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2017 Punjab Legislative Assembly election

A Legislative Assembly election was held in the Indian state of Punjab[4] on 4 February 2017 to elect the 117 members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly. The counting of votes was done on 11 March 2017.[5] The ruling pre-election coalition was the alliance[6][7] comprising the political parties Shiromani Akali Dal and Bharatiya Janata Party and led by Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal. The voter turnout for the Punjab Assembly election was 76.83%. The Indian National Congress led by former Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh defeated the ruling alliance and the newcomer Aam Aadmi Party.[8]

2017 Punjab legislative assembly election

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All 117 seats of the Punjab Legislative Assembly
59 seats needed for a majority
Turnout77.20%Decrease1.00
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Amarinder Singh.jpg ParkashSinghBadal.JPG
Leader Captain Amarinder Singh None[1] Parkash Singh Badal
Party INC AAP SAD
Alliance UPA AAP+ NDA
Leader since 27 November 2015[2] - 1 March 2007
Leader's seat Patiala (Won)
Lambi (Lost)
- Lambi
Last election 46 Party did not exist 56
Seats after 77 20 15
Seat change Increase 31 - Decrease 41
Popular vote 5,945,899 3,662,665 3,898,161
Percentage 38.64% 23.80% 25.33%
Swing Decrease 1.47% - Decrease 9.43%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Simarjit singh bains.png
Leader None Simarjit Singh Bains
Party BJP Lok Insaaf Party
Alliance NDA AAP+
Leader since - 28 October 2016[3]
Leader's seat - Atam Nagar
Last election 12 Party did not exist
Seats after 3 2
Seat change Decrease 9 -
Popular vote 833,092 189,228
Percentage 5.41% 1.23%
Swing Decrease 1.77% -

Punjab assembly election result 2017.png
     INC (77),      AAP (20),
     SAD (15),      BJP (3),
     LIP (2)

Chief Minister before election

Prakash Singh Badal
SAD

Elected Chief Minister

Amarinder Singh
INC

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Electoral process changesEdit

In April 2016, the Election Commission of India revealed about 8 lakh bogus votes of state being cancelled in the past one year and over 7 lakh youngsters who have attained the age of 18 this year were yet to get registered. One constituency in every district will be chosen for trial run of Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) machines used along with EVMs.[9] Election Commission also decided to set up new polling stations if the number of voters was more than 1200 in rural areas and 1400 in urban areas.[10]

33 constituencies of all district headquarters in Punjab had VVPAT machines installed with EVMs,[11][12][13][14][15][16] including 22 district headquarters besides 11 high-profile constituencies.[17]

Assembly constituencies of Punjab having VVPAT facility with EVMs[18]
Lambi Jalalabad Majitha Patiala
Atam Nagar Chabbewal Guruharsahai Ferozpur
Barnala Sanour Lehragaga Jalandhar (central)
Bathinda (urban) Raikot Moga Anandpur Sahib
Bholath Qadian Chabbewal Rampura Phul

As per the special summary revision of electoral rolls, there are a total of 1.9 crore voters in Punjab as of August 2016.[19]

Final voters list for Punjab Legislative Assembly election 2017
S.No Group of voters Voters population
1 Male 1.05 crore
2 Female 94 lakhs
Total Voters 1.9 crore

Political developmentsEdit

The 2014 general election was held in Punjab for 13 parliamentary constituencies. Shiromani Akali Dal and Aam Aadmi Party won 4 seats each, Congress won 3, and 2 constituencies elected Bharatiya Janata Party candidates. The first-time contesting Aam Aadmi Party won from 34 of the total 117 assembly segments, coming second in 7, third in 73 and fourth in the rest 3 segments.[20] Wherever it trailed the major parties its vote share was mostly bigger than the margin of victory of the winning candidate, turning forthcoming elections into three-cornered contests.[21]

Shiromani Akali Dal-Bharatiya Janata Party

The previous election, held in 2012, resulted in a majority of seats being won by ruling Shiromani Akali Dal-Bharatiya Janata Party and Parkash Singh Badal became Chief Minister of Punjab.

