Carver Dana Andrews (January 1, 1909 – December 17, 1992) was an American film actor, and major star in what later became known as film noir. A leading man during the 1940s, he continued acting in less prestigious and character actor roles into the 1980s. He is best known for portraying a police detective in the noir Laura (1944) and a critically acclaimed performance as war veteran Fred Derry in The Best Years of Our Lives (1946).
Carver Dana Andrews
January 1, 1909
Near Collins, Mississippi, U.S.
|Died||December 17, 1992 (aged 83)|
Los Alamitos, California, U.S.
(m. 1932; died 1935)
|Relatives||Steve Forrest (brother)|
|15th President of the Screen Actors Guild|
August 8, 1963 – June 3, 1965
|Preceded by||George Chandler|
|Succeeded by||Charlton Heston|
Andrews was born on a farmstead near Collins in southern Mississippi, the third of 13 children of Charles Forrest Andrews, a Baptist minister, and his wife Annis (née Speed). The family subsequently relocated to Huntsville, Texas, the birthplace of his younger siblings, including fellow Hollywood actor Steve Forrest (born William Forrest Andrews).
Andrews attended college at Sam Houston State University in Huntsville and studied business administration in Houston. During 1931, he traveled to Los Angeles to pursue opportunities as a singer. He worked various jobs, such as at a gas station in the nearby community of Van Nuys. To help the struggling Andrews study music at night, "The station owners stepped in ... with a deal: $50 a week for full-time study, in exchange for a five-year share of possible later earnings", which he started repaying after signing with Goldwyn.
Sam Goldwyn and 20th Century FoxEdit
In 1938, Andrews was spotted in the play Oh Evening Star and Samuel Goldwyn signed the promising actor to a contract, but felt he needed time to develop experience. Andrews continued at the Pasadena Playhouse, working in over 20 productions and proposed to second wife Mary Todd. After twelve months, Goldwyn sold part of Andrews contract to 20th Century Fox where he was put to work on the first of two B pictures; his first role was in Lucky Cisco Kid (1940). He was then in Sailor's Lady (1940), developed by Goldwyn but released by Fox.
Andrews had support parts in Fox films Tobacco Road (1941), directed by John Ford; Belle Starr (1941), with Randolph Scott and Gene Tierney, billed third; and Swamp Water (1941), starring Walter Brennan and Walter Huston and directed by Jean Renoir.
Back at Fox, Andrews was given his first lead, in the B-picture war movie Berlin Correspondent (1942). He was second lead to Tyrone Power in Crash Dive (1943) and then appeared in the 1943 film adaptation of The Ox-Bow Incident with Henry Fonda, in a role often cited as one of his best in which he played a lynching victim.
Andrews then went back to Goldwyn for The North Star (1943), directed by Lewis Milestone. He worked on a government propaganda film December 7th: The Movie (1943), then was used by Goldwyn again in Up in Arms (1944), supporting Danny Kaye.
Critical success and noirEdit
Andrews did another war movie with Milestone, A Walk in the Sun (1945), then was loaned to Walter Wanger for a western, Canyon Passage (1946), directed by Jacques Tourneur and co-featuring Susan Hayward.
Andrews's second film with William Wyler, also for Goldwyn, was his most successful: The Best Years of Our Lives (1946). Both a popular and a critical success, the film offered the role - of a war veteran suffering from post-traumatic stress syndrome before it had a name[a] - for which Andrews is best known. Upon release, the topical film about society's problems integrating the homecoming soldiers after World War II outgrossed the longstanding box office success of Gone with the Wind (1939), in the US and Britain. In 2007, the film ranked number 37 on AFI's Top 100 Years...100 Movies.
Andrews starred in the anti-communist The Iron Curtain (1948), reuniting him with Gene Tierney, then Deep Waters (1948). He made a comedy for Lewis Milestone at Enterprise Pictures, No Minor Vices (1948), then traveled to England for Britannia Mews (1949).
