Bokaro Steel City
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Bokaro Steel City (pronunciation (help·info)) is a major industrial centre and the fourth largest city in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the administrative headquarters of Bokaro district. The city has always been multicultural and cosmopolitan with residents from every state of India and as well as abroad.
Bokaro Steel City
|Founded by||Steel Authority of India|
|Named for||Steel Manufacturing Sector/Gas Exploration|
|• Body||Steel Authority of India|
Includes the sub urban area of Chas municipal corporation and balidih industrial area.
|• Total||250 km2 (100 sq mi)|
|Elevation||210 m (690 ft)|
(800000 (2018))(As of 2011[update]) Includes siwandih, jainamore proposed to be municipality and also balidih industrial area
|• Rank||4th in Jharkhand, 66th in India|
|• Density||2,747/km2 (7,110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||(+91)- 06542|
|Vehicle registration||JH 09|
The city stands at an elevation of 210 metres (690 feet) above sea level and has an urban area of 183 square kilometres (71 square miles). Bounded on the east by Dhanbad and Purulia, on the west by Ramgarh and Hazaribagh, on the north by Giridih and on the south by Ranchi. It is accessible through National Highway NH 143 & NH-18.
Each sector has shopping centres, playgrounds, schools, recreational areas and health centres. The entire city is planned with avenues and residential areas as well as commercial areas. Bokaro was one of the first planned cities in the state of Jharkhand. 
Bokaro Steel City is the headquarters of the Bokaro District as well as Koylanchal range (Bokaro, Dhanbad and Giridih). It is also one of the three headquarters of the Police IG zone, apart from Ranchi and Dumka, covering seven districts- Hazaribagh, Dhanbad, Giridih, Koderma, Chatra, Bokaro, and Ramgarh.
Formerly there was a village named Maraphari deep in the jungles of Chota Nagpur. The closest village cluster was Chas. Purulia was the closest town and the area was ruled by the Maharaja of Kashipur. Folklore has it that this area came under Mughal rule by the conquests of Man Singh. The region was named Manbhum after him (Birbhum and Singhbhum are the neighbouring regions also named after him, Veer Man Singh).
This remote place came into prominence when Jawaharlal Nehru planned to build the first swadeshi steel plant with the help of the Soviets. The proximity to coal, iron ore, manganese, and other raw materials had helped in the selection of this place. The steel plant was incorporated as a limited company on 24 January 1964, and was later merged with SAIL and came to be known as Bokaro Steel Limited (BSL). The late 1960s and early 1970s saw heavy construction of the steel plant as well as the township. The first blast furnace started on 2 October 1972.
The Sector III and Camps I and II were the first to come in the township followed by Sectors II, IX, IV and so on. The first private school came in the form of St. Xavier's School which the Jesuits from Hazaribagh built on invitation from the BSL management. In the 1980s the township developed rapidly with new sectors, schools, parks, zoos and other public amenities. Township development ceased with the completion of IV/F and IV/G. In all Bokaro Steel City consists of 10 sectors (Sector I to XII where sectors VII and X do not exist). Each sector is then further divided into sub-sectors A,B,C and so on.
The late 1990s saw sprucing up of the City Park and creation of islands, new schools and the success of Bokaro's students in all India level competition exams, specially IITs. During this period Bokaro also emerged as the eastern hub for academics. Bokaro has a cosmopolitan culture as the population consists of people from all parts of India.
Bokaro is located in the eastern part of India at 
It is located in picturesque surroundings on the southern bank of river Damodar with Garga, one of its tributaries meandering along the southern and eastern outskirts of the city. On the north, the city is flanked by the high ranges of the Parasnath Hills and on the south just beyond the river Garga, it is enveloped by the Satanpur hillocks.
Two cooling ponds have been built for use in steel making. A dam on river Garga has been built to supply water to the township as well as the steel plant, but due to ever increasing demand Tenughat dam is supplementing it.
