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The Jackson family is an American family of musicians and entertainers from Gary, Indiana. Six children of Joseph Walter (or Joe) and Katherine Esther Jackson form the members of Motown boy band the Jackson 5 (later known as the Jacksons). Joe worked as their manager. The Jackson family, both as a musical group and as solo artists, have achieved success in the field of popular music from the late 1960s and onward. They are sometimes called the "First Family of Soul" (a title first bestowed on the Five Stairsteps)[1][2] or the "Royal Family of Pop," especially following the success of Michael and Janet Jackson,[3] the former of whom is frequently described as the "King of Pop."

Jackson Family
Place of originGary, Indiana, U.S.
Members

The Jackson 5 originally consisted of Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon, Michael (who died in 2009) and later Randy who joined in 1975, replacing Jermaine. Regarded as the most popular members of the family are Michael and Janet, both of whom have had highly distinguished solo careers and are often praised as two of the most influential pop and R&B artists in history.[4][5] Nine of the Jackson siblings have gold records to their credits with La Toya holding the distinction of being the first Jackson sister to attain one (awarded by the Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique for "Reggae Night," which she co-wrote for Jimmy Cliff). Janet is the first black woman to receive the Billboard Icon Award.

The Jacksons are one of the most influential families in music history.[4][citation needed] In 1997 the Jackson 5 was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[6] Michael was inducted as a solo artist in 2001, making him one of the few who have been inducted twice.[7] Joining her brothers, Janet was inducted in 2019.[5] Michael, Janet and the Jacksons were awarded stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1984, 1990 and 1980, respectively. Joe was recognized as "the best businessman in the music industry of all time" by the city of Cleveland in 2002.[citation needed] He died in 2018. In 2009 a television series entitled The Jacksons: A Family Dynasty premiered on A&E, documenting the Jackson brothers dealing with the sudden loss of Michael and preparing for a Jackson 5 reunion tour.[8]

Contents

First generationEdit

 
The Jackson siblings from their television program The Jacksons. Front, from left: Janet, Randy, La Toya, Rebbie. Back, from left: Jackie, Michael, Tito, Marlon. Note: Jermaine was not part of the television program due to contractual issues and is not pictured.
 
Joe Jackson in 2014

Joseph Walter Jackson was born on July 26, 1928 in Arkansas but he grew up in Oakland, California with his father Samuel Jackson, a school teacher. At age 18 he moved to East Chicago, Indiana to be with his mother Crystal Lee King and to pursue his dreams of becoming a professional boxer. At age 21, Joseph married Katherine Scruse, 19, immediately starting a family. Even though he wanted to be a success in boxing it wasn't a job for a family man, so he obtained a job as an overhead crane operator with East Chicago's Inland Steel Company. His family continued to grow steadily and over the course of sixteen years he and Katherine had a house full of nine children. Joe Jackson always wanted to make it big and although he couldn't in boxing or in his own short musical stint in the 1950s with the band the Falcons, he saw the talent in his children, starting with Tito and his ability to play the guitar.[9]

Soon enough Joe Jackson formed a band of his sons Tito, Jermaine, and Jackie called The Jackson Brothers in 1964 and became their manager. After several years of doing local talent shows, Joseph enlarged the band to include Marlon and Michael, two of his younger sons, and then changed the name of the band to The Jackson Five by 1966, remaining the group's manager. As their father he was a very strict disciplinarian and had an abusive nature[citation needed] and as their manager he enforced long practice sessions of singing and dancing in hopes of preparing them to make it big one day. In August 1967, the group made a debut at the Apollo Theater in Harlem, New York where they won the Amateur Night contest. Gordon Keith, the owner and producer at Steeltown Records in Gary, Indiana, discovered the Jackson Five and signed them to their first contract in November 1967. “Big Boy”, the boys' first record which was produced by Keith, was released on January 30, 1968. It became a local hit. In March 1969, they signed a Motown record contract and became known as the Jackson 5. The group enjoyed the fame Joseph Jackson had been longing for in his life. He continued to manage The Jackson 5 into stardom and after the band they had many No. 1 hits on the Billboard hot singles charts; Joseph moved them to a mansion in Encino, California with his own hefty salary he had obtained as their full-time manager. After many years as a band and with Michael as lead singer, the group continued to churn out even more hits and wealth, but tensions grew and in 1979, Michael severed ties with his father/manager and went on to pursue a solo musical entertainment career. Four years later, in 1983, Michael's siblings fired Joseph Jackson as their manager. In 1993, Michael Jackson accused his father of physical and mental abuse; a few of the other siblings confirmed this claim, but others denied it.[9]

