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Shatabdi Express trains are a series of fast (called superfast in India) passenger trains operated by Indian Railways to connect Metro cities with other cities important for tourism, pilgrimage or business. Shatabdi Express are day-trains and they return to the station of origin the same day.

Shatabdi Express
Shatabdi montage.jpg
Clockwise from top left: Howrah Puri Shatabdi Express, Habibganj New Delhi Shatabdi, Howrah New Jalpaiguri Shatabdi, Chennai Mysore Shatabdi, Chennai Coimbatore Shatabdi, Pune Secunderabad Shatabdi
Overview
StatusOperating
First serviceNovember 14, 1988; 30 years ago (1988-11-14)
Current operator(s)Indian Railways
Websitehttp://indianrail.gov.in
On-board services
Class(es)Anubhuti Class, Executive Class, AC Chair Car
Seating arrangementsYes
Sleeping arrangementsNo
Catering facilitiesNo Pantry car attached but has onboard catering
Entertainment facilitiesElectric outlets
Baggage facilitiesOverhead racks
Technical
Rolling stockLHB coaches & ICF coaches
Track gaugeIndian Gauge
1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Track owner(s)Indian Railways

The Shatabdis along with The Rajdhani and the Duronto are among the fastest trains in India and the Indian Railways consider Rajdhani and Shatabdi as prestigious. The Shatabdi Expresses get second highest priority, after Rajdhani Expresses which get the highest priority. The Shatabdi Express trains run over short to medium distances while the Rajdhani Expresses and the Duronto Expresses are long-distance trains. Rajdhani Expresses connect the nation's capital New Delhi to capitals of states and other major cities while Duronto Expresses connect major cities to other major cities. All three series of trains have a maximum speed of about 120 km/h (75 mph). The 12001 Bhopal Shatabdi express, however, runs at a peak speed of 155 km/h (96 mph), which makes it the third fastest train in India after the Gatimaan Express and Train 18.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The name "Shatabdi" means centenary in Sanskrit. The first Shatabdi Express train was introduced in 1988, by then Railways Minister Madhavrao Scindia to commemorate the birth centenary of Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime Minister of India, between New Delhi and Jhansi Junction.

ServiceEdit

Shatabdi Express trains offer fast connectivity with only a few intermediate stops. They are fully air-conditioned and of a much higher standard than most Indian trains. Shatabdi travelers are provided with bottled water, juice, coffee or tea, and meals relevant to time of day of the journey.

Shatabdi trains are also further distinguished from other trains, in terms of convenience in boarding and disembarking. Most stations give them priority berthing at the better platforms, such as ones located close to the station building or waiting halls (generally platform number 1 at most of the stations).

Berths and seats in Shatabdi Express, Duronto Express and Rajdhani Express trains have to be reserved in advance before boarding the train. There is no unreserved accommodation in these trains, unlike most of the other trains in India. A few Shatabdis have a current booking system where tickets can be booked within a couple of hours before departure.

As Shatabdi Express are day-trains and return to the station of origin the same day, coaches (AC Chair Car) on the train have only seats and not berths. All the Shatabdi Express trains have, however, one or two coaches of Executive Class seating. Recently, Indian Railways have started offering Anubhuti Class seating also. These coaches have wider leg room and offer better food compared to the normal Air conditioned seating (CC).

New on board entertainment systems have also been installed on some of these trains where the passengers can view movies and television serials directly via satellite. One of the first services to have this system is the Ahmedabad Shatabdi Express.

List of Shatabdi trainsEdit

Indian Railways operates 25 pairs of Shatabdi Express as of May 2017. These trains are listed here.

