Ramgarh district

Ramgarh district is one of the 24 districts in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It was also a military district during the British Regime, referred to then as Ramgahr district.

Ramgarh district
Damodar River near Rajrappa Temple
Damodar River near Rajrappa Temple
Location of Ramgarh district in Jharkhand
Location of Ramgarh district in Jharkhand
Country India
State Jharkhand
DivisionNorth Chotanagpur
SeatRamgarh Cantonment
TehsilsRamgarh
Government
 • District CommissionerSandeep Singh, IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesHazaribagh
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesRamgarh, Mandu, Barkagaon
Area
 • Total1,341 km2 (518 sq mi)
 • Rank23
Population
 (2011)
 • Total949,443
 • Rank24
 • Density710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,372
Demographics
 • Literacy73.92%
 • Sex ratio921
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJH-24
Major highwaysNH 33 and NH 23
Websitehttp://ramgarh.nic.in/

Introduction and geographyEdit

Ramgarh was made a district on 12 September 2007. It was carved out of erstwhile Hazaribagh District. Ramgarh lies at the heart of the Jharkhand state. It is a mining, industrial and cultural hub with the Maa Chhinnamasta Temple.[1] In 1670s, the king Dalel Singh shifted the capital of Ramgarh Raj to Ramgarh and named it after his father Ram Singh. The district of Ramgarh has been named after the town Ramgarh, its present headquarters.

The district covers an area of 1,341 square kilometres (518 sq mi).

Subdivision: Ramgarh

District Registration office is in Gola.

PoliticsEdit

No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
22 Barkagaon Amba Prasad Indian National Congress UPA
23 Ramgarh Mamta Devi Indian National Congress UPA

Civic AdministrationEdit

Lok Sabha Constituencies: Hazaribagh[2]

Vidhan Sabha Constituencies:[2]

  1. Ramgarh: Ramgarh Police Station (excluding G.Ps. Terpa, Patratu, Koto, Palani, Hapuhua, Harikarpur, Gegda, Deoria, Bargama, Pali, Salgo, Sanki, Jabo, Chaingari, Chikor, Lapanga, Ghutua, Barkakana and Sidhwar-Kalan) and Gola Police Station.
  2. Mandu (Part): Mandu Police Stations.
  3. Barkagaon (Part): G.Ps. Terpa, Patratu, Koto, Palani, Hapuhua, Harijarpu Gegda, Deoria, Bargama, Pali, Salgo, Sanki, Jabo, Chaingara, Chikor, Lapanga, Ghutua, Barkakana and Sidhwar-Kalan in Ramgarh Police Station.

Ramgarh District borders:[3]

North and West: Hazaribagh District

North and East: Bokaro District

East: Purulia District (West Bengal)

South: Ranchi District

AdministrationEdit

Ramgarh district consists of six blocks (or 'mandals'). These include Ramgarh, Gola, Mandu, Patratu, Chitarpur, and Dulmi blocks.[4]

HistoryEdit

EtymologyEdit

The word Ram is derived from Murram and Gadh is derived from Beluagadha. In Hazaribagh district, there is Sitagadha and Vishnugadha.[clarification needed] Thus, the name Ramgarh must have been derived by using syllables of these places.

Ancient historyEdit

Stone age: Along the river Damodar in Ramgarh, early Stone Age (Lower Paleolithic) tools[5] were found.

Mahajanapadas: The gigantic king Jarasandh was very powerful. Chotanagpur[6] was in his jurisdiction; probably the Chhotanagpur was under sub-ordination of Mahapadam of Magadh Nand Ugrasen of Nagwanshi's.

Maurya Empire: It is also said that entire Chhotanagpur was under sub-ordination of Ashoka the Great (c. 273 – c. 232 BC) so that in Buddha period.[clarification needed]

Buddhism and Jainism: It is certified by the symbolic relics of Buddha period in the temple of Gola. Probably in the 8th century BC. (3) Jain Trithankar was constructed in Parasnath.

Gupta Empire: King Samudragupta (c. 385 – c. 380 AD)[6] had invaded Eastern Deccan by passing through this area.

Medieval periodEdit

In Turk-Afghan period (1206-1526 AD.), Jharkhand the forest country was under subordination of ruler of that time. The Ramgarh Raj was established in 1368.[7] The founder King of Ramgarh regime was King Bagdeo Singh. At that time the capital of Ramgarh was in Sira. The headquarters of the capital was moved to Urda, Badam, Ramgarh and Padma one by one. In 1670 the headquarters of Ramgarh regime was moved to Ramgarh. The Ramgarh Regime is also known as Padma Raja or Regime.[8]

British regimeEdit

The power of obtaining reference from Ramgarh regime was given to East India Company by King Shah Alam II.

