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Interstate 90 (I-90) in the U.S. state of Illinois runs roughly northwest-to-southeast through the northern part of the state. From the Wisconsin state line at South Beloit, it heads south to Rockford before heading east-southeast to the Indiana state line at Chicago. I-90 traverses 108 miles (174 km) through a variety of settings, from farmland west of the Fox River Valley through the medium-density suburbs west of O'Hare International Airport, through downtown Chicago, and through the heart of the industrial southeast side of Chicago before entering Indiana.

Interstate 90 marker

Interstate 90
I-90 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by ISTHA, IDOT, and SCC
Length107.82 mi[1] (173.52 km)
Major junctions
West end I-39 / I-90 at Wisconsin state line
 
East end I-90 / Indiana Toll Road at Indiana state line
Location
CountiesWinnebago, Boone, McHenry, Kane, Cook
Highway system
IL 89IL 90

I-90 comprises several named highways. The Interstate runs along the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway from South Beloit to O'Hare Airport, the Kennedy Expressway runs from O'Hare to the Chicago Loop, the Dan Ryan Expressway from the Loop to the Chicago Skyway, and the Skyway to the Indiana state line. The Jane Addams and Chicago Skyway are toll roads maintained by the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (ISTHA) and the Skyway Concession Company (SCC) respectively. The remainder of the highway is maintained by the Illinois Department of Transportation.

Route descriptionEdit

I-90 enters from Beloit, Wisconsin with I-39. At the Rockton Road exit, I-39/I-90 becomes the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway. The two Interstates run concurrently south to Rockford, where I-39 continues as a freeway south to BloomingtonNormal. I-90 continues east-southeast to Belvidere and Elgin on the way through the Chicago area. In Schaumburg, I-90 meets the western end of I-290, the only loop from I-90 in Illinois.[citation needed]

The Jane Addams Memorial Tollway features an Illinois Tollway oasis in Belvidere, an over-highway oasis. This unique rest stop provides several vendors and allows tollway travelers to rest, refuel, and eat without having to exit the tollway. Another oasis was previously sited in Des Plaines near O'Hare, but it was closed and demolished in 2014 to make room for the widening of I-90 and the O'Hare West Bypass.[2]

I-90 passes north of O'Hare International Airport, where I-190 branches west to the airport terminals. I-90 also meets I-294 at this junction with I-190.[citation needed]

I-90 continues southeast and is later joined with eastbound I-94; westbound I-94 runs on the Edens Expressway. I-90 and I-94 then head toward the Loop, intersecting the eastern end of I-290. South of I-290, the highway is given the name of the Dan Ryan Expressway.[citation needed]

On Chicago's South Side, the Dan Ryan passes I-55 before I-90 splits off from I-94 just south of 63rd Street, and becomes the Chicago Skyway, again becoming a toll road. I-90 then runs directly southeast to the Indiana state line, and becomes the Indiana Toll Road at the state line.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

 
The Jane Addams Tollway in Schaumburg prior to the 2015-16 rebuild and widening

Jane Addams Memorial TollwayEdit

The 76-mile (122 km) Northwest Tollway portion of I-90 opened on August 20, 1958.[3] Prior to the opening, the first vehicle to officially travel the new roadway was a covered wagon navigated by local resident John Madsen who took 5 days to make the journey.[4]

On September 7, 2007, the Northwest Tollway was renamed the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway after Jane Addams, the Nobel Peace Prize winner and founder of the Settlement House movement in the United States.[5][6]

The Illinois Tollway's 2005–2012 Congestion-Relief Program provided $644.1 million in improvements to the I-90 corridor.[7] Projects included rebuilding and widening of the tollway between I-39 and Rockton Road, including a reconfiguration of the I-90/I-39 interchange to improve traffic flow. This construction started in 2008 and was completed by the end of 2009.[8]

