The Jackson 5

The Jackson 5 (sometimes stylized as the Jackson 5ive, also known as the Jacksons) are an American pop band composed of members of the Jackson family. The group was founded in 1964 in Gary, Indiana, and for most of their career consisted of brothers Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon and Michael. They were managed by their father Joe Jackson.[1][4][2][3] The group were among the first African American performers to attain a crossover following.

The Jackson 5
The Jackson 5 in 1972, from left to right: Tito, Marlon, Michael, Jackie, and Jermaine Jackson
The Jackson 5 in 1972, from left to right: Tito, Marlon, Michael, Jackie, and Jermaine Jackson
Background information
Also known asThe Jacksons
OriginGary, Indiana, U.S.
Genres
Years active1964–1989,[1][2][3] 2001, 2012–present
Labels
Members
Past members
Websitethejacksons.live

The Jackson 5 performed in talent shows and clubs on the Chitlin' Circuit, then signed with Steeltown Records in 1967 and released two singles.[5] In 1968, they left Steeltown Records and signed with Motown, where they were the first group to debut with four consecutive number one hits on the Billboard Hot 100 chart with the songs "I Want You Back", "ABC", "The Love You Save", and "I'll Be There".[6] They also achieved sixteen Top-40 singles on the chart. The group left Motown for Epic Records in early 1976, with the exception of Jermaine, who was replaced by youngest brother Randy. At Epic, they released four studio albums and one live album between 1976 and 1981, including the successful albums Destiny (1978) and Triumph (1980) and the singles "Enjoy Yourself", "Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)", and "Can You Feel It".

The brothers also released solo albums, most successfully Michael. In 1983, Jermaine reunited with the band to perform on the Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever TV special. They released the Victory album the following year, followed by an extensive tour which also featured songs from Michael's solo albums. After the Victory tour, Michael and Marlon left the group. The remaining four released the poorly received 2300 Jackson Street album in 1989 before being dropped from their label. In 2001, the Jacksons reunited on Michael's 30th Anniversary Celebration TV special. The four eldest of the brothers embarked on their Unity Tour in 2012 following Michael's death, and they planned several major performances for 2017.[7][8]

According to some sources, The Jackson 5 have sold more than 100 million records worldwide.[9] In 1980, the brothers were honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame as the Jacksons. They were inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. Two of the band's recordings ("ABC" and "I Want You Back") are among the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll and, alongside "I'll Be There", were also inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

History

Early years

 
The Jackson 5 in 1969

The five Jackson brothers' interest in music was bolstered by their father Joe Jackson. In 1964, Joe found Tito playing with his guitar after a string broke, and he was impressed enough to buy him his own guitar. Tito, Jermaine, and Jackie later formed their own group, with Michael (age 5) playing congas and childhood friends Reynaud Jones and Milford Hite playing keyboards and drums in 1965. Marlon joined on tambourine in August 1965, when Evelyn LaHaie suggested that the group name themselves the Jackson Five Singing Group.[1]

In 1966, the group won their first talent show at Theodore Roosevelt High School in Gary. Jermaine performed the Temptations' "My Girl", and Michael performed Robert Parker's "Barefootin'".[10] Johnny Jackson and Ronnie Rancifer eventually replaced Hite and Jones. During their early performing years, the Jackson 5 would perform at other talent showcases at several other Gary schools and halls and theaters in Gary and the Chicago area. In August 1967, the boys were eventually booked into venues such as Chicago's Regal Theater and Harlem's Apollo Theater, winning the talent competitions on both shows that year, winning the Apollo competition on August 13. Afterwards, it's claimed Gladys Knight sent a tape of the boys' demo to Motown Records, hoping to get them to sign, but their tape was rejected and sent back.[11] In July 1967, the group recorded an early version of a song that would later be their first single, "Big Boy", for One-derful Records, however, the group was also rejected by that label.[12]

