Rhonda Fleming

Rhonda Fleming (born Marilyn Louis; August 10, 1923 – October 14, 2020) was an American film and television actress and singer. She acted in more than 40 films, mostly in the 1940s and 1950s, and became renowned as one of the most glamorous actresses of her day, nicknamed the "Queen of Technicolor" because she photographed so well in that medium.

Rhonda Fleming
Rhonda Fleming 1951.jpg
Fleming on location in 1951.
Born
Marilyn Louis

(1923-08-10)August 10, 1923
DiedOctober 14, 2020(2020-10-14) (aged 97)
Years active1943–1990
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Tom Lane
(m. 1940; div. 1942)

Dr. Lewis Morrill
(m. 1952; div. 1954)

(m. 1960; div. 1962)

(m. 1966; div. 1972)

(m. 1977; died 2001)

Darol Carlson
(m. 2003; died 2017)
Children1
Websiterhondafleming.com

CareerEdit

Early lifeEdit

Fleming was born Marilyn Louis in Hollywood, California, to Harold Cheverton Louis, an insurance salesman, and Effie Graham, a stage actress who had appeared opposite Al Jolson in the musical Dancing Around at New York's Winter Garden Theatre from 1914 to 1915. Fleming's maternal grandfather was John C. Graham, an actor, theater owner, and newspaper editor in Utah.[1]

She began working as a film actress while attending Beverly Hills High School,[2] from which she graduated in 1941. She was discovered by the well-known Hollywood agent Henry Willson, who changed her name to "Rhonda Fleming".[3]

"It's so weird", Fleming said later. "He stopped me crossing the street. It kinda scared me a little bit -- I was only 16 or 17. He signed me to a seven-year contract without a screen test. It was a Cinderella story, but those could happen in those days."[4]

David O. SelznickEdit

Fleming's agent Willson went to work for David O. Selznick, who put her under contract.[5][6] She had bit parts in In Old Oklahoma (1943),[7] Since You Went Away (1944) for Selznick, and in When Strangers Marry (1944).

She received her first substantial role in the thriller, Spellbound (1945), produced by Selznick and directed by Alfred Hitchcock. "Hitch told me I was going to play a nymphomaniac", Fleming said later. "I remember rushing home to look it up in the dictionary and being quite shocked."[8] The film was a success and Selznick gave her another good role in the thriller The Spiral Staircase (1946), directed by Robert Siodmak.[9]

Selznick lent her out to appear in supporting parts in the Randolph Scott Western Abilene Town (1946) at United Artists and the film noir classic Out of the Past (1947) with Robert Mitchum and Kirk Douglas, at RKO,, where she played a harried secretary. [10] [5]

Fleming's first leading role came in Adventure Island (1947), a low-budget action film made for Pine-Thomas Productions at Paramount Pictures in the two-color Cinecolor process and co-starring fellow Selznick contractee Rory Calhoun.[11]

Fleming then auditioned for the female lead in a Bing Crosby film, a part Deanna Durbin turned down at Paramount in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1949), a musical loosely based on the story by Mark Twain. Fleming exhibited her singing ability, dueting with Crosby on "Once and For Always" and soloing with "When Is Sometime". They recorded the songs for a three-disc, 78-rpm Decca album, conducted by Victor Young, who wrote the film's orchestral score. The movie was Fleming's first Technicolor film.[12][13] Her fair complexion and flaming red hair photographed exceptionally well and she was nicknamed the "Queen of Technicolor", a moniker not worth much to her as she would have preferred to be known for her acting.[14][15] Actress Maureen O'Hara expressed a similar sentiment when the same nickname was given to her around this time.

