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Hard Rock Cafe Inc. is a chain of theme restaurants founded in 1971 by Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton in London. In 1979, the cafe began covering its walls with rock and roll memorabilia, a tradition which expanded to others in the chain. In 2007, Hard Rock Cafe International (USA), Inc. was sold to the Seminole Tribe of Florida and was headquartered in Orlando, Florida, until April 2018 when the corporate offices were relocated to Davie, Florida.[1][2] As of July 2018, Hard Rock International has venues in 74 countries, including 185 cafes, 25 hotels, and 12 casinos.[3][needs update]

Hard Rock Cafe Inc.
Private
IndustryCasual dining restaurants, casinos, hotels
Founded14 June 1971; 48 years ago (1971-06-14)
London, England, U.K.
FoundersIsaac Tigrett
Peter Morton
HeadquartersDavie, Florida, U.S.
Key people
Jim Allen, President/CEO
Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, Founders
OwnerSeminole Tribe of Florida
Websitewww.hardrock.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

RestaurantsEdit

The first Hard Rock Cafe (HRC) opened on 14 June 1971 at Old Park Lane, Mayfair, London, under the ownership of young Americans Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton. Hard Rock initially had an eclectic decor, but it later started to display memorabilia.

The chain began to expand worldwide in 1982 with locations in (among others) Toronto, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Paris, and Berlin.[4] Hard Rock Cafe locations in the United States vary from smaller, more tourist driven markets (Biloxi, Pigeon Forge, Key West, etc.) to large metropolises (Houston, Philadelphia, New York City, Chicago, Boston, Washington, D.C., etc.). Hard Rock Cafe typically does not franchise cafe locations in the United States. All US cafes are corporate owned and operated, except for cafes in Tampa and Four Winds New Buffalo casino.[5] However, in the transition of the Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel property originally owned and then later sold to Rank by founder Peter Morton, Morton retained hotel naming rights west of the Mississippi. When Morton sold his Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel to the Morgans Hotel Group, he also sold those naming rights, which then gave rise to two US franchised hotels (without cafes) in Albuquerque and Tulsa. The Albuquerque hotel no longer pays for the Hard Rock rights and reverted to its former name in June 2013. More hotels franchised from Morgan's are planned for Sioux City and Vancouver.

In 1990, The Rank Group, a London-based leisure company, acquired Mecca Leisure Group and continued expansion of the concept in its geographic territory. Rank went on to purchase Hard Rock America from Peter Morton as well as Hard Rock Canada from Nick Bitove. After the completion of these acquisitions, Rank gained worldwide control of the brand. In March 2007, the Seminole Tribe of Florida acquired Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. and other related entities from Rank for US$965 million.[1]

In 2008, anonymous members of the wait staff criticized the business because of its practice of paying them less than half the official minimum wage in the UK, with the business allocating tips to staff to bring their salaries within the law. Most customers, it was argued, do not realize that they are subsidizing a low wage when they give the tip.[6]

Music memorabiliaEdit

 
Jon Bon Jovi's guitar on display at the cafe in Moscow

HRC is known for its collection of rock-and-roll memorabilia. The cafes solicit donations of music memorabilia but also purchase a number of items at auctions around the world, including autographed guitars, costumes from world tours and rare photographs; these are often to be found mounted on cafe walls. The collection began in 1979 with an un-signed Red Fender Lead II guitar from Eric Clapton, who was a regular at the first restaurant in London. Clapton wanted management to hang the guitar over his regular seat in order to lay claim to that spot, and they obliged. This prompted Pete Townshend of The Who to give one of his guitars, also un-signed with the note "Mine's as good as his! Love, Pete."[7] Hard Rock's archive includes over 80,000 items,[8] and is the largest private collection of Rock and Roll memorabilia in the world. Marquee pieces from the collection were briefly displayed in a Hard Rock museum named "The Vault" in Orlando, Florida from January 2003 until September 2004. After the closure, items were disbursed to various restaurant locations.[9] The London Vault remains open and free to visitors, located in the retail Rock Shop of the original cafe.[10]

The Hard Rock Café is also in possession of a Bedford VAL 6 axle coach used in the 1967 film The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour. The vehicle was completely refurbished after filming. It is currently displayed in the US, but makes regular appearances in events in the UK, especially at the original Hard Rock Cafe in London. In 2001, a competition was run to win the actual bus, but it was never given away and remained with the cafe.