In 1771, Captain Comac was made Military Collector of Ramgarh District,[9] whose headquarters was in Chatra. The military district of Ramgarh contained Nagpur, Palamu, Hazaribagh, Chatra, Giridih and Kodarma. At that the headquarters of Ramgarh Battalion[10] was Hazaribagh, whose commander was a European. The district name is often spelled "Ramghur" in English documents of the time.[11]

"It appears that the social reformer and the founder of the Brahm Samaj Raja Ram Mohan Roy was in Ramgarh in 1805-06. He went there with Mr. William Digby who was then acting Magistrate and Registrar of Ramgarh. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the Sheristeder of the Collectorate and lived both at Cahtra and Ramgarh in this capacity when Mr. William Digby was transferred else here he took Ram Mohan Roy with him to his new place of work".[quote citation needed]

In 1811, Ramgarh Battalion was used for suppressing the Munda, Uraon and Tamad Revolt and Kol revolt. In 1837, Ramgarh was a police station for the British government. In 1938, a new G.T. road was built and Banaras road was closed. It is worth mentioning the name of Lubia Manghi. Bainu Manjhi and Arjun Manjhi. In Sitagarh, coffee was grown. The name of Rupu Manjhi is famous in the first national revolt of 1857.

On 8 January 1856, Sheik Bhikari and Thakur Upraon Singh were hanged on a bunyan tree in Chhuttupalu valley. This valley is also known as lalki Ghaati and that bunyan tree is called Phansiyahi bore.[what language is this?]

Ramgarh Cantonment council was structured in 1941. There are two Army training centers, Sikh Regimental Centre (SRC) and Punjab Regimental Centre (PRC).

Indian National CongressEdit

 
Jawaharlal Nehru, industrialist Jamnalal Bajaj, Sarojini Naidu, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, andMaulana Azad at the 1940 Ramgarh Session of the Indian National Congress

In March 1940, INC 53rd Session[12][13] was accomplished under the presidency of Maulana Abul Qalam Azad at Jhanda Chowk, Ramgarh now Ramgarh Cantonment Mahatma Gandhi,[14] Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sarojini Naidu, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Acharya J.B. Kripalani, Industrialist Jamnalal Bajaj and other leaders[15] of the Indian freedom movement attended the Ramgarh Session.[16] Mahatma Gandhi also opened khadi[definition needed] and village Industries Exhibition at Ramgarh.[17]

At that time, under the leadership of Netajee Subhas Chandra Bose, a conference against Samjhauta was also completed. In Ramgarh, Subhsha Chandra Bose was seen as president of All India Forward Block and M.N. Roy was seen as leader of the radical democratic party.

Post-independenceEdit

After independence in 1947, the territory of the present-day Ramgarh district became a part of erstwhile Hazaribagh district. In 1952 Ramgarh Block was created and in 1991 Ramgarh Subdivision was formed. Sikh Regimental Centre was shifted from Merrut to Ramgarh Cantonment in 1976. On 12 September 2007, Ramgarh was made a district consisting of Ramgarh, Gola, Mandu and Patratu Block, taking the total count of districts in the state to 24.

On 13 September 2012, Ramgarh become the first district in the country where payment of government schemes like KCC and Indra Awash was done through UID[definition needed] or Aadhaar cards.

Physiography and riversEdit

PhysiographyEdit

The district is a part of Chotanagpur plateau. Important physiographic regions[18] of the district are Damodar Trough or Upper Damodar basin or Damodar Valley. The majority of the district falls in the Damodar Valley. Damodar Valley is bounded by Hazaribag Plateau in north and Ranchi Plateau in south. Ranchi and Hazaribag plateau is separated by east–west running Damodar Valley.

 
A View of Ranchi Plateau and Damodar Valley, between Ramgarh and Chutupallu

Barka Pahar (Marang Buru)[19] 1,049 m (3,442 ft) high above sea level located along the Ramgarh-Ranchi border is probably the highest peak, and it also separates the districts.

Rivers and river basinsEdit

Damodar is the main river of the district and it also forms a major river basin, comprising a number of tributaries. Important amongst them are: Naikari, Bhervi or Bhera and Bokaro river.

 
Naikari Dam, Patratu

In Hindu mythology and folklore Damodar is a Nad means Male River.[clarification needed]

Small rivers include the Hurhuri, Gomti, Barki, Kurum, Kochi, Sherbhuki, and Dhobdhab rivers.

Suwarn Rekha River flow south eastern part of district.[20][clarification needed] Tributaries of Suwarn Rekha River include Kadamgara and Khatgara.

WaterfallsEdit

Rajrappa Fall is on the confluence of the Bhairavi (Bhera) and Damodar Rivers.

Nalkari Dam is in Patratu.

Geology and mineral resourcesEdit

The district holds a strong position on the mineral map of the country. The district is endowed with a large and rich deposit of coal and coalbed methane (CBM) and also possesses various other minerals like limestone as well as fire clay.

