Motocross des Nations

Ricky Carmichael individual and overall winner in 2005.
Monster Energy FIM Motocross of Nations
Local name Monster Energy Motocross of Nations
Homepage Homepage
Location various
Frequency annual
Date September/October
Type MXGP/MX2/Open
First edition 1947
Number of editions 70
First winner Great Britain
Latest winner Italy (2021)
Most wins United States (22 wins)

The Motocross des Nations (in French) is an annual team motocross race, where riders representing their country meet at what is billed as the "Olympics of Motocross". The event has been staged since 1947, where the team of Bill Nicholson, Fred Rist and Bob Ray, representing Great Britain, took home the Chamberlain Trophy for the first time.[1][2]

The event as it stands today is an amalgamation of three separate events, the original Motocross des Nations, raced with 500cc motorcycles, the Trophée des Nations, raced with 250cc motorcycles, and the Coupe des Nations, for 125cc motorcycles. Before 1984, the three events were held in different locations on different weekends, whereafter they were combined into a single event with one rider per class.

The scoring for the event works on the position system, i.e. first place is awarded one point, second place two, etc. Each class (currently MXGP, MX2 and Open) races twice, each time against one of other two classes, for a total of three races. The worst score of three races is dropped, and the lowest combined score wins.

The event's name has been officially anglicised (as Motocross of Nations "MXON") since 2004, when Youthstream was awarded promotional rights for the World Motocross Grand Prix, although the general moniker Des Nations or MXDN is still very much in use. Races are streamed live on the MXGP website.

Historically Great Britain dominated the early years, before the competition became more fierce. With the rise of motocross in North America from the 1970s, the USA embarked on a famous winning streak, lasting 13 years from 1981 to 1993.