Aam Aadmi Party

In December 2015, Aam Aadmi Party declared that it would contest the Legislative Assembly elections in 2017.[22] AAP which did not participate in the previous assembly election, had fought 2014 lok sabha elections. Their 2014 performance translates to 33 assembly seats out of 117.[23] The performance of AAP was below expectations and 25 candidates of the party lost their deposit amounts.

Indian National Congress

The Congress will take part in the elections under the leadership of Amarinder Singh, and the party has hired poll strategist Prashant Kishor for campaigning.[24][25]

Bahujan Samaj Party

The BSP is the fourth largest party in Punjab after improving its vote share in 2012 elections[26] started preparations for 2017 early by launching Punjab Bachao Abhiyaan from 1 November 2014.[27] In 2012, the BSP came second from Balachaur Vidhan sabha seat with 21943 votes.[28] On 15 March 2016, Mayawati during a mega-rally in Nawanshahr on the birth anniversary of BSP founder Kanshi Ram in Punjab attacked SAD-BJP government as 'anti-Dalit' and Arvind Kejriwal as a "baniya" who had "always worked against Dalit and Scheduled Caste people" before he became Delhi CM.[29] Mayawati also declared that the BSP will contest Punjab 2017 elections on its own in all 117 seats.[30][31] The BSP declared that it will root out the drug menace from the state within a month of coming to power in Punjab.[32] In 9 June 2016, BSP national president Mayawati supported the film on Punjab drug abuse Udta Punjab, saying there is 'nothing wrong' in it.[33] In May 2016, the BSP launched the Pind Pind Chalo, Ghar Ghar Chalo campaign, a door-to-door driveto to cover 29 million people across 550,000 households with Punjab Bachao, BSP laao (Save Punjab, elect BSP) as its main slogan as well as the overall theme of the campaign.[34] The BSP formed 65 teams for around 15,000 big and small rallies as well as seminars to be conducted in the state. The party also announced a 10 percent reservation for the poor upper castes if the BSP government comes to power in Punjab.[35] BSP Punjab unit started social media campaigning[36] and also visited NRIs for support in Vienna,[37] Europe and North America.[38] On 16 May 2016, the Ambedkar Sena Punjab merged with BSP.[39] Gurmel Chander, former president of The SC & BC teachers employees Union, joined the BSP on 25 August.[40] On 25 September 2016, the BSP announced a list of nine candidates for 2017 Punjab assembly elections.[41] On 25 September 2016, Avtar Singh Karimpuri was replaced with Rashpal Singh Raju as BSP Punjab state president as the former was declared a Vidhan Sabha candidate from Phillaur.[42][43] Karimpuri's entry in Phillaur constituency has spiced up the political battle in the seat.[44] Karimpuri said that the Punjab Congress does not want an alliance with the BSP, rather its agenda was to wipe out BSP from Punjab in the 2017 assembly elections.[45] New BSP president Rashpal Raju announced a mega-rally in Phagwara on 9 October Parinirvana divas of BSP founder Kanshi Ram.[46] At this rally Avtar Singh Karimpuri and Dr Megh Raj attacked Shiromani Akali Dal and Congress as anti-Sikh parties.[47]

Election issuesEdit

First and foremost issue is Drug peddling, There are several election issues like unemployment & lack of skills, farmers' crises, continually failing economy, sifarish (patronage & influence peddling & nepotism), unbridled crime and the role of goons in day-to-day matters of the citizen,[48] road rage & accidents.[49] Atrocities against Dalits[50][51][52] and dalit land issues in Sangrur area,[53][54] the 1984 anti-Sikh riots[55] and the supply of drugs & addiction to them.[56][57][58] Punjabi Non-resident Indians (NRIs) play a major role in elections.[59]

Caste and religion dataEdit

As per the 2011 census, 57.69% of the state's population follows Sikhism, making Punjab the only Sikh majority state in India.[60] Hindus form 38.5% of the population, while Muslims, 1.93%; Christians, 1.3%; Buddhists, 0.12%; and Jains, 0.16%.[61] Dalits (Scheduled Castes) constitute 31.94% of the population, the highest percentage amongst all the states.[62] Other Backward Classes (OBCs) like -Sainis, Sunar,[63] Kambojs, Tarkhans/Ramgarhias, Gurjars, Kumhars/Prajapatis, Telis, Banjaras, Lohars[64][65] constitute 20%- 25% of the population.[66][67] Jat-Sikhs comprise 21% of the population [68] while other forward castes (general category) - Brahmins, Khatris/Bhapas, Bania, Thakurs/Rajputs constitute around 20%. As of 2016, Government of India has not publicly released Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 caste population data for every single non-SC/ST castes (General castes, OBC/EBCs) in India.[69][70][71][72][73]

