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Peda (pronounced [ˈpeːɽaː]) or Pera is a sweet from the Indian subcontinent, originating from Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India, usually prepared in thick, semi-soft pieces. The main ingredients are khoa, sugar and traditional flavorings, including cardamom seeds, pistachio nuts and saffron. The colour varies from a creamy white to a caramel colour. The word peda is also generically used to mean a sphere of any doughy substance, such as flour or khoa. Variant spellings and names for the dessert include pedha, penda (in Gujarati) and pera.

Indian Sweet Dessert Peda in a white bone china plate.jpg
Alternative namesPedha, Pera
CourseDert, Prasad
Place of originIndian subcontinent (Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India)
Region or stateIndian subcontinent, Mauritius, Fiji, southern and eastern Africa, the Caribbean, the Malay Peninsula
Main ingredientsKhoya, sugar

Pendas originated in the city of Mathura in present-day Uttar Pradesh.[1] The Mathura Peda is the characteristic variety from the city. From Uttar Pradesh, the peda spread to many parts of the Indian subcontinent. Thakur Ram Ratan Singh of Lucknow, who migrated to Dharwad (in present-day Karnataka) in the 1850s, introduced pedas there. This distinct variety is now famous as the Dharwad pedha.[2][3] Kandi Peda from Satara in Maharashtra is another variety of peda.[4]

As with laddoos, pedas are sometimes used as prasadam in religious services.

Peda is sweet in taste and made from many substances like Kesar, khoa.[5] Chocolate peda is a variation made from cracker biscuits, cocoa powder, milk powder, sugar, walnuts, pistachios sliced, chocolate sauce, caster sugar.[6]


  1. ^ Sanjeev Kapoor. Mithai. Popular. ISBN 9788179917121.
  2. ^ "Pedas, anyone?". Deccan Herald. 13 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  3. ^ Ashwin Rajagopalan (26 January 2016). Dharwad Peda: A Regional Favourite From Karnataka's Sweet Repertoire, NDTV.
  4. ^ 13 products have potential for GI registration
  5. ^ Laxmi Parida. Purba: Feasts From The East: Oriya Cuisine from Eastern India. ISBN 0-595-26749-1.
  6. ^ Ripudaman Handa. "Chocolate Pedas".