Frank Luck (born 5 December 1967) is a former German and, before 1990, East German biathlete.

Frank Luck
Frank Luck Ruhpolding 2005 (cropped).jpg
Luck in Ruhpolding in 2005.
Personal information
Born (1967-12-05) 5 December 1967 (age 54)
Schmalkalden, East Germany
Height1.79 m (5 ft 10 in)
Professional information
SportBiathlon
ClubWSV Oberhof O5
SkisFischer
World Cup debut18 January 1987
Retired13 February 2004
Olympic Games
Teams4 (1988, 1994, 1998, 2002)
Medals5 (2 gold)
World Championships
Teams15 (1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004)
Medals20 (11 gold)
World Cup
Seasons18 (1986/87–2003/04)
Individual victories12
Individual podiums39
Overall titles0
Discipline titles2:
2 Individual (1999–00, 2001–02)
Medal record
Men's biathlon
Representing  Germany
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 1994 Lillehammer 4 × 7.5 km relay
Gold medal – first place 1998 Nagano 4 × 7.5 km relay
Silver medal – second place 1994 Lillehammer 20 km individual
Silver medal – second place 2002 Salt Lake City 20 km individual
Silver medal – second place 2002 Salt Lake City 4 × 7.5 km relay
World Championships
Gold medal – first place 1991 Lahti 4 × 7.5 km relay
Gold medal – first place 1993 Borovets Team event
Gold medal – first place 1995 Antholz-Anterselva 4 × 7.5 km relay
Gold medal – first place 1997 Brezno-Osrblie 4 × 7.5 km relay
Gold medal – first place 1999 Kontiolahti 10 km sprint
Gold medal – first place 2000 Oslo 12.5 km pursuit
Gold medal – first place 2003 Khanty-Mansiysk 4 × 7.5 km relay
Gold medal – first place 2004 Oberhof 4 × 7.5 km relay
Silver medal – second place 1991 Lahti 10 km sprint
Silver medal – second place 1996 Ruhpolding 4 × 7.5 km relay
Silver medal – second place 1997 Brezno-Osrblie Team event
Silver medal – second place 1998 Hochfilzen Team event
Silver medal – second place 1999 Kontiolahti 12.5 km pursuit
Bronze medal – third place 1993 Borovets 4 × 7.5 km relay
Bronze medal – third place 2000 Oslo 20 km individual
Bronze medal – third place 2000 Lahti 4 × 7.5 km relay
Representing  East Germany
World Championships
Gold medal – first place 1989 Feistritz an der Drau 10 km sprint
Gold medal – first place 1989 Feistritz an der Drau 4 × 7.5 km relay
Gold medal – first place 1990 Oslo Team event
Bronze medal – third place 1990 Kontiolahti 4 × 7.5 km relay

CareerEdit

Luck started early with cross-country skiing, but in 1980 he went over to biathlon. By 1988 at the age of 21 he had already qualified for the Winter Olympics in Calgary, where he finished sixth in the sprint event. His big breakthrough came with the 10 km sprint world title in 1989. Having originally competed for the East German team, by 1991, Germany had unified and Luck was now competing for the combined Germany team. Because of illness he missed the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, but at the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer he won the gold medal with the German relay team which he repeated four years later at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. During his seventeen-year career, Luck won eleven world championship gold medal with the last one in the relay in 2004 at Oberhof where he retired as a biathlete after this event. With five silver and three bronze medals he is one of the most successful world championship competitors of all time.

Luck also won three times at the Holmenkollen ski festival biathlon competition with two wins in the pursuit (1999, 2000) and one win in the sprint (2002). He is the Brother-in-law to his one-time teammate Sven Fischer.

DopingEdit

In April 2009, Luck, on the German TV show Sport Inside (WDR), acknowledged having unwittingly been given the anabolic steroid Oral Turinabol by his trainer in the 1980s.[1][2]

Biathlon resultsEdit

All results are sourced from the International Biathlon Union.[3]

Olympic GamesEdit

5 medals (2 gold, 3 silver)

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Relay
  1988 Calgary 6th N/A
  1994 Lillehammer Silver 6th N/A Gold
  1998 Nagano 7th N/A Gold
  2002 Salt Lake City Silver 29th 11th Silver
*Pursuit was added as an event in 2002.

World ChampionshipsEdit

20 medals (11 gold, 5 silver, 4 bronze)

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass start Team Relay
  1989 Feistritz 4th Gold N/A N/A Gold
  1990 Minsk 6th 5th N/A N/A Gold Bronze
  1991 Lahti Silver N/A N/A Gold
  1992 Novosibirsk N/A N/A N/A N/A 7th N/A
  1993 Borovets 10th N/A N/A Gold Bronze
  1995 Antholz-Anterselva 11th 7th N/A N/A Gold
  1996 Ruhpolding 8th 33rd N/A N/A 6th Silver
  1997 Brezno-Osrblie 7th 9th N/A Silver Gold
  1998 Pokljuka N/A N/A 16th N/A Silver N/A
  1999 Kontiolahti 24th Gold Silver 20th N/A 4th
  2000 Oslo Holmenkollen Bronze 4th Gold 17th N/A Bronze
  2001 Pokljuka 11th 17th 22nd N/A 12th
  2002 Oslo Holmenkollen N/A N/A N/A 6th N/A N/A
  2003 Khanty-Mansiysk 36th 30th 5th 17th N/A Gold
  2004 Oberhof N/A Gold
*During Olympic seasons competitions are only held for those events not included in the Olympic program.
**Team was removed as an event in 1998, and pursuit was added in 1997 with mass start being added in 1999.

Individual victoriesEdit

12 victories (1 In, 9 Sp, 2 Pu)

Season Date Location Discipline Level
1988–89
2 victories
(2 Sp)
17 December 1988   Albertville 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
11 February 1989   Feistritz 10 km sprint Biathlon World Championships
1990–91
1 victory
(1 Sp)
2 February 1991   Oberhof 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1992–93
1 victory
(1 Sp)
6 March 1993   Lillehammer 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1993–94
1 victory
(1 Sp)
22 January 1994   Antholz-Anterselva 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1997–98
2 victories
(2 Sp)
6 December 1997   Lillehammer 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
5 March 1998   Pokljuka 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1998–99
2 victories
(1 Sp, 1 Pu)
12 February 1999   Kontiolahti 10 km sprint Biathlon World Championships
14 March 1999   Oslo Holmenkollen 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
1999–2000
1 victory
(1 Pu)
20 February 2000   Oslo Holmenkollen 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Championships
2001–02
2 victories
(1 In, 1 Sp)
19 December 2001   Brezno-Osrblie 20 km individual Biathlon World Cup
21 March 2002   Oslo Holmenkollen 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
*Results are from UIPMB and IBU races which include the Biathlon World Cup, Biathlon World Championships and the Winter Olympic Games.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Später Reim auf die blauen Pillen , Süddeutsche Zeitung, 10 May 2010
  2. ^ Biathlon: Ex-Biathlet Frank Luck entlastet Ullrich, focus.de, 7 April 2009
  3. ^ "Frank Luck". IBU Datacenter. International Biathlon Union. Retrieved 1 June 2015.

External linksEdit