She then played another leading role opposite a comedian, in this case Bob Hope, in  the The Great Lover (1949). It was a big hit and Fleming was established. "After that, I wasn't fortunate enough to get good directors", said Fleming. "I made the mistake of doing lesser films for good money. I was hot – they all wanted me – but I didn't have the guidance or background to judge for myself."[16]

In February 1949, Selznick sold his contract players to Warner Bros, but he kept Fleming.[17]

In 1950 she portrayed John Payne's love interest in The Eagle and the Hawk, a Western.[10]

Fleming was lent to RKO to play a femme fatale opposite Dick Powell in Cry Danger (1951), a film noir. Back at Paramount, she played the title role in a Western with Glenn Ford, The Redhead and the Cowboy (1951).[18]

In 1950, she ended her association with Selznick after eight years, though her contract with him had another five years to run.[19][20]

ParamountEdit

 
Publicity photo

Fleming signed a three-picture deal with Paramount.[21] Pine-Thomas used her as Ronald Reagan's leading lady in a Western, The Last Outpost (1951), John Payne's leading lady in the adventure film Crosswinds (1951), and with Reagan again in Hong Kong (1951).

She sang on NBC's Colgate Comedy Hour during the same live telecast that featured Errol Flynn, on September 30, 1951, from the El Capitan Theater in Hollywood.[22]

Fleming was top-billed for Sam Katzman's The Golden Hawk (1952) with Sterling Hayden, then was reunited with Reagan for Tropic Zone (1953) at Pine-Thomas. In 1953, Fleming portrayed Cleopatra in Katzman's Serpent of the Nile for Columbia. That same year, she filmed a western with Charlton Heston at Paramount, Pony Express (1953), and two films shot in three dimensions (3-D), Inferno with Robert Ryan at Fox, and the musical Those Redheads From Seattle with Gene Barry, for Pine-Thomas. The following year, she starred with Fernando Lamas in Jivaro, her third 3-D release, at Pine-Thomas. She went to Universal for Yankee Pasha (1954) with Jeff Chandler. Fleming also traveled to Italy to play Semiramis in Queen of Babylon (1954).[10]

Late 1950sEdit

Fleming was part of a gospel singing quartet with Jane Russell, Connie Haines, and Beryl Davis. [5]

Much of the location work for Fleming's 1955 Western Tennessee's Partner, in which she played Duchess opposite John Payne as Tennessee and Ronald Reagan as Cowpoke, was filmed at the Iverson Movie Ranch in Chatsworth, California, (known as the most heavily filmed outdoor location in the history of film and television). A distinctive monolithic sandstone feature behind which Fleming (as Duchess) hid during an action sequence, later became known as the Rhonda Fleming Rock. The rock is part of a section of the former movie ranch known as "Garden of the Gods", which has been preserved as public parkland.[23]

Fleming was reunited with Payne and fellow redhead Arlene Dahl in a noir at RKO, Slightly Scarlet (1956). She did other thrillers that year; The Killer Is Loose (1956) with Joseph Cotten and Fritz Lang's While the City Sleeps (1956), co-starring Dana Andrews, at RKO. Fleming was top billed in an adventure movie for Warwick Films, Odongo (1956).[10]

Fleming had the female lead in John Sturges's Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957) co-starring Burt Lancaster and Kirk Douglas, a big hit. She supported Donald O'Connor in The Buster Keaton Story (1957) and Stewart Granger in Gun Glory (1957) at MGM.[20]

In May 1957, Fleming launched a nightclub act at the Tropicana in Las Vegas. It was a tremendous success. "I just wanted to know if I could get out on that stage – if I could do it. And I did! ... My heart was to do more stage work, but I had a son, so I really couldn't, but that was in my heart."[24]

Fleming was Guy Madison's co star in Bullwhip (1958) for Allied Artists, and supported Jean Simmons in Home Before Dark (1958), which she later called her favorite role ("It was a marvellous stretch", she said).[8]

Fleming was reunited with Bob Hope in Alias Jesse James (1959) and did an episode of Wagon Train.[25] She was in the Irwin Allen/Joseph M. Newman production of The Big Circus (1959), co-starring Victor Mature and Vincent Price. This was made for Allied Artists, whom Fleming later sued for unpaid profits.[26]

Fleming travelled to Italy again to make The Revolt of the Slaves (1959) and was second billed in The Crowded Sky (1960).[10]

Semi-retirementEdit

In 1960, she described herself as "semi-retired", having made money in real estate investments. That year she toured her nightclub act in Las Vegas and Palm Springs.[24][27]