In November 1967, Joe Jackson signed the group into Steeltown Records, a label founded and owned by record producer Gordon Keith. With Keith at the helm, they recorded "Big Boy" again that same month, the song would later be released as a single in January 1968.[5] By March, Keith had managed to sign the Jackson 5 into a distribution deal with Atlantic Records, where "Big Boy" and another single, "We Don't Have to Be Over 21 (To Fall in Love)", were distributed. "Big Boy" eventually moved 10,000 copies.[13] By March, Keith booked the boys to perform for their first paying gig at the Apollo Theater where they opened for Etta James.[14] That month, Keith had "Big Boy" distributed through Atlantic Records and was working on a record contract for the boys on that label when he learned that Joe Jackson had tried to get in touch with Motown through his attorney Richard Arons.[15]

During July 1968, the boys opened for Bobby Taylor & the Vancouvers,[16] at the Regal Theater. After being blown away by Michael's performance, Taylor sent the boys to Detroit where he set up a recorded Motown audition, which took place at Motown's official headquarters on Detroit's Woodward Avenue on July 23, 1968. Gordy, who had initially rejected their tape, refusing to sign any more "kid acts" after Stevie Wonder, changed his mind once he viewed Taylor's tape. On July 26, Gordy returned to Detroit where he had Joe Jackson and the boys sign their first year-long Motown contract.[17] The recording of their first album was delayed due to a contract dispute with Keith. While negotiations were continuing to get the Jacksons out of Steeltown, the group performed at strip clubs to make extra income.[18]

Finally on March 11, 1969, a day before Marlon's 12th birthday, the Jackson Five signed an exclusive seven-year contract with the label.[17] After initial recordings at Detroit's Hitsville U.S.A. failed to impress Gordy, he sent the Jacksons to Hollywood. In August, Motown's PR machine, led by Suzanne de Passe, started to pass off the group as having been discovered by Supremes lead singer Diana Ross. When the group opened for record industry insiders at the Los Angeles club, the Daisy, Michael was billed as an "eight-year-old sensation", though he was several days shy of his 11th birthday. Shortly after the Daisy performance, the Jackson Five performed a cover of "It's Your Thing" at the Miss Black America Pageant in New York.[19] By September, Gordy had set up the new songwriting and producing team, The Corporation, to write exclusively for the Jackson Five. After recording "I Want You Back" that same month, the single was released in early October and the Jacksons promoted the song on programs such as the Hollywood Palace and the Ed Sullivan Show. Their debut album, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, was released in December 1969.[20]

Jacksonmania

 
The Jackson 5 with Hal Davis

The Jackson family represents a colossus in music history. They defined black American music as a commercial entity for longer than anyone. Michael, Marlon, Jackie, Jermaine and Tito with an average age of 12 when they turned professional, were arguably the original boy band.[21] Thousands of fans waited for The Jackson 5 where they went. They had to be escorted by the police. During the height of Jacksonmania, crowds would pile up on top of each other to get closer to the stage. Early footage shows girls climbing over seats to get closer, with police officers trying to control the situation.[22][23] The Jackson 5 performed at The Forum, in Inglewood, California in 1970. They attracted nearly 19,000 fans, and the concert grossed more than $105,000. That was a record at that time. Thousands of more fans were turned away due to capacity. The Forum concert is featured on Live at the Forum (The Jackson 5 album).[24] The tours got bigger as they evolved. Motown established a Jackson 5 brand. Ike & Tina Turner opened for the group, and veteran Jerry Butler and the Rare Earth (band) (one of Motown’s most popular white groups) were also opening acts for them. By the 70s, they were one of the world’s most famous groups.[25] Jacksonmania set the tone for the music industry for years to come.[21]