Expansion into other businessesEdit

Casinos and hotelsEdit

 
Hard Rock Hotel Macau
 
Hard Rock Cafe Melaka

In 1995, Peter Morton spent $80 million to open the Hard Rock Hotel near the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas, Nevada. A subsequent $100 million expansion in 1999 nearly doubled the hotel's capacity.[11]

In May 2006, Morton sold the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas to Morgans Hotel Group for $770 million, including the rights to the Hard Rock Hotel brand west of the Mississippi, including Texas, California, Australia, and Vancouver, British Columbia.[12] The hotel began another expansion in 2007 at a cost of $750 million. The project added 875 rooms in two towers and expanded meeting space.[13] In March 2011, Morgans surrendered control of the property to partner Brookfield Asset Management, citing the high debt on the property in the face of the economic downturn.[14] In April 2018, the Hard Rock Hotel in Las Vegas was sold to Richard Branson with plans to renovate the property under the Virgin Hotels brand.[15]

Today, the Seminole Tribe of Florida owns and operates all units except the Las Vegas, Sioux City, Tulsa, and Vancouver properties. In 2004, Hard Rock International and Sol Melia Hotels and Resorts launched Lifestar Hoteles España SL, a joint venture that intended to manage Europe's first Hard Rock Hotel in Madrid, but it was never opened as a Hard Rock property upon the dissolution of the joint venture in 2007.[16] The other joint venture hotels are in Chicago, New York, and San Diego (the San Diego property includes Hard Rock condominiums). Hard Rock also operates hotels and resorts in Orlando, Florida (a joint venture with Loews Hotels); Bali, Indonesia; and Pattaya, Thailand, (a joint venture with Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited). Hard Rock International continues to expand internationally (including hotels, casinos, resorts, and condominiums) through several joint ventures (Becker Ventures, Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited and Loews Hotels), including hotels in Chicago, Bali, Orlando, Penang, San Diego, Singapore, and planned openings in Abu Dhabi, Cancun, Dubai, Hungary, Panama, Punta Cana and Puerto Vallarta,[17] as well as hotel-casinos in Hollywood, Florida; Tampa, Florida; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Catoosa, Oklahoma, just northeast of Tulsa.[18] (The Hard Rock Casino in Biloxi, MS is owned by Twin River Management Group, Inc.)

The Hotel Zoso in Palm Springs, California was converted into a 160-room Hard Rock Hotel and opened in 2014.[19][20] A location in Atlantic City, New Jersey was planned, but canceled.[21] All-inclusive resorts operate under the Hard Rock brand in the Dominican Republic and Mexico. In 2013, the Hard Rock Rocksino Northfield Park opened as a joint slot machine and track venture., near Cleveland, Ohio. Then in early 2019, it was announced that JACK Cincinnati Casino in Cincinnati was sold for $745 million to Vici Properties and Hard Rock International, with Vici acquiring the land and buildings for $558 million and Hard Rock buying the operating business for $187 million.[22][23] Hard Rock would lease the casino from Vici for $43 million per year, and would rebrand it as Hard Rock Casino Cincinnati.[23][24]

Canada had numerous restaurants but many of them closed, notably the one at Yonge-Dundas Square in May 2017, which had been the chain's second location, leaving just two in that country, Niagara Falls, Ont., and the Hard Rock Casino in Coquitlam, B.C.[25]

In 2015, Hard Rock announced a new hotel in Bogotá, Colombia, which will open in 2019. The company had plans to open in the biggest financial district in Colombia, the Centro Internacional, but it revised those plans. The hotel will be located in the exclusive Zona Rosa de Bogotá, home of luxury boutiques.