From 2013 to 2016, over $2 billion was spent on rebuilding and widening the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway from I-39 to the Kennedy Expressway. The inside shoulders were widened for future transit opportunities, and active traffic management was incorporated into the corridor from IL 59 to the eastern end.[9][10] In addition, almost all of the crossroad bridges were rebuilt and several interchanges were reconfigured/expanded.[11] In 2019, a $33.4 million interchange with IL 23 was added near Marengo to provide the first I-90 interchange in McHenry County.[12]

Until 1978, I-90 was routed on the Congress Street Expressway (later named the Eisenhower Expressway) which was extended from the Loop to the intersection of the Northwest Tollway and IL 53. The Kennedy Expressway was signed only as I-94, and the portion of present-day I-90 between the Edens Expressway and IL 53 was not signed as an Interstate Highway. This provided a non-toll section of I-90 between downtown Chicago and IL 53. The route designations were changed to their present form when I-90 was moved to follow the entire length of the Kennedy Expressway and the Jane Addams Tollway, and the original route was designated I-290.

In September 2018, construction began in the footprint of the former Des Plaines Oasis for the new interchange with future I-490 (Western O'Hare Beltway). The oasis was closed as of August 2018. Completion and opening of the I-490 interchange is scheduled for 2023 according to the ISTHA's website.[citation needed]

Chicago SkywayEdit

 
Chicago Skyway in 1999

The Chicago Skyway was originally known as the Calumet Skyway.[13] It cost $101 million (1958, $791 million in 2011) to construct and took about 34 months (nearly 3 years) to build. Nearly 8 miles (13 km) of elevated roadway, the Chicago Skyway was originally built as a shortcut from State Street, a major north-south street on Chicago's South Side that serves the Loop, to the steel mills on the Southeast to the Indiana state line where the Indiana Toll Road begins. Later, when the Dan Ryan Expressway opened, the Chicago Skyway was extended west to connect to it. There are only two eastbound exits east of the toll barrier, whereas there are four westbound exits west of the toll barrier (so that no exits are available until one has crossed the bridge and paid the toll). The Chicago Skyway opened to traffic on April 16, 1958.[13][14]

The Skyway's official name, referring to it as a "toll bridge" rather than a "toll road", is the result of a legal quirk. At the time of its construction, the city charter of Chicago did not provide the authority to construct a toll road. However, the city could build toll bridges, and it was found that there was no limit to the length of the approaches to the bridge. Therefore, the Skyway is technically a toll bridge with a six-mile-long (9.7 km) approach. This also is part of the reason that there are no exits available until after one has crossed the bridge and paid the toll.[15]

Historically, the Chicago Skyway was signed as, and was widely considered to be part of, I-90 from the mid-1960s forward (after I-90 in this area had been swapped with I-94). However, around 1999, the City of Chicago realized they had never received official approval to designate the Skyway as I-90. The city subsequently replaced most of the "I-90" signage with "TO I-90/I-94" signage. However, the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) has always and continues to report the Skyway as part of the Interstate Highway System, and the Federal Highway Administration also considers the Chicago Skyway an official part of I-90.[16]

In the 1960s, the newly constructed Dan Ryan Expressway and the neighboring Calumet Expressway, Kingery Expressway and Borman Expressway provided free alternatives to the tollway, and the Skyway became much less used. As a result, from the 1970s through the early 1990s, the Skyway was unable to repay revenue bonds used in its construction.[17] Traffic volumes rebounded from the late 1990s onward, partially because of the construction of casinos in Northwest Indiana, along with reconstruction of the Dan Ryan, Kingery and Borman Expressways.[18] In June 2005, the Skyway became compatible with electronic toll collection, with users now able to pay tolls using I-PASS or E-ZPass transponders.[19]

The city of Chicago's Department of Streets and Sanitation formerly maintained the Chicago Skyway Toll Bridge System. A transaction that gave the city of Chicago a $1.83 billion cash infusion leased the Skyway to the Skyway Concession Company, a joint-venture between the Australian Macquarie Infrastructure Group and Spanish Cintra Concesiones de Infraestructuras de Transporte S.A., which assumed operations on the Skyway on a 99–year operating lease. The agreement between SCC and the city of Chicago marked the first time an existing toll road was moved from public to private operation in the United States.[20]

