Shatabdi Express trains are a series of fast (called superfast in India) passenger trains operated by Indian Railways to connect Metro cities with other cities important for tourism, pilgrimage or business. Shatabdi Express are day-trains and they return to the station of origin the same day.
Clockwise from top left: Howrah Puri Shatabdi Express, Habibganj New Delhi Shatabdi, Howrah New Jalpaiguri Shatabdi, Chennai Mysore Shatabdi, Chennai Coimbatore Shatabdi, Pune Secunderabad Shatabdi
|First service||November 14, 1988|
|Current operator(s)||Indian Railways|
|Class(es)||Anubhuti Class, Executive Class, AC Chair Car|
|Catering facilities||No Pantry car attached but has onboard catering|
|Entertainment facilities||Electric outlets|
|Baggage facilities||Overhead racks|
|Rolling stock||LHB coaches & ICF coaches|
|Track gauge||Indian Gauge|
1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
|Track owner(s)||Indian Railways|
The Shatabdis along with The Rajdhani and the Duronto are among the fastest trains in India and the Indian Railways consider Rajdhani and Shatabdi as prestigious. The Shatabdi Expresses get second highest priority, after Rajdhani Expresses which get the highest priority. The Shatabdi Express trains run over short to medium distances while the Rajdhani Expresses and the Duronto Expresses are long-distance trains. Rajdhani Expresses connect the nation's capital New Delhi to capitals of states and other major cities while Duronto Expresses connect major cities to other major cities. All three series of trains have a maximum speed of about 120 km/h (75 mph). The 12001 Bhopal Shatabdi express, however, runs at a peak speed of 155 km/h (96 mph), which makes it the third fastest train in India after the Gatimaan Express and Train 18.
The name "Shatabdi" means centenary in Sanskrit. The first Shatabdi Express train was introduced in 1988, by then Railways Minister Madhavrao Scindia to commemorate the birth centenary of Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime Minister of India, between New Delhi and Jhansi Junction.
Shatabdi Express trains offer fast connectivity with only a few intermediate stops. They are fully air-conditioned and of a much higher standard than most Indian trains. Shatabdi travelers are provided with bottled water, juice, coffee or tea, and meals relevant to time of day of the journey.
Shatabdi trains are also further distinguished from other trains, in terms of convenience in boarding and disembarking. Most stations give them priority berthing at the better platforms, such as ones located close to the station building or waiting halls (generally platform number 1 at most of the stations).
Berths and seats in Shatabdi Express, Duronto Express and Rajdhani Express trains have to be reserved in advance before boarding the train. There is no unreserved accommodation in these trains, unlike most of the other trains in India. A few Shatabdis have a current booking system where tickets can be booked within a couple of hours before departure.
As Shatabdi Express are day-trains and return to the station of origin the same day, coaches (AC Chair Car) on the train have only seats and not berths. All the Shatabdi Express trains have, however, one or two coaches of Executive Class seating. Recently, Indian Railways have started offering Anubhuti Class seating also. These coaches have wider leg room and offer better food compared to the normal Air conditioned seating (CC).
New on board entertainment systems have also been installed on some of these trains where the passengers can view movies and television serials directly via satellite. One of the first services to have this system is the Ahmedabad Shatabdi Express.
List of Shatabdi trainsEdit
Indian Railways operates 25 pairs of Shatabdi Express as of May 2017. These trains are listed here.
|#||Train No.||Route||Distance||Operational Years|
|1||12027||Mumbai - Pune||192 km||1995-2004|
|12028||Pune - Mumbai|
|2||12035||Jaipur - Agra Fort||241 km||2012-2018|
|12036||Agra Fort - Jaipur|
A variant of the Shatabdi Express, Swarna Shatabdi Express, is considered more luxurious by Indian Railway. Indian Railways later introduced a lower-priced version Jan Shatabdi Expresses, which are nearly all without air-conditioning and much more affordable.
The former railway minister Laloo Prasad Yadav had also introduced Garib Rath (chariot of the poor) in 2005. These are fast trains (like the Rajdhani and Shatabdi), are fully Air-Conditioned and with lower fares. These trains are quite successful and compete with low cost airlines on some long-distance routes.
- AC Superfast Express
- Bullet train (Mumbai-Ahmedabad)
- Vande Bharat Express
- Gatimaan Express
- Humsafar Express
- Tejas Express
- Mahamana Express
- Yuva Express
- Duronto Express
- Rajdhani Express
- Double Decker Express
- Antyodaya Express
- Uday Express
- Garib Rath Express
- Jan Shatabdi Express
- Bhopal Shatabdi
- Train 20
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shatabdi Express.|
- Complete list of Shatabdi Express trains
- List of all Shatabdi Express trains
- "'Shatabdi is the heart of Indian railways' - The Times of India". articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "No halts, new Shatabdi Express to fly to Delhi - The Times of India". articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 30 May 2014.