Siddharthanagar (formerly Bhairahawa[clarification needed]) is a municipality and the administrative headquarter of Rupandehi District on the Outer Terai plains of Nepal, 265 km (165 mi) west of Kathmandu Nepal's capital. It is the closest city to Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, which is located 25 km (16 mi) to the west. The city borders the Indian city of Sonauli in Maharajganj district of Uttar Pradesh. The city is among the major industrial power house in the country impacting major economic aspects of Nepal. It has the second largest rate of border trade with India after Birgunj border in the country. Bhairahawa is under the administration of Siddharthanagar Nagarpalika (municipality) so often known as Siddharthanagar.[clarification needed]
Hamro Pyaro Saher
|Province||Province No. 5|
|• Mayor||Hari Adhikari (NCP)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Uma Kafle (NCP)|
|• Total||36.03 km2 (13.91 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:45 (NST)|
The city's old name, Bhairahawa was derived from the deity Bhairava a manifestation of Shiva. The city's current name Siddharthanagar derives from Buddha's given name Siddhartha, as the birthplace of Buddha is located only 25 km (16 mi) to the west. The name Siddhartanagar was given[when?] by Komal Dutta Tiwari, a poet.
The highest temperature ever recorded in Siddharthanagar was 44.8 °C (112.6 °F) on 7 June 1998, while the lowest temperature ever recorded was −1.1 °C (30.0 °F) on 20 January 1971.
|Climate data for Siddharthanagar (Bhairahawa Airport) (1981-2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||21.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||14.9
|Average low °C (°F)||8.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||17.7
|Source: Department Of Hydrology and Meteorology|
The population of Siddarthanagar in 2001 was 63,528. According to the 2011 census it was 63,483.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Siddharthnagar is a major trading city of Nepal.
There is a custom check point 5 km south near Indian border for the goods transport between India and Nepal.
Around Siddharthanagar, there are several small and large scale industries.
In west towards lumbini there cement and textile industries while there are many steel and block industries in east.
Border Crossing - Nepal has an open border where movement of Indian and Nepalese nationals concerned. There is a customs checkpoint for goods and third-country nationals.
The city is close to Nautanwa railway station.
There are several NGOs are working in Siddharthanagar. Terai Development Forum is one working for healthy, social and economic status of female, children and poor community by using local resources and increasing capability for their services and justifiable accession to the resources. FSC Rupandehi (Farmers Service Committee, Rupandehi) is the only a Non-profit organisation working for Farmers Families Development in Rupandehi and also supporting to others district by developing Non-profit organisation. Actually, more than 75% of total population are depending on Agro occupation In Siddharthanagar municipality also. Samriddhi Foundation is one which is working in education and health sectors.
Siddharthanagar has three FM radio stations:
Hindus are in the majority, with a significant minority of Muslims and Buddhists associated with sites commemorating Gautama Buddha's life and relics. There is diversity in the culture as people from several part of country live here. Awadhi and Bhojpuri culture is native identity.
Siddharthanagar has a highly developed healthcare system with several famous hospitals including Bhim hospital(District Government Hospital), Universal College of Medical Science Hospital (UCMS Hospital) and Lumbini Eye Institute.
Places of interestEdit
- Lumbini Garden around Buddha's birthplace with monasteries representing nations. It is approximately 22 km (14 mi) from Siddharthanagar.
- Devadaha, an archeological site 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast near Khairhani village. The site is associated with the Koliyas, tribe of Lord Buddha's mother and one of eight tribes receiving corporeal relics after his death at Kushinagar.
- Ramagrama stupa, 20 km (12 mi) east of Siddharthanagar and 4 km (2.5 mi) south of Parasi in Nawalparasi District. There are remains of stupa and monastery on banks of Jahari River near Kerwani village. The stupa mound is approximately 10 m (33 ft) high and 20 m (66 ft) in diameter. Some suggest this was the center of the Koliya kingdom.
- Kapilvastu was the kingdom of the Shakyas, Buddha's (paternal) royal family. The administrative center of modern Kapilvastu District at Taulihawa is 40 km (25 mi) west of Siddharthanagar or 18 km (11 mi) beyond Lumbini. Many archaeological sites are within 10 km (6.2 mi) of Taulihawa. Local roads are in good condition.
- Tribeni Ghat on the Narayani River (known as Gandak in India) is an auspicious site for bathing. It attracts hundred thousands of pilgrims on Maghe Sankranti (Hindi: Makar Sankranti), approximately 15 January.
- Valmiki Ashram near Tribeni Ghat, believed to be the place where Prince Siddhartha got down from his horse Kantaka and strode off on foot and into the jungles in his search for answers.
- Chitwan National Park east of the Narayani River, a preserve larger than 900 km2 protecting some 700 native animal species—including gaur, tiger, rhinoceros, gharial and crocodile—and flora native to the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands.
- Meudihawa village which is situated on the southern part of Bhairahawa.
- . Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- . Department Of Hydrology and Meteorology Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- Nepal - City Population - Cities, Towns & Provinces - Tables & Maps
- "Home | Rupandehi Campus". www.rupandehicampus.edu.np. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- "Rupandehi Campus granted QAA certificate". My Republica. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bhairahawa.|