Other international locations include:

  • Hard Rock Casino Vancouver, Coquitlam, B.C., Canada
  • Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Punta Cana, Macao, Dominican Republic
  • Hard Rock Hotel Bali, Bali, Indonesia
  • Hard Rock Hotel Cancun, Cáncun, Mexico
  • Hard Rock Hotel Davos, Davos, Switzerland
  • Hard Rock Hotel Goa, Bardez, India
  • Hard Rock Hotel Ibiza, Islas Baleares, Spain
  • Hard Rock Hotel Panama Megapolis, Panama City, Panama
  • Hard Rock Hotel Penang, Penang, Malaysia
  • Hard Rock Hotel Pattaya, Chonburi, Thailand
  • Hard Rock Hotel Riviera Maya, Puerto Aventuras, Mexico
  • Hard Rock Hotel Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China
  • Hard Rock Hotel Singapore, Resorts World Sentosa, Singapore
  • Hard Rock Hotel Tenerife, Tenerife, Spain
  • Hard Rock Hotel Vallarta, Riviera Nayarit, Mexico
  • Hard Rock Hotel London, United Kingdom (co-located with Hard Rock Oxford Street restaurant)

Hard Rock ParkEdit

In March 2006, Hard Rock Cafe International announced that it had licensed the "Hard Rock" name to HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, to design, build, and operate a $400 million 150-acre (0.61 km2) theme park called Hard Rock Park. Hard Rock Park opened on April 15, 2008 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The park was expected to draw an estimated 30,000 visitors per day, promised to create more than 3,000 jobs, and was billed as the largest single investment in South Carolina's history. It planned to feature a large concert arena and six zones with more than 40 attractions. HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, filed for Chapter 11 on September 25, 2008. The company hoped to re-open in 2009 after restructuring.[26] On January 2, 2009 after failing to attract a buyer with a minimum $35 million bid for over two months, Hard Rock Park asked a Delaware Bankruptcy Court to convert the filing to Chapter 7, triggering immediate liquidation of assets to pay off creditors, and closing the park.[27]

New owners renamed the venue Freestyle Music Park and planned to reopen retaining a music-theme, but without the Hard Rock name, by Memorial Day, 2009. The park only operated one additional year and then closed, due to poor attendance.[28]

StadiumsEdit

In August 2016, it was reported that the Miami Dolphins' stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida would be renamed Hard Rock Stadium. Super Bowl LIV will be held there on February 2, 2020.[29]

The Hard Rock Club is a sponsored bar at the Canadian Tire Centre, with Hard Rock branding and memorabilia.[30] The stadium formerly housed Ottawa's first Hard Rock Café when it opened as The Palladium on January 15, 1996, and for many years when it was known as the Corel Centre. The café closed on August 8, 2002 and was replaced with the Frank Finnigan's restaurant.[31] Since October 17, 2013, the restaurant is known as Chek Point, and is sponsored by SportChek.[32] The Hard Rock Club bar was announced on October 9, 2018 and opened near the former Hard Rock Café. The bar features memorabilia from over a dozen artists, restaurant-style seating, and dedicated stadium seating.[30]

Acquisition by the Seminole Tribe of FloridaEdit

On December 7, 2006, Rank sold its Hard Rock business to the Seminole Tribe of Florida for $965 million. Included in the deal were 124 Hard Rock Cafes, four Hard Rock Hotels, two Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Hotels, two Hard Rock Live! concert venues, and stakes in three unbranded hotels. Rank retained the Hard Rock Casino in London, and rebranded it the G Casino Piccadilly. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas was also not part of the deal, as it was sold by Peter Morton to Morgans Hotel Group in May 2006.[33] The final takeover was mired in controversy, due to a payment clause in a contract with one casino developer, Power Plant Entertainment. Power Plant and the Seminoles announced a settlement in April 2007 which both sides called equitable.[34] On January 8, 2007, Rank shareholders approved the Seminoles' $965 million offer. The Tribe announced it had finalized the deal on March 11, 2007.[35]

On June 22, 2008, the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood began "Vegas-style" table gambling in addition to the Class II slots already in operation. To win approval for the table games, which were barred under Florida law, the Seminole Tribe paid the State of Florida $100 million as part of a 25-year pact signed by Governor Charlie Crist. On July 3, 2008, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that the governor's agreement was unconstitutional, but table games continue to operate because the Federal Department of the Interior approved the now-invalid pact with the state.[36]