Katherine Jackson (née Kattie B. Scruse) was born on May 4, 1930 in Barbour County, Alabama, the child of Prince Albert Scruse (1907–1997) and Martha Mattie Upshaw (1907–1990). She was left with a permanent limp after acquiring polio syndrome in her childhood. She later recovered from her illness after moving with her family to East Chicago, Indiana, where she would remain until meeting her husband Joseph Jackson. The couple moved and bought a small home in Gary, Indiana, where they birthed and raised nine children and she was a stay-at-home mother.[10] Throughout her life, Katherine remained a devoted Jehovah's Witness and raised her children strictly under the same spiritual teachings she received. Also, as a talented pianist and vocalist who shared her talents with her children, she was later credited for being the foundation of her children's success. After her sons' rise to fame as The Jackson 5, she strongly supported her children and became the costume designer for their shows and performances. Some of the memorable moments of her unconditional support were seen when her son Michael was tried for molestation charges in 1993 and 2005. Katherine now lives in Calabasas, California where she cares for the children of her late son, Michael.[10] After allegations that she may have been held against her will by Randy and Janet Jackson, Katherine lost custody of Michael's children, ultimately regaining it in 2012.[11][12]

Second generationEdit

Together, Joe and Katherine Jackson had ten children. Their son Brandon (Marlon's twin) died shortly after birth. The other nine grew up to become professional musicians.[13] Joe also had a daughter, Joh'Vonnie Jackson (born August 30, 1974) from an affair.[14]

Third generationEdit

There are twenty-six children who make up the third generation of the Jackson family along with several great-grandchildren. Among them, some have followed in the family's footsteps into the entertainment industry.[17] The three children of Michael Jackson are probably the most well-known of the third generation.[18] Michael Joseph Jackson Jr. (b. February 13, 1997), also known as "Prince", Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson (b. April 3, 1998), and Prince Michael Jackson II also known as "Blanket" now called "Bigi"(b. February 21, 2002), have been discussed in the press numerous times throughout their lives, particularly since their father's death in 2009.

Rebbie, Tito, Jackie, Jermaine and Janet Jackson have also had children, who have come under varying degrees of media focus. Austin Brown (b. November 22, 1985), the only son of Rebbie Jackson, is a singer and songwriter who has released several successful singles in the pop/R&B genre. Tito Jackson's three sons, Tariano Adryall "Taj" Jackson (b. August 4, 1973), Taryll Adren Jackson (b. August 8, 1975), and Tito Joe Jackson (b. July 16, 1978) make up the R&B/pop music group 3T. 3T has released three studio albums and has gone on to have moderate success in the industry, primarily outside of the United States.[19] Sigmund Esco "Siggy" Jackson (b. June 29, 1977), the eldest son to Jackie Jackson, is a hip-hop artist who goes under the name "Dealz". Siggy has been a ghostwriter for a number of independent artists and has obtained mild success as a solo artist. Jermaine La Jaune "Jay" Jackson Jr. (b. January 27, 1977), the eldest son to Jermaine Jackson, portrayed his father in the 1992 miniseries, The Jacksons: An American Dream, a biopic about the Jackson family. On January 3, 2017, at the age of 50, Janet gave birth to Eissa Al Mana, the newest member of the Jackson family.

