Lloyd Benedict Nolan (August 11, 1902 – September 27, 1985) was an American film and television actor. Among his many roles, Nolan is remembered for originating the role of private investigator Michael Shayne in a series of 1940s B movies.
Lloyd Benedict Nolan
August 11, 1902
San Francisco, California, U.S.
|Died||September 27, 1985 (aged 83)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
(m. 1933; died 1981)
|Service/||United States Merchant Marine|
Nolan was born in San Francisco, California, the youngest of three children of Margaret, who was of Irish descent, and James Nolan, an Irish immigrant who was a shoe manufacturer. He attended Santa Clara Preparatory School and Stanford University, flunking out of Stanford as a freshman "because I never got around to attending any other class but dramatics." His parents disapproved of his choice of a career in acting, preferring that he join his father's shoe business, "one of the most solvent commercial firms in San Francisco."
Nolan served in the United States Merchant Marine before joining the Dennis Players theatrical troupe in Cape Cod. He began his career on stage and was subsequently lured to Hollywood, where he played mainly doctors, private detectives, and policemen in many film roles.
Nolan's obituary in the Los Angeles Times contained the evaluation, "Nolan was to both critics and audiences the veteran actor who works often and well regardless of his material." Although Nolan's acting was often praised by critics, he was, for the most part, relegated to B pictures. Despite this, Nolan co-starred with a number of well-known actresses, among them Mae West, Dorothy McGuire, and former Metropolitan Opera mezzo-soprano Gladys Swarthout. Under contract to Paramount and 20th Century Fox studios, he essayed starring roles in the late '30s and early-to-mid '40s and appeared as the title character in the Michael Shayne detective series. Raymond Chandler's novel The High Window was adapted from a Philip Marlowe adventure for the seventh film in the Michael Shayne series, Time to Kill (1942); the film was remade five years later as The Brasher Doubloon, truer to Chandler's original story, with George Montgomery as Marlowe.
Most of Nolan's films were light entertainment with an emphasis on action. His most famous include Atlantic Adventure, costarring Nancy Carroll; Ebb Tide; Wells Fargo; Every Day's a Holiday, starring Mae West; Bataan; and A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, with Dorothy McGuire and James Dunn. He also gave a strong performance in the 1957 film Peyton Place with Lana Turner.
Nolan also contributed solid and key character parts in numerous other films. One, The House on 92nd Street, was a startling revelation to audiences in 1945. It was a conflation of several true incidents of attempted sabotage by the Nazi regime (incidents which the FBI was able to thwart during World War II), and many scenes were filmed on location in New York City, unusual at the time. Nolan portrayed FBI Agent Briggs, and actual FBI employees interacted with Nolan throughout the film; he reprised the role in a subsequent 1948 movie, The Street with No Name.
Television and other endeavorsEdit
Later in Nolan's career, he returned to the stage and appeared on television to great acclaim in The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial, for which he received a 1955 Emmy award for portraying Captain Queeg, the role made famous by Humphrey Bogart. Nolan also made guest appearances on television shows, including NBC's The Ford Show, Starring Tennessee Ernie Ford, The Bing Crosby Show, a sitcom on ABC and the Emmy-winning NBC anthology series The Barbara Stanwyck Show.
Nolan appeared three times on NBC's Laramie Western series, as sheriff Tully Hatch in the episode "The Star Trail (1959), as outlaw Matt Dyer in the episode "Deadly Is the Night" (1961) and then as former Union Army General George Barton in the episode "War Hero" (1962). On December 8, 1960, Nolan was cast as Dr. Elisha Pittman, in "Knife of Hate" on Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre. In the story line, Dr. Pittman removed one of the legs of Jack Hoyt (Robert Harland) after Hoyt sustained a gunshot wound from which infection was developing. Hoyt wants to marry Susan Pittman (Susan Oliver), but her father is at first unyielding on the matter.
Nolan starred in The Outer Limits episode "Soldier" written by Harlan Ellison. He appeared in the NBC Western Bonanza as LaDuke, a New Orleans detective. In 1967, Strother Martin and he guest-starred in the episode "A Mighty Hunter Before the Lord" of NBC's The Road West series, starring Barry Sullivan. Also in 1967, Nolan was a guest star in the popular Western TV series The Virginian, in the episode "The Masquerade", and in the pilot episode of Mannix.
One of his last appearances was a guest spot as himself in the 1984 episode "Cast in Steele" on the TV detective series Remington Steele.
Nolan married Mell Efrid in 1933. They had a daughter, Melinda, and a son, Jay. The couple remained married until Efrid's death in 1981. Their son had autism, and was institutionalized at a private institution at age 13. He died at age 26 from choking while eating. In 1973 Nolan testified to Congress urging that autism be recognized as a developmental disability. Nolan is credited with having convinced Ronald Reagan to sign California's bill mandating education be provided to children with autism. Nolan founded the Jay Nolan Autistic Center (now known as Jay Nolan Community Services) in honor of his son, Jay, and was chairman of the annual Save Autistic Children Telethon.
Nolan was a lifelong Republican. In 1964, Nolan spoke at the "Project Prayer" rally attended by 2,500 at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. The gathering, which was hosted by Anthony Eisley, a star of ABC's Hawaiian Eye series, sought to flood the United States Congress with letters in support of mandatory school prayer, following two decisions in 1962 and 1963 of the United States Supreme Court which struck down mandatory school prayer as conflicting with the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Joining Nolan and Eisley at the rally were Walter Brennan, Rhonda Fleming, Dale Evans, Pat Boone, and Gloria Swanson. At the rally, Nolan asked, "Do we permit ourselves to be turned into a godless people, or do we preserve America as one nation under God?" Eisley and Fleming added that John Wayne, Ronald Reagan, Roy Rogers, Mary Pickford, Jane Russell, Ginger Rogers, and Pat Buttram would also have attended the rally had their schedules not been in conflict. "Project Prayer" was ultimately unsuccessful in its campaign to keep public prayer in public schools.
A long-time cigar and pipe smoker, Nolan died of lung cancer on September 27, 1985, at his home in Brentwood, California; he was 83. He is interred at the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Westwood, Los Angeles, California.
|1935||G Men||Hugh Farrell|
|1935||Stolen Harmony||Chesty Burrage|
|1935||Atlantic Adventure||Dan Miller|
|1935||She Couldn't Take It||Tex|
|1935||One Way Ticket||Jerry|
|1936||You May Be Next||Neil Bennett|
|1936||Lady of Secrets||Michael|
|1936||Big Brown Eyes||Russ Cortig|
|1936||Devil's Squadron||Dana Kirk|
|1936||The Texas Rangers||Sam 'Polka Dot' McGee|
|1936||15 Maiden Lane||Det. Sgt. Walsh|
|1937||Internes Can't Take Money||Hanlon|
|1937||King of Gamblers||Jim Adams|
|1937||Every Day's a Holiday||John Quade|
|1937||Wells Fargo||Dal Slade|
|1938||Dangerous to Know||Inspector Brandon|
|1938||Tip-Off Girls||Bob Anders|
|1938||Hunted Men||Joe Albany|
|1938||Prison Farm||Larry Harrison|
|1938||King of Alcatraz||Raymond Grayson|
|1939||St. Louis Blues||Dave Geurney|
|1939||Undercover Doctor||Robert Anders|
|1939||The Magnificent Fraud||Sam Barr|
|1940||The Man Who Wouldn't Talk||Joe Monday|
|1940||The House Across the Bay||Slant Kolma|
|1940||Johnny Apollo||Mickey Dwyer|
|1940||Gangs of Chicago||Matthew J. 'Matty' Burns|
|1940||The Man I Married||Kenneth Delane|
|1940||The Golden Fleecing||Gus Fender|
|1940||Pier 13||Danny Dolan|
|1940||Charter Pilot||King Morgan|
|1940||Michael Shayne, Private Detective||Michael Shayne|
|1940||Behind the News||Stuart Woodrow|
|1941||Mr. Dynamite||Tommy N. Thornton ('Mr. Dynamite')|
|1941||Sleepers West||Michael Shayne|
|1941||Dressed to Kill||Michael Shayne|
|1941||Buy Me That Town||Rickey Deane|
|1941||Blues in the Night||Del Davis|
|1941||Steel Against the Sky||Rocky Evans|
|1942||Blue, White and Perfect||Michael Shayne|
|1942||The Man Who Wouldn't Die||Michael Shayne|
|1942||It Happened in Flatbush||Frank 'Butterfingers' Maguire|
|1942||Just Off Broadway||Michael Shayne|
|1942||Apache Trail||Trigger Bill Folliard|
|1942||Manila Calling||Lucky Matthews|
|1942||Time to Kill||Michael Shayne|
|1943||Bataan||Corp. Barney Todd|
|1943||Don't Be a Sucker||Commentator||Short film|
|1943||Guadalcanal Diary||Sgt. Hook Malone|
|1944||Attack! The Battle of New Britain||Narrator (voice)||Documentary|
|1944||Resisting Enemy Interrogation||USAF Debriefing Officer / Narrator||Uncredited|
|1945||A Tree Grows in Brooklyn||Officer McShane|
|1945||Circumstantial Evidence||Sam Lord|
|1945||War Comes to America||Narrator (voice)||Documentary|
|1945||Captain Eddie||Lt. Jim Whittaker|
|1945||The House on 92nd Street||Inspector George A. Briggs|
|1946||Somewhere in the Night||Police Lt. Donald Kendall|
|1946||Two Smart People||Bob Simms|
|1947||Lady in the Lake||Lt. DeGarmot|
|1948||Green Grass of Wyoming||Rob McLaughlin|
|1948||The Street with No Name||Inspector George A. Briggs|
|1949||The Sun Comes Up||Thomas I. Chandler|
|1949||Bad Boy||Marshall Brown|
|1951||The Lemon Drop Kid||Oxford Charlie|
|1953||Island in the Sky||Captain Stutz|
|1956||The Last Hunt||Woodfoot|
|1956||Santiago||Clay Pike||Alternative title: The Gun Runner|
|1956||Toward the Unknown||Brig. Gen. Bill Banner||Alternative title: Brink of Hell|
|1957||Seven Waves Away||Frank Kelly||Alternative titles: Abandon Ship|
Seven Days From Now
|1957||A Hatful of Rain||John Pope, Sr|
|1957||Peyton Place||Dr. Swain|
|1960||Portrait in Black||Matthew S. Cabot|
|1960||Girl of the Night||Dr. Mitchell|
|1961||Susan Slade||Roger Slade|
|1962||We Joined the Navy||Vice Admiral Ryan|
|1963||The Girl Hunters||Federal Agent Arthur Rickerby|
|1964||Circus World||Cap Carson||Alternative title: The Magnificent Showman|
|1965||Never Too Late||Mayor Crane|
|1966||An American Dream||Barney Kelly||Alternative title: See You in Hell, Darling|
|1967||The Double Man||Edwards|
|1968||Sergeant Ryker||Gen. Amos Bailey|
|1968||Ice Station Zebra||Admiral Garvey|
|1974||Earthquake||Dr. James Vance|
|1975||The Sky's the Limit||Cornwall|
|1977||The Private Files of J. Edgar Hoover||Attorney General Harlan Stone|
|1978||My Boys Are Good Boys||Security Officer Dan Mountgomery|
|1985||Prince Jack||Joe Kennedy|
|1986||Hannah and Her Sisters||Evan|
|1950||The Ford Theatre Hour||Nifty Miller||Episode: "The Barker"|
|1951–1952||Martin Kane, Private Eye||Martin Kane||7 episodes|
|1952||Ford Television Theatre||Episode: "Protect Her Honor"|
|1955||Climax!||Jack London||Episode: "Sailor on Horseback"|
|1955||Ford Star Jubilee||Lt. Cmdr. Philip Francis Queeg||Episode: "The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial"|
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role
|1957||Playhouse 90||Capt. Kuyper||Episode: "Galvanized Yankee"|
|1958–1960||Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre||Dr. Elisha Pittman / Adam Larkin||2 episodes|
|1959||Special Agent 7||Special Agent Philip Conroy||25 episodes|
|1959||Wagon Train||Hunter Malloy||Episode: "The Hunter Malloy Story"|
|1959||Ah, Wilderness!||Nat Miller||Television film|
|1959||Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse||Sheriff Orville Darrow||Episode: "Six Guns for Donegan"|
|1959||Father Knows Best||Coach Harper||Episode: "Bud Plays It Safe"|
|1959||The Untouchables||George 'Bugs' Moran||Episode: "The George 'Bugs' Moran Story"|
|1959–1962||Laramie||General George Barton / Matt Dyer / Sheriff Tully Hatch||3 episodes|
|1960||Startime||Narrator||Episode: "Crime, Inc."|
|1960||Bonanza||Inspector Charles Leduque||Episode: "The Stranger"|
|1960||The Barbara Stanwyck Show||George McShane||Episode: "The Seventh Miracle"|
|1961||Bus Stop||Stroud||Episode: "The Glass Jungle"|
|1961||General Electric Theater||Robert Hale / Michael Bowen||2 episodes|
|1962||Outlaws||Buck Breeson||Episode: "Buck Breeson Rides Again"|
|1962||The Dick Powell Show||Vernon Clay||Episode: "Special Assignment"|
|1963||The DuPont Show of the Week||James Feveral||Episode: "Two Faces of Treason"|
|1963||The Great Adventure||Col. Fraser||2 episodes|
|1963||77 Sunset Strip||Col. David Watkins||3 episodes|
|1963||Kraft Suspense Theatre||Gen. Amos Bailey||2 episodes|
|1963–1967||The Virginian||Tom Foster / Abe Clayton / Wade Anders||3 episodes|
|1964||The Outer Limits||Tom Kagan||Episode: "Soldier"|
|1964||Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Dan Sinclair||Episode: "Mr. Biddle's Crime Wave"|
|1965||Daniel Boone||Ben Hanks||Episode: "The Price of Friendship"|
|1965||The Bing Crosby Show||Harvey||Episode: "What's a Buddy For?"|
|1965||Slattery's People||Admiral Wallace Blackburtn||Episode: "Rally Round Your Own Flag, Mister"|
|1967||The Road West||Jed Daniell||Episode: "A Mighty Hunter Before the Lord"|
|1967||Wings of Fire||Max Clarity||Television film|
|1967||Mannix||Sam Dubrio||Episode: "The Name Is Mannix"|
|1968||The Danny Thomas Hour||Dr. Richmond||Episode: "The Cage"|
|1968||Judd, for the Defense||D.A. Patrick Bantry||Episode: "The Devil's Surrogate"|
|1968||I Spy||Manion||Episode: "The Name of the Game"|
|1968–1971||Julia||Dr. Morton Chegley / Dr. Norton Chegley||86 episodes|
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series (1969)
|1972||Owen Marshall, Counselor at Law||Episode: "A Question of Degree"|
|1972||The Bold Ones: The New Doctors||Dr. Karl Richardson||Episode: "A Nation of Human Pincushions"|
|1973||Isn't It Shocking?||Jesse Chapin||Television film|
|1973||McCloud||Elroy Jenkins||Episode: "Butch Cassidy Rides Again"|
|1973||The F.B.I.||Judge Harper||Episode: "The Killing Truth"|
|1974||The Magician||Charles Keegan||2 episodes|
|1975||The Wonderful World of Disney||Cornwall||2 episodes|
|1975||The Abduction of Saint Anne||Carl Gentry||Television film|
|1975||Lincoln||William H. Seward||Episode: "The Unwilling Warrior"|
|1976||Ellery Queen||Doctor Sanford||Episode: "The Adventure of the Sunday Punch"|
|1976||City of Angels||General Butler||Episode: "The November Plan: Part 1"|
|1977||McMillan & Wife||Horace Sherwin||Episode: "Affair of the Heart"|
|1977||Flight to Holocaust||Wilton Bender||Television film|
|1977||Fire!||Doc Bennett||Television film|
|1977||The November Plan||Gen. Smedley Butler||Television film|
|1977||Police Woman||Q. Waldo Mims||Episode: "Merry Christmas Waldo"|
|1977||The Mask of Alexander Cross||Strickland||Television film|
|1977||Gibbsville||Episode: "The Price of Everything"|
|1978||The Waltons||Cyrus Guthrie||Episode: "The Return"|
|1978||Quincy, M.E.||Dr. Herbert Schumann||Episode: "A Test for Living"|
|1978||The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries||Professor Anton Hendricks||Episode: "Search for Atlantis"|
|1979||$weepstake$||Dr. Warnecke||Episode: #1.2|
|1979||Valentine||Brother Joe||Television film|
|1981||Archie Bunker's Place||Judge Sean McGuire||2 episodes|
|1982||Adams House||Frank Gallagher||Television film|
|1984||Remington Steele||Himself||Episode: "Cast in Steele"|
|1984||It Came Upon the Midnight Clear||Monsignor Donoghue||Television film|
|1985||Murder, She Wrote||Julian Tenley||Episode: "Murder in the Afternoon"|
|1945||Suspense||"Murder for Myra"|
|1945||Suspense||"Nineteen Deacon Street"|
|1952||Suspense||The Man with Two Faces|
|1953||Suspense||Vial of Death|
- Folkart, Burt A. (September 28, 1985). "Lloyd Nolan, the Actor's Actor, Dies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 16, 2008.