The Jackson 5 became Motowns main marketing focus and the label capitalized on the group's youth appeal, licensing dozens of products, including the J5 heart logo on Johnny Jackson's drum set, the group's album covers, stickers, posters, and coloring books, as well as a board game and a Saturday morning cartoon; The Jackson 5ive (TV series) produced by Rankin/Bass.[26] The black publication Right On! began in 1971 and focused heavily on the Jackson 5, with members adorning covers between January 1972 and April 1974.[27] The group appeared in several television specials including Diana Ross' 1971 special, Diana!. They starred in their first of two Motown-oriented television specials Goin' Back to Indiana [28] in September; their second was The Jackson 5 Show which debuted in November of the following year. The group often joined Bob Hope on USO-benefited performances to support military troops during the Vietnam War.[29][30]

In order to continue increasing sales, Motown launched Michael Jackson's solo career in 1971 with the single "Got to Be There",[28] released in November. His 1972 song "Ben"[31] became his first to top the charts. Jermaine was the second to release a solo project; his most successful hit of the period was a cover of the doo-wop song "Daddy's Home".[32]

The Jackson 5 single "I Want You Back" topped the Billboard Hot 100 in January 1970. They released two more number-one singles: "ABC" and "The Love You Save". The single "I'll Be There" was co-written and produced by Hal Davis and became the band's fourth number-one single, making them the first recording act to have their first four singles reach the top of the Hot 100. All four were almost as popular in other countries as they were in the United States. The Jackson 5 released a succession of four albums in one year and replaced The Supremes as Motown's best-selling group. They continued their success with singles such as "Mama's Pearl", "Never Can Say Goodbye", and "Sugar Daddy", giving them a total of seven top-ten singles within a two-year period.[33]

Decline

The Jackson 5's records began falling on the charts by 1972, despite Michael and Jermaine's solo successes. The Corporation had produced most of their hit singles, but they split up in 1973.[20] The brothers focused on the emerging disco craze and recorded the song "Get It Together", followed by their hit "Dancing Machine", their first to crack the top ten since "Sugar Daddy" nearly three years before.[34] Despite those successes, most of the Jackson 5's follow-ups were not as successful, and Joe Jackson grew tired of Motown's uneasiness to continue producing hits for the brothers by 1973. He began producing a nightclub act around his sons and daughters, starting in Las Vegas and expanding to other states.[35]

By 1975, most of the Jacksons opted out of recording any more music for Motown, desiring creative control and royalties after learning that they were earning only 2.8% of royalties from Motown. The Jacksons announced their conclusion to depart from Motown at a press conference at the Rainbow Grill in Manhattan, New York City.[36] Joe Jackson then began negotiating to have the group sign a lucrative contract with another company, settling for Epic Records, which had offered a royalty rate of 20% per record; he signed with the company in June 1975.[36] Absent from the deal was Jermaine Jackson, who decided to stay with Motown following his marriage to Hazel Gordy, and Randy Jackson replaced him.[37] Even though the group announced their departure from the label, they still remained under contract to Motown until March 1976.[36] Motown sued them for breach of contract but allowed the group to record for Epic, as long as they changed their name because Motown owned the name Jackson 5. The brothers thus renamed themselves the Jacksons.[38]

The Jacksons CBS/Epic Records

In November 1976, following the debut of the family's weekly variety series, the Jacksons released their self-titled CBS debut under the Philadelphia International subsidiary, produced by Gamble & Huff. Featuring "Enjoy Yourself" and "Show You the Way to Go", the album went gold but failed to generate the sales the brothers had enjoyed while at Motown. A follow-up, Goin' Places, fizzled. Renewing their contract with Epic, the Jacksons were allowed full creative control on their next recording, Destiny, released in December 1978. Featuring their best-selling Epic single to date, "Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)", written by Michael and Randy, the album sold over a million copies. Its follow-up, 1980's Triumph, also sold a million copies, spawning hits such as "Lovely One" and "Can You Feel It". In 1981, they released their fifth album, a live album that eventually sold half a million copies. The live album was culled from recordings of performances on their Triumph Tour.[39][40]

 
Michael (pictured in 1984) became a global superstar following his departure from The Jackson 5