Exit listEdit

CountyLocationmi[1]kmExitDestinationsNotes
WinnebagoSouth Beloit0.000.00   I-39 north / I-90 west – MadisonContinuation into Wisconsin
0.290.471   US 51 north / IL 75 – South BeloitWestern end of US 51 overlap
Rockton2.714.363  CR 9 (Rockton Road) – RoscoeNorthwestern end of Jane Addams Memorial Tollway
3.605.79South Beloit Toll Plaza 1
Rockford8.9414.399  IL 173 (West Lane Road) – Machesney Park
12.4720.0712East Riverside Boulevard – Loves Park
15.7625.3615 
  US 20 Bus. (State Street) – Belvidere
17.4028.0017     I-39 south / US 51 south to US 20 – Bloomington, Normal, Freeport, GalenaEastern end of I-39/US 51 overlap; to Chicago Rockford International Airport via US 20 west
BooneBelvidere20.4032.8321Irene RoadI-Pass only on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps
22.9336.90Belvidere Toll Plaza 5 (westbound)
23.5137.84Belvidere Oasis
24.6239.6225Belvidere–Genoa Road – Belvidere, Genoa
McHenryRiley365836  IL 23 – Marengo, Genoa, DeKalb, SycamoreCurrently under construction; expected to be complete by end of 2019
37.3960.17Marengo Toll Plaza 7 (eastbound)
KaneHampshire41.5466.8542  US 20 – Marengo, Hampshire
Huntley46.0274.0647  IL 47 – Huntley, Woodstock, ElburnI-Pass only
Elgin51.7883.3352  CR 34 (Randall Road)
53.4285.97Elgin Toll Plaza 9
54.2287.2654  IL 31 (State Street, 8th Street)Signed as exits 54A (south) and 54B (north)
KaneCook
county line
55.9590.0456  IL 25 (Dundee Avenue) – East Dundee, Carpentersville, South Elgin, St. Charles
CookHoffman Estates57.7792.9758Beverly RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
59.3195.4559  IL 59 (Sutton Road) – Barrington, Hoffman Estates, Streamwood, Bartlett
61.8199.4762Barrington Road – Barrington, Hoffman Estates, Streamwood, Hanover ParkI-Pass only on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps
Schaumburg65.19104.9165Roselle Road – Schaumburg, Palatine, Roselle, Hoffman EstatesI-Pass only on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps; westbound entrance ramp via Central Road
66.93107.7167Meacham Road – Schaumburg, PalatineI-Pass only; westbound exit and entrance only, no access from I-290 and IL 53 ramp
Rolling Meadows67.84109.1868      
     I-290 east / IL 53 (Eisenhower Expressway) to I-355 south / IL 390 – Chicago, West Suburbs, Northwest Suburbs, Joliet
Signed as exits 68A (I-290 east/IL 53 south) and 68B (IL 53 north)
Arlington Heights70.47113.4170Arlington Heights Road – Arlington Heights, Elk Grove, Rolling MeadowsToll on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps
Des Plaines73.25117.8873  Elmhurst Road to (IL 83) – Des Plaines, Mount Prospect, Elk Grove Village, BensenvilleI-Pass only on eastbound exit and westbound entrance ramps
7411974   
  I-490 south (O'Hare Western Bypass) – Indiana
Currently under construction; expected to be complete in 2023
75.80121.9976  IL 72 (Lee Street)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
Rosemont76.75123.52Devon Avenue Toll Plaza 17 (westbound)
77.03123.97  IL 72 (Higgins Road) / Devon AvenueWestbound entrance only
77.20–
78.65
124.24–
126.57
77/78   I-190 west (Kennedy Expressway) – O'Hare
   