The coalfields of the Ramgarh district lie in the Damodar Valley. The important geological formation of the district is the Gondwana System and the rocks of the Damuda Group of Lower Gondwana age comprises the most important coal seams. The district's coal deposits are mainly found in South Karanpura, West Bokaro and Ramgarh coalfields.[21]

Coal minesEdit

Central Coalfields Limited is a subsidiary of Coal India Ltd.[22] The coalfield is divided into the following areas:

South Karanpura coalfieldsEdit

Barka Sayal Area:

  • Saunda D (formerly known as Bird Saunda)[23] underground mines
  • Saunda D open cast mines (not in operation)
  • Central Saunda underground mines
  • Saunda underground mines
  • Sayal D underground mines
  • Urimari underground mines
  • Bhurkunda open cast mines

Argada Area:

  • Sirka open cast mines
  • Sirka underground mines
  • Argada underground mines

Ramgarh coalfieldsEdit

Rajrappa Area:

  • Rajrappa Project (formerly known as Ramgarh Project) open cast mines.
  • CCL Coal Washery: RajrappaWashery

West Bokaro coalfieldsEdit

Kuju Area :

  • Sarubera open cast mines
  • Sarubera underground mines
  • Ara open cast mines
  • Kuiu underground mines
  • Topa open cast mines
  • Topa underground mines
  • Pindra open cast mines
  • Pindra underground mines
  • Pundi open cast mines
  • Karma open cast mines

Hazaribag Area:

  • Kedla underground mines
  • Kedla open cast mines
  • Jharkhand open cast mines
  • Laiyo underground mines
  • Parej East open cast mines
  • Tapin North, open cast mines
  • Tapin South, mixed (open cast and underground).

CCL Coal Washery:[24]

  • Kedla Washery

Tata Steel:[25]

  • West Bokaro (Ghato) open cast mines
  • Tata Steel established the country's first coal washery at West Bokaro (Ghato) in 1951.

Mines Rescue Station (CCL):

  • Naisarai, Ramgarh.

Rescue Room (CCL):

  • Kedla

Captive coal mining blocksEdit

Captive coal blocks allocated [26] to different companies by the Ministry of Coal, Government of India in the district are the following:

  • Sugia: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation
  • Rauta: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation
  • Burakhap: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation
  • Kotre–Basantpur: TISCO (Tata steel)
  • Patratu: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation

Coal-bed methaneEdit

Coal-bed methane (CBM),[27] is an eco-friendly natural gas, stored in coal seams, generated during the process of the coalification. ONGC is doing exploration work in South Karanpura Coalfields for CBM.

Underground coal gasificationEdit

Coal India Limited has identified two sites for developing UCG with Joint Venture Partners. Kaitha Block[28] in Ramgarh coalfield under CCL command area is one of them.

Ramgarh district marked a substantial increase in collection of mining revenue on fiscal year 2014-15 as 3,150,000,000 revenue collected till 30 March 2015 while mining revenue collection in previous fiscal year was 2,870,000,000.

Mineral royalty and other mineralsEdit

Mineral royalty:

  • 2011–12: 2,640,000,000
  • 2012–13:[29] 2,780,000,000

Other minerals:

  • Limestone: Isolated patches of limestone occur along a belt extending east and west parallel with the coalfields.
  • Iron ore: In the Ramgarh, Bokaro and Karanpura coalfields, nodules and lenticles of iron ore are found. At one time these were used by indigenous smelters.

The first auction ("Composite License" [Prospecting License- cum-Mining Lease]) of any mineral block in the country after the commencement of MMDR act 2015 was held by the Jharkhand government in the District of Ramgarh.[30] The two limestone blocks are:

  1. Hariharpur Lem Bicha block I
  2. Hariharpur Lem Bicha block II

Burnpur Cement, Patratu, was the successful bidder.[31]

Industries and agricultureEdit

IndustriesEdit

Ramgarh is an important industrial district of East India. Several mineral-based industries like steel, sponge iron, cement, refractory and thermal power plants are established due to the availability of coal and other minerals.[citation needed]

AgricultureEdit

The main occupation of the people of Ramgarh is farming. There are three main agricultural seasons in the district: kharif, rabi, and zaid. Rice, maize, ragi, fruits and vegetables are the main crops[32] of the district.

Soils, climate, forests and wildlifeEdit

Soils and climateEdit

There are mainly two types of soil, red soil and sand loam.[citation needed]

In terms of climate, the area lies in the sub-humid region of Chotanagpur Plateau and has a semi-extreme type of climate. The day temperature rises to around 40 °C (104 °F) during the summers and drops to around 10 °C (50 °F) during the winter.

The winter season broadly runs from November to February, the hot season from March to May, and the rainy season from June to October.[citation needed]

Forests and wildlifeEdit

The forest area of the district is 487.93 km2 (188.39 sq mi). The district is rich in flora and fauna. The government has planned a deer park in the district.[33] The park will come up on 25 acres (10 ha) on Gola-Muri Road in Gola block. 30 villages in the district are affected by elephants.[34]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901123,154—    
1911134,733+0.90%
1921133,503−0.09%
1931158,638+1.74%
1941183,100+1.44%
1951202,533+1.01%
1961265,261+2.73%
1971362,188+3.16%
1981544,330+4.16%
1991698,081+2.52%
2001839,482+1.86%
2011949,443+1.24%
source:[35]

According to the 2011 census, Ramgarh district has a population of 949,443,[36] roughly equal to the nation of Fiji[37] or the US state of Delaware.[38] This gives it a ranking of 459th in India (out of a total of 640).[36]