In between the releases of Destiny and Triumph, Michael released the best-selling solo effort, Off the Wall. Its success led to rumors of Michael's alleged split from his brothers. After Triumph, Michael worked on his second Epic solo release, which was released in November 1982 as Thriller, which later went on to become the best-selling album of all time, winning eight Grammy Awards including Album of the Year, plus producing two number one hit singles, "Billie Jean" and "Beat It", and three breakthrough MTV music videos, "Billie Jean", "Beat It", and the 14-minute zombie-themed music video "Thriller".[41] In March 1983, with Jermaine, the Jacksons performed on Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever, the same show where Michael debuted the moonwalk during a solo performance of "Billie Jean".[42][43]

Following the success of the reunion, all six brothers agreed to record a sixth album for Epic, later released as Victory in 1984.[44] Their biggest-selling album to date, it included their final top ten single, "State of Shock". The song was actually a duet between Michael and Mick Jagger and did not feature participation from any other Jackson besides Marlon and Jackie, who were credited as background vocalists.[45] Most of the album was produced in this way, with each brother essentially recording solo songs. Another hit was the top 20 single "Torture", a duet between Michael and Jermaine, with Jackie singing several parts.[45] In the same year, the brothers participated in filming a Pepsi commercial where Michael suffered burns to his scalp due to a pyrotechnic fault.[46] In July 1984, the Jacksons launched their Victory Tour, which was overshadowed by Jackie's leg injury, ticket issues, friction between the brothers, and a shakeup in the promotion and marketing team, initially headed by Don King, who was later fired. Michael announced he was leaving the group after their final performance at Dodger Stadium that December to continue his solo career.[47] The following January, Marlon Jackson also announced he was leaving the group to pursue a solo career.[48]

In 1987, the Jacksons released the single "Time Out for the Burglar", which was included on the soundtrack of the Whoopi Goldberg comedy film Burglar (1987). In 1989, the remaining quartet of Jackie, Tito, Jermaine and Randy released the album 2300 Jackson Street.[49] After a brief promotional tour, the group went into hiatus and never recorded another album together.

Later years

In September 2001, nearly 17 years after their last performance together, all six Jackson brothers reunited for two performances at Madison Square Garden for a 30th anniversary special commemorating Michael's solo career, which aired in November. In early 2009, the four elder brothers began filming a reality show to make their attempt on reuniting the band, later debuting in December 2009 as The Jacksons: A Family Dynasty.[50] During the middle of the project, Michael had announced his concert comeback in London was scheduled on July 13, 2009. Michael died that same year on June 25, putting efforts on hold.

Later in 2009, following the death of brother Michael, the surviving Jacksons recorded background vocals for a previously unreleased song, "This Is It" (the theme for the movie of the same name), which had originally been a demo.[51] The radio-only single was released in October of that same year. The song did not chart on the Billboard Hot 100, but charted at number nineteen on Billboards Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks.[52] "This Is It" returned the Jacksons to the chart. The surviving members of the Jacksons were in talks of planning a reunion concert tour (which was to serve as a tribute to Michael) for 2010, and were in talks in working on their first new studio album in over 20 years.[50][53] Neither plans were put into action.

In 2011, The Jacksons were featured artists on Japanese-American singer Ai's single, "Letter in the Sky". The song was a tribute to Michael and was the groups first single in 22 years. The song served as the theme song for the Michael Jackson Tribute: Live in Tokyo concert that took place December 13 and 14th, 2011 at Yoyogi National Stadium in Japan.[54] The single was a modest hit in Japan, charting at number 14 on the Japan Oricon Singles Chart and number 36 on the Billboard Japan Hot 100.[55][56]

On January 7, 2016, The Jacksons performed at Planet Hollywood Las Vegas, at a concert event, naming it "Heal the World: A Tribute to Michael Jackson". A big-name roster of music stars performed the music of Michael Jackson at the concert.[57]