List of locationsEdit

Location (city) Location (country) Status Established Closed/Moved Comments
London   United Kingdom Open June 14, 1971
Toronto   Canada Closed June 23, 1978 May 24, 2017 Closed because of lease expiration, now Shoppers Drug Mart
Los Angeles   United States Closed October 24, 1982 December 31, 2006 [37]
Tokyo Roppongi   Japan Open July 4, 1983
New York City   United States Open April 12, 1984 August 12, 2005 Relocated to Times Square
San Francisco   United States Open September 10, 1984 August 26, 2002 Relocated to Fisherman's Wharf
Stockholm   Sweden Open April 16, 1985
Chicago   United States Open June 17, 1986
Dallas   United States Open November 6, 1986 July 15, 2009 Relocated closing July 31,2019
Houston   United States Open November 6, 1986 May 21, 2000 Relocated
Cancún   Mexico Open June 9, 1987 March 19, 2016 Reopened
Honolulu   United States Open July 15, 1987 November 23, 2000 Relocated
Reykjavík   Iceland Open July 25, 1987 October 30, 2016 Closed May 29, 2005. Relocated
New Orleans   United States Open November 11, 1987 December 29, 2012 Relocated
La Jolla   United States Closed December 11, 1988 October 13, 2008 Originally San Diego, renamed when downtown location opened.
Sydney   Australia Open April 1, 1989 July 8, 2011 Closed October 22, 2007. Relocated
Toronto SkyDome   Canada Closed June 6, 1989 September 27, 2009
Boston   United States Open June 12, 1989 July 2, 2007 Relocated from Harvard Square, Cambridge to Landsdown Street, Boston
Acapulco   Mexico Closed December 8, 1989 January 17, 2014
Washington, D.C.   United States Open January 1, 1990
Singapore   Singapore Open February 6, 1990
Orlando   United States Open June 7, 1990 December 11, 1998 Universal CityWalk complex, Relocated
Maui   United States Closed July 23, 1990 December 31, 2016
Las Vegas at Hard Rock Hotel   United States Closed September 7, 1990 January 1, 2017
Montreal   Canada Closed September 20, 1990 September 27, 2009
Puerto Vallarta   Mexico Closed December 30, 1990 August 7, 2011
Aspen   United States Closed January 22, 1991 November 1, 2000
Bangkok   Thailand Open April 22, 1991
Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia Open November 9, 1991
Paris   France Open November 24, 1991
Osaka   Japan Open January 17, 1992 September 14, 2001 Relocated
Tijuana   Mexico Closed April 26, 1992 June 19, 2008
Berlin   Germany Open May 18, 1992 April 26, 2010
Jakarta   Indonesia Closed October 2, 1992 - Originally lobster at Sarinah Plaza. Relocated to Plaza Indonesia Entertainment X'nter in July 2004. Currently located at Pacific Place since 2016.
Atlanta   United States Open November 9, 1992
Newport Beach   United States Closed November 23, 1992 June 23, 2005
St. Thomas   United States Virgin Islands Closed December 17, 1992 April 23, 2005
San Juan   Puerto Rico Closed March 5, 1993 April 22, 2011 Reopened on August 17, 2018 in the Condado area.
Tel Aviv   Israel Closed July 1, 1993 December 1, 1997
Miami   United States Open September 21, 1993
Mexico City   Mexico Closed September 23, 1993 May 24, 2013
Bali   Indonesia Open October 8, 1993
Taipei   Taiwan Closed December 22, 1993 February 2, 2002
Beijing   China Closed May 14, 1994 September 22, 2012
Nashville   United States Open June 21, 1994
Cozumel   Mexico Open October 22, 1994 December 10, 2014 Closed August 31, 2005. Relocated
Hong Kong Kowloon   Hong Kong Closed November 13, 1994 November 23, 2008
Madrid   Spain Open November 25, 1994
San Antonio   United States Open January 12, 1995
Hong Kong at Chater Road   Hong Kong Closed March 18, 1995 October 1, 1999
Calgary   Canada Closed April 1, 1995 June 1, 2000
Vancouver   Canada Closed June 6, 1995 June 1, 2000
Edmonton   Canada Closed July 7, 1995 June 1, 2000 Inside West Edmonton Mall
Myrtle Beach   United States Open July 10, 1995 October 7, 2016 Broadway at the Beach complex since opening. Relocated to The Avenue
Copenhagen   Denmark Open July 18, 1995
Whistler   Canada Closed September 5, 1995 June 1, 2000
Buenos Aires   Argentina Open October 15, 1995
Melbourne   Australia Closed October 20, 1995 October 21, 2007