The district has a population density of 708 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,830/sq mi).[36] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.06%.[36] Ramgarh has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[36] and a literacy rate of 73.92%. Scheduled Castes made up 11.2% of the population; 21.2% were Scheduled Tribes.[36]

Religion in Ramgarh district[36]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
81.55%
Islam
13.59%
Sarna
3.41%
Christian
0.76%
Other or not stated
0.27%

Hindus make up 81.55% of the population, Muslims make up 13.59%, and Sarnaism makes up 3.41% of the population. Christians make up 0.76% of the population.[36]

Languages of Ramgarh district, 2011

  Khortha (56.63%)
  Hindi (18.2%)
  Urdu (8.17%)
  Santali (4.53%)
  Bhojpuri (2.91%)
  Magahi (2.78%)
  Sadri (1.89%)
  Bengali (1.59%)
  Others (3.3%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 56.63% of the population in the district spoke Khortha, 18.2% Hindi, 8.17% Urdu, 4.53% Santali, 2.91% Bhojpuri, 2.78% Magahi and 1.59% Bengali as their first language.[39]

TransportEdit

RailEdit

In 1927, Bengal Nagpur Railway (BNR)[40] opened the 72-mile (116 km) Chandil-Barkakana section to traffic. The same year, the Central India Coalfields (CIC) Railway opened the Gomoh-Barkakana line. It was extended to Daltonganj in 1929. Later it was extended to Sonnagar on Howrah-Delhi Grand Chord line and one more branch was extended to Singrauli from Garwa Road.

At present the district railway network is divided between two zone East Central Railways and South Eastern Railway.

Ramgarh Cantonment, Mael, Barkipona, Gola Road, Harubera, Sondimra and Barlanga Station come under Ranchi Division of SER.[41]

Ranchi Road, Chainpur, Argada, Barkakana Junction, Bhurkunda, Patratu and Tokisud station come Under Dhanbad Division of ECR.

Barkakana is a railway sub-division under Dhanbad division of East Central Railway zone. Doubling of Danea-Ranchi Road line has announced in the Railway Budget 2013–14.

New rail line projectEdit

Ranchi-Koderma-Tilaiya Junction[42] railway station (Bihar) new rail line project[43] of the state passes through the district. The district portion between Sidhwar-Barkakana-Kuju and Mandu is already completed. The distance between Ranchi and Barkakana by train will be reduced by half with the new rail line. Completion of this project will also shorten the distance between[44] Barkakana, Patna and Delhi. The Bakhtiyarpur–Rajgir line was extended to Tilaiya in 2010. After completion of the line, Barkakana will be connected to Bakhtiyarpur. Rajgir, Biharsharif, etc. Tilaiya Junction railway station is situated near Rajoli of Nawada district of Bihar, not to be confused with Tilaiya, Tilaiya Dam, or Jhumri Tilaiya of Jharkhand.

 
A view of the new rail line between Kuju and Mandu

The 57 km (35 mi)-long Barkakana-Hazaribagh section of the new Koderma-Ranchi line project was inaugurated on 7 December 2016[45] by Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu in the presence of Chief Minister Raghubar Das.

Special passenger train service started[46] on 31 March 2017[47] from Barkakana Junction to Sidhwar station of Barkakana–Ranchi new line[48] section.

A trial run of the passenger train between Tatisilwai and Sanki railway stations (31.4 km) on Ranchi Barkakana's new rail line was conducted on 17 January 2018.[49]

The new railway line between Tatisilwai and Sanki was inaugurated by CM Ragubar Das on 29 August 2019. Two new pairs of passenger trains between Hatia and Sanki stations were implemented on 29 August 2019.[citation needed]

Railway stations and haltsEdit

Barkakana Junction Railway Station :

Barkakana junction is the only junction in the district.

Elevation: 342 m (1,122 ft) above sea level

Zone: ECR/East Central Division: Dhanbad

Passenger Train (Ranchi-Barkakana-Hazaribag-Koderma new rail line)

  1. Barkakana-Koderma
  1. Koderma-Barkakana

Ramgarh Cantonment Railway Station:

Ramgarh Cantonment railway station is situated at Bijulia near NH33. It is around one kilometer from the city bus stand.

Ranchi Road Railway Station:

 
View of Ranchi Road Railway Station

Ranchi Road Railway station is situated in the northern side of Ramgarh city. In 1927, the Central India Coalfields Railway opened the Gomoh-Barkakana line. Jharkhand capital Ranchi was once connected only by narrow-gauge line and at that time Ranchi Road Railway station was the nearest broad-gauge station to Ranchi City.

Patratu Railway Station:

Patratu Railway Station has a number of daily, weekly and express services.

Burkunda Railway Station:

Barkakana-Patna, Palamu Express, (daily) b) Patna-Barkakana, Palamu Express, (daily)

Gola Road Railway Station:

Tatanagar-Raulkela-Delhi-Jammutawi Express, (daily) b) Jammutawi-Delhi-Raulkela-Tatanagar Express, (daily)

RoadsEdit

 
NH 33 Between Ramgarh and Chutupallu
 
State Highway No.2 between Patratu and Ranchi

Road are the major means of transportation in the district. Three major expressways (NH-33, NH-23 and SH-2) pass through the district. The State Highways Authority of Jharkhand (SHAJ) is planning to construct a four-lane road between Patratu and Dhanbad[50] via Sayal, Naya Mor, Chas Mor and Raj Ganj.