On June 15, 2018, the four Jacksons; Tito, Jackie, Marlon and Jermaine accepted plaques bearing the Detroit city keys during a high-ticket private party that launched the second Detroit Music Weekend festival. Detroit police chief James Craig, who presented the honors, declared the Motown group “truly Detroiters.” The Jacksons headlined and performed at Detroit Music Weekend Festival on the 16th. They were also honored with a 90-minute tribute concert featuring Jackson 5, The Jacksons, Michael Jackson, Janet Jackson and Rebbie Jackson hits, with guest appearances by Blue Note saxophonist David McMurray and Herschel Boone for Kid Rock’s Twisted Brown Trucker Band. The concert finale was Michael Jackson’s "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" with Greg Phillinganes, a Detroit native who worked with the Jacksons as a session player and tour musical director.[58]

January 10, 2019, The Jacksons headlined and performed at Trustpower Baypark Stadium and Trustpower Arena (A Summer's Disco) in Mount Maunganui, New Zealand. Kool & The Gang, Village People, The Pointer Sisters, Sister Sledge and Sounds of the Supremes also performed.[59][60] On January 12, 2019, The Jacksons did their first show in Australia out of 6 for the Summer Series Australian Tour. They performed at The Domain in Sydney.[61] January 13, they performed in Brisbane at Sandstone Point Hotel.[62] January 15, they performed at Gold Coast Convention and Exhibition Centre in Gold Coast, Queensland.[62] January 16, they continued performing at Arts Centre Melbourne in Melbourne.[63] January 18, they performed at Adelaide Entertainment Centre in Adelaide.[64] January 19, The Jacksons did their last show in Australia, performing at Sandalford Winery in Perth. All shows in Australia were sold out.[65][66] On March 1, 2019, The Jacksons performed at Treasure Island Resort & Casino in Welch, Minnesota, The Commodores also performed.[67] March 3, they performed at St. Maarten’s Heineken Regatta at the Port de Plaisance Resort, Casino and Yacht Club in Netherlands Antilles.[68] March 16, they performed at Espaço das Américas, in São Paulo, Brazil. All three shows were sold out.[69]

In January 2020, The Jacksons visited Chicago, Illinois and Gary, Indiana for the groundbreaking of a new Hard Rock Casino in Gary which will play repository to Jacksons memorabilia while bringing 2,000 jobs. They were interviewed by Chicago Sun-Times and Windy City Live. They also visited their old school in Gary where they donated their appearance fee to provide 170 bicycles to the Boys & Girls Clubs of America youth. They also got $61,000 donated to the club by Walmart, Hard Rock and Spectacle whos plan is to have a Jackson family museum and restaurant at the casino.[70]

The Jacksons travelled to Jakarta on February 29, 2020 to perform at Jakarta International Java Jazz Festival, at Pekan Raya Jakarta(PRJ).[71]

February 10–15, 2021, The Jacksons set sail for The Ultimate Disco Cruise.[72] The Jacksons performed at the Happy Days Festival at Imber Court, in Esher, United Kingdom on August 28, 2021. This was a tribute to their late brother Michael Jackson.[73] On August 29, 2021, The Jacksons performed at Klein Strand, W festival in Ostend, Belgium. They celebrated their 50th anniversary as well as honoring Michael.[74][75] The Jacksons performed at the Parx Casino's XCite Center in Bensalem Township, Pennsylvania, in United States, September 10, 2021. This show carried the tradition of supporting Universal Family of Schools.[76] On November 20, 2021, The Jacksons (Disco Ball Presents: The Jacksons), performed at sold-out Hard Rock Live, in Hollywood, Florida, in United States.[77] On December 31, 2021, The Jacksons performed at a sold-out Salles des Etoilles in Monte Carlo, France.[78]