TelevisionEdit

During the 1950s, 1960s, and into the 1970s, Fleming frequently appeared on television with guest-starring roles on The Red Skelton Show, The Best of Broadway, The Investigators, Shower of Stars, The Dick Powell Show, Wagon Train, Burke's Law, The Virginian, McMillan & Wife, Police Woman, Kung Fu, Ellery Queen, and The Love Boat.[10][28]

In 1958, Fleming again displayed her singing talent when she recorded her only LP, entitled simply Rhonda (reissued in 2008 on CD as Rhonda Fleming Sings Just For You). In this album, which was released by Columbia Records, she blended then-current songs like "Around The World" with standards such as "Love Me or Leave Me" and "I've Got You Under My Skin". Conductor-arranger Frank Comstock provided the musical direction.[29][28]

On March 4, 1962, Fleming appeared in one of the last segments of ABC's Follow the Sun in a role opposite Gary Lockwood. She played a Marine in the episode, "Marine of the Month".[30]

In December 1962, Fleming was cast as the glamorous Kitty Bolton in the episode, "Loss of Faith", on the syndicated anthology series, Death Valley Days, hosted by Stanley Andrews. In the story line, Kitty pits Joe Phy (Jim Davis) and Peter Gabriel (Don Collier) to run against each other for sheriff of Pima County, Arizona. Violence results from the rivalry.[31]

Later careerEdit

In the 1960s, Fleming branched out into other businesses and began performing regularly on stage and in Las Vegas.[32]

One of her final film appearances was in a bit-part as Edith von Secondburg in the comedy The Nude Bomb (1980) starring Don Adams. She also appeared in Waiting for the Wind (1990).[33]

Fleming has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[34] In 2007, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars was dedicated to her.[35]

Personal life and deathEdit

Fleming worked for several charities, especially in the field of cancer care, and served on the committees of many related organizations. In 1991, her fifth husband, Ted Mann, and she established the Rhonda Fleming Mann Clinic for Women's Comprehensive Care at the UCLA Medical Center.[33]

In 1964, Fleming spoke at the "Project Prayer" rally attended by 2,500 at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, California. The gathering, which was hosted by Anthony Eisley, a star of ABC's Hawaiian Eye series, sought to flood the United States Congress with letters in support of mandatory school prayer, following two decisions in 1962 and 1963 of the United States Supreme Court, which struck down mandatory school prayer as conflicting with the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.[36]

Joining Fleming and Eisley at the rally were Walter Brennan, Lloyd Nolan, Dale Evans, Pat Boone, and Gloria Swanson. Fleming declared, "Project Prayer is hoping to clarify the First Amendment to the Constitution and reverse this present trend away from God."[36] Eisley and Fleming added that John Wayne, Ronald Reagan, Roy Rogers, Mary Pickford, Jane Russell, Ginger Rogers, and Pat Buttram would also have attended the rally had their schedules not been in conflict.[36]

Fleming married six times:[37]

  • Thomas Wade Lane, interior decorator, (1940–1942; divorced), one son
  • Dr. Lewis V. Morrill, Hollywood physician, (July 11, 1952 – 1954; divorced)
  • Lang Jeffries, actor, (April 3, 1960 – January 11, 1962; divorced)
  • Hall Bartlett, producer (March 27, 1966 – 1972; divorced)
  • Ted Mann, producer, (March 11, 1977 – January 15, 2001; his death)
  • Darol Wayne Carlson (2003 – October 31, 2017; his death)

Through her son Kent Lane (b. 1941), Rhonda also had two granddaughters (Kimberly and Kelly), four great-grandchildren (Wagner, Page, Lane, and Cole), and two great-great-grandchildren.[38][39]

She was a Presbyterian[40] and a Republican who supported Dwight Eisenhower during the 1952 presidential election.[41]

Fleming died on October 14, 2020, in Saint John's Health Center, Santa Monica, California, at the age of 97.[42]

FilmographyEdit

source:[10]