National highway

The main national highways[51] crossing the district are NH-33 and NH-23.

National Highway 23 connects to NH-33 at Mahatma Gandhi Chowk, Ramgarh Cantonment.

State highways serving the area include State Highway No.2.[52]

Nearest AirportEdit

Birsa Munda Airport (45 km (28 mi)) at Ranchi is the nearest airport. Direct links are available to prominent cities such as Delhi, Patna, Mumbai and Kolkata.

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

Central government schools

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya :[53] a) Ramgarh Cantonment b) Bhurkunda c) Patratu d) Barkakana
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Bhurkunda Po Bhurkhunda
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Patratu Po Diesel Colony Patratu
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Barkakana

Private sector schools

  • Sarvoday Niketan Kuju
  • Apex Public School, NH-23, Gola Road, Marang Marcha
  • D A V Public School:[54] a) N T S Barkakana b) Rajrappa Project c) Kedla d) Ara e) Agrasen DAV, Bharech Nagar
  • Shri Guru Nanak Senior Secondary School, Ramgarh Cantonment
  • J.M. Divine Adarsh Vidiya (p) School, Chhattar Mandu, Ramgarh
  • Sidhartha Public School, Ramgarh Cantonment
  • Sri Krishna Vidya Mandir, Ramgarh Cantonment
  • Siddhartha Public School, Rishipattanam (Near Chutupallu)
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir :a) Rapappa Project, b) Sirka, c) Sarubera
  • Radha Gobind Public School, Ramgarh Cantonment
  • Holy Cross School, Ghatotand
  • St. Ann's School, Kaitha, Ramgarh Cantonment
  • Ramprasad Chandra Bhan Public School, Ramgarh Cantonment.
  • Nehru Children Convent High School, Rajeev Nagar, Ghato Tand
  • D. A. V. Public School, N. T. S. Barkakana
  • Agrasen D. A. V. Public School, Bharech Nagar, Ramgarh.
  • Shri Guru Nanak Senior Secondary School-on NH-33, near Block Office.
  • Army Public School, on Ramgarh-Bhurkunda Road
  • Radha Gobind Public School, near Ramgarh College, Jara Tola.
  • Goodwill Mission School Rajrappa Road Gola
  • Shri Krishna Vidhya Mandir, Vikas Nagar, near Gaushala, AT & PO - Ramgarh Cantonment
  • Sidhartha Public School, Near Ramgarh Block Office.
  • St Ann's School, Kaitha, Gola Road.
  • Delhi Public School
  • K.G.T. School, near Block Office.
  • Pradise Public School, Coming Soon
  • Islamic Academy, Saudagar Mohalla, Ramgarh Cantonment.
  • Madarsa Anjuman Muslemin Khademin, Saudagar Mohalla, Ramgarh Cantonment.
  • Maulana Azad Public School (MAPS), Chaingada, Ramgarh
  • Darsgaah-e-Islaami, Chitarpur, Ramgarh
  • Sainik School, PRC.
  • Public High School, Kuju
  • Bal Vidya Mandir, Ara Colliery P.O. Sarubera (Kuju) Distt-Ramgarh Jharkhand,
  • D.A.V. Public School, Ara
  • D. A. V. Public School Tapin North (R R W) P.O. Tapin
  • D. A. V. Public School Rajrappa Project
  • D. A. V. Public School Urimari Sayal Po Sayal
  • D. A. V. Public School Kedla Ccl P O Kedla
  • Dav Public School P.O.-Gidi-A, Ccl, Argada Area., Argada Area
  • Holy Cross School Ghatotand West Bokaro Jharkhand, Ghatotand
  • O P Jindal School P O Balkudra, Patratu,
  • Patratu School of Economics P.O. Patratu Thermal Power Station, P.O. Box No. 13, P.O. Patratu Thermal Power Station
  • Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir- P.O. Sarubera
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir-Rapappa Project Po Rajrappa
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir-At Sirka G M Office Post Argada
  • Ramprasad Chandra Bhan Public School, Bazar Samitee, Ramgarh
  • D. A. V. Public School, Topa
  • Sri Agrasen Senior Secondary School, Patel Nagar, Bhurkunda, Ramgarh

State government schools

  • Gandhi Memorial High School, Lohar Tola, near old bus stand, Ramgarh Cantonment
  • Kuju High School, Kuju
  • S.V.N. High School, Ghatotand
  • Chitarpur high School, Chitarpur

Other schools

  • Army Public School,[55] Ramgarh Cantonment. (Army Welfare Education Society)

CollegesEdit

Constituent colleges:[56]

  • Ramgarh College,[57] Ramgarh.

Non constituent colleges:[58]

  • C.N. College, Ramgarh
  • J.M. College, Bhurkunda
  • Jubilee College, Bhurkunda
  • P.T.P.S. College, Patratu.
  • Mandu college

Technical InstitutesEdit

Engineering colleges

Ramgarh Engineering College opened in 2013. The government is also planning to open Jharkhand state's first women's engineering college in Ramgarh.[59][as of?]

