Biathlon World Cup

The Biathlon World Cup is a top-level biathlon season-long competition series. It has been held since the winter seasons of 1977–78 for men and 1982–83 for women. The women's seasons until 1986–87 season were called the European Cup, although participation was not restricted to Europeans.

IBU Biathlon World Cup
Statusactive
Genresporting event
Date(s)Northern wintertime season
BeginsNovember
EndsMarch
Frequencyannual
Countryvarying
Inaugurated1977 (1977)
2019–20 Biathlon World Cup

Competition and formatEdit

The World Cup season lasts from November or December to late March, with meetings in a different venue every week excluding some holidays and a couple of weeks before the season's major championships (World Championships or Winter Olympics). All in all, the season comprises nine to ten meetings, with events taking place from Wednesday–Thursday through Sunday. Relay competitions are held four to six times per season. Also counting as World Cup events are World Championships, and formerly Winter Olympics events (the last Olympics to count towards the World Cup were the 2010 Winter Olympics: from the 2014 Winter Olympics competitors are no longer awarded World Cup points for their Olympic performances).[1]

The athlete with the highest overall total score (i.e. total score for all disciplines) of the World Cup season is awarded the Big Crystal Globe trophy. A Small Crystal Globe trophy is awarded for the first place in the season total for each discipline. Hence, it is possible for an athlete to win both the Big Crystal Globe and Small Crystal Globes for the same World Cup season.[2]

The tables given below provide an overview of the highest-ranking biathletes and nations of each WC season. For each event, first place gives 60 points, 2nd place – 54 pts, 3rd place – 48 pts, 4th place – 43 pts, 5th place – 40 pts, 6th place – 38 pts, 7th – 36 pts, 8th – 34 points, 9th – 32 points, 10th – 31 points, then linearly decreasing by one point down to the 40th place. Equal placings (ties) give an equal number of points. The sum of all WC points of the season, less the points from an IBU-predetermined number of events (e.g. 2), gives the biathlete's total WC score.

From 1985 to 2000, WC points were awarded so that the first four places gave 30, 26, 24, and 22 points, respectively, and then the 5th to 25th place gave 21, 20, ..., down to 1 point. Before this, points were simply awarded linearly from 25 to 1.