He played a fast-fisted police officer in the film noir Where the Sidewalk Ends (1950), also with Tierney and Preminger. Around this time, alcoholism began to damage Andrews's career, and on two occasions it nearly cost him his life behind the wheel.
Edge of Doom (1950), another film noir for Goldwyn, was a flop. Andrews was then loaned to RKO to make Sealed Cargo (1951), in which his brother Steve Forrest has an uncredited role. (In a “Word of Mouth” commentary for Turner Classic Movies, Forrest stated: "I'd have given my eye teeth to have worked with him.") Back at Fox, Andrews was in The Frogmen (1951), then Goldwyn cast him in I Want You (1951), an overwrought attempt to repeat the success of The Best Years of Our Lives, during the Cold War era Korean War.
From 1952 to 1954, Andrews was featured in the radio series I Was a Communist for the FBI, about the experiences of Matt Cvetic, an FBI informant who infiltrated the Communist Party of the United States of America.
Andrews's film career struggled in the 1950s. Assignment: Paris (1952) was not widely seen. He did Elephant Walk (1954) in Ceylon, a film better known for Vivien Leigh's nervous breakdown and replacement by Elizabeth Taylor. Duel in the Jungle (1954) was an adventure tale, Three Hours to Kill (1954) and Smoke Signal (1955) were Westerns, Strange Lady in Town (1955) was a Greer Garson vehicle, and Comanche (1956) another Western.
By the mid-1950s, Andrews was acting almost exclusively in B-movies. However, his acting in two late-cycle film noirs for Fritz Lang during 1956, While The City Sleeps and Beyond a Reasonable Doubt, and a horror film, Curse of the Demon (1957), and a noir, The Fearmakers (1958), for Jacques Tourneur, are well regarded. Around this time he also appeared in Spring Reunion (1957), Zero Hour! (1957), and Enchanted Island (1958).
In 1952, Andrews toured with his wife, Mary Todd, in The Glass Menagerie, and in 1958, he replaced Henry Fonda (his former co-star in The Oxbow Incident and Daisy Kenyon) on Broadway in Two for the Seesaw.
Andrews began appearing on television on such shows as Playhouse 90 ("Right Hand Man", "Alas, Babylon"), General Electric Theatre, The Barbara Stanwyck Show, Checkmate, The DuPont Show of the Week, The Twilight Zone ("No Time Like the Past"), The Dick Powell Theatre, Alcoa Premiere, Ben Casey, and Theatre of Stars.
In 1963, he was elected president of the Screen Actors Guild.
In 1965, Andrews resumed his film work with support roles in The Satan Bug and In Harm's Way. Although he had the lead in films such as Crack in the World (1965), Brainstorm (1965), and Town Tamer (1965), he was increasingly cast in supporting roles: Berlin, Appointment for the Spies (1965), The Loved One (1965), Battle of the Bulge (1965), and Johnny Reno (1966). He occasionally played leads in low-budget films like The Frozen Dead (1966), The Cobra (1967) and Hot Rods to Hell (1967), however, by the late 1960s he had evolved into a character actor, as in The Ten Million Dollar Grab (1967), No Diamonds for Ursula (1967), and The Devil's Brigade (1968).
By the end of the decade, Andrews returned to television to play the leading role of college president Tom Boswell on the NBC daytime soap opera Bright Promise from its premiere on September 29, 1969, until March 1971.
Andrews spent the 1970s in supporting roles of Hollywood films such as The Failing of Raymond (1971), Innocent Bystanders (1972), Airport 1975 (1974), A Shadow in the Streets (1975), The First 36 Hours of Dr. Durant (1975), Take a Hard Ride (1975), The Last Tycoon (1976), The Last Hurrah (1977), and Good Guys Wear Black (1978)
Andrews married Janet Murray on December 31, 1932. Murray died in 1935 as a result of pneumonia. Their son, David, was a musician and composer who died from a cerebral hemorrhage. On November 17, 1939, Andrews married actress Mary Todd, with whom he had three children: Katharine, Stephen, and Susan. For two decades, the family lived in Toluca Lake, California.