Medical colleges

The government is planning to open a new ESI Medical College[60] in the district.[as of?]

Management College

Birsa Institute of Technical Education (B.I.T.E. Ramgarh)[61] opened in 2012 in Ramgarh.

Pharmacy College/Institute

Trinity Education:[62] Ranchi Road, Ramgarh Cantonment

Markets and entertainmentEdit

Markets:

  • Main markets are Ramgarh, Patratu, Bhurkunda, Kuju and Gola.

Sports

  • The Temple of Warriors (Karate Club)[63]

Clubs:

  • Rotary Club: near Mahatma Gandhi Chowk, Ramgarh Cantonment. The Rotary Club of Ramgarh held its inaugural meeting on 5 November 1961.[64]
  • Lions Club: a) Ramgarh Cantonment b) Bhurkunda.[65]
  • Gymkhana Club:[66] Ranchi Road, Ramgarh.

Museum

  • Zarina Khatoon Museum Cum Research Centre[67] at Chitarpur.

CultureEdit

Fairs and festivalsEdit

The major and most celebrated fairs and festivals include Diwali, Holi, Durga Puja or Navaratri, Dussehra, Ramanavami, Karam or Karma, Sarhul, Tusu, Eid, Sarsawati puja, Chhath, Makar Sankranti, and Jivitputrika or Jitiya (Hindi: जिउतिया).[68] Due to the presence of industry and mining activities, Vishwakarma Puja is also an important festival. Makar Sankranti fair[69] at Rajrappa Mandir also attracts many people. Fairs are also organized during Jitiya,[70] Karma and other festivals.

CuisineEdit

Ramgarh has a variety of foods and cuisines. The most well-known and common cuisine in Ramgarh includes roti (chapati) or phulka, rice or bhat, dal, sabzi or tarkari and achar (South Asian pickles). Dhuska and barra are popular local fast foods. Dhuska is made from rice and urad dal. Barra is also prepared using urad dal. Different types of flowers and leaves are used including bamboo shoots (karil), fried pumpkin flower pakora, khukri and mushroom tarkari. Khoya pedas of Rajrappa mandir is also a famous dry sweet.

Filming locationsEdit

A number of Bollywood movies were shot in the area, including Kaala Patthar, Koyelaanchal, M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story, Ranchi Diaries and Sholay.[citation needed]

Places of interestEdit

Pilgrimage sitesEdit

  • Tooti Jharna Temple: Situated about 7 km (4.3 mi) from Ramgarh Cantonment on NH-33 Ranchi-Patna highway, is a temple devoted to Lord Shiva where water from the river falls through a canal on Shivalinga. The Raghu baba[definition needed] of this temple is from the nearby village Digwar and hence most of the Digwar villagers are connected to this temple. It is very near Ranchi road, just 2–3 km (1.2–1.9 mi) ahead towards the way of Village Digwar.
  • Mayatungri Temple: It is also known as Daughter of the Hills and is 5 km (3.1 mi) South of Ramgarh in the Chutupalu Valley. Although it is located on a height of 300 ft (91 m), it takes only 15 minutes to march to its peak. Every year the local festival of karma is celebrated here with gaiety and fanfare by the people of the surrounding villages. It is popularly believed that worshipping on the hill brings rain to this area.[citation needed] Nowadays on the occasion of Durgapuja, Nawratra is performed twice a year on this hill.
  • Kaitha Shiv Mandir:[71] This ancient temple of Shiva is located on NH-23 and is 3 km (1.9 mi) away from Ramgarh Cantonment. It has been declared a national monument. The temple was built in 1670. The Shivalinga in the temple is located at a height which is accessible by means of two stairs. At present this temple is in a dilapidated condition.
  • Khere Math: Khere Math temple[72] of Gautama Buddha is situated at Matwa-tand village near NH-23 of Gola Block.
  • Gurudawara Singh Sabha: This Gurudwara was established and inaugurated by the Sikh community of Ramgarh around 1940 in a small room situated on Shivajee road in Ramgarh. Today a grand structure has taken the form of Gurudwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha in place of that small room. It is the centre of attraction for its great tomb and minarets. The interior decoration of the Darbar hall of Gurudwara Sahib is picture squire.[clarification needed]