  I-294 (Tri-State Tollway) – Indiana, Milwaukee
Signed as exits 77A (I-294 south/I-190 west) and 77B (I-294 north) eastbound; signed as exits 77 (I-294 north) and 78 (I-294 south/I-190 west) westbound; I-190 exit 1C; I-294 exit 40B
78.20125.85River Road Toll Plaza 19 (eastbound)
Chicago78.49126.32Southeastern end of Jane Addams Memorial Tollway
Northwestern end of Kennedy Expressway
79.28127.5979  IL 171 south (Cumberland Avenue)Signed as exits 79A (south) and 79B (north)
79.99128.7380Canfield RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
80.84130.1081A  IL 43 (Harlem Avenue)
81.14130.5881BSayre AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
81.85131.7282ANagle AvenueNo westbound exit
82.09132.1182BBryn Mawr AvenueWestbound exit only
82.31132.4782CAustin Avenue to Foster AvenueEastbound exit only
82.79133.2483AFoster AvenueNo eastbound exit
83.01133.5983BCentral AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
83.71134.7284Lawrence AvenueEastbound To I-94
84.35–
84.59
135.75–
136.13
  I-94 west (Edens Expressway) – MilwaukeeWestern end of I-94 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance only; western end of reversible express lanes; I-94's exit numbers used throughout the concurrency; I-94 exit 43B
84.77136.4243CMontrose AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
85.03136.8443DKostner AvenueWestbound exit only
85.39–
85.62
137.42–
137.79
44A  IL 19 (Irving Park Road) / Keeler AvenueNo westbound exit
85.62–
85.81
137.79–
138.10
44B  IL 19 (Irving Park Road) / Pulaski RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
86.34138.9545AAddison Street
86.77139.6445BKimball Avenue
87.08140.1445CBelmont AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
87.64141.04Sacramento AvenueEastbound entrance only
87.79141.2846ACalifornia AvenueEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
87.96141.5646BDiversey AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
88.53–
88.90
142.48–
143.07
47AWestern Avenue / Fullerton AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance from Western Avenue
89.08143.3647BDamen AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
89.52144.0748AArmitage AvenueEastbound traffic uses Armitage Avenue to Ashland Avenue
90.10145.0048B  IL 64 (North Avenue)Westbound traffic uses North Avenue to Ashland Avenue
90.66145.9049ADivision Street
90.91146.3149BAugusta Boulevard / Milwaukee AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
91.40147.0950AOgden AvenueEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
91.62147.4550BOhio StreetEastern end of reversible express lanes
92.19148.3751ALake StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
92.27148.4951BRandolph Street west
92.34148.6151CWashington Boulevard eastExits only; no entrances
92.44148.7751DMadison Street
92.53148.9151EMonroe StreetEastbound exit only
92.62149.0651FAdams Street westEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
92.71149.2051GJackson Boulevard eastEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
92.72–
93.35
149.22–
150.23
51H
51I
  
   I-290 / IL 110 (CKC) west (Eisenhower Expressway) – West Suburbs
Congress Parkway – Chicago Loop
Jane Byrne Circle Interchange; signed as exits 51H (west) and 51I (east); southeastern end of Kennedy Expressway and northern end of Dan Ryan Expressway; Congress Parkway renamed Ida B. Wells Drive
93.42150.3452ATaylor Street / Roosevelt RoadEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
93.57150.5952BRoosevelt Road / Taylor StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
94.22151.6352C18th StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
94.22–
96.04
151.63–
154.56
53B
53C
  I-55 south (Stevenson Expressway) – St. Louis
  I-55 north (Stevenson Expressway) / Lake Shore Drive, Cermak Road – Chinatown
Signed as exits 53B (south) and 53C (north) westbound; I-55 exits 292 and 293B; Cermak Road access from westbound only; western end of express lanes;
94.48152.0553ACanalport Avenue / Cermak RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only; Chinatown exit
96.16154.755431st Street
96.45155.2255A35th StreetU.S. Cellular Field, Illinois Institute of Technology
96.98156.0755BPershing Road
97.44156.8156A43rd Street
97.97157.6756B47th Street
98.88159.1357Garfield Boulevard
99.50160.1358A59th StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
100.00160.9358B63rd StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
100.00–
100.33
160.93–
161.47
  I-94 east (Dan Ryan Expressway) – IndianaEastern end of I-94 overlap; eastern end of express lanes; western end of Chicago Skyway; eastbound exit and westbound entrance; I-94 exit 59A
100.33161.47100State StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
101.42163.22101St. Lawrence AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
101.78163.8010273rd Street to Cottage Grove AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
103.04–
103.33
165.83–
166.29
103Stony Island Avenue to Lake Shore DriveWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
103.93167.26Jeffery Boulevard / 84th StreetEastbound entrance only
104.28167.8210487th StreetWestbound exit
104.67168.45Chicago Skyway Toll Plaza
105.26169.40105Anthony Avenue / 92nd StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
105.82–
106.21
170.30–
170.93
Chicago Skyway Toll Bridge
107.82173.52107     US 12 / US 20 / US 41 / LMCT (Indianapolis Boulevard) / 104th StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance only
      I-90 east / Indiana Toll Road east to I-80 / I-65 / I-94 – Toledo, OhioContinuation into Indiana; eastern end of Chicago Skyway
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Related routesEdit