Phoenix   United States Open October 21, 1995 February 25, 2002 Relocated
Banff   Canada Closed October 22, 1995 June 1, 2000
Taichung   Taiwan Closed December 1, 1995 December 1, 1996
Cabo San Lucas   Mexico Closed December 10, 1995 August 31, 2013 Unauthorized location[38]
Antwerp   Belgium Open December 15, 1995 March 20, 2017 Closed April 24, 1997. Relocated
Makati   Philippines Closed December 15, 1995 July 1, 2017 Renamed to Johnny B. Good after closed
Universal City   United States Open January 12, 1996 Universal CityWalk complex
Ottawa (Kanata)   Canada Open January 15, 1996 Hard Rock Café closed on August 8, 2002.
Hard Rock Club bar announced in 2018.[30]
Surfers Paradise   Australia Open March 22, 1996 Originally called Gold Coast.
Ottawa   Canada Closed June 26, 1996 September 1, 2013 Rideau Carleton Raceway to become Hard Rock Ottawa in 2021.
Niagara Falls   United States Open July 10, 1996
Shanghai   China Temp. Closed August 2, 1996 December 26, 2016 Closed March 21, 2004. Relocated but temporarily closed
Guangzhou   China Closed September 2, 1996 May 18, 2003
Key West   United States Open September 27, 1996
Atlantic City   United States Open November 15, 1996 June 28, 2018 Closed September 30, 2017 as part of the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Atlantic City improvements plan. Restaurant originally opened as part of the Trump Taj Mahal, it remained open (independently operated) after the hotel and casino's closure until current round of construction began as part of conversion with its new owners. Relocated June 28, 2018.
Cape Town   South Africa Open November 22, 1996 October 11, 2017 Closed June 17, 2001. Relocated
Seoul   South Korea Closed December 2, 1996 Unknown Closed January 1, 2007. Reopened in April 18, 2008 but closed again in April 2009. Reopened in October 21, 2014.
Niagara Falls Canada   Canada Open December 9, 1996
Beirut   Lebanon Closed December 19, 1996 September 9, 2013 [39]
Shenzhen   China Open May 27, 1997 Unknown Closed November 1998. Re-opened
Nagoya   Japan Closed July 1, 1997 December 31, 2010
Baltimore   United States Open July 4, 1997
Yokohama   Japan Open July 18, 1997
Sacramento   United States Closed August 13, 1997 March 27, 2010
Amman   Jordan Closed August 14, 1997 September 1, 2000
Manama   Bahrain Open October 4, 1997
Barcelona   Spain Open November 10, 1997
Memphis   United States Open November 14, 1997 July 3, 2014 Relocated two blocks west in 2014[40]
Dubai   United Arab Emirates Open December 13, 1997 November 18, 2011 Closed March 8, 2009. Relocated
Philadelphia   United States Open January 15, 1998
Lima   Peru Open February 20, 1998 December 17, 2012 Closed December 3, 2001. Relocated
Edinburgh   United Kingdom Open March 28, 1998
Guam   Guam Open May 10, 1998
Ankara   Turkey Closed May 27, 1998 February 8, 2002
Lake Tahoe   United States Closed June 30, 1998 May 13, 2018
Salt Lake City   United States Closed June 30, 1998 December 7, 2008
Cleveland   United States Closed July 2, 1998 July 24, 2016 Relocated to Northfield Park[41]
Kona   United States Closed July 21, 1998 July 9, 2008
Sharm el-Sheikh   Egypt Open July 24, 1998
San Diego   United States Closed July 28, 1998 December 31, 2017
Saipan   Northern Mariana Islands Open August 18, 1998
St. Louis   United States Closed August 24, 1998 August 16, 2018
Denver   United States Open November 5, 1998
Guadalajara   Mexico Closed November 7, 1998 October 1, 2008
Rome   Italy Open December 10, 1998
Amsterdam   Netherlands Open March 20, 1999
Indianapolis   United States Closed April 13, 1999 March 18, 2019 Lease expired
Kobe   Japan Closed April 27, 1999 December 31, 2003
Fort Lauderdale   United States Closed July 7, 1999 May 9, 2004 New location Hollywood, FL.
Gatlinburg   United States Closed September 5, 1999 May 18, 2014 New location Pigeon Forge.
Oasis   United Kingdom Closed April 14, 2000 January 31, 2002
Fukuoka   Japan Open April 26, 2000 April 27, 2016 Closed Hawks Town Mall March 31, 2016. Relocated to JRJP Hakata Building at JR Hakata Station[42][43])
Grand Cayman   Cayman Islands Open April 28, 2000 December 10, 2014 Closed October 13, 2013. Relocated