Population by faith in Punjab, India (2011)

  Sikh (58%)
  Hindu (38.5%)
  Muslim (1.9%)
  Christian (1.3%)
  Others and non - religious (0.60%)
Caste Population data of Punjab
Caste Population (%) Notes
OBC 31.3% includes Saini - 9%,[74] Sunar - 0.3%,[75][76] and (Kamboj, Bhat, Labana, Tarkhan/Ramgarhia, Kumhar/Prajapati, Arain, Gurjar, Teli, Banjara, Lohar[77]) - 22%[78][79]
Scheduled Castes (Dalits) 31.9%[80] includes Mazhabi Sikh - 10%, Ramdasia Sikh/Ravidassia (Chamar)/Ad-Dharmi - 13.1%, Balmiki/Bhanghi - 3.5%, Bazigar - 1.05%, Others - 4%[81]
Forward caste 33% includes Jat Sikh - 21%,[82] Sikh Rajputs,[83] Brahmin, Rajput, Bania, Khatri-Arora-Sood[84]
Others 3.8%[85] includes Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Jains

ScheduleEdit

of vote in assembly elections in Punjab will take place on 11 March. The Punjab state witnessed a tough fight between the major four political parties in the assembly election held on 4 February 2017.[86] The term of the current assembly will end on 18 March 2017.[87]

Districts and constituenciesEdit

Distribution of seatsEdit

Distribution per districtEdit

District Seats
Ludhiana 14
Amritsar 11
Jalandhar 9
Patiala 8
Gurdaspur 7
Hoshiarpur 7
Sangrur 7
Bathinda 6
Fazilka 4
Firozpur 4
Kapurthala 4
Moga 4
Muktsar 4
Tarn Taran 4
Barnala 3
Faridkot 3
Fatehgarh Sahib 3
Mansa 3
Nawanshahr 3
Pathankot 3
Rup Nagar 3
S.A.S. Nagar 3
Sum 117

Distribution per regionEdit

Region Seats
Malwa 69
Majha 25
Doaba 23
Sum 117

Opinion pollsEdit

Polling firm/Link Date SAD-BJP INC AAP
HuffPost-CVoter [88] Feb 2017 11 43 63
AajTak-Axis Jan 2017 11-15 (13) 60-65 (63) 41-44 (43)
ABP News-CSDS Jan 2017 28-36 (32) 47-55 (51) 26-34 (30)
TV24 News[89] Jan 2017 20-25(22) 27-35(31) 70-80(75)
VDP Associates [90] Jan 2017 7 44 62
The Week-Hansa Research [91] Jan 2017 28-30 (29) 49-51 (50) 33-35 (34)
India Today-Axis [92] Jan 2017 18-22 (20) 56-62 (59) 36-41 (39)
Lokniti-ABP-CSDS [93] Jan 2017 50-58 (54) 41-49 (45) 12-18 (15)
Polls Average from January 2017 to 2 February 2017 24 48 45
VDP Associates [94] Oct 2016 6 15 93
Axis - India Today [95] Oct 2016 17-21 (19) 49-55 (52) 42-46 (44)
TV24 India [96] Aug 2016 20-25 (23) 27-35 (31) 70-80 (75)
HuffPost-C Voter Mar 2016 06-12(9) 08-14(11) 94-100(97)
Polls Average Till Oct 2016 20 40 57

Exit pollsEdit

Polling firm/Link Date AAP SAD-BJP INC
News24/Today's Chanakya [97] March 2017 54 ± 9 9 ± 5 54 ± 9
India Today/Axis [98] March 2017 42-51 4-7 62-71
IndiaTv/Cvoter [99] March 2017 59-67 5-13 41-49