Andrews eventually controlled his alcoholism and worked actively with the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. During 1972, he appeared in a television public service advertisement concerning the subject.
- Lucky Cisco Kid (1940, movie debut) as Sergeant Dunn
- Sailor's Lady (1940) as Scrappy Wilson
- Kit Carson (1940) as Captain John C. Fremont
- The Westerner (1940) as Sergeant Dunn
- Tobacco Road (1941) as Captain Tim
- Belle Starr (1941) as Maj. Thomas Crail
- Swamp Water (1941) as Ben
- Ball of Fire (1941) as Joe Lilac
- Berlin Correspondent (1942) as Bill Roberts
- Crash Dive (1943) as Lt. Cmdr. Dewey Connors
- The Ox-Bow Incident (1943) as Donald Martin
- The North Star (1943) as Kolya Simonov
- December 7th (1943) as Ghost of US Sailor Killed at Pearl Harbor
- Up in Arms (1944) as Joe
- The Purple Heart (1944) as Capt. Harvey Ross
- Wing and a Prayer (1944) as Lt. Cmdr. Edward Moulton
- Laura (1944) as Det. Lt. Mark McPherson
- State Fair (1945) as Pat Gilbert
- Fallen Angel (1945) as Eric Stanton
- A Walk in the Sun (1945) as Sgt. Bill Tyne
- Canyon Passage (1946) as Logan Stuart
- The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) as Fred Derry
- Boomerang (1947) as State's Atty. Henry L. Harvey
- Night Song (1947) as Dan
- Daisy Kenyon (1947) as Dan O'Mara
- The Iron Curtain (1948) as Igor Gouzenko
- Deep Waters (1948) as Hod Stillwell
- No Minor Vices (1948) as Perry Ashwell
- The Forbidden Street (1949) as Henry Lambert / Gilbert Lauderdale
- Sword in the Desert (1949) as Mike Dillon
- My Foolish Heart (1949) as Walt Dreiser
- Where the Sidewalk Ends (1950) as Det. Mark Dixon
- Edge of Doom (1950) as Father Thomas Roth
- Sealed Cargo (1951) as Pat Bannon
- The Frogmen (1951) as Jake Flannigan
- I Want You (1951) as Martin Greer
- Assignment – Paris! (1952) as Jimmy Race
- Elephant Walk (1954) as Dick Carver
- Duel in the Jungle (1954) as Scott Walters
- Three Hours to Kill (1954) as Jim Guthrie
- Smoke Signal (1955) as Brett Halliday
- Strange Lady in Town (1955) as Dr. Rourke O'Brien
- Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Goes a Fishin' (1956 short) as Himself
- Comanche (1956) as Jim Read
- While the City Sleeps (1956) as Edward Mobley
- Beyond a Reasonable Doubt (1956) as Tom Garrett
- Spring Reunion (1957) as Fred Davis
- Night of the Demon (1957) as John Holden
- Zero Hour! (1957) as Lt. Ted Stryker
- The Fearmakers (1958) as Alan Eaton
- Enchanted Island (1958) as Abner "Ab" Bedford
- The Crowded Sky (1960) as Dick Barnett.
