Awadhi language(Redirected from Avadhi)
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Awadhi (Devanagari: अवधी) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and Terai belt of Nepal. Awadhi was classified as Eastern Hindi by George Abraham Grierson, who commissioned the Linguistic Survey of India.
|Native to||India, Nepal, Fiji (as Fijian Hindustani)|
|Region||Awadh and Lower Doab regions in Uttar Pradesh and Nepal and adjacent areas of neighboring states|
|38 million (2001)
501,752 in Nepal (2011) Census results conflate most speakers with Hindi.
|Devanagari, Kaithi, Perso-Arabic|
Official language in
| Fiji (as Fiji Hindi)
Awadhi is spoken in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh. The dialect can be found in the following districts:
|Mother||Mahtari / Maai / Amma|
|Father||Baap / bappa / abba / Babu|
|Brother||Bhaiya / Bhai / Bhaijan / Daada|
|Sister||Bhaini / Didiya / didda / bachchi|
|Son||Put / Beta / lerka / launda / ladika|
|Daughter||Bitiya / ladiki / bitti|
|Grandfather||Daada (paternal) / Nana (maternal) / aaja / baba / babu|
|Grandmother||Daadi (paternal) / Nani (maternal) / aaaji / ajiya / Amma|
|Brother-in-law||Devar / Saala=saar / Jeeja=bahnoi|
|Sister-in-law||Bhauji / Saali=saari / Nanad=nand / Sarhaj|
|Uncle||Chacha / Kaka (paternal), Phupha (paternal, by marriage) / Mama (maternal), Mausiya (maternal, by marriage)|
|Aunty||Chachi / Kaki (paternal, by marriage), Bua or Phua (paternal) / Mami or Mayi (maternal, by marriage), Mausi (maternal)|
|Yellow||Peela or Piyar|
|Green||Hara or Hariyar|
|Brown||Bhura or Bhuwar|
Name of days
|What||Kaa/ Kya / kaav|
|Who||Ko / Kay|
|Whom||Kikai or Kaykai|
|Whose||kikai (normal) or kaykai|
|What stuff||Kaa chij|
|Which stuff||Kaun chij|
|No.||हिंदी Hindi||Awadhi||अवधी||संस्कृत Sanskrit|
|1||चैत Chait||Chait||चइत||चैत्र Chaitra|
|2||बैसाख Baisakh||Baisakh||बैसाख||वैशाख Vaishakha|
|3||जेठ Jeth||Jeth||जेठ||ज्येष्ठ Jyeshtha|
|4||अषाढ़ Asharh||Asarh||अषाढ़||आषाढ Asharha|
|5||सावन Sawan||Sawan||सावन||श्रावण Shravana|
|6||भादो Bhado||Bhado||भादो||भाद्रपद,भाद्र,प्रोष्ठपद Bhadrapada|
|7||आश्विन Ashwin||Kuwar||कुवार||आश्विन Ashwina|
|8||कार्तिक Kartik||Katik||कातिक||कार्तिक Kartika|
|9||अग्रहन Agrahan||Agahan||अगहन||अग्रहायण,मार्गशीर्ष Agrahaayana|
|10||पौष Paus||Poos||पूस||पौष Pausha|
|11||माघ Magh||Magh||माघ||माघ Maagha|
|12||फाल्गुन Phalgun||Phagun||फागुन||फाल्गुन Phalguna|
Important works in Awadhi are the Candayan of Maulana Da’ud, the Padmavat of Malik Mohammad Jaisi (1540 A.D.), the Ramcharitmanas and Hanuman Chalisa of Tulsidas (1575 A.D.), and Indravati by Nur Muhammad (1757 A.D.).
Bollywood star Amitabh Bachhan has a noted propensity for switching to Awadhi in his many movies and songs like Rang Barse Bhige Chunar Wali from Silsila, Holi Khele Raghuvira Awadh Mein from Baghban, and Ek Rahe Eer Ek Rahe Beer from Bhootnath. Recently in the serial Yudh which aired on Sony Entertainment Television (India), Bachchan spoke parts of his dialogue in Awadhi which were received with critical acclaim. According to the Hindustan Times: "We simply loved Amitabh Bachchan speaking Awadhi on TV! Only an actor of his calibre could transform himself from a high-class English speaking businessman to rattle off the dialogues in Awadhi. He has done it in the past for a few Bollywood and regional films, but not as regularly as one would have liked him, to show off grasp over the language. It was great to see him speak in fluent Awadhi in Wednesday's episode."
- Awadhi at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
- "Census of India: Abstract of speakers’ strength of languages and mother tongues –2001". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-03-02.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Awadhi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- "The Record News". Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "Evolution of Awadhi (a Branch of Hindi). - Baburam Saksena - Google Books". Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2015-03-02.
- "Yudh review: Amitabh Bachchan's show limps back to sluggish pace". Hindustantimes.com. 2014-07-18. Retrieved 2015-03-02.