Year Title Role Notes
1943 In Old Oklahoma Dance-hall girl Uncredited
1944 Since You Went Away Girl at dance Uncredited
When Strangers Marry Girl on train Uncredited
1945 Spellbound Mary Carmichael
1946 Abilene Town Sherry Balder
The Spiral Staircase Blanche
1947 Adventure Island Faith Wishart
Out of the Past Meta Carson
1949 A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court Alisande La Carteloise
The Great Lover Duchess Alexandria
1950 The Eagle and the Hawk Mrs. Madeline Danzeeger
1951 Cry Danger Nancy Morgan
The Redhead and the Cowboy Candace Bronson
The Last Outpost Julie McQuade
Little Egypt Izora
Crosswinds Katherine Shelley
1952 Hong Kong Victoria Evans
The Golden Hawk Captain Rouge
1953 Tropic Zone Flanders White
Serpent of the Nile Cleopatra
Pony Express Evelyn Hastings
Inferno Geraldine Carson
Those Redheads From Seattle Kathie Edmonds
1954 Jivaro Alice Parker
Yankee Pasha Roxana Reil
1955 Queen of Babylon Semiramis
Tennessee's Partner Elizabeth "Duchess" Farnham
1956 The Killer Is Loose Lila Wagner
Slightly Scarlet June Lyons
While the City Sleeps Dorothy Kyne
Odongo Pamela Muir
1957 The Buster Keaton Story Peggy Courtney
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral Laura Denbow
Gun Glory Jo
1958 Bullwhip Cheyenne O'Malley
Home Before Dark Joan Carlisle
1959 Alias Jesse James Cora Lee Collins
The Big Circus Helen Harrison
1960 The Crowded Sky Cheryl "Charro" Heath
The Revolt of the Slaves Fabiola
1964 The Patsy Herself
Pão de Açúcar Pamela Jones DeSantis
1965 Run for Your Wife Nyta
1976 Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood Herself
1980 The Nude Bomb Edith Von Secondberg
1990 Waiting for the Wind Hannah Short, (final film role)