Family membersEdit

  • Joseph Walter "Joe" Jackson (July 26, 1928 – June 27, 2018), married Katherine Esther Jackson (b. May 4, 1930)
    • Maureen Reillette "Rebbie" Jackson (b. May 29, 1950), daughter of Joe and Katherine; married Nathaniel Brown (March 5, 1949 – January 6, 2013)
      • Stacee Brown (b. 1971), daughter of Rebbie and Nathaniel; married Rex Salas (b. March 16, 1962)
        • London Blue Salas (b. July 25, 2005), son of Stacee and Rex
      • Yashi Brown (b. 1977), daughter of Rebbie and Nathaniel
      • Nathaniel Austin Brown (b. November 22, 1985), son of Rebbie and Nathaniel
    • Sigmund Esco "Jackie" Jackson (b. May 4, 1951), son of Joe and Katherine; married Enid Arden Spann (June 27, 1954 - December 20, 1997), Victoria Triggs and Emily Besselink (b. 1978)
      • Sigmund Esco "Siggy" Jackson (b. June 29, 1977), son of Jackie and Enid; married Toyial Parker Jackson
        • Jared Esco Jackson (b. July 21, 2011), son of Siggy and Toyial
        • Kai-Ari Jackson (b. February 22, 2014), daughter of Siggy and Toyial
        • Skyy Okhi Enid Jackson (b. August 25, 2018), daughter of Siggy and Toyial
      • Brandi Jackson (b. 1982), daughter of Jackie and Enid
      • Jaylen Milan Jackson (b. December 31, 2013), son of Jackie and Emily
      • River T Jackson (b. December 31, 2013), son of Jackie and Emily
    • Toriono Adayrll "Tito" Jackson (b. October 15, 1953), son of Joe and Katherine; married Delores "Dee Dee" Martes (April 1, 1955 – August 27, 1994)
      • Tariano Adryall "Taj" Jackson (b. August 4, 1973), son of Tito and Dee Dee; married Thayana Sco Jackson
        • Taylor Aurora Sco Jackson (b. November 21, 2018), daughter of Taj and Thayana
      • Taryll Arden Jackson (b. August 8, 1975), son of Tito and Dee Dee
        • Bryce Connor Jackson (b. February 20, 2008), son of Taryll and Breana
        • Adren Michael Jackson (b. February 17, 2011), son of Taryll and Breana
      • Tito Joe Jackson (b. July 16, 1978), son of Tito and Dee Dee; married Frances Casey (b. 1975)
        • Sage Travis Mack (b. December 6, 1990) Son of Frances Travis and step-son TJ
        • Alexia Mercedes "Lexci" Mack Jackson (b. December 22, 1993) Daughter of Frances Travis and step-daughter of TJ
        • Royal Tito Joseph Jackson (b. October 23, 1999), son of TJ and Frances
        • Delores Dior "Dee Dee" Jackson (b. March 20, 2008), daughter of TJ and Frances
        • Dallas Jordan Michael "JoJo" Jackson (b. November 30, 2010), Daughter of TJ and Frances
        • Rio Tito Joe Jackson (b. March 10, 2015), Son of TJ and Frances
    • Jermaine La Jaune Jackson (b. December 11, 1954), son of Joe and Katherine; married Hazel Gordy (b. August 24, 1954), Alejandra Oaziaza (b. 1969) and Halima Rashid (b. 1970)
      • Jermaine La Juane "Jay" Jackson Jr. (b. January 27, 1977), son of Jermaine and Hazel
      • Autumn Joi Jackson (b. 1978), daughter of Jermaine and Hazel; married Narinder Singh
      • Jeremy Maldonado Jackson (b. 1986), son of Jermaine and Margaret Maldonado (b. 1965)
      • Jaimy Jermaine Jackson (b. 1987), son of Jermaine and Hazel
      • Jourdynn Michael Jackson (b. 1989), son of Jermaine and Margaret Maldonado (b. 1965); married Marike Le Roux
        • Bobbi Jackson (b. 2017), daughter of Jourdynn and Marike
      • Jaafar Jeremiah Jackson (b. July 25, 1996), son of Jermaine and Alejandra
      • Jermajesty Jermaine Jackson (b. October 3, 2000), son of Jermaine and Alejandra
    • La Toya Yvonne Jackson (b. May 29, 1956), daughter of Joe and Katherine; married Jack Gordon (November 10, 1939 – April 19, 2005)
    • Marlon David Jackson (b. March 12, 1957), son of Joe and Katherine; married Carol Ann Parker (b. 1957)
      • Valencia Caroline Jackson (b. 1976), daughter of Marlon and Carol; married Chris Laniak
        • Noah Laniak (b. 2006), son of Valencia and Chris
        • Sophia Laniak (b. 2007), daughter of Valencia and Chris
      • Brittany Shauntee Jackson (b. 1979), daughter of Marlon and Carol; married Robert Sanchez
        • Phoenix Sanchez (b. 2010), child of Brittany and Robert
        • Savanna Bella Sanchez (b. 2011), daughter of Brittany and Robert
        • Summer Blue Sanchez (b. 2014), daughter of Brittany and Robert
        • Scout Brittny Sanchez (b. 2018), daughter of Brittany and Robert
      • Marlon David Jackson Jr. (b. 1981), son of Marlon and Carol
    • Brandon Jackson (March 12–13, 1957) son of Joe and Katherine
    • Michael Joe Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009), son of Joe and Katherine; married Lisa Marie Presley (b. February 1, 1968) and Debbie Rowe (b. December 6, 1958)
      • Michael Joseph "Prince" Jackson Jr. (b. February 13, 1997), son of Michael and Debbie
      • Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson (b. April 3, 1998), daughter of Michael and Debbie
      • Prince Michael "Blanket" Jackson II (b. February 21, 2002), son of Michael and an unknown woman
    • Steven Randall "Randy" Jackson (b. October 29, 1961), son of Joe and Katherine; married Eliza Shaffe and Alejandra Oaziaza (b. 1969)
      • Genevieve Katherine Jackson (b. December 3, 1989), daughter of Randy and Alejandra
      • Stevanna Jackson (b. June 17, 1990), daughter of Randy and Eliza
      • Steven Randall Jackson Jr. (b. October 2, 1992), son of Randy and Alejandra
    • Janet Damita Jo Jackson (b. May 16, 1966), daughter of Joe and Katherine; married James DeBarge (b. August 22, 1963), René Elizondo (b. July 16, 1962) and Wissam Al Mana (b. 1975)
      • Eissa Al Mana (b. January 3, 2017), son of Janet and Wissam
    • Joh'Vonnie Jackson (b. August 30, 1974), daughter of Joe and Cheryl Terrell (1925–1997)
      • Yasmine Zaaharah Jackson (b. April 6, 1995), daughter of Joh'Vonnie