ResultsEdit

The election results were declared on 11 March 2017, with the Indian National Congress winning an absolute majority of seats.[100]

Summary of 4 February 2017 Punjab Legislative Assembly election results[101]
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Contested Won +/−
Indian National Congress (INC) 5,945,899 38.5  1.4 117 77  31
Aam Aadmi Party
(AAP)
3,662,665 23.7  23.7 112 20  20
Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) 3,898,161 25.2  9.4 94 15  41
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 833,092 5.4  1.8 23 3  9
Independents (IND) 323,243 2.1  5.0 303 0  3
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 234,400 1.5  2.8 117 0  
Lok Insaaf Party (LIP) 189,228 1.2  1.2 5 2  2
Shiromani Akali Dal (M) SAD(M) 49,260 0.3   54 0  
Aapna Punjab Party (APPA) 37,476 0.2   78 0  
Revolutionary Marxist Party (RMPOI) 37,243 0.2   13 0  
Communist Party of India (CPI) 34,074 0.2  0.6 23 0  
None of the above (NOTA) 108,471 0.7  0.7 N/A  
Total 15,443,466 100.00 117 ±0

List of winning candidatesEdit

Constituency Winner Political party Number of votes won
Abohar Arun Narang BJP 55,091
Adampur Pawan Kumar Tinu SAD 45,229
Ajnala Harpartap Singh INC 61,378
Amargarh Surjit Singh Dhiman INC 50,994
Amloh Randeep Singh Nabha INC 39,669
Amritsar Central Om Parkash Soni INC 51,242
Amritsar East Navjot Singh Sidhu INC 60,477
Amritsar North Sunil Dutti INC 59,212
Amritsar South Inderbir Singh Bolaria INC 47,581
Amritsar West Raj Kumar Verka INC 52,271
Ananadpur Sahib Kanwar Pal Singh INC 60,800
Atam Nagar Simarjit Singh Bains LIP 53,421
Attari Tarsem Singh D.C. INC 55,335
Baba Bakala Santokh Singh INC 45,965
Balachaur Darshan Lal INC 49,558
Balluana Nathu Ram INC 25,266
Banga Sukhwinder Kumar SAD 45,256
Barnala Gurmeet Singh Meet Hayer AAP 47,606
Bassi Pathana Gurpreet Singh INC 47,319
Batala Lakhbir Singh Lodhinangal SAD 42,517
Bathinda Rural Rupinder Kaur Ruby AAP 51,572
Bathinda Urban Manpreet Singh Badal INC 63,942
Bhadaur Pirmal Singh Dhaula AAP 57,095
Bhagha Purana Darshan Singh Brar INC 48,668
Bhoa Joginder Pal INC 67,865
Bholath Sukhpal Singh Khaira AAP 48,873
Bhucho Mandi Pritam Singh Kotbhai INC 51,605
Budhalada Budh Ram AAP 52,265
Chabbewal Dr. Raj Kumar INC 57,857
Chamkaur Sahib Charanjit Singh Channi INC 61,060
Dakha Harvinder Singh Phoolka AAP 58,923
Dasuya Arun Dogra INC 56,527
Dera Baba Nanak Sukhjinder Singh Randhawa INC 60,385
Dera Bassi Narinder Kumar Sharma SAD 70,792
Dharamkot Sukhjit Singh INC 63,238
Dhuri Dalvir Singh Khangura INC 49,347
Dina Nagar Aruna Chaudhary INC 72,176
Dirba Harpal Singh Cheema AAP 46,434
Faridkot Kusaldeep Singh Dhillon INC 51,026
Fatehgarh Churian Tripat Rajinder Singh Bajwa INC 54,348
Fatehgarh Sahib Kuljit Singh Nagra INC 58,205
Fazilka Davinder Singh Ghubaya INC 39,276
Firozpur City Parminder Singh Pinki INC 67,559
Firozpur Rural Satkar Kaur INC 71,037
Garhshankar Jai Krishan AAP 41,720
Ghanaur Thekedar Madan Lal Jalapur INC 65,965
Gidderbaha Amrinder Singh Raja Warring INC 63,500
