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Southern Railway zone

  (Redirected from Southern Railway (India))

Coordinates: 13°04′57″N 80°16′37″E / 13.08240°N 80.27705°E / 13.08240; 80.27705

The Southern Railway (abbreviated SR), headquartered at Chennai, is one of the 17 zones of Indian Railways. It is the earliest of the 17 zones of the Indian Railways created in independent India. It was created on 14 April 1951 by merging three state railways, namely, the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway Company, and the Mysore State Railway. The South Indian Railway was originally created in the British colonial times as Great Southern India Railway Co founded in Britain in 1853 and registered in 1859. Its original headquarters was in Tiruchirappalli (Trichy) and was registered as a company in London only in 1890.[2]

Southern Railway
Shortened form of Southern Railway zone of India.jpg
Indianrailwayzones-numbered.png
Southern Railway-7
Southern Railway HQ.jpg
Locale Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Puducherry
Dates of operation 1951; 67 years ago (1951)
Predecessor South Indian Railway Company
Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway
Mysore State Railway
Track gauge Broad gauge and Metre gauge
Electrification Yes
Length 6,454 kilometres (4,010 mi) route[1]
Headquarters Chennai
Website http://www.sr.indianrailways.gov.in/

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1944, all Railway companies were taken over by the Government. And three years later, when India woke up to independence in 1947, the stage was set for the integration of different Railways into smaller zones. In 1948, immediately after independence, there were as many as 42 different railway systems - a multiplicity of railway administrations, varying in size and standards.

The regrouping proposals put forward by the various committees were studied in great detail to ensure that a unification could be achieved with the least disturbance and dislocation. Important associations of railway-users, Chambers of Commerce and Industry, the State Governments and acknowledged experts both in India and abroad were fully consulted.

Shri N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar - the then Minister for Railways, was the principal architect of the regrouping of Indian Railways. In December 1950, the Central Advisory Committee for Railways approved the plan for Indian Railways into six Zonal systems, namely, the Northern, the North-Eastern, the Southern, the Central, the Eastern and the Western.

The Southern Railway zone 9,654 kilometres (5,999 mi) was the first zone to be formed.[3] Created on 14 April 1951 by the merger of the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway and the Mysore State Railway, the economic and geographical factors of this zone facilitated an early integrated network. This amalgamation was a major step towards streamlining and organizing the working pattern of the Railway system.

Shri K R Ramanujam was appointed the first General Manager of the newly formed Southern Railways.

OrganisationEdit

The Southern Railway is headed by the General Manager (HAG+) Officer, assisted by an Additional General Manager (HAG). Each department is headed by a PHOD\CHOD of the rank of HAG\SAG.

JurisdictionEdit

Southern Railway has its headquarters in Chennai and has the following six divisions:

  1. Thiruvananthapuram
  2. Palakkad
  3. Madurai
  4. Chennai
  5. Tiruchirappalli
  6. Salem

The Coimbatore railway Division was disestablished in 1956.

It covers the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry and small portions of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. More than 50 crore passengers travel on the network every year.

OperationsEdit

The zone operates both passenger and freight trains. The biggest station is Chennai Central. Other important stations include Chennai Egmore, Trivandrum, Coimbatore, Ernakulam, Madurai, Trichy. Passenger trains range from day intercity trains to overnight trains, long-distance trains to other zones, shatabdi and passenger trains stopping at many stations. The zone owns a large amount of coaches. These are maintained at coach care centres. Basin Bridge coach care centre serving Chennai central is one of the biggest in the country. Most major stations have a coach care centre. The stations which don't have such facilities are served by trains through sometimes complex rake-sharing arrangements which also increases the utilization of the coaches. Apart from these centres, the zone has MEMU and DEMU car sheds. These are available in Avadi, Trichy, Erode, Palakkad and Kollam. The zone also operates suburban system in Chennai.

Freight operations mainly include container traffic from all the ports falling under its jurisdiction ( Chennai, Mangalore, Ennore, Cochin, Tuticorin are some of the major ports) and coal-traffic bound to the thermal power stations in Tamilnadu state from the ports. Cement plants also use the railway system extensively. Food grains are also transported through freight trains. Most of the lines inside ports, thermal stations, manufacturing industries and owned by the respective companies and the zone provides a link connecting its network and the wagons and locomotives. There is a wagon care centre in Tondiarpet, Chennai.

The zone has electric loco sheds at Royapuram, Erode and Arakkonam. Diesel loco sheds are present at Tondiarpet, Golden Rock, Ernakulam and Erode. Most of the important routes are electrified and only low traffic lines are unelectrified. However, it is not uncommon to see diesel locos in electrified lines due to various operational constraints. It is also common to see other zones' locomotives operating inside the zone and vice versa.