As per 2011 Census of India, Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration had a total population of 563,417, of which males were 299,232 and females 264,185. Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration is composed of Bokaro Steel City (Census Town), Chas (Nagar Parishad) and Bandhgora (CT).
Bokaro Steel City has an average literacy rate of 84.87%, higher than the national average of 74%, with male literacy of 93% and female literacy of 79%.
The city has amongst the best schools in Eastern India which have attracted students from neighbouring states to study in the City. St. Xavier's School at Sector 1 was the first school in Bokaro Steel City. Other notable school being DPS Bokaro, Holy Cross School, Chinmay Vidalaya, Ayyappa School, The Pentecostal Assembly School amongst others. The city has also evolved as a centre for Engineering and Medical Entrance coaching with institutes such as FIIT-JEE, Akash Institute etc. having an established presence in the city.
The city had lacked in higher education as a result most students either study outside the state at renowned universities in India and abroad. Presently, there are few college's in the city such as Women's College, City College, Imam-ul-Haque Law College, and Guru Gobind Engineering and Management College.
- Steel Authority India Limited- The economy of the City is primarily depended on the integrated steel plant established by Steel Authority of India . The Bokaro Steel Plant was established with the collaboration of Soviet Union when the First Prime Minister of India Jawahar lal Nehru desired to establish a Steel Plant in the region.Bokaro Steel Plant expansion  to extend its capacity from 7.5 Metric Tonnes before 2011.
- acres (10 square kilometres) of land 18 kilometres (11 miles) from the city and has erected its 2.2 MTPA steel plant. The company has invested close to Rs 80 Bn (USD 1.6 Bn) on this project which was operational from 2010.
- ONGC Bokaro operates the Bokaro Coal Bed Methane (CBM) block BK-CBM-2001/1 with 80 per cent stake while the remaining 20 per cent is with Indian Oil Corp (IOC). It plans to invest ₨ 823 Crores from 2017–18 to achieve a peak production of 0.9 million standard cubic meters per day.
- Dalmia Cement Bharat Limited (DCBL) operates a 1.5 Million Tonne cement plant at Bokaro utilising slag supply from Bokaro Steel Plant.
- SAIL-POSCO JV Steel Plant: Steel minister Sri Virbhadra Singh has announced another new steel plant for Bokaro as part of a joint venture with Posco and SAIL by using FINEX technologies for high quality steel. The capacity of the plant will be 1.5 mt, establish in BSP periphery of 500 acres (2.0 km2).
- Bokaro Power Supply Company Ltd is a joint venture between DVC and SAIL in 50:50 ratio incorporated on 18.9.2001. It produces 180 MW of monthly power generation with the primary consumer being the Bokaro Steel Plant.
- ArcelorMittal is looking to set up a 12 million tonne greenfield plant in Bokaro. The company is now looking for 8,000 acres (32 km2) of land but primarily take 2,500-acre (10 km2) of land at Petarwar/Kasmar (in Bokaro district) just 20 kilometres (12 miles) from the city, nearby on NH-23. The company has been allocated 32–35 million cubic meter of water to be drawn from the Tenughat dam. In another move ArcelorMittal are to use the spare land of SAIL by establishing a new steel plant of 3–4 ml/ton capacity of 50:50 JV with PSU in BSL premises itself by the investment of $2.7 billion. The project is current stalled for over 11 years after signing of MOU.
- Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd, which signed an MoU on 5 February 2003, has identified 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) for its project. Monnet Ispat will invest over Rs 140 billion for the project and is building a 280-mW power plant. This project is also stalled for over 13 years now and most likely be scrapped.
The primary economy is supported by the services sector. The city market situated at the center of the city in Sector 4 . The old Chas bazaar still remains a cheap wholesale market, and dundi baag is one of the biggest vegetable markets in the region. Besides these, each sector has its own small shopping center catering to the day-to-day needs of the people.