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pruter, Robert (1992). Chicago Soul. University of Illinois Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-252-06259-0.
  2. ^ Moreover, as a unit, they were one of the few black groups to achieve "teen idol" status among music fans of all races, with hits such as I Want You Back, ABC, I'll Be There, Dancing Machine, Blame It on the Boogie, Heartbreak Hotel, and Can You Feel It.Takiff, Johnathan (1984-08-31). "Victory at Hand". Philadelphia Daily News. p. 49.
  3. ^ When a brother and sister want to spend some time together it rarely requires a journey to a galaxy far, far away, but if they're reigning members of the royal family of pop, and the meeting is a music video, it's got to be out of this world. The siblings in question are Michael and Janet Jackson, and their first video collaboration, "Scream," is the space odyssey that earned a record 11 nominations at this year's MTV Video Music Awards, winning for Best Dance Video, Best Choreography, and Best Art Direction, the latter a nod to the talents of production designer Tom Foden. Boepple, Leanne (November 1995). "Video/production design: Scream". Theatre Crafts International. 29 (9). p. 52. ISSN 1063-9497.
  4. ^ a b Harper, Phillip Brian (Winter 1989). "Synesthesia, "Crossover," and Blacks in Popular Music". Social Text (23): 102–121. JSTOR 466423.
  5. ^ a b "Rock & Roll Hall of Fame - 2019 Inductees". www.rockhall.com. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  6. ^ George, Nelson (2004). Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection booklet. Sony BMG. pp 51.
  7. ^ "Michael Jackson". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  8. ^ de Moraes, Lisa (August 26, 2009). "Jackson Series Prolongs A&E's 'Family' Affair". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 29, 2009.
  9. ^ a b "Joseph Jackson Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  10. ^ a b "Katherine Jackson Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  11. ^ Krishnamurthy, Sowmya. "Katherine Jackson Loses Custody Of Michael Jackson's Children". mtv.com. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  12. ^ Paquette, Danielle (2012-08-02). "Katherine Jackson to split custody of kids with T.J. Jackson". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Jackson, Katherine; Rich Wiseman (1990). My Family, the Jacksons. St. Martin's Paperbacks. ISBN 0-312-92350-3.
  14. ^ "A look back at Joe Jackson's complicated relationship with his children". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  15. ^ Smith, Jessie Carney (1996). Notable Black American Women: book II. VNR AG. p. 323. ISBN 9780810391772.
  16. ^ "Randy Jackson". Biography. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  17. ^ "Michael Jackson's Family Tree: Janet, Rebbie, Marlon And More". Mtv.com. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  18. ^ Wolcott, James. "Photos: Michael Jackson's Extended Family Tree: Who's Who?". Vanityfair.com.
  19. ^ Lowry, Brian (30 September 2015). "TV Review: 'The Jacksons: Next Generation'". Variety.com. Retrieved 28 June 2018.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit