The Devil's Brigade (film)
The Devil's Brigade is a 1968 American DeLuxe Color war film filmed in Panavision, based on the 1966 book of the same name co-written by American novelist and historian Robert H. Adleman and Col. George Walton, a member of the brigade.
|The Devil's Brigade|
Original film poster by Sandy Kossin
|Directed by||Andrew V. McLaglen|
|Produced by||David L. Wolper|
|Screenplay by||William Roberts|
|Based on||The Devil's Brigade|
by Robert H. Adleman and George Walton
|Music by||Alex North|
|Cinematography||William H. Clothier|
|Edited by||William T. Cartwright|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
The film recounts the formation, training, and first mission of the 1st Special Service Force, a joint American-Canadian commando unit, known as the Devil's Brigade. The film dramatizes the Brigade's first mission in the Italian Campaign, the task of capturing what is considered an impregnable German mountain stronghold, Monte la Difensa.
In the summer of 1942, American Lieutenant Colonel Robert T. Frederick, a War Department staff officer with no prior combat or command experience, is summoned to Britain where he is selected by Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten to raise a commando force composed of both American and Canadian personnel for operations in German-occupied Norway.
Back in the U.S., Frederick arrives at the derelict Fort William Henry Harrison in Montana where he receives his American troops — all of whom are jailbirds, ne'er-do-wells, and misfits. When the hand-picked elite Canadian contingent arrives there is immediate friction with the Americans and chaos ensues. By the time Frederick manages to overcome the national differences and mold the First Special Service Force into a highly trained commando unit, he is informed that the Allied High Command have had a change of heart and offered the Norwegian missions to British troops. Left without a role, the brigade is ordered to be disbanded and its soldiers reassigned. Frederick remains undeterred and manages to persuade Lieutenant General Mark Clark to give his men a chance to prove themselves with a new mission in Italy.
Clark's skeptical deputy commander, Major General Maxwell Hunter, orders the 1st Special Service Force to reconnoiter a German garrison in an Italian town, but Frederick decides to go one better and capture the entire town. In the process, they earn the nickname "Die Teufelsbrigade" — The Devil's Brigade.
Convinced now of the ability of Frederick's men, General Clark promotes Frederick to full Colonel and gives them a task no other Allied troops have managed to accomplish — to capture Monte la Difensa. Facing severe obstacles, the Devil's Brigade attacks the undefended eastern side of the mountain by scaling a cliff the Germans believed could not be climbed. Reaching the top as a unit, they take the stronghold despite considerable losses, allowing the Allies to continue their advance north into Italy.
- William Holden as Lt. Col./Col. Robert T. Frederick
- Cliff Robertson as Maj. Alan Crown
- Vince Edwards as Maj. Cliff Bricker
- Andrew Prine as Pvt. Theodore Ransom
- Jeremy Slate as Sgt. Patrick O'Neill
- Claude Akins as Pvt./Cpl. Rockwell W. "Rocky" Rockman
- Jack Watson as Cpl./Sgt. Peacock
- Richard Jaeckel as Pvt. Omar Greco
- Bill Fletcher as Pvt. Billy 'Bronc' Guthrie
- Richard Dawson as Pvt./Cpl. Hugh MacDonald
- Tom Troupe as Pvt. Al Manella
- Luke Askew as Pvt. Hubert Hixon
- Jean-Paul Vignon as Pvt. Henri Laurent
- Tom Stern as Capt. Cardwell, Garrison CO of Fort William Henry Harrison
- Harry Carey Jr. as Capt. Rose
- Michael Rennie as Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, Commander of the U.S. Fifth Army
- Carroll O'Connor as Maj. Gen. Maxwell Hunter
- Dana Andrews as Brig. Gen. Walter Naylor
- Gretchen Wyler as the Lady of Joy
- Patric Knowles as Adm Lord Mountbatten
- Wilhelm Von Homburg as Fritz
- James Craig as Maj. Gen. Knapp
- Richard Simmons as Gen. Bixby
- Norman Alden as the M.P. Lieutenant
The producer David Wolper was a noted documentary filmmaker interested in getting into feature films. He purchased the film rights to Adleman and Walton's book in October 1965. (He had already bought the rights to the book The Remagen Bridge.)
Wolper said he was attracted to the material because he did not want to be typed as a serious documentary filmmaker. "It's based on truth but it's a 'movie movie' a fun and games type thing," he said.