TelevisionEdit

Radio appearancesEdit

Date Program Episode Ref
March 22, 1951 Screen Directors Playhouse "The Great Lover" [56]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rhonda Fleming". ReviewJournal.com. May 17, 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  2. ^ "Beverly Hills High School". Seeing-stars.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  3. ^ Rhonda Fleming interview, Warner Archive Podcast. Warner Bros. Entertainment.
  4. ^ Laura Saari (Apr 19, 1989). "A glamour girl finds there's no place like home Actress Rhonda Fleming pursues the joys of good causes and her Laguna sanctuary". Orange County Register. p. k01.
  5. ^ a b c Gates, Anita. "Rhonda Fleming, 97, Movie Star Made for Technicolor, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  6. ^ Hopper, Hedda (June 15, 1952). "Rhonda Fleming... Lucky Star!". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. g6.
  7. ^ Frank Daugherty (July 21, 1944). "Miss Bergman and Hitchcock". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 4.
  8. ^ a b Jim Bawden (Nov 28, 1993). "Redheaded Rhonda Fleming always wound up in roundups". Toronto Star. p. B4.
  9. ^ Bergan, Ronald. "Rhonda Fleming obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Rhonda Fleming - Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  11. ^ "Adventure Island (1947) – Overview – TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  12. ^ "The Official Rhonda Fleming Website : Tribute to Bing Crosby". Rhondafleming.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  13. ^ Scheuer, Philip K. (Nov 9, 1947). "DRAMA AND THE ARTS: Imagine Bing as Knightly Hero in Twain's 'Yankee'!". Los Angeles Times. p. B1.
  14. ^ Kelly, Devin. "Golden Age actress and singer Rhonda Fleming has died at 97". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  15. ^ Tucker, David C. (2019-08-15). Pine-Thomas Productions: A History and Filmography. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-7743-9.
  16. ^ Rosenfield, Paul (July 4, 1976). "Rhonda Fleming Still Queen of the Redheads". Los Angeles Times. p. n29.
  17. ^ "SELZNICK STARS TO DO MOVIES FOR WARNERS". New York Times. Feb 21, 1949. p. 18.
  18. ^ Schallert, Edwin (June 20, 1950). "U-I Recaptures Philip Substitute in Debate Friend". Los Angeles Times. p. A7.
  19. ^ "Rhonda Fleming to Quit Selznick". New York Times. June 12, 1950. p. 18.
  20. ^ a b Hopper, Hedda (May 5, 1957). "She's Her Own Boss!: No Contracts Cramp the Actions of Actress-Singer-Realtor Rhonda Fleming, Inc". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. c25.
  21. ^ Schallert, Edwin (July 2, 1950). "HOLLYWOOD IN REVIEW: Rhonda Eyes Role of Film Songstress Movie Songstress Roles Eyed by Miss Fleming". Los Angeles Times. p. D1.
  22. ^ "Classic TV Info – The Colgate Comedy Hour – Season 2". Classictvinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  23. ^ Nano, Swami (January 9, 2014). "Iverson Movie Ranch: Rhonda Fleming — and why there's a Rhonda Fleming Rock in Chatsworth, California".
  24. ^ a b Shearer, Stephen Michael (17 May 2009). "Song in Her Heart". Las Vegas Review–Journal. p. J.7.
  25. ^ Smith, Cecil (Nov 30, 1958). "Rhonda Due for Whistles". Los Angeles Times. p. E2.
  26. ^ "Studio Sued by Rhonda Fleming". Los Angeles Times. July 28, 1963. p. f3.
  27. ^ Smith, Jack (Feb 1, 1960). "SEEKS 'SEMI-RETIREMENT': Rhonda Fleming Keeps Busy as 'the Laziest Girl in Town'". Los Angeles Times. p. B1.
  28. ^ a b Silverman, Hollie; Vera, Amir. "Rhonda Fleming, film star in the 1940s and 1950s, dies at 97". CNN. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  29. ^ "Rhonda Fleming With Frank Comstock And His Orchestra ‎– Rhonda". Discogs. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  30. ^ "Follow the Sun - Season 1, Episode 25 - Marine of the Month". TV Guide. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  31. ^ "Loss of Faith on Death Valley Days". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  32. ^ FRANK, D. O., & Thackrey, T.,Jr. (Sep 22, 1974). "Walter brennan, oscar winner, dies". Los Angeles Times. ProQuest 157476108.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  33. ^ a b "The Official Rhonda Flemming Website". Rhondafleming.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  34. ^ "Rhonda Fleming – Celebrity information". Mysticgames.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  35. ^ "Palm Stars Walk of Stars" (PDF). Palmspringswalkofstars.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-13. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  36. ^ a b c ""The Washington Merry-Go-Round", Drew Pearson column, May 14, 1964" (PDF). dspace.wrlc.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  37. ^ "Rhonda Fleming Companions". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
  38. ^ "Rhonda Fleming grandmother at age of 40". Schenectady Gazette. 22 September 1962. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  39. ^ "Rhonda Fleming". Turner Classic Movies.
  40. ^ "LIFE". Time Inc. January 10, 1949 – via Google Books.
  41. ^ Motion Picture and Television Magazine, November 1952, page 34, Ideal Publishers
  42. ^ "Rhonda Fleming, 'Queen of Technicolor' Who Appeared in 'Spellbound,' Dies at 97". Variety. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  43. ^ "The Colgate Comedy Hour Season 2 - 1951-1952". Classic TV Info. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  44. ^ "What's My Line? S06E32". TV Time. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  45. ^ "What's My Line? - Terry Moore (Mar 20, 1955)". Tube2. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  46. ^ "Freddie's Romance". IMDB. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  47. ^ "Season 2, Episode 3 The Jennifer Churchill Story". TV Guide. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  48. ^ "Season 4, Episode 16 The Patience Miller Story". TV Guide. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  49. ^ "Here's Hollywood (1960–1962) - Episode #2.26". IMDB. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  50. ^ "John J. Diggs". IMDB. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  51. ^ "Season 7, Episode 11 The Sandra Cummings Story". TV Guide. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  52. ^ "Season 2, Episode 4 Have Girls - Will Travel". TV Guide. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  53. ^ "Needles and Pins". MUBI. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  54. ^ "Season 3, Episode 6 Cross and Double-cross". TV Guide. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  55. ^ "Season 3, Episode 23 Ambush". TV Guide. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  56. ^ Hudgins, Garven (March 22, 1951). "Hope To Play 'Great Lover' In Broadcast". Cumberland Evening Times. Maryland, Cumberland. p. 25. Retrieved November 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  

External linksEdit