Villages are the basic level administrative subdivisions of Taiwan, under townships, county-administered cities or districts. There are two types of villages depending on the divisions it belongs to.
|Urban village||里||lǐ||lí||Urban township, County-administered city, District, Mountain indigenous district|
|Rural village||村||cūn||chhun||Rural township, Mountain indigenous township|
Structuring and SizingEdit
The history of Village in Taiwan could date back to the Hoko system in the Japanese era, which ho (保) changed into village after Republic of China ruled Taiwan. The formation of village helps to divide area in considerations for transportation and city planning. The formation of village and its size depends largely on the county it is located or the population nature of the local area. In counties or districts of limited population, 100 households could form a village whereas in dense populated New Taipei, 1,000 households are necessary to form a village. In very densely populated areas, a village could comprise a population of up to 4,000 households. (Fushan Village of Kaohsiung City contains a population of 39,800) Thus the sizes of village varies widely.
The following are the statistics of villages in each administrative division in June 2018.
|Types of Villages|
|New Taipei City||29||1032||1032||0|
The head of a village is usually elected by the people of the village, the duration of the authority lasts for four years before the next election occurs. According to the government, the head is subsidized with 45,000 NT per month for local transportation, stationary, postage and bill fees.
The head of a village holds responsibility to accept complaints and suggestions, initiate and hold meetings, handout certificates of various sorts, encourage bill payments and assist filling out of government documents if required.
Example of villages in TaiwanEdit
|Republic of China|
|Free area[i]||Mainland area|
|Special municipalities[G][ii]||Provinces[iii]||Not administered[iv]|
|Districts[O]||Mountain indigenous districts[G]||Townships and county-administered cities[G][vi]||Districts[O]|
- [G] Has an administrative body with an elected leader and a legislative body with elected members
- [O] Has a governmental office for managing local affairs and carrying out commissioned tasks by superior agency
- Also known as the Taiwan area or Tai–Min area (Chinese: 臺閩地區; literally: 'Taiwan–Fujian area')
- In Chinese, special municipalities, cities, and county-administered cities have the word shi (Chinese: 市; literally: 'city') in their official names
- Nominal; provincial governments have been abolished
- Constitutionally having the same structure as the free area
- Cities are sometimes called provincial cities (Chinese: 省轄市) to distinguish them from the other two types of cities.
- In Chinese, there are two types of townships: xīang (Chinese: 鄉) and zhèng (Chinese: 鎮); there is little practical difference between the two
- In Chinese, villages of xīang townships are known as tsūn (Chinese: 村), those of other types are known as lǐ (Chinese: 里)