Bhadohi district is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The city of Gyanpur is the district headquarters. Bhadohi is one of largest centres of Carpet Industries in India and known as ' Carpet City'. Carpets of Bhadohi have 'Geographical Indication' tag attached to it. Bhadohi has huge geographical significance and position attached to it due to its location between two culturally important and rich heritage cities of Prayagraj and Varanasi.
A view of Morva River from Moosilatpur Puliya
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Bhadohi|
|• Total||1,055.99 km2 (407.72 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||89.14 per cent|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
According to the epic Mahābhārata, the Pandavas escaped from Lakshyagrah through a tunnel and took shelter here at a place called Semradhnath. It is also said that Mata Sita, wife of lord Rama, lived here in the ashram of Maharshi Balmiki when she was abandoned by Lord Rama. Here, Lav and Kush were born and Mata Sita immersed herself in the lap of goddess Earth.
Bhadohi supposedly gets its name from Bhar Raj of the region which had Bhadohi as its capital, whose traces can be found in the names of ruined mounds and old tanks named after the Bhar rulers, a tributary of Kannauj kingdom, which in the early medieval period was included in the Kingdom of Jaunpur.
By the fifteenth century the Bhar were overpowered by Monas Rajputs with Sagar Rai as the first head of the clan, and his grandson, Jodh Rai received it as a zamindari sanad (deed) from Mughal Emperor Shah-e-Jahan.
However around 1750 AD due to non-payment of land revenue arrears, Raja Pratap Singh of Pratapgarh, in lieu of his paying the arrears gave the entire pargana to Balwant Singh of Benaras, subsequently he received it directly under a sanad from Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula of Awadh under British influence in 1770 AD.
Bhadohi was created on 30 June 1994 as the 65th district of the State. It was part of Varanasi district prior to its creation.
This district is situated in the plains of the Ganges River, which forms the southwestern border of the district. Ganges, Varuna and Morva are the main rivers. The district is surrounded by Jaunpur district to the north, Varanasi district to the east, Mirzapur district to the south, and Allahabad district to the west. The district has an area of 1055.99 km². Bhoganw and Rampur is a famous ghat in Bhadohi, and there are some famous temples in Bhadohi: Sita Samahit Sthal (Sitamarhi), Semradhnath Bhole Shankar Mandir, Baba Harihar Nath (Gyanpur), Baba Doodhnath (Gyanpur), Baba Pandwa Nath Mandir (Kaulapur) Chakwa Mahaveer,Baba Bade Shiv Mandir (Gopiganj) , Shiv Mandir (Sundarpur), Ram Mandir (Kaulapur Jimdaar Parivar) , Ghopaila Devi Mandir (Gyanpur), Shani Dham, Baba Tileshwarnath Mandir situated in Tilanga village and Bhadrakaali temples, and Baba Gangeshwarnath Dham situated in Itahara Uparwar Village.
There are 1075 populated and 149 non-populated villages along with 79 nyay-panchayat and 489 gram panchayats in the district. The district has nine police stations.
According to the 2011 census Bhadohi district had a population of 1,578,213, roughly equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 320th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,531 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,970/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.81%. Bhadohi has a sex ratio of 950 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 89.14%.
Carpet weaving in Bhadohi-Mirzapur region dates back to the 16th century, during the reign of Mughal Emperor, Akbar and is believed to have established when centuries ago, some Iranian master weavers stopped at Madhosingh village, near Khamaria, in Bhadohi while travelling in India, and subsequently set up looms here.
The present day Bhadohi district is biggest carpet manufacturing centres in India, most known for its hand-knotted carpet. While the Mirzapur-Bhadohi region has the largest number of weavers involved in handmade carpet weaving cluster, engaging around 3.2 million people in the industry, Bhadohi alone employs 2.2 million rural artisans in its 100 percent export-oriented industry. Bhadohi based organisations account for about 75% of the Rs 44 billion of total carpet exports from India, The annual turnover of carpet exports from Bhadohi was Rs 25 billion (approx) in 2010.
In 2010, the carpets of the region received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag, which means carpets manufactured in nine districts of the region, Bhadohi, Mirzapur, Varanasi, Ghazipur, Sonebhadra, Kaushambi, Allahabad, Jaunpur and Chandauli would be tagged with 'handmade carpet of Bhadohi'. Most of the production is aimed at foreign countries.
Well-known carpet types from Bhadohi include cotton Dhurries, Chhapra Mir carpets, Abusan, Persian, Loribaft, Indo Gabbeh but also Nepalese carpets and more recent shaggy type carpets. They are manufactured in various qualities.
Bhadohi received a major boost in November 2018 as the government has extended the 'export excellence' tag to it. Under the 'Towns of Export Excellence' tag, carpet makers of the city will get financial assistance from the central government to procure modern machines, improve export infrastructure, and organise fairs and exhibitions in different parts of the world to attract global buyers. Bhadohi will be the 37th town in India to get this status. The tag would help put the carpet city on the world map.
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