Rupandehi District

Rupandehi District(Nepali: रुपन्देही जिल्लाAbout this soundListen , a part of Province No. 5, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal and covers an area of 1,360 km2 (530 sq mi). The district headquarter is Siddharthanagar. As per the national census 2011, the population of Rupandehi was 880,196.[2]

Rupandehi District

रुपन्देही जिल्ला
Birthplace of Siddhārtha Gautama, the Buddha
Birthplace of Siddhārtha Gautama, the Buddha
Location of Rupandehi
Location of Rupandehi
Country   Nepal
ProvinceProvince No. 5
Admin HQ.Siddharthanagar
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Rupandehi
 • HeadMr. Ekraj ViKa
 • Deputy-HeadMr. Pashupatinath Yadav
 • Parliamentary constituencies5
 • Provincial constituencies10
 • Total1,360 km2 (530 sq mi)
 • Total982,851
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Main Language(s)Nepali, Bhojpuri, Awadhi, Tharu


Rupandehi is named after Rupadevi, the queen of King Suddhodana.[2]


Lumbini, birthplace of Lord Buddha, lies in Rupandehi district. Devdaha, the birthplace of Mayadevi (mother of Lord Buddha) also lies in Rupandehi district.



At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Rupandehi District had a population of 880,196. Of these, 36.9% spoke Nepali, 36.6% Bhojpuri, 6.4% Awadhi, 6.3% Tharu, 4.2% Magar, 3.5% Maithili, 2.6% Urdu, 1.3% Newari, 1.2% Gurung and 0.5% Hindi as their first language.[3]

At the time of 2011 A.D National population and Housing census 2011 was reported that total population of Rupandehi district was 880,196 . and Male=432,193 and Female=448,003 and total household was 163,916 . Data Source: Central bureau of statistics Kathmandu, government of Nepal .

Administrative divisionsEdit

Rupandehi is divided into 16 local level units, in which 6 are urban municipality and 10 are Rural Municipality. Butwal is considered as a Sub-Metropolitan municipality.

Urban and rural municipalities of Rupandehi[4]
Sr. No. Name Division Area (KM²) Population (2011) Website
1 Butwal Sub-Metropolitan Municipality 101.61 138,742
2 Devdaha Municipality 136.95 53,523
3 Lumbini Sanskritik Municipality 112.21 72,497
4 Sainamaina Municipality 162.18 55,822
5 Siddharthanagar Municipality 36.03 63,483
6 Tilottama Municipality 126.19 100,149
7 Gaidahawa Rural Municipality 96.79 47,565
8 Kanchan Rural Municipality 58.51 33,072
9 Kotahimai Rural Municipality 58.26 41,006
10 Marchawari Rural Municipality 48.55 38,776
11 Mayadevi Rural Municipality 72.44 47,196
12 Omsatiya Rural Municipality 48.58 34,191
13 Rohini Rural Municipality 64.62 37,175
14 Sammarimai Rural Municipality 50.78 38,305
15 Siyari Rural Municipality 66.17 38,466
16 Suddodhan Rural Municipality 57.66 34,638


Rupandehi is divided into 5 Parliamentary constituencies and 10 Provincial constituencies.

Constituency Type MP/MLA Party
Rupandehi 1 Parliamentary Chabilal Bishwokarma NCP
Rupandehi 2 Parliamentary Bishnu Prasad Poudel NCP
Rupandehi 3 Parliamentary Ghanashyam Bhusal NCP
Rupandehi 4 Parliamentary Pramod Kumar Yadav NC
Rupandehi 5 Parliamentary Bharat Kumar Shah NC
Rupandehi 1(A) Provincial Krishna Prasad Neupane NCP
Rupandehi 2(A) Provincial Lila Giri NCP
Rupandehi 3(A) Provincial Santosh Kumar Pandey FSF
Rupandehi 4(A) Provincial Ashtha Bhuja Pathak NC
Rupandehi 5(A) Provincial Bhumishwor Dhakal NCP
Rupandehi 1(B) Provincial Dadhi Ram Neupane NCP
Rupandehi 2(B) Provincial Bhoj Prasad Shrestha NCP
Rupandehi 3(B) Provincial Tulshi Prasad Chaudhary NCP
Rupandehi 4(B) Provincial Wasiuddin Khan NC
Rupandehi 5(B) Provincial Fakharuddin Khan NC


The district lies on the southern and western part of Nepal. On the East it shares border with Nawalparasi District, on West with Kapilvastu District, on North with Palpa District and on South with India. The elevation of the district lies between 100m to 1229m from sea level. The total area of the district is 1,360 km² with 16.1% in Churia Range and rest in the Terai region.

Major RiversEdit

Rupandehi has many rivers all of which flow from Northern mountains towards south into India.

  • Tinau River
  • Kothi River
  • Sukhaira River
  • Bagela River
  • Rohini River
  • Kanchan River
  • Kacharar River
  • Koili River
  • Danav River
  • Danda River
  • Ghodaha
  • Khadawa

Major LakesEdit

  • Gaidahawa lake (Bishnupur)
  • Gajedi lake (Gajedi)
  • Nanda vauju lake (Chilhiya)
  • Sukaiiya lake


Climate Zone[5] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 89.3%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.

Praketeshwar MahadevEdit

Praketeshwar Mandir is near of Lumbini Road. Many people visit there for worship God PRAKETESHWAR or SHIVA throughout of the year. It is the most popular temple in Rupandehi. In months of Shrawan (late July and early August), there is a big crowded fair, quite popular among locals and people around the regions.