- Blumberg, Joel; Grabman, Sandra (2016). Lloyd Nolan: An Actor's Life With Meaning. BearManor Media. p. 1. "Both of Lloyd's parents were of one hundred percent Irish stock. James, in fact, had been born in Ireland."
- "Lloyd Nolan at Cancer Kickoff Drive in S.M." San Mateo Times. April 26, 1973. p. 34. Retrieved June 11, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Actor Lloyd Nolan Went Up In Lights the Very Hard Way". Brooklyn Eagle. July 4, 1943. p. 32. Retrieved June 11, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "His Parents Thought Acting a Risk, Preferring Shoe Business". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 3, 1933. p. 15. Retrieved June 11, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- James, George (September 29, 1985). "LLOYD NOLAN IS DEAD AT 83; FILM, THEATER AND TV ACTOR". The New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Giddins, Gary (April 3, 2007). "The Hard-Boiled Hero". The New York Sun. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Canby, Vincent (December 21, 1968). "The Screen: 'Ice Station Zebra' at the Cinerama". The New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- "The six greatest 'Mannix' episodes, according to a superfan". MeTV. January 27, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- "Lloyd Nolan | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
- Folkart, Burt A. (September 28, 1985). "Hollywood Star Walk: Lloyd Nolan". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
- Nordyke, Kimberly (September 22, 2013). "Emmys: Who Is Lloyd Nolan? Diahann Carroll Mentions Her 'Julia' Co-Star Onstage". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- John Donovan and Caren Zucker. In A Different Key: The Story of Autism (New York: Crown Publishers, 2016) p. 179
- Donvan and Zucker. In a Different Key p. 179-180
- "Jay Nolan Celebrates 40 Years". Jay Nolan Community Services. February 3, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- "Lloyd Nolan: Tough Movie Gangster Is Now Crusty Television Doctor". The Danville Register. September 2, 1969. p. 11. Retrieved June 11, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Blumberg, Joel; Grabman, Sandra (2016). Lloyd Nolan: An Actor's Life With Meaning. BearManor Media. p. 1.
- Blumberg, Joel; Grabman, Sandra (2016). Lloyd Nolan: An Actor's Life With Meaning. BearManor Media. p. 1.
- "PRAYERS IN SCHOOLS?; House Group Studying 35 Amendments Is Unable To Discern Sympathies of the Public". The New York Times. May 17, 1964. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- ""The Washington Merry-Go-Round", Drew Pearson column, May 14, 1964" (PDF). dspace.wrlc.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "Actor Lloyd Nolan Dies". The Galveston Daily News. September 29, 1985. p. 4. Retrieved June 11, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Hollywood and the Best of Los Angeles
- "Suspense - Murder for Myra". Escape and Suspense!. July 6, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
- "Suspense - Nineteen Deacon Street". Escape and Suspense!. October 19, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- "Suspense - Hunting Trip". Escape and Suspense!. April 19, 2009. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- "Suspense - Green-Eyed Monster". Escape and Suspense!. January 11, 2009. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- "Suspense". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Kirby, Walter (December 14, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 54 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kirby, Walter (May 17, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 48. Retrieved June 27, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.