- Madison Avenue (1961) as Clint Lorimer
- The Satan Bug (1965) as Gen. Williams
- In Harm's Way (1965) as Admiral Broderick
- Crack in the World (1965) as Dr. Stephen Sorenson
- Brainstorm (1965) as Cort Benson
- Town Tamer (1965) as Tom Rosser
- Berlin, Appointment for the Spies (1965) as Col. Lancaster
- The Loved One (1965) as Gen. Buck Brinkman
- Battle of the Bulge (1965) as Col. Pritchard
- Johnny Reno (1966) as Johnny Reno
- The Frozen Dead (1966) as Dr. Norberg
- Hot Rods to Hell (1967) as Tom Phillips
- Supercolpo da 7 miliardi (The Ten Million Dollar Grab) (1967) as George Kimmins
- The Cobra (1967) as Capt. Kelly
- No Diamonds for Ursula (1967) as Il gioielliere
- The Devil's Brigade (1968) as Brig. Gen. Walter Naylor
- The Failing of Raymond (1971, TV Movie) as Allan McDonald
- Innocent Bystanders (1972) as Blake
- Airport 1975 (1974) as Scott Freeman
- A Shadow in the Streets (1975, TV Movie) as Len Raeburn
- The First 36 Hours of Dr. Durant (1975, TV Movie) as Dr. Hutchins
- Take a Hard Ride (1975) as Morgan
- The Last Tycoon (1976) as Red Ridingwood
- The Last Hurrah (1977, TV Movie) as Roger Shanley
- Good Guys Wear Black (1978) as Edgar Harolds
- Born Again (1978) as Tom Phillips
- A Tree, a Rock, a Cloud (1978, Short)
- The Pilot (1980) as Randolph Evers
- Ike: The War Years (1980, TV Movie) as General George C. Marshall
- Prince Jack (1985) as The Cardinal (final film role)
Partial television creditsEdit
|1963||The Twilight Zone||"No Time Like the Past"||Paul Driscoll|
|1969||Family Affair||"Wings Of An Angel"||Harv Mullen|
|1971||Night Gallery||"The Different Ones"||Paul Koch|
|1978||The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries||"Assault on the Tower"||Townley|
|1982||The Love Boat||"Command Performance/Hyde and Seek/Sketchy Love"||Mr. Paul Gerber|
|1982||Falcon Crest||"The Candidate" and "Deliberate Disclosure"||Elliot McKay|
|1948||Lux Radio Theatre||"The Luck of the Irish"|||
|1952–1954||I Was a Communist for the FBI||Various episodes|||
|1952||Hallmark Playhouse||"The Secret Road"|||
|1953||Theater of Stars||"The Token"|||
- At the time, the term "shell shock" was used for the aftereffects of severe combat, characteristically applied to victims while still in the military or displaying overtly dysfunctional symptoms in civilian life post-treatment; the term "combat fatigue" was applied to less serious cases; but undiagnosed and untreated combat-related stress that persisted or even arose only upon return to civilian life today termed PTSD remained functionally unrecognized and un-dealt with.
- Severo, Richard (December 19, 1992). "Dana Andrews, Film Actor of 40's, Is Dead at 83". The New York Times. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- Coons, Robbin (September 27, 1940). "Hollywood Sights And Sounds". Big Spring Daily Herald. p. 7. Retrieved June 15, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Coons, Robbin (August 8, 1941). "Dana Andrews Has Makings Of Stardom". Big Spring Daily Herald. p. 2. Retrieved June 15, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- McKay, James (2014). Dana Andrews: The Face of Noir. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-5676-5.
- "Dana Andrews Dies; Actor Was a Success but Not a Star". Los Angeles Times. December 18, 1992. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
- Bass, Milton R. (August 16, 1977). "The Lively World". The Berkshire Eagle. p. 6. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Easton, Carol (2014). The Search for Sam Goldwyn. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-62674-132-4.
- Coe, Richard L. (January 3, 1948). "Bing's Lucky Number: Pa Crosby Dons 4th B.O. Crown". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- Crowther, Bosley (December 24, 1951). "The Screen in Review; Samuel Goldwyn's 'I Want You' Opens Run at Criterion – Script by Irwin Shaw (Published 1951)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
- Scott, Vernon (May 6, 1971). "Ann Jeffreys Happy in 'Bright Promise'". Schenectady Gazette. United Press International. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- "Dana Andrews Dies; Actor Was a Success but Not a Star". Los Angeles Times. December 18, 1992. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
- "Mary Todd Andrews". Variety. February 4, 2003. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
- "Command Performance/Hyde and Seek/Sketchy Love". IMDb. The Love Boat. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.
- "Dana Andrews". I Was a Communist for the F.B.I.
- "I Was a Communist For The FBI". Modesto Radio Museum.
- Kirby, Walter (November 30, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". Decatur Daily Review. p. 48. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kirby, Walter (March 15, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". Decatur Daily Review. p. 46. Retrieved June 25, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
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