Men's resultsEdit

Men's overallEdit

Season Winner Runner-up Third
1977–78   Frank Ullrich (GDR)   Klaus Siebert (GDR)   Eberhard Rösch (GDR)
1978–79   Klaus Siebert (GDR)   Frank Ullrich (GDR)   Vladimir Barnashov (URS)
1979–80   Frank Ullrich (GDR)   Klaus Siebert (GDR)   Eberhard Rösch (GDR)
1980–81   Frank Ullrich (GDR)   Anatoly Alyabyev (URS)   Kjell Søbak (NOR)
1981–82   Frank Ullrich (GDR)   Matthias Jacob (GDR)   Kjell Søbak (NOR)
1982–83   Peter Angerer (FRG)   Eirik Kvalfoss (NOR)   Frank Ullrich (GDR)
1983–84   Frank-Peter Roetsch (GDR)   Peter Angerer (FRG)   Eirik Kvalfoss (NOR)
1984–85   Frank-Peter Roetsch (GDR)   Juri Kashkarov (URS)   Peter Angerer (FRG)
1985–86   André Sehmisch (GDR)   Peter Angerer (FRG)   Matthias Jacob (GDR)
1986–87   Frank-Peter Roetsch (GDR)   Fritz Fischer (FRG)   Jan Matouš (TCH)
1987–88   Fritz Fischer (FRG)   Eirik Kvalfoss (NOR)   Johann Passler (ITA)
1988–89   Eirik Kvalfoss (NOR)   Alexandr Popov (URS)   Sergei Tchepikov (URS)
1989–90   Sergei Tchepikov (URS)   Eirik Kvalfoss (NOR)   Valeriy Medvedtsev (URS)
1990–91   Sergei Tchepikov (URS)   Mark Kirchner (GER)   Andreas Zingerle (ITA)
1991–92   Jon Åge Tyldum (NOR)   Mikael Löfgren (SWE)   Sylfest Glimsdal (NOR)
1992–93   Mikael Löfgren (SWE)   Mark Kirchner (GER)   Pieralberto Carrara (ITA)
1993–94   Patrice Bailly-Salins (FRA)   Sven Fischer (GER)   Frank Luck (GER)
1994–95   Jon Åge Tyldum (NOR)   Patrick Favre (ITA)   Wilfried Pallhuber (ITA)
1995–96   Vladimir Drachev (RUS)¹   Viktor Maigourov (RUS)   Sven Fischer (GER)
1996–97   Sven Fischer (GER)   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Viktor Maigourov (RUS)
1997–98   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Ricco Groß (GER)   Sven Fischer (GER)
1998–99   Sven Fischer (GER)   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Frank Luck (GER)
1999–00   Raphaël Poirée (FRA)   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Sven Fischer (GER)
2000–01   Raphaël Poirée (FRA)   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Frode Andresen (NOR)
2001–02   Raphaël Poirée (FRA)   Pavel Rostovtsev (RUS)   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)
2002–03   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Vladimir Drachev (BLR)¹   Ricco Groß (GER)
2003–04   Raphaël Poirée (FRA)   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Ricco Groß (GER)
2004–05   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Sven Fischer (GER)   Raphaël Poirée (FRA)
2005–06   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Raphaël Poirée (FRA)   Sven Fischer (GER)
2006–07   Michael Greis (GER)   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Raphaël Poirée (FRA)
2007–08   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Dmitri Yaroshenko (RUS)   Emil Hegle Svendsen (NOR)
2008–09   Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)   Tomasz Sikora (POL)   Emil Hegle Svendsen (NOR)
2009–10   Emil Hegle Svendsen (NOR)   Christoph Sumann (AUT)   Ivan Tcherezov (RUS)
2010–11   Tarjei Bø (NOR)   Emil Hegle Svendsen (NOR)   Martin Fourcade (FRA)
2011–12   Martin Fourcade (FRA)   Emil Hegle Svendsen (NOR)   Andreas Birnbacher (GER)
2012–13   Martin Fourcade (FRA)   Emil Hegle Svendsen (NOR)   Dominik Landertinger (AUT)
2013–14   Martin Fourcade (FRA)   Emil Hegle Svendsen (NOR)   Johannes Thingnes Bø (NOR)
2014–15   Martin Fourcade (FRA)   Anton Shipulin (RUS)   Jakov Fak (SLO)
2015–16   Martin Fourcade (FRA)   Johannes Thingnes Bø (NOR)   Anton Shipulin (RUS)
2016–17   Martin Fourcade (FRA)   Anton Shipulin (RUS)   Johannes Thingnes Bø (NOR)
2017–18   Martin Fourcade (FRA)   Johannes Thingnes Bø (NOR)   Anton Shipulin (RUS)
2018–19   Johannes Thingnes Bø (NOR)   Alexandr Loginov (RUS)   Quentin Fillon Maillet (FRA)
2019–20   Johannes Thingnes Bø (NOR)   Martin Fourcade (FRA)   Quentin Fillon Maillet (FRA)
Statistics by country[3]
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Martin Fourcade (FRA)7119
2  Ole Einar Bjørndalen (NOR)66113
3  Raphaël Poirée (FRA)4127
4  Frank Ullrich (GDR)4116
5  Frank-Peter Roetsch (GDR)3003
6  Sven Fischer (GER)2248
7  Johannes Thingnes Bø (NOR)2226
8  Sergei Tchepikov (URS)2013
9  Jon Åge Tyldum (NOR)2002
10  Emil Hegle Svendsen (NOR)1427
11  Eirik Kvalfoss (NOR)1315
12  Peter Angerer (FRG)1214
13  Klaus Siebert (GDR)1203
14  Fritz Fischer (FRG)1102
  Mikael Löfgren (SWE)1102
  Vladimir Drachev (RUS)1102
17  André Sehmisch (GDR)1001
  Michael Greis (GER)1001
  Patrice Bailly-Salins (FRA)1001
  Tarjei Bø (NOR)1001
Totals (20 nations)43271686

