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Siddharthanagar (formerly Bhairahawa[clarification needed]) is a municipality and the administrative headquarter of Rupandehi District on the Outer Terai plains of Nepal, 265 km (165 mi) west of Kathmandu Nepal's capital. It is the closest city to Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, which is located 25 km (16 mi) to the west. The city borders the Indian city of Sonauli in Maharajganj district of Uttar Pradesh. The city is among the major industrial power house in the country impacting major economic aspects of Nepal.[citation needed] It has the second largest rate of border trade with India after Birgunj border in the country.[citation needed] Bhairahawa is under the administration of Siddharthanagar Nagarpalika (municipality) so often known as Siddharthanagar.[clarification needed]

Siddhārthanagar

सिद्धार्थनगर
Nickname(s): 
Bhairahawa
Motto(s): 
Hamro Pyaro Saher[citation needed]
Siddhārthanagar is located in Nepal
Siddhārthanagar
Siddhārthanagar
Location in Nepal
Coordinates: 27°30′N 83°27′E / 27.500°N 83.450°E / 27.500; 83.450Coordinates: 27°30′N 83°27′E / 27.500°N 83.450°E / 27.500; 83.450
Country   Nepal
ProvinceProvince No. 5
DistrictRupandehi District
Incorporated1967
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorHari Adhikari (NCP)
 • Deputy MayorUma Kafle (NCP)
Area
 • Total36.03 km2 (13.91 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total63,483
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NST)
Postal code
32900
Area code(s)071
Website[3]
"Gateway of Lumbini." at Siddarthanagar

EtymologyEdit

The city's old name, Bhairahawa was derived from the deity Bhairava a manifestation of Shiva.[citation needed] The city's current name Siddharthanagar derives from Buddha's given name Siddhartha, as the birthplace of Buddha is located only 25 km (16 mi) to the west. The name Siddhartanagar was given[when?] by Komal Dutta Tiwari, a poet.[citation needed]

ClimateEdit

The highest temperature ever recorded in Siddharthanagar was 44.8 °C (112.6 °F) on 7 June 1998, while the lowest temperature ever recorded was −1.1 °C (30.0 °F) on 20 January 1971.[1]

Climate data for Siddharthanagar (Bhairahawa Airport) (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
25.4
(77.7)
31.3
(88.3)
36.1
(97.0)
36.4
(97.5)
35.5
(95.9)
33.0
(91.4)
33.4
(92.1)
33.0
(91.4)
32.2
(90.0)
28.9
(84.0)
24.1
(75.4)
30.9
(87.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
18.1
(64.6)
23.0
(73.4)
28.0
(82.4)
30.0
(86.0)
30.6
(87.1)
29.5
(85.1)
29.6
(85.3)
28.8
(83.8)
26.3
(79.3)
21.7
(71.1)
17.1
(62.8)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
10.7
(51.3)
14.6
(58.3)
19.9
(67.8)
23.6
(74.5)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
25.9
(78.6)
24.7
(76.5)
20.3
(68.5)
14.5
(58.1)
10.2
(50.4)
18.7
(65.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.7
(0.70)
19.2
(0.76)
16.7
(0.66)
26.4
(1.04)
82.3
(3.24)
269.4
(10.61)
545.6
(21.48)
395.5
(15.57)
253.5
(9.98)
77.5
(3.05)
8.2
(0.32)
13.3
(0.52)
1,725.3
(67.93)
Source: Department Of Hydrology and Meteorology[2]

DemographicsEdit

The population of Siddarthanagar in 2001 was 63,528.[3] According to the 2011 census it was 63,483.

EconomyEdit

Siddharthnagar is a major trading city of Nepal.

There is a custom check point 5 km south near Indian border for the goods transport between India and Nepal.

Around Siddharthanagar, there are several small and large scale industries.

In west towards lumbini there cement and textile industries while there are many steel and block industries in east.

Bhairahawa Special Economic Zone was proposed to increase trade between Nepal and India. Government of Nepal has been encouraging different industries to establish their plant in the SEZ.

TransportationEdit

Siddharthanagar is located at Siddhartha Highway, which extends southwards to the Indian border at Sunauli and north through Butwal and Pokhara.

Gautam Buddha Airport is located 3 kilometers from the center and offers daily flights to Kathmandu.It is being upgraded to a regional international airport.

