

RoadEdit

Dhanbad-Bokaro-Ranchi-Jamshedpur Mega Industrial Corridor Expressway was completed till Bokaro in 2018 and Bokaro-Dhanbad expansion to 6 lanes is going to be completed in 2020.[21] Bokaro Bus Stand is a private bus stand and land acquisition is being done in Sector-12 for new bus stand. National Highway-18 (old NH-32) and National Highway-23 which is a 4-laned till Purulia.

Distance of Bokaro from key neighbouring cities
Major City Distance (in km)
Ranchi 110
Dhanbad 45
Giridih 110
Jamshedpur 135
Patna 370
Gaya 230
Kolkata 310
Asansol 102
Purulia 60
Hazaribagh 130

EducationEdit

  • Bokaro Ispat Vidyalayas are a set of schools in the town of Bokaro Steel City, Jharkhand, India run by the Education Department of Bokaro Steel Limited. In every sector (total 10 sectors in Bokaro) at least one middle and one high school were established. Earlier these school were affiliated to Bihar Vidalaya pariksha samati and Bihar intermediate education council. Later all of them are affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education. They offers education from classes 1 to Class XII.[citation needed]

Business areasEdit

The main central business districts of the city are:

Places of interestEdit

 
Ukrid Makkah Masjid
 
City Park Bokaro

Here is a list of tourist Attractions in Bokaro Steel City.

  • Bokaro Steel Plant was incorporated as a limited company in 1964. It was later merged with the state-owned Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL).
  • Parasnath Hills are a range of hills located in Giridih district of Jharkhand. The highest peak is 1,350 m (4,430 ft). It is one of the prominent Jain pilgrimage centres. The hill is named after Parasnath, the 23rd Tirthankara.
  • Rajrappa is a tourist place and is known for the 'Chinnamasta Temple' which is situated on the bank of the confluence of the rivers Bhairavi and Damodar. The temple is located amidst dense forest eight kilometres from the colony. The place gets its name from the temple which is known as 'Rajrappa Mandir'. Rajrappa is 60 km from the Bokaro Steel City.[citation needed]
  • Bokaro City Centre is the main shopping district of the city.[citation needed]
  • Jagannath Temple is a newly built temple located in Sector IV. The temple is a replica of the famous temple in Puri, Orissa.[22]
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park is the largest zoological garden of the state of Jharkhand.
  • Garga Dam is a dam in the city. This is a dam. From here river Garga River starts flowing. And it flows from that place to the whole city.
  • The Bokaro Mall is a shopping mall at Sector 3/C. It is first full format type shopping mall in the city. This now the largest shopping mall in the city. Many peoples from the different parts of the city comes here for the shopping and marketing purposes.[citation needed]
  • Freedom tower is a tourist attraction. It can also be said as the historical landmark of the city. It is nearer to Chas at Sector 12. It shows some inspirational content. As it is the historial landmark of the city.
  • Ayappa Temple is a very famous and a very popular temple in the city. This one of the famous temples of the city and one of the tourist attractions in the city of Bokaro Steel City[citation needed]
  • Ukrid Makkah Masjid is a mosque located at Ukrid. It is one of the beautiful mosques on the city along with the Noori Masjid.
  • Mohan Kumar Mangalam Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in sector 4, the heart of the city.
  • Senapati Cricket Stadium was constructed in 1995 and is currently maintained by Steel Authority of India

SportsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Urban Agglomeration – Cities having population 1 lakh and above. Government of India. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Bokaro". jharkhand.org. 22 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Organization Chart | Department of Police, State Government of Jharkhand, India". www.jhpolice.gov.in. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  4. ^ "View population details". Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Provisional population totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomerations haing population above 1 lakh and above, Census 2011. Government of India. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). census.gov.in. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  7. ^ a b "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Town level". census.gov.in. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  8. ^ "PM inaugurates the modernization of Bokaro Steel Plant". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  9. ^ "Electrosteel in cash chase for Bokaro unit". The Telegraph. Kolkota. 3 July 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  10. ^ "Electrosteel-Bokaro". The Economic Times. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  11. ^ "ONGC, partners to invest Rs 823 crore for gas in Bokaro block". The Economic Times.
  12. ^ "Dalmia Cement fully acquires Bokaro Jaypee Cement plant". Business Standard India. 4 December 2014.
  13. ^ Our Bureau (19 March 2010). "POSCO-SAIL new greenfield Plant". The Telegraph. Kolkota. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  14. ^ "POSCO could be junior partner in SAIL joint venture project". www.dailypioneer.com.
  15. ^ "SAIL, Posco to set up Rs 6,000-cr plant in Bokaro". The Financial Express. 29 May 2015.
  16. ^ "BPCL to set up two mega projects in Bokaro". The Economic Times. 11 August 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  17. ^ A.S.R.P. MUKESH (7 August 2013). "UDAN for steel city". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  18. ^ "SpiceJet starts direct flight between Kolkata and Lilabari under UDAN scheme". The Economic Times. 26 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  19. ^ "Moving stairs at Bokaro station". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  20. ^ Shashank Shekhar (17 August 2016). "Bokaro eyes model station tag". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  21. ^ Pioneer, The. "Ranchi-Dhanbad-Jamshedpur Expressway on the anvil". The Pioneer. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  22. ^ "Jagannath Temple 2020, #3 top things to do in bokaro steel city, jharkhand, reviews, best time to visit, photo gallery | HelloTravel India". www.hellotravel.com.
  23. ^ Swetank (9 August 2016). "Senapati Cricket Stadium". mapio.net. Retrieved 21 September 2016.

External linksEdit