Men's relayEdit

Season Winner Runner-up Third
1992–93 N/A N/A N/A
1993–94 N/A N/A N/A
1994–95   Russia (112)   Germany (108)   Norway (101)
1995–96   Russia (120)   Germany (102)
  Norway (102)
1996–97   Germany (120)   Norway (104)   Russia (95)
1997–98   Germany (112)
  Norway (112)
  Russia (98)
1998–99   Germany (146)   Russia (129)   Norway (120)
1999–00   Norway (138)   Russia (132)   Germany (130)
2000–01   Norway (189)   Germany (173)   Czech Republic (167)
2001–02   Norway (238)   Germany (230)   Belarus (202)
2002–03   Belarus (319)   Russia (318)   Norway (298)
2003–04   Norway (176)   Germany (174)   France (172)
2004–05   Norway (200)   Germany (181)   Russia (178)
2005–06   Germany (200)   Russia (184)   France (169)
2006–07   Russia (196)   Norway (189)   Germany (178)
2007–08   Norway (196)   Russia (192)   Germany (175)
2008–09   Austria (276)   Norway (254)   Germany (247)
2009–10   Norway (228)   Austria (210)   Russia (205)
2010–11   Norway (216)   Germany (199)   Ukraine (163)
2011–12   France (198)   Norway (190)   Russia (189)
2012–13   Russia (305)   Norway (302)   France (296)
2013–14   Germany (200)   Sweden (199)   Austria (197)
2014–15   Russia (311)   Norway (308)   Germany (305)
2015–16   Norway (282)   Russia (255)   Germany (236)
2016–17   Russia (259)   France (242)   Germany (237)
2017–18   Norway (228)   Sweden (184)   France (180)
2018–19   Norway (270)   Russia (236)   Germany (233)
2019–20   Norway (348)   France (302)   Germany (264)
Statistics by country
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Norway137323
2  Russia67518
3  Germany57921
4  France1247
5  Austria1113
6  Belarus1012
7  Sweden0202
8  Czech Republic0011
  Ukraine0011
Totals (9 nations)27262578

Men's team eventEdit

Statistics by country
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Norway3115
2  Russia2103
3  Germany0213
4  France0112
5  Austria0011
  Canada0011
Totals (6 nations)55515

Women's resultsEdit

Women's overallEdit

The women's World Cup seasons until 1986–87 were actually called the European Cup, although participation was open to biathletes of all nationalities. Until 1987–88, women raced on shorter tracks than they do today. The 1988–89 season was the first in which women raced on tracks of the same length that they do nowadays.