Motocross des Nations winnersEdit

Year Location Winning team Winning riders
2023   Ernée
2022   Red Bud[3]
2021   Mantova   Italy Antonio Cairoli / Alessandro Lupino / Mattia Guadagnini
2020   Ernée Cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[4]
2019   Assen   Netherlands Jeffrey Herlings / Calvin Vlaanderen / Glenn Coldenhoff
2018   Red Bud   France Gautier Paulin / Dylan Ferrandis / Jordi Tixier
2017   Matterley Basin   France Gautier Paulin / Christophe Charlier / Romain Febvre
2016   Maggiora   France Gautier Paulin / Benoît Paturel / Romain Febvre
2015   Ernée   France Gautier Paulin / Marvin Musquin / Romain Febvre
2014   Ķegums   France Gautier Paulin / Dylan Ferrandis / Steven Frossard
2013   Teutschenthal   Belgium Ken De Dycker / Jeremy Van Horebeek / Clément Desalle
2012   Lommel   Germany Maximilian Nagl / Ken Roczen / Marcus Schiffer
2011   Saint-Jean-d'Angély   USA Ryan Dungey / Blake Baggett / Ryan Villopoto
2010   Lakewood   USA Ryan Dungey / Trey Canard / Andrew Short
2009   Franciacorta   USA Ryan Dungey / Jake Weimer / Ivan Tedesco
2008   Donington Park   USA James Stewart, Jr. / Ryan Villopoto / Tim Ferry
2007   Budds Creek   USA Ricky Carmichael / Ryan Villopoto / Tim Ferry
2006   Matterley Basin   USA James Stewart, Jr. / Ryan Villopoto / Ivan Tedesco
2005   Ernée   USA Ricky Carmichael / Kevin Windham / Ivan Tedesco
2004   Lierop   Belgium Stefan Everts / Steve Ramon / Kevin Strijbos
2003   Zolder   Belgium Stefan Everts / Steve Ramon / Joël Smets
2002   Bellpuig   Italy Andrea Bartolini / Alessio Chiodi / Alessandro Puzar
2001   Namur   France Yves Demaria / Luigi Seguy / David Vuillemin
2000   Saint-Jean-d'Angély   USA Ricky Carmichael / Ryan Hughes / Travis Pastrana
1999   Indaiatuba   Italy Andrea Bartolini / Alessio Chiodi/ Claudio Federici
1998   Foxhills   Belgium Marnicq Bervoets / Patrick Caps / Stefan Everts
1997   Nismes   Belgium Marnicq Bervoets / Stefan Everts / Joël Smets
1996   Jerez de la Frontera   USA Jeff Emig / Steve Lamson / Jeremy McGrath
1995   Sverepec   Belgium Marnicq Bervoets / Stefan Everts / Joël Smets
1994   Roggenburg   Great Britain Rob Herring / Paul Malin / Kurt Nicoll
1993   Schwanenstadt   USA Jeff Emig / Mike Kiedrowski / Jeremy McGrath
1992   Manjimup   USA Jeff Emig / Mike LaRocco / Billy Liles
1991   Valkenswaard   USA Damon Bradshaw / Mike Kiedrowski / Jeff Stanton
1990   Vimmerby   USA Damon Bradshaw / Jeff Stanton / Jeff Ward
1989   Gaildorf   USA Mike Kiedrowski / Jeff Stanton / Jeff Ward
1988   Villars-sous-Écot[5]   USA Rick Johnson / Ron Lechien / Jeff Ward
1987   Unadilla   USA Bob Hannah / Rick Johnson / Jeff Ward
1986   Maggiora   USA David Bailey / Rick Johnson / Johnny O'Mara
1985   Gaildorf   USA David Bailey / Ron Lechien / Jeff Ward
1984   Vantaa   USA David Bailey / Rick Johnson / Johnny O'Mara / Jeff Ward
