Shatabdi Express

Shatabdi Express trains are a series of fast (called Superfast in India) passenger trains operated by Indian Railways to connect Metro cities with other Major cities for tourism, pilgrimage & business purposes. Shatabdi Express are day-trains and they return to the station of origin the same day.

Shatabdi Express
ASR-NDLS Shatabdi.jpg
Amritsar–New Delhi Shatabdi Express
First service14 November 1988; 33 years ago (1988-11-14)
SuccessorVande Bharat Express
Current operator(s)Indian Railways
Line(s) used23
On-board services
Class(es)Executive Chair Car, AC Chair Car
Seating arrangementsYes
Catering facilitiesNo pantry car attached but has onboard catering
Entertainment facilitiesElectric outlets
Baggage facilitiesOverhead racks, baggage area near vestibule
Rolling stockLHB coaches
Track gauge5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge
Track owner(s)Indian Railways

The Shatabdi along with the Rajdhani and the Duronto are among the major in India and Indian Railways considers Rajdhani and Shatabdi as prestigious. Shatabdi Expresses gets the second highest priority, after Rajdhani Expresses which gets highest priority and overall second highest until Train 18, Gatimaan, and Tejas Express came in existence. The Shatabdi Express trains run over short to medium distances while the Rajdhani Expresses and the Duronto Expresses are long-distance trains. Rajdhani Expresses connect the nation's capital New Delhi to capitals of states and other major cities while Duronto Expresses connect major cities to other major cities. All three series of trains have a maximum speed of about 130 km/h (81 mph). The 12001 Bhopal Shatabdi express, however, runs at a peak speed of 155 km/h (96 mph), which makes it the fourth fastest train in India after the Tejas Express, Gatimaan Express and Vande Bharat Express.


The name "Shatabdi" means centenary in Sanskrit. The first Shatabdi Express train was introduced on 10 July 1988, by then Railways Minister Madhavrao Scindia to commemorate the birth centenary of Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime Minister of India, between New Delhi and Gwalior Junction. It was later extended to Jhansi Junction and then to Bhopal Junction. Its terminal station in Bhopal was subsequently moved from Bhopal Junction to Habibganj.


Shatabdi Express trains offer fast connectivity with only a few intermediate stops. They are fully air-conditioned and of a much higher standard than most Indian trains. Shatabdi travelers were provided with bottled water, juice, coffee or tea, and meals relevant to the time of day of the journey but now they don’t including the Rajdhani Express. Travelers have to pay for food at an extra cost. All these new changes happened after the COVID-19 situation in India.

Shatabdi trains are also further distinguished from other trains, in terms of convenience in boarding and disembarking. Most stations give them priority berthing at the better platforms, such as ones located close to the station building or waiting halls (generally platform number 1 at most of the stations).

Berths and seats in Shatabdi Express, Duronto Express and Rajdhani Express trains have to be reserved in advance before boarding the train. There is no unreserved accommodation in these trains, unlike most of the other trains in India. A few Shatabdis have a current booking system where tickets can be booked within a couple of hours before departure.

As Shatabdi Express are day-trains and return to the station of origin the same day, coaches (AC Chair Car) on the train have only seats and not berths. All the Shatabdi Express trains have, however, one or two coaches of Executive Class seating. Recently, Indian Railways have started offering Anubhuti Class seating also. These coaches have a wider legroom and offer better food compared to the normal air conditioned seating (CC).

New onboard entertainment systems have also been installed on some of these trains where the passengers can view movies and television serials directly via satellite. One of the first services to have this system is the Ahmedabad Shatabdi Express.[1]

List of Shatabdi trainsEdit

Indian Railways operates 23 pairs of Shatabdi Express as of October 2019. These trains are listed here.