Rajrappa MandirEdit

The Maa Chhinmastika temple (मां छिन्नमस्तिका मंदिर)[73] is situated at Rajrappa (रजरप्पा), 28 km (17 mi) away from Ramgarh Cantonment on the confluence of rivers Damodar and Bhairavi (भैरवी) or Bhera (भेड़ा). This temple is noted in the Vedas and Puranas and it has been recognized as an ancient and strong source of Shakti, or divine energy. The Chhinamastika Temple is a place of Hindu pilgrimage. Devotees from all parts of the country visit this holy place throughout the year. The temple is very old and its architectural design is the same as that of other temples of tantrik importance, though its antiquity is yet to be dated. Marriages are also solemnized here on a large scale. The headless statue of the goddess Chhinamastika (छिन्नमस्तिका) stands upon the bodies of Kamdeo and Rati in a lotus bed. A number of other temples have come up around the original temple, particularly, the temples of Mahavidyas (Tara, Shodashi, Bhubneswari, Bhairavi, Bagla, Kamla, Matangi, and Dhumavati) built in a series as well as other temples. These include the Sun God temple, Lord Shiva temple, Hanuman temple, and Ma Kali temple. In Hindu mythology, Damodar is considered an incarnation of the god Shiva and while Bharvi is the goddess Shakti. The confluence of both rivers in Rajrappa is considered a scared union of Damoder (Shiva) and Bharvai (Shakti). The water of the river Bharvi flows down from the top to the river Damoder which flows below, which also shows goddess or devi power. Many take a dip in the river before offering puja. According to the chapter "Ramgarh" from the book East India Gazetteer by Walter Hamilton, published in 1828, as well as Comprehensive History of Bihar by Dr. Bindeshwari Prasad Sinha published in 1974, there is no evidence of pilgrimage places like Rajrappa or existence of the Chhinamastika Temple at Rajrappa in the Ramgarh area of undivided Bihar.

A hundred years ago,[as of?] the Damodar river was known as Damuda; damu means 'sacred' and da means 'water' in the Mundari language. Rajrappa means 'the burning place of kings' in Mundari; rappa means 'burn'. According to historian G. S. Sardesai, Rajputs from West India came to Bengal in Peshwa Nana Saheb's train. There was a last clash between Peshwa and Raghuji Bhonshle between present-day Gola and the Chitrapur mountain pass of Ramgarh in 1743. Peshwa's advance troops missed their passage to Ramgarh and turned towards the jungle, reaching an area near the confluence of the Bera river near Damuda. The missing unfortunate general was likely the Prince of Jawa (Mewar) Karam Singh with his troops, and they never joined Peshwa due to the dense forest and unknown mountain pass. Some Rajpoots passed away and were burnt there; later, this wild place was recognised as Rajrappa by Mundari-speaking people. After some years the area became prominent due to the daughter of Karam Raja Tusu. She became a sati by sacrificing her life in the Rajrappa waterfall after one day of Makar to get rid of Mirza Ramjani, brother of the deceased Mogul Nawab Siraj. After that, there was a tradition of immersing Tusu's idol at Rajrappa on the anniversary of her death. Later on, her soul was worshiped by her men[clarification needed] and local people at Rajrappa in a small mandir by Sabar priest. Still now the Makar mela (fair) is very famous among the local people, but several years ago[when?] Tusu's immersion was declined for many reasons described by the natives. Some Bramhin priests from Medinpur settled near Rajrappa due to the gathering of people and the popularity of the small mandir. Tusu's name was later forgotten and her small mandir was shifted some feet above near the waterfall and converted to Chhinamastika Temple recently.[when?]

 
Maa Chhinnamasta Temple
 
Dakshina Kali temple
 
Temples of Mahavidyas built in a series

Rajrappa is not only famous for Shakti Peeth (शक्तिपीठ, shrines) but is also a picnic spot. Food, cooking materials, groceries, milk, fruits and fresh vegetables are also available in the market.[citation needed] One portion of the sand beach by the river Bharvi is prepared for picnics by madir samiti[definition needed] with the help of a caretaker or agent. They will provide space with Chatai,[definition needed] table, etc. after paying a nominal charge. During the rainy season the paid sand beach is submerged with water.[citation needed]

 
Damodar River (western side) Rajrappa Mandir
 
Damodar River (eastern side) Rajrappa Mandir

How to reach

  • By air: the nearest airport is Ranchi (70 km (43 mi))
  • By rail: the nearest railway stations are Ramgarh Cantonment station (28 km (17 mi)), Ranchi Road (30 km (19 mi)), Barkakana (33 km (21 mi)), Ranchi (70 km (43 mi)), Koderma (135 km (84 mi)).
  • By road: Get down at Ramgarh Cantonment and take a trekker or Jeep to reach Rajrappa Mandir. From early morning to evening trekkers or Jeeps are available at the old bus stand.
  • Bus service: only one bus service provided by Ramgarh project Cooperative Society runs between Rajrappa mandir and Ranchi (Ratu Road) via Ramgarh Cantonment. Regular bus services are available from the new bus stand Ramgarh Cantonment to all important places in Jharkhand and Bihar.
  • Road route: Route for tourists coming from Ranchi, Jamshedpur, and Hazaribag:

Ramgarh Cantonment-Chitarpur (Rajrappa Mor)-Rajrappa Mandir (17+11=28 km (17 mi))

Route for tourists coming from Dhanbad, Bokaro and Muri:

Gola-Rajrappa Mandir (13 km (8.1 mi)). (Do not go during rainy season)

Gola-Chitarpur (Rajrappa Mor)-Rajrappa Mandir

Accommodations

Low and medium budget hotels are available at Ramgarh Cantonment.

Jharkhand tourism department has constructed a new mega complex in Rajrappa mandir for tourists which consists of:

The dharamshala (rest house) consists of 16 deluxe rooms. One stage is also constructed for the purpose of marriages and other ceremonies. The complex is ready and will soon be open to the public.[as of?]