1983   Angreau   USA David Bailey / Mark Barnett / Broc Glover / Jeff Ward
1982   Wohlen   USA David Bailey / Danny Chandler / Jim Gibson / Johnny O'Mara
1981   Bielstein   USA Donnie Hansen / Danny LaPorte / Johnny O'Mara / Chuck Sun
1980   Farleigh Castle   Belgium Georges Jobé / André Malherbe / Ivan Van Den Broek / André Vromans
1979   Stockholm   Belgium Roger De Coster / Harry Everts / André Malherbe / Ivan Van Den Broek
1978   Gaildorf   USSR Kavinov / Khudiakov / Korneev / Guennady Moisseev
1977   Cognac   Belgium Roger De Coster / André Malherbe / Jean-Paul Mingles / Jaak van Velthoven
1976   Sint Anthonis   Belgium Roger De Coster / Harry Everts / Gaston Rahier / Jaak van Velthoven
1975   Sedlčany   Czechoslovakia Bavorovský / Churavý / Naváček / Velký
1974   Stockholm   Sweden Bengt Aberg / Hakan Andersson / Ake Jonsson / Arne Kring
1973   Wohlen   Belgium Roger De Coster / Sylvain Geboers / René Heeren / Jaak van Velthoven
1972   Norg   Belgium Roger De Coster / Rene Van de Vorst / Jaak van Velthoven
1971   Vannes   Sweden Bengt Aberg / Christer Hammargren / Ake Jonsson / Olle Petersson
1970   Maggiora   Sweden Bengt Aberg / Christer Hammargren / Ake Jonsson / Arne Kring
1969   Farleigh Castle   Belgium Roger De Coster / Sylvain Geboers / Joël Robert / Jef Teeuwissen
1968   Chișinău   USSR Arnis Angers/ Evgeni Petushkov / Vladimir Pogrebniak / Leonid Shinkarenko
1967   Markelo   Great Britain Dave Bickers / Vic Eastwood/ Jeff Smith
1966   Rémalard   Great Britain Dave Bickers / Vic Eastwood / Derek Rickman
1965   Namur   Great Britain Arthur Lampkin / Vic Eastwood / Jeff Smith
1964   Hawkstone Park   Great Britain Don Rickman / Derek Rickman / Jeff Smith
1963   Knutstorp   Great Britain John Burton / Don Rickman / Derek Rickman / Arthur Lampkin / Jeff Smith
1962   Wohlen   Sweden Jan Johansson / Ove Lundell / Rolf Tibblin
1961   Schijndel   Sweden Ove Lundell / Bill Nilsson / Rolf Tibblin
1960   Cassel   Great Britain Curtis / Rickman / Jeff Smith
1959   Namur   Great Britain John Draper / Rickman / Jeff Smith
1958   Knutstorp   Sweden Lars Gustavsson / Ove Lundell / Bill Nilsson
1957   Brands Hatch   Great Britain Curtis / Martin / Jeff Smith
1956   Namur   Great Britain John Draper / Jeff Smith/ Geoff Ward
1955   Randers   Sweden Lars Gustavsson / Sten Lundin / Bill Nilsson
1954   Norg   Great Britain Curtis / Brian Stonebridge / Geoff Ward
1953   Värnamo-Skillingaryd   Great Britain Les Archer / John Draper / Geoff Ward
1952   Brands Hatch   Great Britain Les Archer / Brian Stonebridge / Geoff Ward
1951   Namur   Belgium Jansen / Leloup / Meunier
1950   Värnamo-Skillingaryd   Great Britain John Draper / Basil Hall / Harold Lines
1949   Brands Hatch   Great Britain Harold Lines / Bob Manns / Ian Soovell
1948   Spa   Belgium Cox / Jansen / Milhoux
1947   Wassenaar   Great Britain Bill Nicholson / Bob Ray / Fred Rist