Rio de Janeiro   Brazil Closed June 27, 2000 July 25, 2011 Relocated at base of Corcovado
Manchester   United Kingdom Open September 12, 2000
Malta   Malta Open November 25, 2000
Osaka Universal   Japan Open March 22, 2001
Managua   Nicaragua Open May 1, 2001 December 26, 2016 Closed December 2001. Relocated
Cairo   Egypt Open May 4, 2001 March 1, 2018 Closed December 31, 2010. Relocated[44]
Belfast   United Kingdom Closed May 9, 2001 September 25, 2004
Queenstown   New Zealand Closed May 28, 2001 September 28, 2004
Bogotá   Colombia Open October 1, 2001
Pattaya   Thailand Open October 15, 2001
Birmingham   United Kingdom Closed November 20, 2001 May 15, 2007
Munich   Germany Open February 25, 2002
Austin   United States Closed February 27, 2002 January 2, 2006
Ueno-Eki   Japan Open March 25, 2002
Nottingham   United Kingdom Closed June 5, 2002 November 12, 2007
Pittsburgh   United States Open June 24, 2002
Minneapolis   United States Closed September 12, 2002 September 30, 2011
Leeds   United Kingdom Closed December 2, 2002 July 3, 2007
Cologne   Germany Open April 28, 2003
Lisbon   Portugal Open June 12, 2003
Panama   Panama Open September 8, 2003 September 8, 2004 Relocated to Multicentro September 8, 2004. Closed September 2013. Re-opened Fall 2016
Moscow   Russia Open September 17, 2003
Cardiff   United Kingdom Closed October 13, 2003 October 12, 2010
Nassau   Bahamas Closed October 21, 2003 May 22, 2014 Unauthorized location.[38] Relocated
Detroit   United States Closed November 10, 2003 January 26, 2019 Lease expired.
Malta   Malta Open February 1, 2004 March 2, 2006 Relocated
Catania   Italy Closed February 24, 2004 October 10, 2006
Hollywood FL   United States Open May 11, 2004
Louisville   United States Open May 31, 2004
Dublin   Ireland Open June 29, 2004
Destin   United States Closed July 2, 2004 June 21, 2014
Foxwoods   United States Open August 20, 2004
Athens   Greece Open September 14, 2004 April 6, 2015 Closed March 31, 2014. Relocated[45]
Hurghada   Egypt Open November 12, 2004
Kuwait   Kuwait Closed November 20, 2004 February 28, 2014
Gothenburg   Sweden Open December 10, 2004
Caracas   Venezuela Open May 12, 2005
Playa del Inglés   Spain Closed December 2, 2005 October 1, 2009
Oslo   Norway Open December 12, 2005
Belo Horizonte   Brazil Closed December 23, 2005 May 25, 2014
Santo Domingo   Dominican Republic Open July 14, 2006 June 14, 2014 Relocated
Mumbai Worli   India Open September 12, 2006
Narita   Japan Closed September 15, 2006 August 19, 2012
Ocho Rios   Jamaica Closed November 22, 2006 February 3, 2011
Margarita   Venezuela Open November 27, 2006
Warsaw   Poland Open February 8, 2007
Biloxi   United States Open July 1, 2007
Punta Cana   Dominican Republic Open July 2, 2007
Nadi   Fiji Open December 4, 2007
Cartagena   Colombia Open December 13, 2007
Bengaluru   India Open December 29, 2007
Bucharest   Romania Open January 1, 2008
Singapore Changi Airport   Singapore Closed January 9, 2008 December 18, 2016
Mallorca   Spain Open November 29, 2008
Aruba   Aruba Open December 12, 2008
Pune   India Open January 11, 2009
Yankee Stadium   United States Open March 30, 2009
Prague   Czech Republic Open April 3, 2009
Venice   Italy Open April 9, 2009
New Delhi   India Open June 4, 2009
Las Vegas   United States Open September 5, 2009
Penang   Malaysia Open September 15, 2009
Hyderabad   India Open September 21, 2009
Marbella   Spain Open October 30, 2009
Phuket   Thailand Open November 29, 2009
Ho Chi Minh City   Vietnam Open December 17, 2009 Rights owned by the Highlands Coffee conglomerate
Seattle   United States Open February 10, 2010
Sentosa   Singapore Open April 22, 2010
Kraków   Poland Open June 4, 2010
Hollywood on Hollywood Boulevard   United States Open July 19, 2010
Medellín   Colombia Open September 3, 2010
Glyfada   Greece Closed December 17, 2010 October 10, 2012
Sint Maarten   Netherlands Open December 20, 2010
Tampa   United States Open December 21, 2010
Hong Kong at Lan Kwai Fong   Hong Kong Open April 18, 2011 [46]
Florence   Italy Open June 14, 2011 [47]
Costa Maya   Mexico Closed August 16, 2011 May 21, 2012