Since the zone has little freight traffic compared to other zones and huge passenger traffic (which are run at low fares across the country), the zones' finances are often in a bad shape.[4][5]

TrainsEdit

Some of the major trains operated by Southern Railway Zone are as follows:

Number Train Name Starting Station Terminating Station
12007/12008 Chennai Central–Mysuru Shatabdi Express Chennai Central Mysuru
12243/12244 Chennai Central–Coimbatore Shatabdi Express Chennai Central Coimbatore
12605/12606 Pallavan Express Karaikkudi Junction Chennai Egmore
16021/16022 Kaveri Express Chennai Central Mysuru
16023/16024 Malgudi Express Mysuru Yesvantapur
22625/22626 Chennai - Bangalore Double Decker Express Chennai Central Bengaluru
22631/22632 Anuvrat AC Superfast Express Chennai Central Bikaner

InfrastructureEdit

AssetsEdit

Southern Railway has many factories & sheds:

Rail transportEdit

SurveysEdit

Route State Length in km
Nanjangud-Nilambur via Sultan Bathery Karnataka, Kerala, 238
Angadippuram-Kozhikode via Malappuram Kerala 78
Bulb rail line at Shoranur Kerala 5
Sabrimala-Chengannur Kerala 64
Erumeli-Punalur- Trivandrum Kerala 136
Idappalli - Tirur Kerala 77
Kanjangad-Panathur Kerala 41
Kayankulam-Trivandrum via Adoor and Kottarakkara Kerala 103
Nilambur Road - Feroke via Manjeri and Mavur Kerala 69
Thakazhi-Tiruvalla - Pathanamthitta Kerala 50
Tirur-Angadipuram Kerala 41
Vaikam-Vaikam Road Kerala 10
Nanjangud - Vatakara via Vyitri, Poozhi, Hithod Kerala, Karnataka 230
Madurai-Kottayam Kerala, Tamil Nadu 234
Sabarimala to Dindigul Kerala, Tamil Nadu 201
Arakkonam to Tindivanam via Walajapet, Ranipet and Arcot Tamil Nadu 96
Avadi-Sriperumpudur Tamil Nadu 25
Chennai-Sriperumbudur via Poonamallee Tamil Nadu 38
Chidambaram-Attur via Ariyalur, Perambalur Tamil Nadu 167
Dindigul-Gudalur Tamil Nadu 131
Dindigul-Kumuli (lower camp) Tamil Nadu 134
Erode to Satyamanglam Tamil Nadu 63
Jolarpettai-Hosur via Krishnagiri Tamil Nadu 101
Katpadi-Chennai via Guindy-Poonamallee Tamil Nadu 212
Kumbakonam - Namakkal Tamil Nadu 178
Madurai-Karaikkudi va Melur,Tiruppattur Tamil Nadu 91
Madurai-Tuticorin via Aruppukkottai Tamil Nadu 144
Mailaduturai-Tirukkaidaiyar-Taramgambadi-Tirunallar-Karaikal Tamil Nadu 47
Manamadurai - Tuticorin Tamil Nadu 126
Morappur-Dharmapuri via Mukkanur Tamil Nadu 36
Needmangalam-Pattukottai via Mannargudi, Madukkur Tamil Nadu 54
Rameshwaram-Dhanuskodi Tamil Nadu 17
Satyamangalam- Mettur Tamil Nadu 90
Thanjavur-Chennai Egmore via Ariyalur Tamil Nadu 315
Thanjavur-Pattukkottai Tamil Nadu 47
Tindivanam to Cuddalore via Pondichery Tamil Nadu 77
Tiruvannamalai-Jolarpettai Tamil Nadu 85
Chinnasalem-Kallakurichi Tamil Nadu 16
Villivakkam-Katpadi Tamil Nadu 153
Mettur - Chamarajnagar Tamil Nadu, Karnataka 182
Thrissur-Kollengode Kerala 59

New LinesEdit

Name of the Project(s) State Length in km Status
Dharmapuri-Morapur Tamilnadu 36 Ready for construction
Sabarimala Railway Kerala 120 kilometres (75 mi) Under progress
Guruvayur-Tirunavaya Kerala 51
Attipattu-Puttur Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh 88.3
Salem-Kallakurichi via Chinnasalem Tamil Nadu 16 Not Started
Erode-Palani Tamil Nadu 91.05 Not Started
Madurai-Aruppukkottai-Tuticorin Tamil Nadu 144 Under Progress
Tindivanam-Gingee-Tiruvannamalai Tamil Nadu 70 Under Slow Progress
Tindivanam-Nagari Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh 179.2 Under Slow Progress

Gauge ConversionEdit

Name of the Project (s) State Length in km Status
Punalur-Edamon-Sengottai TN & KL 49 Completed
Pollachi-Podanur-Coimbatore TN 36.5 Completed
Madurai-Bodinayakkanur Tamil Nadu 90.41 Under progress
karaikudi-mayiladuthurai Tamil Nadu 224 Under progress

DoublingEdit

Name of the Project(s) State Length in km Status
Ernakulam-Haripad Kerala 18.13
Attipattu-Korukkupettai Tamil Nadu 18 Under Progress
Chenganur-Piravom Kerala 26.5 Under Progress
Chennai Beach-Attipattu 4th line Tamil Nadu 22.1 Under Progress
Chennai Beach-Korukkupettai 3rd line Tamil Nadu 4.1 Under Progress
mangalore junction-Panambur Patch Doubling Karnataka 19
Kuruppanthara-Chingavanam Kerala 26.58
Tiruvallur-Arakkonam 4th line Tamil Nadu 26.83 Completed
Vizhupuram-Dindigul Tamil Nadu 273 Completed

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Southern Railway vital statistics" (PDF). Southern Railway. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Origins of Southern Railway". www.hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 17 Jul 2008. 
  3. ^ "Origins and history of Southern Railway" (PDF). Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Southern Railway punctuality and fiscal performance hit - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-02-24. 
  5. ^ "Southern Railway's financial and operational performance dips - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-02-24. 

External linksEdit