Participating nations 2000–2021Edit

  Argentina 30th 22nd
  Australia 7th 6th 14th 13th 16th 11th 20th 6th 7th 6th 3rd 10th 4th 14th 7th 8th 6th 4th 15th
  Austria 13th 22nd 23rd 21st 23rd 12th 20th 24th 12th 10th 15th 12th 17th 9th
  Belarus 27th
  Belgium 3rd 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 3rd 2nd 3rd 3rd 3rd 2nd 5th 2nd 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 4th 6th 2nd 6th
  Brazil 23rd 23rd 16th 14th 14th 18th 27th 32nd 31st 27th 27th 24th 23rd 16th 24th
  Bulgaria 18th
  Canada 28th 26th 8th 17th 18th 10th 13th 27th 16th 23rd 17th 10th 13th 10th 14th
  Chile 18th
  China 30th 35th
  Costa Rica 26th 24th
  Croatia 17th 24th 28th 25th 29th 29th 30th 34th 32nd 30th 31st 27th 30th 26th
  Cyprus 29th 36th 33rd
  Czech Republic 9th 12th 8th 10th 16th 18th 16th 17th 25th 21st 14th 21st 15th 25th 22nd 16th 22nd 15th 26th 17th
  Denmark 15th 19th 12th 12th 21st 20th 23rd 20th 15th 18th 18th 14th 15th 15th 14th 11th 10th 10th
  Dominican Republic 30th
  Ecuador 22nd 21st
  Estonia 24th 11th 7th 8th 4th 6th 9th 11th 12th 8th 15th 10th 7th 10th 9th 4th 9th 8th 9th 4th 7th
  Finland 8th 10th 3rd 3rd 6th 11th 10th 11th 18th 14th 17th 20th 18th 16th 28th 29th 31st 12th
  France 18th 1st 6th 9th 3rd 2nd 5th 2nd 2nd 2nd 7th 2nd 6th 5th 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 5th 5th
  Germany 10th 5th 16th 19th 11th 14th 13th 9th 10th 4th 3rd 7th 1st 7th 5th 9th 22nd 20th 9th 7th 11th
  Great Britain 4th 4th 6th 9th 5th 6th 5th 4th 5th 4th 4th 8th 6th 4th 18th 7th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
  Greece 30th 28th 27th 25th 32nd 33rd 31st 36th 31st 32nd 35th 34th 31st 30th
  Guatemala 27th 25th 23rd 26th 27th
  Hungary 27th 29th 27th 26th 31st 28th 28th 26th 27th 33rd
  Iceland 29th 30th 30th 30th 32nd 30th 37th 36th 29th 24th 27th 29th
  Ireland 11th 14th 9th 7th 14th 22nd 31st 13th 21st 16th 20th 19th 13th 22nd 19th 17th 20th 15th 13th 18th 22nd
  Israel 40th 34th 36th 38th 38th 29th
  Italy 2nd 17th 1st 17th 15th 13th 4th 4th 5th 6th 5th 16th 5th 3rd 6th 14th 5th 7th DQ 16th 1st
  Japan 6th 5th 17th 12th 12th 7th 17th 19th 13th 26th 24th 22nd 20th 18th 21st 29th
  Kuwait 36th
  Latvia 16th 18th 13th 18th 23rd 26th 24th 15th 16th 17th 17th 22nd 14th 16th 12th 19th 32nd 25th 8th 15th
  Lithuania 30th 31st 26th 28th 35th 28th 31st 22nd 26th 24th 25th 19th 35th 28th 13th
  Luxembourg 26th 38th 33rd 34th 37th 37th 34th
  Mexico 27th 27th 25th
  Mongolia 32nd 33rd
  Morocco 17th 35th 31st
  Netherlands 32nd 15th 20th 2nd 7th 22nd 18th 19th 9th 4th 11th 10th 6th 2nd 2nd 2nd 1st 2nd
  New Zealand 19th 3rd 4th 7th 4th 3rd 8th 11th 8th 29th 15th 20th 23rd 8th 17th 21st 17th 19th
  Norway 25th 22nd 15th 20th 20th 27th 25th 26th 17th 19th 23rd 24th 12th
  Philippines 29th 28th
  Poland 25th 28th 24th 30th 32nd 21st 21st
  Portugal 14th 8th 14th 23rd 10th 8th 14th 19th 24th 13th 9th 11th 9th 17th 13th 16th 21st 16th 20th 22nd 27th
  Puerto Rico 28th 19th 26th 10th 24th 23rd 21st 18th 33rd 26th 17th 18th 32nd
  Romania 32nd
  Russia 29th 21st 21st 18th 24th 25th 22nd 22nd 15th 11th 8th 8th 12th 11th 14th 25th 4th
  San Marino 34th
  Slovakia 25th 25th 15th 29th 24th 35th 29th 26th 28th 19th 25th
  Slovenia 21st 13th 11th 16th 24th 21st 28th 26th 28th 23rd 16th 27th 20th 21st 23rd 12th 13th 24th
  South Africa 5th 9th 11th 5th 9th 7th 12th 15th 9th 6th 27th 25th 26th 23rd 20th 20th
  Spain 12th 16th 4th 24th 12th 10th 8th 6th 7th 12th 13th 8th 25th 13th 21st 11th 12th 18th 7th 9th 16th
  Sweden 20th 7th 5th 13th 19th 19th 19th 14th 23rd 20th 22nd 21st 12th 30th 11th 13th 13th 10th 11th 14th 19th
  Switzerland 22nd 20th 10th 22nd 15th 18th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 19th 9th 7th 5th 6th 5th 19th 11th 8th
  Thailand 34th 34th 33rd 39th 36th
  United States 1st 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 3rd 2nd 3rd 2nd 3rd 9th 5th 6th
  Ukraine 31st 28th 21st 25th 28th 29th 30th 31st 33rd 28th 26th 23rd 28th
  Venezuela 26th 27th 15th 24th 31st 23rd 25th 29th 33rd 29th 14th 23rd
Total 32 31 17 28 27 29 31 30 32 36 30 36 33 40 34 36 38 38 30 34 31