Hamburg   Germany Open August 17, 2011 [48]
Budapest   Hungary Open December 14, 2011 [49]
Macau   Macau Open February 14, 2012
New Buffalo, Michigan at Four Winds New Buffalo   United States Open July 11, 2012 [50]
Brussels at Grand Place   Belgium Open July 31, 2012 [51]
Helsinki   Finland Open October 15, 2012
Nicosia   Cyprus Closed October 15, 2012 May 21, 2013
Kota Kinabalu   Malaysia Open November 15, 2012 [52]
Santiago   Chile Open December 19, 2012
Guatemala City   Guatemala Open January 7, 2013 [52]
Malacca City   Malaysia Open January 28, 2013
Nabq   Egypt Open February 23, 2013
Ibiza   Spain Open June 4, 2013
Mumbai, Andheri West   India Open September 1, 2013
San José   Costa Rica Open September 21, 2013 [52]
Nice   France Open October 11, 2013
Glasgow   United Kingdom Open November 16, 2013 [53]
Tenerife   Spain Open November 19, 2013
Johannesburg   South Africa Open December 3, 2013[54]
Northfield Park (CLEVELAND,OHIO)   United States Closed December 18, 2013 April 2019 Hard Rock Rocksino Northfield Park was sold to MGM and became MGM Northfield Park.
Chennai   India Closed December 29, 2013 May 31, 2016
Santa Cruz de la Sierra   Bolivia Open February 24, 2014 [52]
Istanbul   Turkey Closed 2013 [55]
Gurgaon   India Open March 23, 2014 [52]
Pigeon Forge   United States Open May 20, 2014 This is a move from Gatlinburg[52]
Anchorage   United States Open June 28, 2014 [56]
Angkor   Cambodia Open June 22, 2014 [57]
Vienna   Austria Open June 30, 2014 [58]
Gdańsk   Poland Open July 1, 2014
Mall of America   United States Open August 28, 2014 [59]
Almaty   Kazakhstan Open October 30, 2014
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery   Argentina Open November 22, 2014
Marseille   France Closed November 30, 2014 September 5, 2017
Asuncion   Paraguay Open December 20, 2014 [60]
Podgorica   Montenegro Open February 8, 2015
Curitiba   Brazil Open May 28, 2015
Guanacaste   Costa Rica Open June 27, 2015
Busan   South Korea Closed October 18, 2015 February 18, 2018
Port El Kantaoui   Tunisia Open December 27, 2015
Vientiane   Laos Closed December 31, 2015 May 31, 2018
Lagos   Nigeria Open March 11, 2016
Koh Samui   Thailand Open April 30, 2016
Ayia Napa   Cyprus Open May 29, 2016 Relocated from Nicosia
Tbilisi   Georgia Open June 16, 2016
Seville   Spain Open August 4, 2016
Baku   Azerbaijan Open August 28, 2016
Hangzhou   China Temp.Closed October 30, 2016
Lyon   France Open October 30, 2016
Porto   Portugal Open November 20, 2016
Pretoria   South Africa Open November 26, 2016
Chiang Mai   Thailand Open December 6, 2016
Ulaanbaatar   Mongolia Open December 10, 2016
Montego Bay   Jamaica Open December 24, 2016
Ushuaia   Argentina Open December 24, 2016
Tampa International Airport   United States Open August 6, 2016
Houston Airport   United States Open May 15, 2017 [61]
Valencia   Spain Open May 28, 2017
Andorra la Vella   Andorra Open July 25, 2017 [62]
Innsbruck   Austria Open August 13, 2017
La Paz   Bolivia Open September 18, 2017
Phnom Penh   Cambodia Open November 7, 2017
Kolkata   India Open December 20, 2017 [63]
Yangon   Myanmar Closed 2017 April 2019
Wrocław   Poland Open March 22, 2018
Tianjin   China Open April 20, 2018
Saint Petersburg   Russia Open June 13, 2018
Gramado   Brazil Open July 22, 2018
San Juan   Puerto Rico Open August 17, 2018 Previously located in the Old San Juan.
Dubai Airport   United Arab Emirates Open 2019
Ezeiza Airport   Argentina Open December 20, 2017
Montevideo   Uruguay Open December 19, 2018
Manila   Philippines Open December 30, 2018
Malaga   Spain Open March 10, 2019
Piccadilly Circus   United Kingdom Open July 8, 2019
Oxford Street   United Kingdom Open April 30, 2019 Opened as the restaurant within the Hard Rock Hotel London (also opened 30 April 2019)
Kyoto   Japan Open July 12, 2019
Ponce   Puerto Rico Upcoming 2019 Inside Aloft Hotel[64]
Chengdu   China Planned 2019
Ciudad del Este   Paraguay Planned 2019
Milan   Italy Planned 2019
Georgetown   Guyana Planned 2019
Naples   Italy Planned 2019
Belgrade   Serbia Planned 2019 [65]
Desaru   Malaysia Planned 2019
Montería   Colombia Planned 2019
Gran Canaria   Spain Planned 2019

