South Indian Railway Company

The South Indian Railway Company operated a number of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) gauge lines[1] in South India from 1874 to 1951.

South Indian Railway Company
HeadquartersYork Street, Westminster, London, UKGBI (R. O.)
Trichinopoly, Madras Presidency, British Raj (Operations)
Reporting markSIR
LocaleMadras Presidency
Dates of operation1 July 1874 (1874-07-01)–13 April 1951 (1951-04-13)
(76 years, 9 months and 13 days)
PredecessorGreat Southern Railway of India
Carnatic Railway
SuccessorSouthern Railway zone
Previous gauge1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)

History edit

The Great Southern of India Railway Company was established with its headquarters in England in 1853. The Carnatic Railway Company was founded in 1869.[2] The two companies merged in 1874 to form the South Indian Railway Company.[3] The new firm was registered in London in 1890 with Trichinopoly as its headquarters. In 1891, the Pondicherry Railway Company (incorporated in 1845[2]) merged with the South Indian Railway Company. The company moved its headquarters later to, Chennai Central. The company operated a suburban electric train service for Madras city from May 1931 onwards. The South Indian Railway Company was nationalized in 1944. On 1 April 1951, the South Indian Railway Company, the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway Company and the Mysore Railway Company were merged to form the Southern Railway zone of the Indian Railways.

Rolling stock edit

W class narrow gauge locomotive

By the end of 1877 the company owned 97 steam locomotives, 366 coaches and 1643 goods wagons.[4] By 1936, the rolling stock had increased to 557 locomotives, 27 railcars, 1610 coaches and 9779 freight wagons.[5]

Classification edit

It was labeled as a Class I railway according to Indian Railway Classification System of 1926.[6][7]

Conversion to broad gauge edit

The railway lines were converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in the 1990s[citation needed].

See also edit

References edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ South Indian Railway Company 2015, Chapter 1.
  2. ^ a b "Indian Tramway Limited". Herepath's Railway and Commercial Journal. 32 (1595): 3. 1 January 1870.
  3. ^ Report on the Administration of the Madras Presidency During the Year 1875-76. Government Press. 1877. p. 260.
  4. ^ Archiv für Post und Telegraphie, Band 7 (in German). Reichsdruckerei, Berlin. 1879. p. 62–63.
  5. ^ World Survey of Foreign Railways. Transportation Division, Bureau of foreign and domestic commerce, Washington D.C. 1936. p. 219.
  6. ^ "Indian Railway Classification". Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  7. ^ World Survey of Foreign Railways. Transportation Division, Bureau of foreign and domestic commerce, Washington D.C. 1936. p. 210–219.

Bibliography edit

  • South Indian Railway Company (2004) [1st pub. (1926) Madras: Offices of the SIRC]. Illustrated guide to the South Indian Railway (Incorporated in England): including the Tanjore District Board, Pondicherry, Peralam-Karaikkal, Travancore State, Cochin State, Coimbatore District Board, Tinnevelly-Tiruchendur, and the Nilgiri Railways. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. ISBN 8120618890.
  • South Indian Railway Company (2015) [1st pub. (1900) Madras: Higginbotham & Co]. The Illustrated Guide to the South Indian Railway. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Amberley Publishing. ISBN 9781445650814.
  • Subramhanyan, S (2010). Marvels of the South Indian Railway: 1859 - 1951. Tiruchchirappalli: Railway Heritage Centre, Southern Railway, Tiruchchirappally Division. ISBN 9788192146607.

External links edit