Participating nations pre-2000Edit

  Andorra 23rd
  Argentina 16th
  Australia 20th 7th 16th 4th 7th 7th 10th 6th 13th 17th 14th 19th 11th 16th 8th
  Austria 11th 23rd 12th 12th 13th 13th 9th 8th 9th 12th 17th 18th 29th
  Belarus 29th 31st
  Belgium 8th 22nd 3rd 10th 9th 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd 4th 1st 3rd 1st 1st 3rd
  Brazil 27th 31st 14th
  Canada 10th 16th 12th 13th 17th
  Chile 18th
  Croatia 21st 22nd 24th 23rd 22nd 28th 12th
  Czechoslovakia 6th 10th 14th 11th 16th 14th
  Czech Republic 11th 15th 10th 10th 13th 8th
  Denmark 12th 12th 8th 16th 16th 9th 9th 8th 9th 11th 13th 16th 9th 13th
  East Germany 21st
  Estonia 16th 21st 18th 13th 25th 10th 17th
  Finland 7th 4th 9th 3rd 22nd 10th 6th 15th 14th 9th 9th 19th 2nd 11th
  France 9th 8th 5th 2nd 6th 12th 23rd 4th 25th 3rd 3rd 2nd 5th 12th 2nd
  Germany 3rd 9th 4th 8th 5th 8th 7th 15th 6th 5th 8th 4th 6th 6th 9th
  Great Britain 5th 2nd 10th 9th 3rd 6th 5th 3rd 4th 1st 4th 14th 3rd 7th 5th
  Greece 17th 18th 20th 21st 28th 30th
  Hong Kong 21st
  Hungary 24th 19th 23rd 26th 25th 28th 23rd
  Ireland 15th 15th 18th 17th 17th 17th 12th 26th 13th 21st 11th 14th 24th
  Italy 4th 3rd 6th 7th 2nd 4th 8th 23rd 20th 19th 8th 2nd 11th 1st
  Japan 15th 14th 20th 17th 10th
  Latvia 11th 17th 25th 30th 21st 21st 22nd
  Lithuania 29th 30th 28th 22nd 30th
  Luxembourg 24th 19th 4th 11th 22nd 22nd 31st 29th 31st 27th
  Netherlands 2nd 5th 2nd 5th 10th 5th 3rd 7th 24th 6th 5th 5th 10th 4th 6th
  New Zealand 17th 17th 20th 10th 5th 16th 7th 6th 7th 3rd
  Norway 21st 18th 14th 11th 10th 12th 22nd 26th 25th
  Poland 18th 19th 22nd 21st 22nd
  Portugal 19th 20th 21st 26th 17th 24th 24th 21st 13th
  Russia 18th 27th 25th 32nd 26th
  San Marino 11th 11th 13th
  Slovakia 24th 15th 23rd 18th 15th
  Slovenia 27th 18th 23rd 12th 12th 9th 20th
 /  South Africa 12th 16th 7th 8th 16th 16th 19th
  Soviet Union 18th 19th
  Spain 14th 14th 11th 14th 19th 15th 14th 10th 11th 15th 15th 15th 7th
  Sweden 14th 6th 7th 6th 8th 3rd 4th 5th 3rd 7th 6th 7th 4th 20th
  Switzerland 13th 13th 13th 15th 15th 16th 18th 13th 12th 19th 20th 18th 20th 14th
  Ukraine 20th 28th 27th 29th
  United States 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 8th 5th 4th
  Uruguay 19th
  Yugoslavia 16th 15th 20th 19th 20th
Total 21 24 17 23 22 22 24 16 29 31 31 25 32 31 20

Participating nations: 500cc-only eraEdit

  Austria 8th 10th 5th
  Belgium 7th 4th 3rd 6th 3rd 3rd 2nd 2nd 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 10th 2nd 1st 1st 3rd 1st 1st 3rd 2nd 2nd 2nd
 /  Canada 7th 11th
  Czechoslovakia 4th 3rd 3rd 4th 1st 12th 7th
  Denmark 5th 6th 6th 4th 8th 6th 6th 5th 7th 7th 7th 10th 11th 6th 10th 7th 11th 8th 9th 11th 7th 12th 12th 11th 9th 10th
  East Germany 9th 5th 2nd
  Finland 8th 5th 5th 12th 7th 12th 4th 7th 10th 14th 8th 9th 9th 14th 5th
  France 3rd 3rd 4th 3rd 6th 4th 5th 4th 5th 9th 3rd 5th 9th 8th 8th 8th 6th 14th 9th 6th 8th 11th 7th 8th 7th 6th 11th
  Germany 8th 11th 12th 3rd 7th 2nd 3rd 3rd 4th 9th 5th 7th
  Great Britain 2nd 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 3rd 4th 4th 5th 5th 4th 3rd 6th 3rd 5th 2nd 4th 2nd 3rd 3rd 4th
  Ireland 8th 12th 11th 11th 12th 12th
  Italy 6th 8th 7th 5th 10th 6th 9th 11th 12th 7th 13th 5th 10th 6th 14th 4th 7th 8th
  Luxembourg 10th 15th 10th 4th 6th
  Netherlands 4th 5th 5th 7th 7th 3rd 6th 6th 4th 6th 5th 6th 3rd 6th 5th 6th 2nd 8th 9th 5th 2nd 7th 6th 8th 9th
  New Zealand 13th
  Norway 9th 11th 9th 8th 11th 12th 9th 13th
  Romania 4th
  Sweden 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 2nd 8th 7th 3rd 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 13th 14th 4th 6th 6th 5th 5th 8th 3rd
  Switzerland 7th 9th 5th 4th 7th 4th 3rd 8th 10th 6th 9th 8th 7th 10th 9th 8th 10th 10th 11th 13th 10th 14th 13th 13th 10th 12th
  United States 10th 7th 4th 2nd 9th 5th 2nd 4th 1st 1st 1st 1st
  USSR 5th 4th 6th 1st 7th 12th 3rd 3rd 5th 4th 1st 4th 6th
Total 7 8 9 7 8 7 8 7 10 10 6 9 10 12 12 12 12 14 14 12 14 11 14 15 14 12 13

