Wikipedia:WikiProject Lepidoptera

Macroglossum stellatarum, a featured picture by IronChris on 27 September 2006

The aim of this WikiProject is to set out broad suggestions about how to organize data in the articles relating to the insect order Lepidoptera, which comprises the butterflies and moths. We also hope to encourage the development of important stubs and articles following these suggestions, which are not obligatory except in the case of WikiProject Lepidoptera Article Guidelines. These guidelines are being formulated as policy to give a more uniform look, feel, and organisation to WP Lepidoptera articles and are in the process of being developed through discussion and consensus on the project talk page. In the case of these guidelines (when formulated) editors are expected to follow with exceptions to be discussed on the project talk page before implementation.

Parentage edit

This WikiProject is an offshoot of WikiProject Tree of Life

WikiProject Science
WikiProject Biology
WikiProject Tree of Life
WikiProject Animals
WikiProject Arthropods
WikiProject Insects
WikiProject Lepidoptera

Participants edit

To become a member, just add yourself in the right place to this alphabetical list.

Inactive edit

Extended content

Editors who have not edited anywhere on since April 2021

WikiProject guidelines edit

The following guidelines have been established with consensus after reasoned debate in WikiProject Lepidoptera and should be followed. In case of exceptions please discuss first on the talk page.

Format for article edit

A suggested format for articles on Lepidoptera is given in the Article formats page.

See Moduza procris (commander) and Eacles imperialis (imperial moth) as examples of typical species accounts.

Some species have extremely little information and are little more than stubs, so most of these headings are deleted. See Parnassius imperator augustus (imperial Apollo) as an example. Such species in a single genus probably would merit consolidation in the near future, as per the accepted usage.

In some cases, the species has additional interesting information which merits separate sections and sub-sections. These are issues such as taxonomy, polymorphy, mimicry, ant-association, migration or any such feature characteristic to that species and warranting a detailed treatment by itself. Hence additional headings are provided on an as-required basis. The sequence of headings, sections and sub-sections may also be changed to represent the information in the best and most convenient manner possible.

See Danaus chrysippus (plain tiger) and Papilio polytes (common Mormon) as such examples.

Article assessment and quality edit

Monitoring edit

New articles edit

This list was generated from these rules. Questions and feedback are always welcome! The search is being run daily with the most recent ~14 days of results. Note: Some articles may not be relevant to this project.

Rules | Match log | Results page (for watching) | Last updated: 2024-02-26 21:28 (UTC)

Note: The list display can now be customized by each user. See List display personalization for details.

Article alerts edit

Articles to be split

Articles needing cleanup edit

Popular pages edit

Wikipedia:WikiProject Lepidoptera/Popular pages

Progress edit


Goals edit

One key aim is to set an extremely high standard of writing quality and user-friendliness in this project.

Use of media and level of detail edit

The articles try to display as many relevant images as possible. The aim being to be as useful and encyclopedic as is necessary. We would like to have, and in some cases, we have been able to obtain photos of:

  • Adult (imago), egg, larva (or caterpillar) and chrysalis (pupa or cocoon).
  • Male and female forms, polymorphic forms, mimic forms, dorsal and ventral views.
  • Butterflies and moths involved in activities such as nectar-sipping, mud-puddling, mating, basking, migration, etc.
  • Comparison of photos between models and mimics.
  • Photos of any other aspect of natural history relevant such as host plant or parasites.
  • Drawings or illustrations from old books, paintings or sculpture.

In the future we would like to attach video clips, list of common and vernacular names, distribution maps and comparison galleries to ease species identification.