Season Winner Runner-up Third
1982–83   Gry Østvik (NOR)   Siv Bråten (NOR)   Aino Kallunki (FIN)
1983–84   Mette Mestad (NOR)   Sanna Grønlid (NOR)   Gry Østvik (NOR)
1984–85   Sanna Grønlid (NOR)   Eva Korpela (SWE)   Kaija Parve (URS)
1985–86   Eva Korpela (SWE)   Sanna Grønlid (NOR)   Lise Meloche (CAN)
1986–87   Eva Korpela (SWE)   Anne Elvebakk (NOR)   Sanna Grønlid (NOR)
1987–88   Anne Elvebakk (NOR)   Elin Kristiansen (NOR)   Nadezhda Aleksieva (BUL)
1988–89   Elena Golovina (URS)   Natalia Prikazchikova (URS)   Svetlana Davidova (URS)
1989–90   Jiřina Adamičková (TCH)   Anne Elvebakk (NOR)   Elena Golovina (URS)
1990–91   Svetlana Davidova (URS)   Myriam Bédard (CAN)   Anne Elvebakk (NOR)
1991–92   Anfisa Reztsova (CIS)   Anne Briand (FRA)   Petra Schaaf (GER)1
1992–93   Anfisa Reztsova (RUS)   Myriam Bédard (CAN)   Anne Briand (FRA)
1993–94   Svetlana Paramygina (BLR)   Nathalie Santer (ITA)   Anne Briand (FRA)
1994–95   Anne Briand (FRA)   Svetlana Paramygina (BLR)   Uschi Disl (GER)
1995–96   Emmanuelle Claret (FRA)   Uschi Disl (GER)   Petra Behle (GER)1
1996–97   Magdalena Forsberg (SWE)   Uschi Disl (GER)   Simone Greiner (GER)
1997–98   Magdalena Forsberg (SWE)   Uschi Disl (GER)   Martina Zellner (GER)
1998–99   Magdalena Forsberg (SWE)   Olena Zubrilova (UKR)   Uschi Disl (GER)
1999–00   Magdalena Forsberg (SWE)   Olena Zubrilova (UKR)   Corinne Niogret (FRA)
2000–01   Magdalena Forsberg (SWE)   Liv Grete Poirée (NOR)   Olena Zubrilova (UKR)
2001–02   Magdalena Forsberg (SWE)   Liv Grete Poirée (NOR)   Uschi Disl (GER)
2002–03   Martina Glagow (GER)   Albina Akhatova (RUS)   Sylvie Becaert (FRA)
2003–04   Liv Grete Poirée (NOR)   Olga Pyleva (RUS)   Sandrine Bailly (FRA)
2004–05   Sandrine Bailly (FRA)   Kati Wilhelm (GER)   Olga Pyleva (RUS)
2005–06   Kati Wilhelm (GER)   Anna Carin Olofsson (SWE)   Martina Glagow (GER)
2006–07   Andrea Henkel (GER)   Kati Wilhelm (GER)   Anna Carin Olofsson (SWE)
2007–08   Magdalena Neuner (GER)   Sandrine Bailly (FRA)   Andrea Henkel (GER)
2008–09   Helena Jonsson (SWE)2   Kati Wilhelm (GER)   Tora Berger (NOR)
2009–10   Magdalena Neuner (GER)   Simone Hauswald (GER)   Helena Jonsson (SWE)2
2010–11   Kaisa Mäkäräinen (FIN)   Andrea Henkel (GER)   Helena Ekholm (SWE)2
2011–12   Magdalena Neuner (GER)   Darya Domracheva (BLR)   Tora Berger (NOR)
2012–13   Tora Berger (NOR)   Darya Domracheva (BLR)   Andrea Henkel (GER)
2013–14   Kaisa Mäkäräinen (FIN)   Tora Berger (NOR)   Darya Domracheva (BLR)
2014–15   Darya Domracheva (BLR)   Kaisa Mäkäräinen (FIN)   Valj Semerenko (UKR)
2015–16   Gabriela Soukalová (CZE)   Marie Dorin Habert (FRA)   Dorothea Wierer (ITA)
2016–17   Laura Dahlmeier (GER)   Gabriela Koukalová (CZE)   Kaisa Mäkäräinen (FIN)
2017–18   Kaisa Mäkäräinen (FIN)   Anastasiya Kuzmina (SVK)   Darya Domracheva (BLR)
2018–19   Dorothea Wierer (ITA)   Lisa Vittozzi (ITA)   Anastasiya Kuzmina (SVK)
2019–20   Dorothea Wierer (ITA)   Tiril Eckhoff (NOR)   Denise Herrmann (GER)
Notes
Statistics by country[4]
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Magdalena Forsberg (SWE)6006
2  Kaisa Mäkäräinen (FIN)3115
3  Magdalena Neuner (GER)3003
4  Eva Korpela (SWE)2103
5  Dorothea Wierer (ITA)2013
6  Anfisa Reztsova (RUS)2002
7  Kati Wilhelm (GER)1304
8  Darya Domracheva (BLR)1225
9  Anne Elvebakk (NOR)1214
  Sanna Grønlid (NOR)1214
11  Liv Grete Skjelbreid Poirée (NOR)1203
12  Andrea Henkel (GER)1124
  Anne Briand (FRA)1124
  Tora Berger (NOR)1124
15  Sandrine Bailly (FRA)1113
16  Gabriela Koukalová (CZE)1102
  Svetlana Paramygina (BLR)1102
18  Helena Ekholm (SWE)1023
19  Gry Østvik (NOR)1012
  Martina Glagow (GER)1012
  Svetlana Davidova (URS)1012
  Yelena Golovina (URS)1012
23  Emmanuelle Claret (FRA)1001
  Jiřina Adamičková (TCH)1001
  Laura Dahlmeier (GER)1001
  Mette Mestad (NOR)1001
Totals (26 nations)38191976