The advent of malls has brought in modern retail in to the city. The Bokaro Mall-cum-multiplex has three Screens of PVR Cinemas, Big Bazaar, Reliance Retail, Pizza Hut Restaurants, Food Court, Club with facilities of sauna bath & steam bath, gym, entertainment zone, gaming zone and swimming pool.
Places of interestEdit
- Bokaro Steel Plant – Bokaro Steel Plant( ) is one of the oldest steel mills in the country, with an output capacity of more than five million tonnes of steel. Based on area, Bokaro Steel Plant was once considered to be the largest steel plant of Asia. The plant also has a power plant, now being run by Bokaro power Supply Company Ltd., a 50–50 joint venture between SAIL and DVC. The plant is undergoing a modernisation program, and the increased demand for steel over the last couple of years saw all the blast furnaces in the company becoming operational together for the first time. The company has about 30000 employees on its rolls as of 2005. BSL is well known for its flat products and in the recent times it has become the major producer of flat products in India.
- Garga Dam is located around 12 km from the city centre, Near to railway station on the NH-23. It is a picnic spot for the citizens of Bokaro. The green surroundings and variety of aquatic habitat residing in and around Garga Dam lures school excursions and biological expeditions to the area The dam is constructed for the use of the steel plants as well as for a water supply for the people.
- Parasnath Hills – Parasnath Hills are a range of hills located in Giridih district of Jharkhand. The highest peak is 1350 metres. In Jainism, the Parasnath hills are referred to as Shri Sammet Shikhar Teerth (Shikharji). They are one of the two most prominent Jain pilgrimage centres, the other being Shetrunjaya, located in Gujarat state of Western India. The hill is named after Parasnath, the 23rd Tirthankara. Twenty of the twenty-four Jain Tirthankaras attained salvation on this hill. According to some, nine Tirthakaras attained salvation on this hill.
- Rajrappa is a tourist place and is famous for the 'Chinnamasta Temple' which is situated on the bank of the confluence of the rivers Bhairavi and Damodar. The temple is nestled amidst dense greenery eight kilometres from the Colony. The place gets its name from the temple which is known as 'Rajrappa Mandir'. Rajrappa is 60 km from the Bokaro Steel City.
- City Centre, Bokaro is the main shopping district of the city. The difference between the market and most other major markets in Indian cities is in the ample parking space, and the wide approach and market roads. The centre has all major Indian banks, shops for clothing, electronics, and food joints. There are two cinemas – Jeetendra and Pali Plaza. The latest comers to the market are coaching institutes, small clinics, and hospitals.
- Jagannath Temple, located in Sector IV, is a newly built temple. The temple is a replica of the famous temple in Puri, Orissa. King of Puri himself inaugurated the temple. The rath yatra is celebrated very beautifully in the Jangannath Temple by the Oriya community residing in Bokaro.
- Aaiyappa Mandir is located in Sector V near Bokaro Club. It holds a significant importance in the cultural and religious domain of the people from Southern India (especially Kerala) residing in Bokaro.
- Ram Mandir, located in the Sector I/C, is the most famous and oldest temple in Bokaro Steel City. The main temple is dedicated to Lord Rama, though there are several other smaller mandirs as well encircling the main one, which are dedicated to other gods and goddesses. The most prominent ones among them are that of Lord Shiva, Maa Durga and Bajrang Bali. The temple has gone a major modification and renovation in the past couple of years. The Ram Mandir market which is known to be the oldest market of Bokaro has really grown a lot in the recent few years. It is quite famous for its snacks which ranges from South Indian items at coffee house to stalls of batata poori, chat, samosa and rolls.
- Kali Bari, located in Sector VIII, is one of the oldest temples of the city. As the name suggests, the temple is dedicated to one of the incarnations of Shakti, Goddess Kali. The temple is based on Bengali architecture and is well known for its traditional Bengali rituals and traditions. The Durga Puja celebrations at Kali Bari is quite famous and attracts a lot of devotees. Besides the religious activities it is also a major socialising place for the Bengalis of the city. The temple organises an annual painting and music competition which is attended by hundreds of students from the schools of the city.