Tasks edit

Task Set 1 - Get the basic framework up edit

  • Prepare viable checklists for each family of Lepidoptera.
  • Get the taxonomic check done through various resources:
    • may eventually be the primary database to lookup
    • WikiSpecies pages on Lepidoptera are growing, so check Lepidoptera overall or Butterflies to see what has been posted on this sister Wiki project.
    • LEPINDEX ([1] Archived 2008-04-09 at the Wayback Machine). (N.B., LepIndex is not 100% accurate (though very close to it!), nor very up-to-date. Where recent authoritative publications post date the taxonomy in LepIndex, use and cite them.)
    • Markku Savela's site - Lepidoptera and some other life forms.(N.B. Incomplete and incorrect at places, a collection of disparate data; good for a quick and dirty overview).
    • Tree of Life Web site (TOLWeb) (Basically lists of species in genera. Suitable for seeing which species are presently considered valid by the panel of experts for that family/subfamily/genera).
    • WikiSpecies pages on Lepidoptera are growing, so check there to see what has been posted on this sister Wiki project.
    • van Nieukirken et al., 2011. Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In:Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal Biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 212-221. [open access paper published in December 2011]
  • Place the stubs.
  • Prepare articles to extent possible up to the required standard.
  • Place images suitably captioned.

Task Set 2 - Improve general standard of the project edit

  • Get maximum information, images, links and references for each article. Each article to be made up to required standard.
  • Get a recording for spoken Wikipedia for each stable article.
  • Get short videos appropriately for each article, convert to Ogg Theora, place on WM Commons and link up on the articles.
  • Get maps ready for each species and place in each article.

Article and task requests edit

PopularOutcast, you just change the banner at the top of the articles's talk page from Stub to Start.   Done Tony Holkham (Talk) 08:46, 11 September 2018 (UTC)Reply[reply]
  • Laothoe populi The list of synonyms in the info box is enormous and disrupts the flow of the article. Unless anyone objects, I will make this a three-column section in the body of the article. I've repeated this on the article's talk page. Tony Holkham (Talk) 10:58, 14 September 2018 (UTC)Reply[reply]
  • I need help on Atalopedes campestris. I've done the best I can. I am not a biologist so I think some part are not clear or I may have interpreted wrong from my research. I would like some feedback and pointers. Also, is there any way to request photos for larvae and eggs? I've found a handful online but there is no indication of who owns them or what kind of license they have. Also, they are not on reputable websites so I am not even 100% sure they are the right species.PopularOutcast talk2me 02:13, 15 September 2018 (UTC)Reply[reply]
  • Classification updates in Noctuoidea - this stems from my adding a talk note "Classification of Athetis" on the recently created page Athetis hongkongensis. Athetis is placed in the subtribe Athetiina, of Caradrinini, in Noctuinae, by Holloway (2011)[1], and also in Kononenko & Pinratana (2013),[2] which were both based on (developed in parallel with) the molecular review of Noctuidae by [3]. The American list (see Results paras 11 & 12 of [4] and Fauna Europaea both now follow this arrangement. The Acronictinae is not the correct placement for Athetis. I suspect that there will be a lot of incorrect Wikipedia placements of genera in Noctuidae, as most volunteer Wiki editors/contributors have not yet caught up with the major recent upheavals in Lepidoptera classification. This is going to take a lot of effort, as thousands of species pages will be in need of correcting/updating..... We should follow the Zahirian approach as implemented by the American and European listings. The Fauna Europaea website's database already is updated, so there is no excuse to have Wikipedia out of data or incorrect. I can do a few items as time allows, but I am bogged down with other projects at work most of the time, so am looking to all other participants to give a bit of time to check Noctuioidea (i.e. Erebidae, Noctuidae, Nolidae, Euteliidae) taxa, especially subfamily, tribe, subtribe, genera) and their taxonomic placement. See also [5] ; [6] and [7]. It is worth noting that the Fauna Europaea concept of Acontiinae differs from the Borneo listing quite considerably.HKmoths (talk) 07:15, 8 March 2020 (UTC)Reply[reply]


