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The Baseball World Cup was an international tournament in which national baseball teams from around the world competed. It was sanctioned by the International Baseball Federation (IBAF). Along with the World Baseball Classic, it was one of two active tournaments considered by the IBAF to be a major world championship.[1] The baseball tournament at the Summer Olympic Games was also considered a major world championship while baseball was an Olympic sport.[2]

Baseball World Cup
Most recent season or competition:
2011 Baseball World Cup
SportBaseball
Founded1938
Ceased2011
No. of teams16 (in 2011)
ContinentInternational
Last
champion(s)
 Netherlands
Most titles Cuba (25 times)

After the 2011 tournament, the Baseball World Cup was discontinued in favor of an expanded World Baseball Classic tournament. The World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC) – successor to the IBAF – now sanctions two new tournaments: the biennial 23U Baseball World Cup (begun as the 21U Baseball World Cup in 2014) and WBSC's quadrennial, flagship tournament – involving the twelve best-ranked national teams in the world – called the WBSC Premier12 (starting in 2015).[3]

HistoryEdit

The Baseball World Cup was held 38 times; the final one was in 2011 in Panama. The first tournament, held in 1938, featured only two teams, but the last tournament included 22 participants; the previous two featured 16 and 18 teams (in 2007 and 2005, respectively). The World Cup was originally called the Amateur World Series, until the tournament in 1988. Until 1988, the Amateur World Series was held in intervals of one to four years, except for the eight-year period from 1953–61. From 1988 to 2001, the Baseball World Cup was held in intervals of two to four years. After 2001, the tournament was held every two years.

Until 1998 the competition was limited to amateur players. After 1998, professional minor league players competed, but Major League Baseball did not allow its players to participate. In the months leading up to the high-profile first World Baseball Classic in 2006, many commentators heralded it as a "Baseball World Cup", perhaps not realizing that a tournament of that description already existed and had for almost seventy years. However, the 2006 World Baseball Classic was the first international baseball tournament to include players from the major leagues, making it a closer equivalent to the world cups of other sports—which include players from the most prestigious professional leagues—than to the Baseball World Cup.

Tournament resultsEdit

Year Final Host Final four Number of teams
Champions Runners-up 3rd place 4th place
1938
Details
 
Great Britain
 
Great Britain
 
United States
2
1939
Details
 
Havana
 
Cuba
 
Nicaragua
 
United States
3
1940
Details
 
Havana
 
Cuba
 
Nicaragua/
 
United States
 
Venezuela
7
1941
Details
 
Havana
 
Venezuela
 
Cuba
 
Mexico
 
Panama
9
1942
Details
 
Havana
 
Cuba
 
Dominican Republic
 
Venezuela
 
Mexico
5
1943
Details
 
Havana
 
Cuba
 
Mexico
 
Dominican Republic
 
Panama
4
1944
Details
 
Caracas
 
Venezuela
 
Mexico
 
Cuba
 
Panama
8
1945
Details
 
Caracas
 
Venezuela
 
Colombia
 
Panama
 
Nicaragua
6
1947  
Cartagena, Colombia
 
Colombia
 
Puerto Rico
 
Nicaragua
 
Mexico
9
1948  
Managua
 
Dominican Republic
 
Puerto Rico
 
Colombia
 
Mexico
8
1950
Details
 
Managua
 
Cuba
 
Dominican Republic
 
Venezuela
 
Panama
12
1951
Details
 
Mexico City
 
Puerto Rico
 
Venezuela
 
Cuba
 
Dominican Republic
11
1952  
Havana
 
Cuba
 
Dominican Republic
 
Puerto Rico
 
Panama
13
1953  
Caracas
 
Cuba
 
Venezuela
 
Nicaragua
 
Dominican Republic
11
1961  
San José
 
Cuba
 
Mexico
 
Venezuela
 
Panama
10
1965  
Cartagena, Colombia
 
Colombia
 
Mexico
 
Puerto Rico
 
Panama
9
1969  
Santo Domingo
 
Cuba
 
United States
 
Dominican Republic
 
Venezuela
11
1970  
Bogotá
 
Cuba
 
United States
 
Puerto Rico
 
Colombia
12
1971  
Havana
 
Cuba
 
Colombia
 
Nicaragua
 
Puerto Rico
10
1972
Details
 
Managua
 
Cuba
 
United States
 
Nicaragua
 
Japan
16
1973  
Havana
 
Cuba
 
Puerto Rico
 
Venezuela
 
Dominican Republic
8
1973  
Managua
 
United States
 
Nicaragua
 
Puerto Rico
 
Colombia
11
1974  
St. Petersburg
 
United States
 
Nicaragua
 
Colombia
 
Dominican Republic
9
1976
Details
 
Bogotá
 
Cuba
 
Puerto Rico
 
Japan
 
Nicaragua
11
1978
Details
 
Rome
 
Cuba
 
United States
 
South Korea
 
Japan
11
1980
Details
 
Tokyo
 
Cuba
 
South Korea
 
Japan
 
United States
12
1982
Details
 
Seoul
 
South Korea
 
Japan
 
United States
 
Chinese Taipei
10
1984
Details
 
Havana
 
Cuba
 
Chinese Taipei
 
United States
 
Japan
13
1986
Details
 
Amsterdam
 
Cuba
 
South Korea
 
Chinese Taipei
 
United States
12
1988
Details
 
Parma
 
Cuba
 
United States
 
Chinese Taipei
 
Japan
12
1990
Details
 
Edmonton
 
Cuba
 
Nicaragua
 
South Korea
 
Puerto Rico
12
1994
Details
 
Managua
 
Cuba
 
South Korea
 
Japan
 
Nicaragua
16
1998
Details
 
Rome
 
Cuba
 
South Korea
 
Nicaragua
 
Italy
16
2001
Details
 
Taipei
 
Cuba
 
United States
 
Chinese Taipei
 
Japan
16
2003
Details
 
Havana
 
Cuba
 
Panama
 
Japan
 
Chinese Taipei
16
2005
Details
 
Rotterdam
 
Cuba
 
South Korea
 
Panama
 
Netherlands
18
2007
Details
 
Taipei
 
United States
 
Cuba
 
Japan
 
Netherlands
16
2009
Details
 
Nettuno
 
United States
 
Cuba
 
Canada
 
Puerto Rico
22
2011
Details
 
Panama City
 
Netherlands
 
Cuba
 
Canada
 
United States
16

Medal tableEdit

Rank Country Gold   Silver   Bronze   Total  
1   Cuba 25 4 2 31
2   United States 4 8 3 15
3   Venezuela 3 2 4 9
4   Colombia 2 2 2 6
5   South Korea 1 5 2 8
6   Puerto Rico 1 4 4 9
7   Dominican Republic 1 3 2 6
8   Great Britain 1 0 0 1
8   Netherlands 1 0 0 1
10   Nicaragua 0 5 5 10
11   Mexico 0 4 1 5
12   Japan 0 1 5 6
13   Chinese Taipei 0 1 3 4
14   Panama 0 1 2 3
15   Canada 0 0 2 2
Total 39 40 37 116

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IBAF World Ranking Notes" (PDF). International Baseball Federation. 13 January 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  2. ^ "Singapore 2005: 2012 Olympic Sport Vote". International Olympic Committee. 11 July 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
  3. ^ The Congress approved a new format of International tournaments

External linksEdit