On February 18, 2022, The Jacksons performed at the first casino venue since they partnered with Hard Rock Cafe international. First stop was Hard Rock Casino in their hometown Gary, Indiana. Second stop was on February 21 at Seminole Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Tampa. They continued with a performance at Seminole Casino Hotel Immokalee on February 23. February 24, they performed at Seminole Casino Coconut Creek in Coconut Creek, Florida.[79] From February 26, to March 3, 2022, The Jacksons set sail yet again performing at the Ultimate Disco Cruise. The cruise departed from Miami sailing to Mexico. Kool & The Gang, KC and the Sunshine Band, and DJ Robbie Leslie also performed.[80] On June 4, 2022 at a sold-out Casino Creek Casino Resort in Brooks, California, The Jacksons performed their biggest hits.[81] The Jacksons did two concerts in June, 2022 in United Kingdom. First concert was June 11, at The Cambridge Club Festival, Childerley Orchard in Cambridge where they headlined. Diana Ross, Nile Rodgers & Chic (band), Level 42, Mica Paris, Gabrielle and Corinne Bailey Rae also performed.[82] Second concert in United Kingdom was on June 18. The Jacksons headlined Fantasia:In The Park Concerts in Promenade Park, Maldon, Essex. Other acts were Matt Cardle, Bjorn Again and Sabrina Washington.[83] On August 7, 2022, The Jacksons headlined and performed at a sold-out International Festival of Carthage in Carthage (Tunisia).[84] On August 25, 2022, The Jacksons headlined and performed at a sold-out Mouratoglou Festival-Dinner Concert at Mouratoglou Hotel & Resort in Antibes, France.,[85][86] and on August 27, The Jacksons headlined and performed at a sold-out New York State Fair in Syracuse, New York.[87] On September 4, 2022, The Jacksons headlined and performed at a sold-out Weekender Festival in Jersey, Channel Islands.[88] The Jacksons returned to Toronto, Ontario, Canada on September 9, 2022 after 5 years. They headlined "Strangers in the night" charity gala in benefit of four Canadian charities: Children Believe, Believe to Achieve Organization, Canadian Health Champions, and Your Support Foundation.[89]

The Jacksons: Unity Tour

In September 2010, Jermaine Jackson held his own tribute concert to Michael in Las Vegas. In 2011, Jackie Jackson released a solo single to iTunes. Jermaine released his first solo album in 21 years, I Wish U Love. Following the release of one solo album, Marlon quit the music business in 1989. and invested in real estate. Randy has not been active in the industry since he disbanded the group Randy & the Gypsys in 1991.[32]

In August 2011, there was a discord between the brothers concerning a tribute concert dedicated to Michael. While Jackie, Tito, and Marlon were present with mother Katherine and sister La Toya for a tribute concert in Cardiff at the Millennium Stadium for a press conference concerning the tour, a couple of days later, both Randy and Jermaine issued a statement denouncing the tribute tour as the date of it occurred around Conrad Murray's manslaughter trial in relation to Michael's death. The show carried on with Jackie, Tito and Marlon performing without Jermaine.[90] In April 2012, Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, and Marlon announced that they would reunite for several United States concerts for their Unity Tour. Thirty-eight dates were announced; The eleven shows in the U.S. were canceled. The tour started at Casino Rama in Orillia, Ontario, Canada on June 20, 2012.[91] Thirty-two additional dates were eventually added, and the tour ended on July 27, 2013, in Atlantic City, United States.[92]

Legacy

 
The Jacksons in 1977

In 1969, after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., there was a time when Black power movement and the civil rights movement were disintegrating. It was during this time that The Jackson 5 would emerge. The Jackson family was important to black culture. After the Lyndon B. Johnson administration declared the black family broken with the Moynihan Report The Negro Family: The Case For National Action, Motown and the Jackson family gave America and the world renewed faith in the American dream with an idealized image of domestic bliss. Black ascensionism was in the air. The Jackson family presented to America and the world a new positive image of black families. They changed the perception of the African-American male worldwide.[93][94] The brothers became a household name and appealed equally to black and white audiences, breaking racial barriers.[95][96]