  1. ^ Holloway, 2011. Moths of Borneo 2
  2. ^ Kononenko & Pinratana, 2013 Moths of Thailand 3(2) Noctuoidea. An illustrated Catalogue of Erebidae, Nolidae, Euteliidae and Noctuidae (Insecta, Lepidoptera) in Thailand
  3. ^ Zahiri et al. 2013. http://doi:10[permanent dead link].1111/zsc.12022
  4. ^ Lafontaine & Schmidt, 2013 http://doi:10[permanent dead link].3897/zookeys.264.4441
  5. ^ Zahiri, R.; Kitching, I. J.; Lafontaine, J. D.; Mutanen, M.; Kaila, L.; Holloway, J. D. & Wahlberg, N., 2010. A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family level classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Zoologica Scripta 40: 158-173
  6. ^ Zahiri, R.; Holloway, J. D.; Kitching, I. J.; Lafontaine, D.; Mutanen, M. & Wahlberg, N., 2012. Molecular phylogenetics of Erebidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea). Systematic Entomology 37: 102-124
  7. ^ Zahiri, R.; Lafontaine, J. D.; Holloway, J. D.; Kitching, I. J.; Schmidt, B. C.; Kaila, L. & Wahlberg, N., 2013. Major lineages of Nolidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) elucidated by molecular phylogenetics. Cladistics 29: 337-359.
  • I am working on a page about a new species of butterfly. Please, I want the new article that I created in my sandbox to be checked and see if it is up to Wikipedia standards. If there are any problems or anything you would like to add let me know. If the article is okay let me know so that I can paste it as a new article on Wikipedia. The link is I really appreciate if the new article I made is verified.

WikiProject cleanup listing edit

Templates edit

Stub templates edit

For example, placing the stub on a page gives the following effect:

It also places the associated stub category Category:Moth stubs on the page.

For example, placing the stub on a page gives the following effect:

It also places the associated stub category Category:Moth stubs on the page.

Aside - the butterfly-stub shows a blue morpho butterfly, a nymphalid, while the moth-stub depicts an Atlas moth, a saturniid moth.

We now have stubs for many Lepidoptera superfamilies/families. See here for the full list.

Talk page template edit

Please place {{WikiProject Lepidoptera|class=article_quality|importance=article_importance|needs-photo=}} at the top of each article's talk page. This will help to direct editors to WikiProject Lepidoptera for guidance. The arguments to be filled for importance and quality can be found at Wikipedia:WikiProject Lepidoptera/Article Classification. The value "article_quality" is a measure of the quality of the concerned article and will be one of the following: FA, GA, A, B, B, C, Start, Stub, List or Category. Similarly, "article_importance" is one of: top, high, mid or low. The "needs-photo" item if given a value of "yes" will indicate that a photograph is needed. An example of a WikiProject template with values of "B" for quality and "high" for importance and "yes" for needing a photograph will look like this:

{{WikiProject Lepidoptera|class=B|importance=high|needs-photo=yes}}

and will produce this:

 Lepidoptera NA‑class High‑importance  
 This article is within the scope of WikiProject Lepidoptera, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of butterflies and moths on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
NAThis article has been rated as NA-class on Wikipedia's content assessment scale.
HighThis article has been rated as High-importance on the project's importance scale.
An editor has requested that an image or photograph be added to this article.

Lepidoptera families listbox template edit

This template creates a box listing the families of Lepidoptera and provides a navigational aid. It also indicates by red links those families which do not have a wiki at all. This template is recommended for taxonomy wikis (above species level), checklists and general articles on Lepidoptera.

Placing this template on a page results in a box as shown below:

There's also the superfamily template, incorporating some of the historical and hobbyist terminology (not for taxonomic use).

WikiProject Lepidoptera userbox edit

{{User WPLepidoptera}}

results in:
This user is a member of
Wikiproject Lepidoptera

WikiProject Lepidoptera barnstar edit

{{subst:Lep-star|message ~~~~}}

results in:
  The Wikiproject Lepidoptera Barnstar
For editors who have contributed greatly to Wikiproject Lepidoptera
  The Lepidoptera Barnstar

Important lists edit

Important articles edit

Please see Wikipedia:WikiProject Lepidoptera/Articles.

Adopt an article edit

Resources edit

Resources provided by participants of this project edit

Project subpages edit

For a complete list of project subpages see here.