United Artists agreed to finance. Wolper hired William Roberts to do a script. The producer later wrote in his memoirs that "this was my first feature but I was not in the slightest bit intimidated."
Filming started 15 April 1967. The motion picture was filmed with the 19th Special Forces Group at Camp Williams, Utah, 20 miles south of Salt Lake City, with battle locations on Mount Jordan near Draper, Utah, and on location in Sant'Elia Fiumerapido, Italy.
David L. Wolper realized it would be as cheap to shoot in an Italian village as building an Italian set in America.However, the birthday scene which is set in Italy was filmed at the National Guard Armory in Salt Lake City, with Brigham Young University students as extras.
The U.S. Department of Defense provided 300 members of the Utah National Guard to play soldiers in the mass battle scenes filmed. Wolper had the Brigade wear attractive but fictional red berets that appeared as well as on the film's posters and on the tie-in paperback cover of Adelman and Walton's book.
The cast of The Devil's Brigade included NFL running back Paul Hornung and World Middleweight Champion boxer Gene Fullmer in minor roles. They can be seen in the barroom brawl sequence, Hornung as a belligerent lumberjack and Fullmer as the bartender.
Wolper later wrote that Holden was very co operative during the shoot in Utah, only drinking wine, but in Italy his drinking got out of control. Wolper had to call on the assistance of a woman in Paris who had dealt with Holden before and helped him finish the film on schedule.
McLaglen said when he showed the finished cut to United Artists they "loved" the film.
But the producer had a big projection room in his house, and he showed the movie for a solid week to a hundred people, and I think a hundred people had ideas of what we should do with the movie... And without me having any input – I didn’t have the last say – they cut the movie and, in the end, it was not nearly as good as it could have been. I had a great ending, and a lot of good stuff in there, and he didn’t know what he was doing. I still worry about that.
Alex North composed the score of the film, re-purposing the theme from his rejected score to the pilot episode of The Rat Patrol. At the time of release only a cover version of the soundtrack album by Leroy Holmes was released by United Artists Records. The album was illustrated with the original Sandy Kossin artwork of the film and featured instrumental (with whistling) and a male chorus singing lyrics to North's title theme. The album also contained cover versions of other North themes from the film as well as 1940s popular music that appeared in the film.
In 2007 Film Score Monthly and Intrada released a limited CD edition of North's original score with Kossin's artwork including alternate versions of the title theme, North's own arrangements of four 1940s jazz popular tunes, two traditional Christmas carols, and the pipe band version of Scotland the Brave featuring in the film.
Wolper later wrote "The Devil's Brigade turned out to be a terrific film. It was a wonderful story, the acting was excellent, and the preview audiences and critics loved it. Unfortunately it came out just a few months after the release of The Dirty Dozen, which was the same kind of story. It was a big hit and it killed us. We got lost in the wind."
To the veterans of the Force, the film was historically inaccurate. In a TV documentary Suicide Missions: The Black Devils, Force member Bill Story stated: "The Devil's Brigade was and is a very entertaining war movie. But as a piece of accurate history it's sheer nonsense. There was never an aspect of The Dirty Dozen. This was absolutely not true."
- "The Devil's Brigade, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Wolper Buys Film Rights To a New Novel on War New York Times 18 Oct 1965: 32.
- TV Producer Wolper Turns to Films Clifford, Terry. Chicago Tribune 2 June 1968: e13.
- Wolper to Film War Novel Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 20 Oct 1965: d15.
- Martin Ransohoff Acquires Novel Before Publication Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 26 Oct 1965: c9.
- Wolper p 162
- MOVIE CALL SHEET: 'Brigade' Next for Holden Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 11 Oct 1966: C12.
- MOVIE CALL SHEET: Savalas Joins Lancaster Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 25 Nov 1966: d30.
- Jordan Won't Roll for Wolper Movie Los Angeles Times 8 June 1967: e18.
- D'Arc, James V. (2010). When Hollywood came to town: a history of moviemaking in Utah (1st ed.). Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith. ISBN 9781423605874.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 5, 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)[failed verification]
- Wolper p 163-164
- Dixon, Wheeler Winston (April 2009). "Andrew V. McLaglen: Last of the Hollywood Professionals". Senses of Cinema.
- John Wayne-money-spinner The Guardian December 31, 1968: 3.
- Wolper p 164
- Wolper, David L.; Fisher, David (2003). Producer : a memoir. Scribner.