List of Trains[2]
Sr. no. Train no. Route Stops Distance Year introduced
1 12001 Rani kamlapati–New Delhi Bhopal, Lalitpur, Jhansi, Gwalior, Morena, Agra, Mathura 705 km (438 mi) 1988
12002 New Delhi–Rani kamlapati
2 12003 Lucknow–New Delhi Kanpur, Etawah, Tundla, Aligarh, Ghaziabad 513 km (319 mi) 1989
12004 New Delhi–Lucknow
3 12005 New Delhi–Kalka Panipat, Kurukshetra, Ambala, Chandigarh 303 km (188 mi) 1992
12006 Kalka–New Delhi
4 12007 MGR Chennai Central–Mysuru Katpadi, Bangalore 500 km (310 mi) 1994
12008 Mysuru–MGR Chennai Central
5 12009 Mumbai Central–Ahmedabad Borivali, Vapi, Surat, Bharuch, Vadodara, Anand, Nadiad 491 km (305 mi) 1994
12010 Ahmedabad–Mumbai Central
6 12011 New Delhi–Kalka Panipat, Kurukshetra, Ambala, Chandigarh 303 km (188 mi) NA
12012 Kalka–New Delhi
7 12013 New Delhi–Amritsar Ambala Cantt, Sirhind, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 449 km (279 mi) NA
12014 Amritsar - New Delhi
8 12015 New Delhi–Daurai (Ajmer) Delhi Cantt, Gurgaon, Rewari, Alwar, Jaipur, Ajmer 451 km (280 mi) NA
12016 Daurai (Ajmer)–New Delhi
9 12017 New Delhi–Dehradun Ghaziabad, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Roorkee, Haridwar 315 km (196 mi) NA
12018 Dehradun–New Delhi
10 12019 Howrah–Ranchi Durgapur, Raniganj, Asansol, Dhanbad, Chandrapura, Bokaro Steel City, Muri 421 km (262 mi) 1995
12020 Ranchi–Howrah
11 12025 Pune–Secunderabad Daund, Solapur, Gulbarga, Wadi, Tandur, Vikarabad, Begumpet 597 km (371 mi) 2011
12026 Secunderabad–Pune
12 12027 Chennai–Bengaluru Katpadi, Bengaluru Cantt. 362 km (225 mi) 2005
12028 KSR Bengaluru–MGR Chennai Central
13 12029 New Delhi–Amritsar Ambala, Rajpura, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 448 km (278 mi) NA
12030 Amritsar–New Delhi
14 12031 New Delhi–Amritsar Ambala, Rajpura, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 448 km (278 mi) NA
12032 Amritsar–New Delhi
15 12033 Kanpur Central–New Delhi Etawah, Aligarh, Ghaziabad 440 km (270 mi) 1994
12034 New Delhi–Kanpur Central
16 12039 Kathgodam–New Delhi Haldwani, Lalkuan, Rudrapur, Rampur, Moradabad, Ghaziabad 282 km (175 mi) 2012
12040 New Delhi–Kathgodam
17 12041 Howrah–New Jalpaiguri Bolpur Shantiniketan, New Farakka Junction, Malda Town, Kishanganj 566 km (352 mi) 2012
12042 New Jalpaiguri–Howrah
18 12045 New Delhi–Chandigarh Ambala Cantt, Karnal 244 km (152 mi) 2013
12046 Chandigarh–New Delhi
19 12047 New Delhi–Firozpur Rohtak, Jind, Jakhal, Mansa, Bathinda 300 km (190 mi) 2014
12048 Firozpur–New Delhi
20 12085 Guwahati–Dibrugarh Lumding, Dimapur, Mariani 506 km (314 mi) 2017
12086 Dibrugarh–Guwahati
21 12087 Naharlagun–Guwahati Rangiya, Rangapara 332 km (206 mi) 2017
12088 Guwahati–Naharlagun
22 12243 MGR Chennai Central–Coimbatore Katpadi, Jolarpettai, Salem, Erode, Tiruppur 502 km (312 mi) 2011
12244 Coimbatore–Chennai
23 12277 Howrah–Puri Kharagpur, Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Bhubaneswar 500 km (310 mi) 2010
12278 Puri–Howrah
List of defunct trains
# Train no. Route Distance Operational years
1 12027 Mumbai–Pune 192 km 1995-2004
12028 Pune–Mumbai
2 12035 Jaipur–Agra Fort 241 km 2012-2018
12036 Agra Fort–Jaipur
3 12037 New Delhi–Ludhiana 329 km 2011-2019
12038 Ludhiana–New Delhi
4 12043 New Delhi–Moga 398 km 2012-2019
12044 Moga–New Delhi
5 Unknown Howrah–Tatanagar 250 km Unknown-1995
Unknown Tatanagar–Howrah

Related trainsEdit

A variant of the Shatabdi Express, Swarna Shatabdi Express, is considered more luxurious by Indian Railway. Indian Railways later introduced a lower-priced version Jan Shatabdi Expresses, which are nearly all without air-conditioning and much more affordable.

A former railway minister Lalu Prasad Yadav had also introduced Garib Rath (chariot of the poor) in 2005. These are fast trains (like the Rajdhani and Shatabdi), which are fully air-conditioned and with lower fares. These trains are quite successful and compete with low-cost airlines on some long-distance routes.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Shatabdi Express is now 'Gold Standard'; Free movies on WiFi to clean toilets, 15 facts every rail passenger will love". Financial express. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  2. ^ "India Rail timetable".

External linksEdit