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Rabi crops or rabi harvest are agricultural crops that are sown in winter and harvested in the spring in India. The term is derived from the Arabic word for "spring", which is used in the Indian subcontinent, where it is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop").The opposite of rabi crops are the kharif crops which are grown after, the rabi and zaid crops are harvested one after another respectively.
The words 'kharif' and 'rabi' have their origin in Arabic. These came to be used in India with the ascent of the Mughal empire in the Indian subcontinent and have been widely used ever since.
The rabi crops are sown around mid-November, preferably after the monsoon rains are over, and harvesting begins in April/May. The crops are grown either with rainwater that has percolated into the ground, or using irrigation. A good rain in winter spoils the rabi crops but is good for kharif crops.
The major rabi crop in India is wheat, followed by barley, mustard, sesame and peas. Peas are harvested early, as they are ready early: Indian markets are flooded with green peas from January to March, peaking in February.
Many crops are cultivated in both kharif and rabi seasons. The agriculture crops produced in India are seasonal in nature and highly dependent on these two monsoons.
Common rabi cropsEdit
List as follows. These are rabi harvests rather than crops as that term is usually applied to annuals and not perennials:
- grape fruit
- mandarin orange
Legumes / lentils (dal)Edit
- alfalfa (also known as lucerne, Medicago sativa)
- coriander (Coriandrum sativum, L)
- cumin (Cuminum cyminum, L)
- fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum, L)
- mustard (Brassica juncea L.)
- isabgol (Plantago ovata)
- Bengal gram
- red gram black pepper
- beetroot (chukunder)
- brinjal (baingan)
- broccoli (hari gobhi)
- cabbage (patta gobhi)
- carrot (gajar)
- cauliflowers (gobhi)
- chickpea (also known as gram, Cicer arientinum) (channa)
- fenugreek (methi)
- garlic (lehsun)
- lady finger (bhindi)
- lettuce (salad gobhi)
- pea (mattar)
- onion (Allium cepa, L.) (pyaj)
- potato (Solanum tuberosum) (aloo)
- radish (mooli)
- spinach (palak)
- sweet potato (shakarkand)
- tomato (Solanum lycopersiucum, L) (tamatar)
- turnip (shalgum)
- Balfor, Edward (1885). The Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia (3 ed.). London: Bernard Quaritch. p. 331. Archived from the original on 2014-04-15.
- Sowing time of Rabi & Kharif crop | agropedia Archived 2013-01-05 at the Wayback Machine
- Rabi proucts list
- Rabi crop planting rises 10% in a week, 2016.
- Rabi crops in Haryana, Haryana Seeds Development Corporation.