In September 1971, The Jackson 5ive (TV series) ran as part of ABC’s Saturday morning cartoon lineup. Jackson 5ive animation director Bob Balser insisted that the series would not include violence. The series was one of the first cartoon representations of a black family that did not include cheap gags and stereotyping. The Jackson 5 solved their problems with music and intellect as role models for families and their children.[26]

In 1977, The Jackson 5 were among a small group of artists eligible to receive the newly minted Madison Square Garden Gold Ticket Award for selling over 100,000 tickets to their concerts there.[97] They received the award from Madison Square Garden when they played there as The Jacksons in 1981.[98] On September 3, 1980, the brothers were honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame as The Jacksons.[99] As The Jackson 5, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997 and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1999.[100][101] Two of the band's recordings ("ABC" and "I Want You Back") are among the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll, while the latter track also included in the Grammy Hall of Fame.[100][102] On September 8, 2008, The Jacksons were honored as BMI Icons at the annual BMI Urban Awards.[103]

In 1992, Suzanne de Passe, Jermaine Jackson, and Stan Margulies worked with Motown to produce The Jacksons: An American Dream, a five-hour television miniseries broadcast based on the history of the Jackson family in a two-part special on ABC. The series tells the story of a hard working black family and their path to success and the American Dream.[104]

The rise of The Jackson 5 in the 1960s and 1970s coincided with the rise of a similar musical family, The Osmonds. The white Mormon brothers from Utah, were thought to be an imitation of the black Jackson 5. Michael and Donny, the lead singers from each group developed a friendship. They both went on to pursue successful solo careers.[105] Influenced by the Temptations, the Supremes, James Brown, Jackie Wilson, Sammy Davis Jr., The Teenagers and Sly & the Family Stone, the Jackson 5 eventually served as the inspiration for several generations of boy bands including New Edition, Boyz II Men, Menudo, New Kids on the Block, NSYNC, the Jonas Brothers, Backstreet Boys, One Direction, Silk Sonic, BTS and many more.[106]

In 2017, on their 50th anniversary, The Jacksons released The Jacksons: Legacy, their first official behind-the-scenes chronicle book. The book includes new interviews and unseen photographs, and it tells the story of the Jackson family in their own words.[38]

On June 15, 2018, The Jacksons accepted plaques bearing the keys to Detroit city. Detroit police chief James Craig, who presented the honors, declared the Motown group “truly Detroiters.” They were also honored with a 90-minute tribute concert featuring Jackson 5, The Jacksons, Michael Jackson, Janet Jackson and Rebbie Jackson hits. The concert finale was Michael Jackson’s "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" with Greg Phillinganes, a Detroit native who worked with the Jacksons as a session player and tour musical director.[58]

On May 13, 2021, the Jackson family got official 2300 Jackson street highway signage. The signs declaring the “Home of the World-Famous Jackson 5” were placed along Interstate 80/94 as well as on local roads to direct motorists to the Jackson family home at 2300 Jackson street in Gary, Indiana. Lieutenant Governor of Indiana Suzanne Crouch and state Sen.Eddie Melton were present.[107]

Awards and nominations

Grammy Awards

The Jackson 5/Jacksons were nominated for a total of three Grammy Awards throughout their career.

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1971 "ABC" Best Contemporary Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus Nominated
1975 "Dancing Machine" Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated
1981 Triumph Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated

Grammy Hall of Fame

Three of the Jackson 5's songs were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1999 "I'll Be There" Grammy Hall of Fame Inducted
1999 "I Want You Back" Grammy Hall of Fame Inducted
2017 "ABC" Grammy Hall of Fame Inducted

NAACP Image Awards

The Jackson 5 has won four NAACP Image Awards throughout their career.

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1970 The Jackson 5 Best Vocal Group Won
1971 The Jackson 5 Best Vocal Group Won
1972 The Jackson 5 Best Vocal Group Won
1980 The Jacksons Best Vocal Group Won

United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. They awarded The Jackson 5 with a "Special Commendation" for positive role models in 1972.