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  5. ^ Hard Rock Cafe Locations. Retrieved May 10, 2012
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  7. ^ "Townshend's Gibson Les Paul". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
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  10. ^ Laura Porter. "The Vault". About.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
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  12. ^ Spain, William (May 6, 2006). "Morgans Hotel Group to buy Vegas Hard Rock for $770 million". The Wall Street Journal. marketwatch.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
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  18. ^ "Contact Us". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  19. ^ Vincent, Roger (February 10, 2013). "Palm Springs hotel to be converted into Hard Rock outpost'". Los Angeles Times.
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  21. ^ Wittkowski, Donald (September 13, 2012). "Hard Rock casino developers scrap Atlantic City casino project". The Press of Atlantic City.
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  34. ^ John Burstein (April 18, 2007). "Seminoles, developer settle disputes". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
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  38. ^ a b "Franchise Agreements Terminated". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
  39. ^ http://www.beirut.com/l/28129. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  40. ^ "Memphis official confirms Hard Rock Cafe is moving its location". WorldNow and WMC. January 15, 2014.
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  42. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Announces Move to Hakata - Fukuoka Now".
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  44. ^ [>http://www.hardrock.com/cafes/cairo/ "Hard Rock Cafe Cairo - Live Music and Dining in Cairo - Cairo Restaurants"] Check |url= value (help). www.hardrock.com. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
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  47. ^ "Hard Rock Turns Up The Volume In Florence With Grand Opening Celebration". Hard Rock Cafe. June 14, 2011.
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  49. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Budapest Now Open". abudapest.com. December 21, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  50. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe New Buffalo will have plenty to see (photo gallery)". MLive.com.
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  57. ^ Glasser, Miranda (June 20, 2014). "Soft opening for Hard Rock Café". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
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  60. ^ "El Hard Rock Café Asunción abrió sus puertas al público". ultimahora.
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  62. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Andorra - Live Music and Dining in Andorra - Andorra Restaurants". www.hardrock.com. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  63. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe set to open eighth location in Kolkata".
  64. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe abrirá su segundo restaurante en Puerto Rico | El Nuevo Día". El Nuevo Dia. January 18, 2019.
  65. ^ ""HARD ROK KAFE" UMESTO "RUSKOG CARA" Na mestu gde je 122 godine bila čuvena kafana, biće otvoren objekat svetski poznatog brenda". October 25, 2016.

External linksEdit