Trophée des Nations winners[6][7]Edit

Year Location Team Riders
1961 Avigliana, Italy   Great Britain Jeff Smith / Dave Bickers / Arthur Lampkin
1962 Ipswich, Great Britain   Great Britain Jeff Smith / Dave Bickers / Arthur Lampkin
1963 Loppem, Belgium   Sweden Torsten Hallman / Lars Forsberg / Cenneth Lööf
1964 Markelo, Netherlands   Sweden Torsten Hallman / Åke Jonsson / Olle Petersson
1965 Cancelled due to bad riding conditions[8]
1966 Brands Hatch, Great Britain   Sweden Torsten Hallman / Åke Tornblom / Olle Petersson
1967 Holice, Czechoslovakia   Sweden Torsten Hallman / Åke Jonsson / Olle Petersson
1968 Payerne, Switzerland   Sweden Bengt Åberg / Christer Hammargren / Bengt-Arne Bonn
1969 Kester, Belgium   Belgium Roger De Coster / Joël Robert / Sylvain Geboers
1970 Knutstorp, Sweden   Belgium Roger De Coster / Joël Robert / Sylvain Geboers
1971 Holice, Czechoslovakia   Belgium Roger De Coster / Sylvain Geboers / Jaak van Velthoven
1972 Genk, Belgium   Belgium Roger De Coster / Joël Robert / Jaak van Velthoven / Marcel Wiertz
1973 Donington Park, Great Britain   Belgium Roger De Coster / Sylvain Geboers / Jaak van Velthoven / Jean-Claude Laquaye
1974 Vesoul, France   Belgium Roger De Coster / Gaston Rahier / Jaak van Velthoven / Harry Everts
1975 Maggiora, Italy   Belgium Roger De Coster / Gaston Rahier / Jaak van Velthoven / Harry Everts
1976 Wohlen, Switzerland   Belgium Roger De Coster / Gaston Rahier / Jaak van Velthoven / Harry Everts
1977 Markelo, Netherlands   Belgium Roger De Coster / André Malherbe / Jaak van Velthoven / Harry Everts
1978 Kester, Belgium   Belgium Roger De Coster / Gaston Rahier / Jaak van Velthoven / Harry Everts
1979 Stockholm, Sweden   Soviet Union Guennady Moisseev / Vladimir Kavinov / Vladimir Korneev / Yuri Khudiakov
1980 Maggiora, Italy   Belgium André Malherbe / Harry Everts / Georges Jobé / André Vromans
1981 Lommel, Belgium   United States Chuck Sun / Danny LaPorte / Johnny O’Mara / Donnie Hansen
1982 Gaildorf, Germany   United States David Bailey / Johnny O’Mara / Danny Chandler / Jim Gibson
1983 Považská Bystrica, Czechoslovakia   United States David Bailey / Mark Barnett / Broc Glover / Jeff Ward
1984 Varberg, Sweden   United States Broc Glover / Johnny O’Mara / Ricky Johnson / Jeff Ward


  1. ^ "History of Individual Motocross World Championships". Archived from the original on 23 September 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Motocross goes International 1947 through 1965". Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  3. ^ "RedBud to host the 75th Edition of the Monster Energy FIM Motocross of Nations in 2022".
  4. ^ "2020 FIM Motocross World Championship Calendar Update & 2020 Monster Energy FIM Motocross of Nations cancelled". MXGP. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Trophée des Nations winners" (PDF). Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  7. ^ "Trophée des Nations results". Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Vintage History – 1960s". Archived from the original on 29 September 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.

External linksEdit