List of Trains[1]
# Train No. Route Stops Distance
1 12001 Habibganj - New Delhi Bhopal, Jhansi, Lalitpur, Gwalior, Morena, Dholpur, Agra, Mathura 705 km (438 mi)
12002 New Delhi–Habibganj
2 12003 Lucknow - New Delhi Kanpur, Etawah, Tundla, Aligarh, Ghaziabad 513 km (319 mi)
12004 New Delhi - Lucknow
3 12005 New Delhi - Kalka Panipat, Kurukshetra, Ambala, Chandigarh 303 km (188 mi)
12006 Kalka- New Delhi
4 12007 MGR Chennai Central - Mysuru Katpadi, Bangalore 500 km (310 mi)
12008 Mysuru - MGR Chennai Central
5 12009 Mumbai Central - Ahmedabad Borivali, Vapi, Surat, Bharuch, Vadodara, Anand, Nadiad 491 km (305 mi)
12010 Ahmedabad - Mumbai Central
6 12011 New Delhi - Kalka Panipat, Kurukshetra, Ambala, Chandigarh 303 km (188 mi)
12012 Kalka - New Delhi
7 12013 New Delhi - Amritsar Ambala Cantt, Sirhind, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 449 km (279 mi)
12014 Amritsar - New Delhi
8 12015 New Delhi - Daurai (Ajmer) Delhi Cantt, Gurgaon, Rewari, Alwar, Jaipur, Ajmer 451 km (280 mi)
12016 Daurai (Ajmer) - New Delhi
9 12017 New Delhi - Dehradun Ghaziabad, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Roorkee, Haridwar 315 km (196 mi)
12018 Dehradun - New Delhi
10 12019 Howrah - Ranchi Durgapur, Raniganj, Asansol, Dhanbad, Chandrapura, Bokaro Steel City, Muri 421 km (262 mi)
12020 Ranchi - Howrah
11 12025 Pune - Secunderabad Daund, Solapur, Gulbarga, Wadi, Tandur, Vikarabad, Begumpet 597 km (371 mi)
12026 Secunderabad - Pune
12 12027 Chennai - Bengaluru Katpadi, Bengaluru Cantt. 362 km (225 mi)
12028 KSR Bengaluru - MGR Chennai Central
13 12029 New Delhi - Amritsar Ambala, Rajpura, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 448 km (278 mi)
12030 Amritsar - New Delhi
14 12031 New Delhi - Amritsar Ambala, Rajpura, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 448 km (278 mi)
12032 Amritsar - New Delhi
15 12033 Kanpur - New Delhi Etawah, Aligarh, Ghaziabad 440 km (270 mi)
12034 New Delhi - Kanpur
16 12037 New Delhi - Ludhiana Rohtak, Tohana, Sangrur 329 km (204 mi)
12038 Ludhiana - New Delhi
17 12039 Kathgodam - New Delhi Haldwani, Lalkuan, Rudrapur, Rampur, Moradabad, Ghaziabad 282 km (175 mi)
12040 New Delhi- Kathgodam
18 12041 Howrah - New Jalpaiguri Bolpur Shantiniketan, New Farakka Junction, Malda Town, Kishanganj 566 km (352 mi)
12042 New Jalpaiguri- Howrah
19 12043 New Delhi - Moga Rohtak, Jind, Tohana, Sangrur, Jagraon, Ludhiana 398 km (247 mi)
12044 Moga - New Delhi
20 12045 New Delhi - Chandigarh Ambala Cantt, Karnal 244 km (152 mi)
12046 Chandigarh - New Delhi
21 12047 New Delhi - Firozpur Rohtak, Jind, Jakhal, Mansa, Bathinda 300 km (190 mi)
12048 Firozpur - New Delhi
22 12085 Guwahati - Dibrugarh Lumding, Dimapur, Mariani 506 km (314 mi)
12086 Dibrugarh - Guwahati
23 12087 Naharlagun - Guwahati Rangiya, Rangapara 332 km (206 mi)
12088 Guwahati - Naharlagun
24 12243 MGR Chennai Central - Coimbatore Katpadi, Jolarpettai, Salem, Erode, Tiruppur 502 km (312 mi)
12244 Coimbatore - Chennai
25 12277 Howrah - Puri Kharagpur, Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Bhubaneswar 500 km (310 mi)
12278 Puri - Howrah
List of Defunct Trains
# Train No. Route Distance Operational Years
1 12027 Mumbai - Pune 192 km 1995-2004
12028 Pune - Mumbai
2 12035 Jaipur - Agra Fort 241 km 2012-2018
12036 Agra Fort - Jaipur

Related trainsEdit

A variant of the Shatabdi Express, Swarna Shatabdi Express, is considered more luxurious by Indian Railway. Indian Railways later introduced a lower-priced version Jan Shatabdi Expresses, which are nearly all without air-conditioning and much more affordable.

The former railway minister Laloo Prasad Yadav had also introduced Garib Rath (chariot of the poor) in 2005. These are fast trains (like the Rajdhani and Shatabdi), are fully Air-Conditioned and with lower fares. These trains are quite successful and compete with low cost airlines on some long-distance routes.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  • Complete list of Shatabdi Express trains
  • List of all Shatabdi Express trains
  • "'Shatabdi is the heart of Indian railways' - The Times of India". articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  • "No halts, new Shatabdi Express to fly to Delhi - The Times of India". articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 30 May 2014.

ReferencesEdit