Nawa Durga Bhawani MandirEdit

It lies in Sainamaina-3, Murgiya. Many peoples visit there to worship Goddess Durga throughout the year. It is the most popular Temple after Parroha Temple in this area. Many poojas are conducted timely. It is regularly repaired by the members involved in its development.

Prashant HomeEdit

Birth place of Gautam Buddha

Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Buddha on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.[6] It is granted World Heritage status by UNESCO in 1997.[6] Thousands of Buddhist monks, pilgrims and tourists visit Lumbini annually. The ongoing up-gradation of Gautam Buddha Airport into international airport is expected to increase the number of visitors.[7] Mahinda Rajapakshe, President of Sri Lanka is one of the high-profile visitor of Lumbini.[8]

Siddha Baba MandirEdit

Siddha Baba Temple

This is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva situated in border between Palpa and Rupandehi.[9] There is a belief that Lord Shiva grants the wishes of the devotees who visit the temple.[9] There are two Siddha Baba Mandir adjacent to each other. One lies within Rupandehi and another in Palpa. Nonetheless, both Mandir are regarded as pilgrimages of equal importance.

Satiya Mai MandirEdit

This is a temple dedicated to Devi Satiya situated in Patkhauli VDC, near Rohini Khola In Rupandehi.[10] There is a belief that Real Lady grants the wishes of the devotees who visit the temple.[9] There are a real Maya Devi Mandir and other is modified temple adjacent to each other. One lies within Rupandehi and another in Palpa. Nonetheless, both Mandir are regarded as a pilgrimage of equal importance. Due to the Godes beloved to visitors in Satiya Ban area. Actually, this temple is situated in the middle of Rohini Khola but now River is flowing west of Satiya Devi Temple and Satiya Bagaicha.

Manimukunda Sen ParkEdit

Once a winter palace of King Manimukunda Sen, Manimukunda Sen Park is another major attraction in Rupandehi. The palace is not in shape but the ruins and antiquities of the majestic palace can still be found. It is situated in Butwal City and is popular for the picnic spots, zoo and the gardens inside the park. The greenery and the view of Rupandehi, Palpa and Kapilvastu districts is also another attraction in the park.[11]

Parroha Bol Bam DhamEdit

It is the oldest Bol Bam Dham (pilgrimage and festival) in Nepal. The pilgrimage is dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Sainamaina Municipality. Thousands of Lord Shiva's devotees from various parts of the country and from neighboring States of India visit to worship the Shivalinga inside the Bol Bam Dham. The major inflow of pilgrims occurs during the Bol Bam. Bol Bam is an annual pilgrimage glorifying the Lord made in Shraavana in which devotees travel barefooted wearing saffron robes in routes to the dham.[12]

Shankar Nagar Ban Bihar and Research CenterEdit

Shankar Nagar Ban Bihar and Research Centre, simply referred as Ban Batika by locals is a popular attraction in Tilottama Municipality. The Centre is maintained inside Shankarnagar Community Forest. It is popular for its picnic spots, zoo and garden.[13]

  • Chanchala Mai Mandir
  • Jitgadhi

Marchwari Devi Temple: Marchwari Devi Temple lies in Bogadi VDC of Rupandehi. It is a historical temple among the 24 previous VDC. The area surrounding this temple (now 18 VDCs) are named after this temple as Marchwar. The local people and peoples from INDIA, Uttar Pradesh visit there on specific occasions to celebrate childbirth, engagement and marriage ceremonies visiting beautiful places. Temple is located in a peaceful area. The most peaceful temple is Peace Park.

Chappiya Fish village resortEdit

Chappiya fish village resort has become one of the popular attraction in siyari municipality and has peoples visiting from many neighbouring municipalities. It provides various species of fish and mouth watering cuisines, and have the option of boating and fishing. It is located in a peaceful area with mesmerizing evening view. It is located in Siyari Gaupalika which is about 12 kilometer west of Bhairahawa.

Pardasani melaEdit

It is one of the most popular mela held annually in butwal. It is related to business.

Major economic centersEdit

In Rupandehi there are many economical centre like as:-

  • Butwal
  • Siddharthanagar (Bhairahawa)
  • Dhakdhai ( industry area )
  • Lumbini ( world Heritage Area, as tourism )
  • Devdaha ( miroduct area )
  • Sainamaina (Murgiya for sports and tourism)
  • Murgiya
  • Manigram
  • Chho.gen Never ( Grain Products area )
  • Kothihawa
  • Lumbini
  • Saljhandi
  • Sauraha Pharsatikar
  • Bhalwari
  • Manglapur
  • Bashgadi
  • Jogada
  • Divertole
  • Sankarnagar
  • Jogikuti
  • Thutipipal
  • semlar
  • marchawar
  • SEMARI (Industrial Area)

Hotels in RupandehiEdit

  • Tiger Palace Resort, Tilottama - 17, Rupandehi, Bhairahawa, Siddharthanagar, Nepal
  • Hotel Daisy Park Shiddharthanagar - 3, Near Bus park, Siddharthanagar 32900 phone. 071-521540
  • Hotel Gap And Restaurant, Bank Rd, Siddharthanagar 32900
  • Hotel Pawan International, Siddhanrthanagar,
  • Bodhi Redsun hotel and resort,


Major industriesEdit