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1972 The Jackson 5 Special Commendation for Positive Role Models Honoree

Congressional Black Caucus

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1975 The Jackson Five Inducted As Honorary Members Honoree

Organization of African Unity

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1974 The Jackson 5 For strengthening Afro-Americans Won

BMI Awards

Broadcast Music, Incorporated (BMI) is one of two major United States performing rights organization, along with ASCAP. It collects license fees on behalf of songwriters, composers, and music publishers and distributes them as royalties to members whose works have been performed.

The Jacksons were honored with the BMI Icons award in 2008 and two of their songs, "Never Can Say Goodbye", and "Dancing Machine", were awarded to songwriters Clifton Davis in 1972 and Hal Davis, Dean Parks and Don Fletcher in 1975 respectively at the BMI Pop Awards; those awards weren't received by the Jackson 5.

BMI Urban Awards

Year Nominee / work Award Result
2008 The Jacksons BMI Icon Award Honoree

Atlanta International Film Festival

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1984 The Jacksons Bronze Medal Award (Pepsi TV ads) Won

Hollywood Walk of Fame

The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a sidewalk along Hollywood Boulevard and Vine Street in Hollywood, California, United States, that serves as an entertainment hall of fame. It is embedded with more than 2,000 five-pointed stars featuring the names of celebrities honored by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce for their contributions to the entertainment industry.

The Jacksons received their star in 1980.

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1980 The Jacksons Hollywood Walk of Fame Star Won

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame is a museum located on the shores of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States, dedicated to recording the history of some of the best-known and most influential artists, producers, and other people who have in some major way influenced the music industry.

All of the original members of the Jackson 5 was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. Only Randy Jackson was not inducted alongside his brothers. They were subsequently inducted by Diana Ross and Berry Gordy.

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1997 The Jackson 5 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inducted

Vocal Group Hall of Fame

The Vocal Group Hall of Fame (VGHF) was organized by Tony Butala, also the founder (and now only surviving original member) of the Lettermen, to honor outstanding vocal groups throughout the world. Headquartered in Sharon, Pennsylvania, it includes a theater and a museum.

The Jackson 5 were inducted in 1999.

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1999 The Jackson 5 Vocal Group Hall of Fame Inducted

Band members

Current members

  • Jermaine Jackson – lead vocals, bass guitar (1965–1975, 1983–1989, 2001, 2012–present)
  • Jackie Jackson – vocals, tambourine, percussion (1965–1989, 2001, 2012–present)
  • Tito Jackson – vocals, lead guitar, synthesizer (1965–1989, 2001, 2012–present)
  • Marlon Jackson – vocals, conga, tambourine, percussion (1965–1985, 2001, 2012–present)

Former members

  • Michael Jackson – lead vocals, conga, percussion (1965–1984, 2001; died 2009)
  • Randy Jackson – piano, percussion, keyboards, conga, vocals (1976–1989, 2001)

Timeline

Discography

Tours

  • The Jackson 5 First National Tour (May 2 - December 30, 1970)
  • The Jackson 5 Second National Tour (January 2 -October 15, 1971)
  • The Jackson 5 US Tour (December 27, 1971 - October 5, 1972)
  • The Jackson 5 European Tour (November 2–12, 1972)
  • The Jackson 5 World Tour (March 2, 1973 - December 1975)
  • The Jackson 5 Final Tour (February 2–14, 1976)
  • The Jacksons Tour (May 19 – 24, 1977)[108]
  • Goin' Places Tour (January 22 – May 13, 1978)[109]
  • Destiny World Tour (January 22, 1979 – January 13, 1980)[110]
  • Triumph Tour (July 8 – September 26, 1981)[111]
  • Victory Tour (July 6 – December 9, 1984)[112]
  • Unity Tour (June 20, 2012 – July 27, 2013)

See also

Notes

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References

External links