Also relevant

Online edit

General edit

  • Tree of Life website
  • LepIndex 'LepIndex' Project of National Museum of Natural History, London. Queries on the site can be placed at: [3] Archived 2008-04-09 at the Wayback Machine. WARNING: Just did a check but Lepindex can not be trusted wrt "original combination". LepIndex has not been updated in over five years, and many parts of it are outdated or otherwise incorrect. It is no longer recommended that LepIndex be used as the authoritative reference to check Lepidoptera taxonomy. A revised, curated dataset based on the LepIndex digitized card archive, which is in the process of being corrected and updated, exists as Global Lepidoptera Index (and has been linked further down this list)
Extended content
How to cite LepIndex
  • Usage of data from LepIndex in scientific publications should be acknowledged using the following format:
Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. [accessed 6 January 2007].
  • If you wish to cite any unpublished information from LepIndex then please credit the person responsible for it (presuming the name of an individual is given). For example, on the card for bibarra Chu & Wang, 1991 there is a pencil annotation by M. Shaffer written in 1991, which indicates that he transferred this species to the genus CANAEA (thus CANAEA bibarra is an unpublished or MS combination). The citation should therefore be as follows:-
Shaffer, M. In: Beccaloni, G. W., Scoble, M. J., Robinson, G. S. & Pitkin, B. (Editors). 2003. The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). World Wide Web electronic publication. [accessed 6 January 2007].
  • Note, however, that some of the 'manuscript changes' written on the cards may have subsequently been published. It is therefore advisable to contact the person responsible for the annotation and ask whether or not this is the case. Note that Mike Shaffer, responsible for many of the manuscript notes in Pyraloidea and Thyridoidea has passed away. Thorough literature searches will be needed to establish if there have been published name changes, but also check the Globiz Pyraloidea database.
  • Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; Kitching, I.; Simonsen, T.; Robinson, G.; Pitkin, B.; Hine, A.; Lyal, C.; Ollerenshaw, J.; Wing, P. (2023). Hobern, D. (ed.). "Global Lepidoptera Index v. 0.32.3". Retrieved 12 May 2023.
  • Lepidopteran caterpillar hosts database Another project of the Natural History Museum. It is a database of larval foodplants of butterflies. You can search by butterfly_name, butterfly_family_name, plant_name, plant_family_name and country/region.
  • Another interesting taxonomy project from Finland! The gentleman, Markku Savela, uses perl scripts to generate rough distribution maps from the text data on distribution. The site is at : [4]
  • Häuser, Christoph L.; de Jong, Rienk; Lamas, Gerardo; Robbins, Robert K.; Smith, Campbell; Vane-Wright, Richard I. (28 July 2005). "Papilionidae – revised GloBIS/GART species checklist (2nd draft)". Archived from the original on 9 September 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
  • Die Großschmetterlinge der Erde, Verlag Alfred Kernen, Stuttgart Band 2 Die Großschmetterlinge des palaearktischen Faunengebietes, Die palaearktischen Spinner und Schwärmer, 1912–1913 in English translation

By taxonomy edit

By area edit

Africa edit
  • Linking to Afromoths: On the Afromoths website, maintained by Jurate and Willy De Prins at the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, pages for species have somewhat dynamic links. Linking to the URL in the browser's address window will not reliably continue to go to that species. Each species page has a "Permalink" button - right clicking on that button and selecting "Copy Link Location", "Copy link address" or similar depending on your browser, will put the permanent link for that species into your clipboard, from which it can be pasted into the link you are creating.
Europe edit
North America edit
Oceania edit

Print edit

  • Charles A. Triplehorn, Norman F. Johnson Borror and DeLong's introduction to the study of insects, 7th edition, Thomson Brooks/Cole, 2005 - Excellent reference for insects. The keys are for North-America but can apply also to European insects.
  • Kristensen, N.P. (Ed.). 1999. Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches / Handbook of Zoology. A Natural History of the phyla of the Animal Kingdom. Band / Volume IV Arthropoda: Insecta Teilband / Part 35: 491 pp. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York. For taxonomy...
  • Scoble, MJ. 1995. The Lepidoptera: Form Function and Diversity. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-854952-0 Excellent for Lep biology. However, Scoble seems to have changed his mind about some of the taxonomy: here, he has Geometroidea and Uranioidea, but in his chapter in Kristensen, he has Uraniidae and Sematuriidae in Geometroidea.

Sister project searches edit

Web sites helping identification edit

Sister project links edit