Women's relayEdit

Season Winner Runner-up Third
1992–93 N/A N/A N/A
1993–94 N/A N/A N/A
1994–95   Germany (116)   France (110)   Norway (106)
1995–96   Russia (120)   Norway (102)
  Germany (102)
1996–97   Russia (116)   Germany (103)   Norway (100)
1997–98   Russia (110)   Germany (106)   Norway (100)
1998–99   Germany (142)   Russia (130)   Ukraine (120)
1999–00   Germany (168)
  Russia (168)
  Ukraine (143)
2000–01   Norway (190)   Germany (188)   Russia (182)
2001–02   Germany (250)   Norway (221)
  Russia (221)
2002–03   Russia (339)   Germany (327)   Belarus (293)
2003–04   Norway (180)   Russia (178)   Germany (176)
2004–05   Russia (200)   Germany (188)   Norway (163)
2005–06   Russia (189)   Germany (181)   France (179)
2006–07   France (189)   Germany (188)   Russia (180)
2007–08   Germany (200)   Russia (178)   France (172)
2008–09   Germany (288)   France (242)   Ukraine (232)
2009–10   Russia (234)   Germany (205)   France (204)
2010–11   Germany (206)   Sweden (190)   Russia (177)
2011–12   France (216)   Norway (205)   Russia (192)
2012–13   Norway (314)   Ukraine (298)   Germany (294)
2013–14   Germany (174)   Ukraine (162)   Norway (142)
2014–15   Czech Republic (316)   Germany (302)   France (266)
2015–16   Germany (235)   Ukraine (234)   France (228)
2016–17   Germany (300)   France (248)   Ukraine (224)
2017–18   Germany (228)   France (200)   Italy (169)
2018–19   Norway (249)   Germany (241)   France (230)
2019–20   Norway (360)    Switzerland (260)   Germany (260)
Statistics by country
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Germany1111325
2  Russia84416
3  Norway53513
4  France24612
5  Czech Republic1001
6  Ukraine0347
7  Sweden0101
   Switzerland0101
9  Belarus0011
  Italy0011
Totals (10 nations)27272478

Women's team eventEdit

Statistics by country
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Ukraine1113
2  Czech Republic1102
  France1102
4  Italy1012
5  Norway1001
6  Germany0224
7  Russia0011
Totals (7 nations)55515

Mixed relayEdit

Season Winner Runner-up Third
2010–11   France (150)   Germany (148)   Sweden (143)
2011–12   Russia (143)   France (138)   Germany (128)
2012–13   Norway (114)   Russia (98)   Czech Republic (96)
2013–14   Czech Republic (114)
  Norway (114)
  Italy (91)
2014–15   Norway (216)   France (197)   Czech Republic (174)
2015–16   Norway (264)   Germany (252)   France (223)
2016–17   Germany (264)   France (257)   Austria (201)
2017–18   Italy (188)   Norway (188)   France (179)
2018–19   Norway (306)   France (281)   Italy (266)
2019–20   Norway (307)   France (272)   Germany (265)
Statistics by country
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Norway6107
2  France1528
3  Germany1225
4  Russia1102
5  Czech Republic1023
  Italy1023
7  Austria0011
  Sweden0011
Totals (8 nations)1191030

Race winnersEdit

Below is a list of all male and female biathletes that have won 7 or more individual World Cup or Olympic races. Biathletes whose names are in bold are still active.[5]

  • Updated: March 14th 2020

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "World Cup Biathlon Victories: How Many for Ole?". International Biathlon Union. 3 December 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  2. ^ Nordvall, Michael (2017). Two Skis and a Rifle: An Introduction to Biathlon.
  3. ^ "Records Men | Real Biathlon". RealBiathlon.com. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Records Women | Real Biathlon". RealBiathlon.com. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Biathlon federation of Ukraine". www.biathlon.com.ua. Retrieved 2019-06-26.

External linksEdit