Transportation options around the city and into surrounding areas include bus, minibus, unmetered taxicab and cycle rickshaw. There is regular bus service to Lumbini and Butwal.[citation needed]

Immigration officeEdit

Border Crossing - Nepal has an open border where movement of Indian and Nepalese nationals concerned. There is a customs checkpoint for goods and third-country nationals.

RailwayEdit

The city is close to Nautanwa railway station.

Non-profit organizationsEdit

There are several NGOs are working in Siddharthanagar. Terai Development Forum is one working for healthy, social and economic status of female, children and poor community by using local resources and increasing capability for their services and justifiable accession to the resources. FSC Rupandehi (Farmers Service Committee, Rupandehi) is the only a Non-profit organisation working for Farmers Families Development in Rupandehi and also supporting to others district by developing Non-profit organisation. Actually, more than 75% of total population are depending on Agro occupation In Siddharthanagar municipality also. Samriddhi Foundation is one which is working in education and health sectors.

EducationEdit

There are several higher education facilities in Siddharthanagar including Rupandehi Campus,[4][5] IAAS Paklihawa Campus, and Universal College of Medical Sciences

MediaEdit

Siddharthanagar has three FM radio stations:

Bhairahawa FM

All major Nepali Newspapers are circulated in Siddharthanagar, while several local ones including Gautam Buddha Sandes, Lumbini Khabar, Naribimba, and Siddhartha Post.[citation needed]

CultureEdit

Hindus are in the majority, with a significant minority of Muslims and Buddhists associated with sites commemorating Gautama Buddha's life and relics. There is diversity in the culture as people from several part of country live here. Awadhi and Bhojpuri culture is native identity.[citation needed]

CuisineEdit

The local cuisine is influenced by the Awadhi cuisine. Foods like momo and panipuri are available street food.[citation needed]

HealthEdit

Siddharthanagar has a highly developed healthcare system with several famous hospitals including Bhim hospital(District Government Hospital), Universal College of Medical Science Hospital (UCMS Hospital) and Lumbini Eye Institute.[citation needed]

Places of interestEdit

  • Lumbini Garden around Buddha's birthplace with monasteries representing nations. It is approximately 22 km (14 mi) from Siddharthanagar.
  • Devadaha, an archeological site 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast near Khairhani village. The site is associated with the Koliyas, tribe of Lord Buddha's mother and one of eight tribes receiving corporeal relics after his death at Kushinagar.
  • Ramagrama stupa, 20 km (12 mi) east of Siddharthanagar and 4 km (2.5 mi) south of Parasi in Nawalparasi District. There are remains of stupa and monastery on banks of Jahari River near Kerwani village. The stupa mound is approximately 10 m (33 ft) high and 20 m (66 ft) in diameter. Some suggest this was the center of the Koliya kingdom.
  • Kapilvastu was the kingdom of the Shakyas, Buddha's (paternal) royal family. The administrative center of modern Kapilvastu District at Taulihawa is 40 km (25 mi) west of Siddharthanagar or 18 km (11 mi) beyond Lumbini. Many archaeological sites are within 10 km (6.2 mi) of Taulihawa. Local roads are in good condition.
  • Tribeni Ghat on the Narayani River (known as Gandak in India) is an auspicious site for bathing. It attracts hundred thousands of pilgrims on Maghe Sankranti (Hindi: Makar Sankranti), approximately 15 January.
  • Valmiki Ashram near Tribeni Ghat, believed to be the place where Prince Siddhartha got down from his horse Kantaka and strode off on foot and into the jungles in his search for answers.
  • Chitwan National Park east of the Narayani River, a preserve larger than 900 km2 protecting some 700 native animal species—including gaur, tiger, rhinoceros, gharial and crocodile—and flora native to the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands.
  • Meudihawa village which is situated on the southern part of Bhairahawa.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  2. ^ [2]. Department Of Hydrology and Meteorology Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  3. ^ Nepal - City Population - Cities, Towns & Provinces - Tables & Maps
  4. ^ "Home | Rupandehi Campus". www.rupandehicampus.edu.np. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Rupandehi Campus granted QAA certificate". My Republica. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  6. ^ http://www.meudihawa.weebly.com

External linksEdit