- City Park – Bokaro has a City Park with an artificial lake and three artificial islands. These islands were designed in Japanese style. The park used to have some animals but they were transferred to the Jawaharlal Botanical Garden in the early 1990s. There is a small guest house that is used to host parties for visiting dignitaries. The park hosts an annual Basant Mela (Spring Fiesta) in early February.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park is the biggest zoological garden in Jharkhand, was built in the late 1980s and early 1990s. It has animals and birds from different parts of the world, with the big cats being the biggest attractions. The zoo came into limelight after multiple breedings of white tigers, royal Bengal tigers, and the Asiatic lion. The cubs were sent to zoos in India and abroad, since the available resources were not good enough to cater to the needs of so many big cats. Boating is allowed in the artificial lake created within the park. There is a kids corner near the bear cage and adjacent to it is a small dam.
Bokaro Airport is an unserviced airport with no scheduled commercial flights. However, the Government of India has planned to connect Bokaro to the regional hub of Patna and an international airport in Kolkata through the UDAN regional airport development scheme, opening the airport up could see commercial flights by 2019.
Bokaro Steel City railway station lies at the edge of the Jharia Coalfield and serves the residents of Bokaro and the surrounding mining-industrial area. It is a B category station, with amenities including air-conditioned waiting rooms, a food court, charging points, a foot over-bridge, and computerised ticket reservation counters. The railway station is operated by the South Eastern Railway of the Indian Railways, and provides connectivity to neighbouring states and major metropolitan areas such as Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai.
Bokaro Steel City is well connected through roadways and it has one government bus stand which is located at Naya More,near Co-operative colony which newly constructed by SAIL at Sector-12A where several buses travel via Bokaro connecting to major cities through National Highway-18. Bokaro Steel City has local transportation facilities such as autos,taxis,cabs and newly introduced electric rickshaw facilities which are available 24/7 hrs at very affordable price.
- Mohan Kumar Mangalam Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in sector 4, the heart of the city. It can seat 30,000 fans. The SAIL Football Academy housed in the stadium nourishes football from school level and provides free education to students who perform well in football. Bokaro school teams participate every year in Subroto Cup and have emerged as winners on many occasions.
- Senapati Cricket Stadium was constructed in 1995 and is currently maintained by Steel Authority of India.
Bokaro Sangeet Kala Academy in Sector-4(beside YMCA) offers learning opportunities in fine art, especially classical music. The students also get opportunities to showcase their talent and training. Kala Kendra in Sector-2 is a center for Arts and Culture. Festivals like Durga Puja, Diwali, Holi, Eid and Chhath Puja are celebrated across the township. Kali Bari the temple for Goddess Kali, promotes arts and provides training in classical dances like Kathak.
The township has a 910-bed Bokaro General Hospital (BGH) with specialised units like Critical Care Unit, Intensive Coronary Care Unit, Haemodialysis Unit, Nuclear Medicine Laboratory, etc. The Child Care Unit of BGH has been recognised as a Baby Friendly Hospital by UNICEF. The Blood Bank of BGH has been given the status of Regional Training Centre by Government of India. It is the only blood bank in the state of Jharkhand, which gives training to blood bank officers and technicians in Jharkhand.
To take care of the employees working in the plant, an Occupational Health Services Centre has been provided within the plant premises. Bokaro General Hospital is recognised by the Indian Medical Council for imparting training to Housemen and Interns and also by the Nursing Council of India for training of Student Nurses. Bokaro General Hospital has the distinction of being the only one in Jharkhand being recognised by the National Board of Examinations, New Delhi as a centre for imparting post-graduate training to candidates appearing for the Diplomat of National Board examinations. The medical team has around 200 skilled doctors and over 1000 paramedic staff.
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