Gill Kuldeep Singh Vaid INC 67,927
Gurudaspur Barindermeet Singh Pahara INC 67,709
Guru Har Sahai Gurmeet Singh Sodhi INC 62,787
Hoshiarpur Sunder Sham Arora INC 49,951
Jagraon Sarvjit Kaur Manuke AAP 61,521
Jaitu Baldev Singh AAP 45,344
Jalalabad Sukhbir Singh Badal SAD 75,271
Jalandhar Cantt Pargat Singh INC 59,349
Jalandhar Central Rajinder Beri INC 55,518
Jalandhar North Avtar Singh Junior INC 69,715
Jalandhar West Sushil Kumar Rinku INC 53,983
Jandiala Sukhwinder Singh Danny Bandala INC 53,042
Kapurthala Rana Gurjeet Singh INC 56,378
Kartarpur Chaudhary Surinder Singh INC 46,729
Khadoor Sahib Ramanjit Singh Sikki INC 64,666
Khanna Gurkirat Singh Kotli INC 55,690
Kharar Kanwar Sandhu AAP 54,171
Khem Karan Sukhpal Singh Bhullar INC 81,897
Kotkapura Kultar Singh Sadhwan AAP 47,401
Lambi Parkash Singh Badal SAD 66,375
Lehra Parminder Singh Dhindsa SAD 65,550
Ludhiana Central Surinder Kumar Dawar INC 47,871
Ludhiana East Sanjeev Talwar INC 43,010
Ludhiana North Rakesh Pandey INC 44,864
Ludhiana South Balwinder Singh Bains LIP 53,955
Ludhiana West Bharat Bhushan Ashu INC 66,627
Majitha Bikram Singh Majithia SAD 65,803
Malerkotla Razia Sultana INC 58,982
Malout Ajaib Singh Bhatti INC 49,098
Mansa Nazar Singh Manshahia AAP 70,586
Maur Jagdev Singh AAP 62,282
Mehal Kalan Kulwant Singh Pandori AAP 57,551
Moga Harjot Kamal Singh INC 52,357
Mukerian Rajnish Kumar Babbi INC 56,787
Muktsar Kanwarjit Singh SAD 44,894
Nabha Sadhu Singh INC 60,861
Nakodar Gurpartap Singh Wadala SAD 56,241
Nawan Shahr Angad Singh INC 38,197
Nihal Singh Wala Manjit Singh AAP 67,313
Pathankot Amit Vij INC 56,383
Patiala Amarinder Singh INC 72,586
Patiala Rural Brahm Mohindra INC 68,891
Patti Harmider Singh Gill INC 64,617
Payal Lakhvir Singh Lakha INC 57,776
Phagwara Som Parkash BJP 45,479
Phillaur Baldev Singh Khaira SAD 41,336
Qadian Fatehjang Singh Bajwa INC 62,596
Raikot Jagtar Singh Jagga Hissowal AAP 48,245
Raja Sansi Sukhbinder Singh Sarkaria INC 59,628
Rajpura Hardial Singh Kamboj INC 59,107
Rampura Phul Gurpreet Singh Kangar INC 55,269
Rupnagar Amarjit Singh Sandoa AAP 58,994
Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar Balbir Singh Sidhu INC 66,844
Sahnewal Sharanjit Singh Dhillon SAD 63,184
Samana Rajinder Singh INC 62,551
Samrala Amrik Singh Dhillon INC 51,930
Sangrur Vijay Inder Singla INC 67,310
Sanour Harinder Pal Singh Chandumajra SAD 58,867
Sardulgarh Dilraj Singh SAD 59,420
Shahkot Ajit Singh Kohar SAD 46,913
Sham Chaurasi Pawan Kumar Adia INC 46,612
Shutrana Nirmal Singh INC 58,008
Sri Hargobindpur Balwinder Singh INC 57,489
Sujanpur Dinesh Singh BJP 48,910
Sultanpur Lodhi Navtej Singh Cheema INC 41,843
Sunam Aman Arora AAP 72,815
Talwandi Sabo Prof. Baljinder Kaur AAP 54,553
Tarn Taran Dr. Dharambir Singh Agnihotri INC 59,794
Urmar Sangat Singh Gilzian INC 51,477
Zira Kulbir Singh Zira INC 69,899
Source: Election Commission of India

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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