Nawalparasi District (Nepali: नवलपरासी जिल्ला, pronounced [nʌwʌlpʌˈɾasi] (listen)) part of which belongs to Gandaki Pradesh and part to Lumbini Province, was one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal before being divided. The district, with Ramgram as its district headquarters, covered an area of 2,162 square kilometres (835 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 643,508.
|• Type||Coordination committee|
|• Body||DCC, Nawalparāsī Jillā|
|• Total||2,162 km2 (835 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:45 (NPT)|
|Main Language(s)||Nepali, Tharu, Bhojpuri, Urdu|
This district has given birth to many Nepal's top-level people, including the late Prime Minister Tanka Prasad Acharya. The midpoint of Nepal's east–west highway Mahendra Highway lies in this district. The Nawalpur valley is the part of greater Chitwan Valley of inner terai where most of the populations are Tharu, Magar and Brahmins who settled migrating from the hills. The big industries such as Chaudhary Udhyog Gram (CUG), Bhrikuti pulp and paper factory are located in the nawalpur area of this district. Since Parasi is the headquarter of Nawalparasi district many of the clerical offices are located there. Nepal's one of the biggest Sugar factory, Lumbini Sugar Industry, which was made by China's support, also lies in Sunwal Municipality of this district. Nowadays many industries are also being operated here like Sarbottam Cement factory, Butwal cement factory, Triveni distillery, cement factory of CG in Dumkibas, Jamuwad paper factory and other cottage industries. Developing cities such as Devchuli Municipality, Gaindakot Municipality, Kawasoti Municipality Sunwal Municipality, Madhyabindu Municipality and Bardaghat Municipality are located here. Famous towns in Nawalpur Ragion are Gaindakot, Rajahar, Keurani, Pragatinagar, Kawasoti, Shahid nagar Danda, Chormara, Arungkhola etc. Half of the Nawalpur Region is mainly hilly areas mainly populated by Brahmins, Magar and Chhetri people and terai area is mainly populated by Tharu people.
Nawalparasi district is connected to Rupandehi District on the west, Palpa and Tanahun Districts on the north, Chitwan District on the east and south and the Indian border. The longest road of Mahendra highway, 99 km in length, lies in this district. Major cities of Nepal such as Butwal, Siddharthanagar, Tansen and Bharatpur metropolitan municipality are located in neighbouring districts
Geography and ClimateEdit
The highest peak in Nepal's Churia range, Mt. Devchuli 1,937 metres (6,355 ft), is in this district.
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||56.2%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Nawalparasi District had a population of 643,508. Of these, 40.9% spoke Nepali, 29.0% Bhojpuri, 13.6% Magar, 9.8% Tharu, 1.9% Maithili, 1.5% Gurung, 1.0% Newari and 0.6% Tamang as their first language.
Village Development Committees (VDCs) and Municipalities in NawalparasiEdit
- Badahara Dubauliya
- Bardaghat Municipality
- Dadajheri Tadi
- Dawanne Devi
- Devachuli Municipality
- Gaidakot Municipality
- Guthi Parsauni
- Jahada, Lumbini
- Kawasoti Municipality
- Madhyabindu Municipality
- Naya Belhani
- Ramgram Municipality
- Ramgram Municipality
- Rampur Khadauna
- Saidnagar Danda
- Sunwal Municipality
- Thulo Khairatawa
- Upallo Arkhale
°Center for Development and Disaster management (CDM-Nepal) is a leading non-governmental development and humanitarian organisation of Lumbini Province of Nepal. Established in 2000 in Butwal, CDM-Nepal has worked in DRM, CCA, WASH, livelihood and GBV. CDM-Nepal
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
- "Districts of Nepal". Statoids.
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