I-90 has two related auxiliary Interstate Highways within Illinois. I-190 is a spur into O'Hare International Airport in Chicago that is also known as the Kennedy Expressway O'Hare Extension or the O'Hare Expressway. I-290 takes a southwesterly dogleg left route accessing the western suburbs and heading eastward into downtown Chicago. It is also known as the Dwight D. Eisenhower Expressway.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2011). "GIS Data". Illinois Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (ESRI shapefile) on June 26, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ "Jane Addams Memorial Tollway (I-90)". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  3. ^ "N. W. Tollway Opens Aug. 20 at Ceremony". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 30, 1958. Retrieved April 18, 2010 – via ProQuest Archiver.
  4. ^ "First Tollway Vehicle to Be Covered Wagon". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. August 11, 1958. part 1, p. 10. Retrieved April 18, 2010 – via Google News.
  5. ^ Ryan, Joseph (September 7, 2007). "Northwest Tollway Renamed for Reformer Addams". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved September 8, 2007.
  6. ^ Illinois General Assembly (May 22, 2007). "Full text of HJR0019". Retrieved September 8, 2007.
  7. ^ Illinois State Toll Highway Authority (2011). Congestion Relief Program: 2011 Update (PDF) (Report). Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  8. ^ Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. "Cherry Valley Interchange (I-90/39) Reconstruction and Reconfiguration" (PDF). Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  9. ^ "Transit on I-90" (PDF). Jane Addams Memorial Tollway Rebuilding and Widening Project. Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  10. ^ "A Smart, State-of-the-Art, 21st Century Corridor" (PDF). Jane Addams Memorial Tollway Rebuilding and Widening Project. Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  11. ^ "New and Improved Interchanges" (PDF). Jane Addams Memorial Tollway Rebuilding and Widening Project. Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  12. ^ "Interchange Route 23 Interchange Project". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. March 20, 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  13. ^ a b Foust, Hal (April 17, 1958). "A Great Day For Chicago! Skyway Open". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
  14. ^ Chicago Area Transportation Study. "System Facilities". Chicago Area Transportation Study. Archived from the original on June 18, 2007. Retrieved July 7, 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ Mayer, Harold M.; Wade, Richard C. (1969). Chicago: Growth of a Metropolis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 442. ISBN 0-226-51274-6.
  16. ^ Samuel, Peter (June 29, 2005). "Skyway Is Interstate 90 Unless State Withdraws Reports: Feds". TollRoadsNews. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
  17. ^ McClendon, Dennis (2005). "Skyway". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved July 7, 2007.
  18. ^ Illinois Department of Transportation (2005). "Getting Around Illinois". Illinois Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 7, 2007.
  19. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon. "Skyway will add I-PASS". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  20. ^ "Chicago privatizes Skyway toll road in $1.8 billion deal". Southern Illinoisian. Carbondale, IL. Associated Press. October 17, 2004. Retrieved March 4, 2008.


External linksEdit