Event

Rajrappa Mohatsav:

 
Stage of Rajrappa Mohatsav

The two-day grand Rajrappa Mahatsav is a tourism event organized for the promotion of the historic Rajrappa Temple of Jharkhand. With the joint efforts of Ramgarh District Administration, Central Coalfields Limited (CCL) authorities, CSR of corporate houses and Chinamastika Temple Administration, it was marked as a huge success on the first attempt. Many renowned artists including Abhijit Bhatacharya, Pooja Gaitonde, Chetan Joshi, Padamshree Mukund Nayak, Megha Dalton, and Bharat Sharma performed during the Mohatsav. The event was held for the first time on 25 and 26 February 2017.

Historic monumentsEdit

Mahatama Gandhi Samadhi Sathal:[13]

 
Mahatma Gandhi Samadhi Sathal, Ramgarh

This sthal popularly known as Gandhi Ghat is situated on the bank of river Damodar in Ramgarh. Mohandas K. Gandhi had visited[74] Ramgarh in 1940 at the time of the Indian National Congress session at Ramgarh. After the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi in 1948, the pitcher containing the remains of the departed were dispatched to different places of the country including Ramgarh. A samadhi of Gandhiji was erected on it. Earlier, a fair used to be organized here on the occasion of the birthday and anniversary of Bapu[definition needed] but now this practice has been abandoned. The samadhi is made of black granite stones.

China Cemetery:[71] Situated 5 km (3.1 mi) away from Ramgarh Cantonment, the China Kabristan (cemetery) is a famous historical monument. At the outbreak of World War II, some soldiers who rose up against Mao Zedong, the leader of the Chinese Cultural Revolution and who were also supporters of the friendly states, were captured and imprisoned at Ramgarh. After a few days the soldiers died of hunger and snakebites. A collective burial ground for the soldiers was made; there are a total of 667 graves. In the middle of the graveyard, a pillar in memory of Chiang Kai-shek was erected. The total area covered by the graveyard is around 7 acres (2.8 hectares). There is a Buddhist temple also in its vicinity. Three cantonments have come into existence around the graveyard.[citation needed] Inside the graveyard the pucca roads have been endorsed with rows of flowers. The China Kabristan is a material witness to the annals of the history of Ramgarh.[citation needed]

Megalithic sites of Ramgarh District:[75][76][77] Ramgarh district is very rich in ancient and historical sites. Different megalith sites have been identified near Chitarpur, Gola and Kuju.

Nature tourismEdit

 
A view of Patratu Dam from the valley
 
Nakari (Patratu) dam
 
Patratu Dam Ghat

Patratu Dam or Nalkari Dam: Constructed on Nalkari and other small rivers; it is around 5 km (3.1 mi) from Patratu. Surrounded by hills, forest and rivers, Nalkari dam is used for picnicking and boating.[78] The dam was constructed with the purpose of supplying water to Patratu Thermal Power Station. The total storage capacity of this dam is 81 square miles.[79] Boating began on 14 January 2010 on the dam. Patratu dam is located 28 km from Ramgarh Cantonment and 35 km from Ranchi.

Dhur-duria Fall: Dhur-duria Fall is situated near Sidhwar village, about 4 km (2.5 mi) from Ramgarh Cantonment. The fall is created on the course of Sherbhuki river. The road only goes up to Sidhwar village, so an approach road should be constructed from Sidhwar village to fall.[citation needed] The water falls from approximately 50 ft (15 m) height.[80]

Am-Jharia Fall: Situated near the border of Halwadi and Sidhwar village.[80]

Nimi Fall: Nimi Fall is situated near Nimi village and around 5 km (3.1 mi) from Bhurkunda.

Dhara Fall: Dhara Fall is situated near Khakara village under Gola Block. The government is planning to construct an approach road from NH-23 (between Gola and Peterwar) to the fall.[81]

Gandhaunia (Hindi: गंधौनिया (गरम पानी कुंड)): Situated at about 20 km (12 mi). near Mandu.[clarification needed] It is a hot water spring (pond).[82]

Chutupallu: Situated about 10 km (6.2 mi) from Ramgarh on the Ramgarh - Ranchi NH 33 is a hill top with many dhabas (roadside eateries) and motels in the way after crossing Chutupallu that offer food.[citation needed]

Bankhetta: Situated near Chutupallu. Water falls from a height giving the feeling of rainfall in a cave when someone claps inside.

Liril Fall: Situated between Ramgarh and Chutupallu, it looks like the fall from the old Liril soap advertisement. It is popularly known as Liril Fall.

Barso Paani: Situated at about 30 km (19 mi) from Ramgarh, near Charhi towards Hazaribagh. Water falls from the ceiling, giving the feeling of rainfall in a cave when someone claps.

Hundru Fall: The Hundru Fall located near the Ranchi-Ramgarh district border is created on the course of the Subarnarekha River.[20]

See alsoEdit

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External linksEdit

Coordinates: 23°37′12″N 85°31′12″E / 23.62000°N 85.52000°E / 23.62000; 85.52000