Mansa district, India

Mansa district is a district in the state of Punjab, India. The district headquarters is Mansa city. Mansa district was formed on 13 April 1992 from the erst while district of Bathinda.[1] The district has three tehsils: Mansa, Budhlada and Sardulgarh; and five development blocks: Mansa, Budhlada, Sardulgarh, Bhikhi and Jhunir.[2]

Mansa district
Old well in Raipur village
Old well in Raipur village
Location in Punjab
Location in Punjab
Mansa district
Coordinates: 29°59′N 75°23′E / 29.983°N 75.383°E / 29.983; 75.383Coordinates: 29°59′N 75°23′E / 29.983°N 75.383°E / 29.983; 75.383
Country India
StatePunjab
HeadquartersMansa
Area
 • Total2,174 km2 (839 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total769,751
 • Density350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-PB
Sex ratio1000/880 /
Literacy63%
Websitewww.mansa.nic.in

GeographyEdit

The district is roughly triangular in shape and is bounded on the northwest by Bathinda district, on the northeast by Sangrur district, and on the south by Haryana state. It is situated on the Bathinda-Jind-Delhi railway and the Barnala-Sardulgarh-Sirsa road. The district is divided into three tehsils, Budhlada, Mansa, and Sardulgarh. The Ghaggar River flows through the Sardulgarh Tehsil in the southwestern corner of the district.

HistoryEdit

Mansa District was formerly a part of the Phulkia Sikh Dynasty (1722–1948) then part of Kaithal Sikh Kingdom (1762–1857). The present district was formed on 13 April 1992 from the erstwhile Bathinda district. The town is said to have been founded by Bhai Gurdas who hailed from Dhingar, Mansa district. He is said to have been married at this place among the Dhaliwal Jat Sikh. Once he came to his in-laws to take his wife along with him but they refused to send her. At this, Bhai Gurdas sat in meditation before the house of his in-laws. After some time, the parents of the girl agreed to send their daughter with Bhai Gurdas. But he refused to take her along with him, stating that he had now renounced the worldly way of life. In his memory, his Smadh was constructed where a fair is held every year in March–April. People in large numbers attend the fair and offer Laddus and Gur (jaggery) at Smadh. Class ‘A’ municipality has been functioning in the town since 1952. The town has two Colleges, viz. Govt. Nehru Memorial Post Graduate College and S.D. Kanya Mahavidyalaya College, 3 Senior Secondary Schools, 90 High Schools, 1 Middle School, 1 Primary School, and one District Library and has one civil hospital, 3 Dispensaries, 1 Ayurvedic, and 4 Homeopathic dispensaries. There are two police stations i.e. PS City and PS Sadar and also a railway station.

Ancient periodEdit

The ancient history of the Mansa district has been traced to the Indus Valley civilization. The archaeological finds at different villages of Mansa district are almost similar to those of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.[3][4] It is divided into three parts Pre-Harappa, Harappa and Late Harappa.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951241,932—    
1961319,389+2.82%
1971402,099+2.33%
1981486,842+1.93%
1991574,662+1.67%
2001688,758+1.83%
20112,423,655+13.41%
source:[5]
Religion in Mansa district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Sikhism
83.75%
Hinduism
20.34%
Islam
1.35%
Other or not stated
0.57%

According to the 2011 census Mansa district has a population of 2,423,655 ,[7] roughly equal to the US state of Alaska.[8] This gives it a ranking of 489th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 352 inhabitants per square kilometre (910/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.62%. Mansa has a sex ratio of 880 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 86.8%.[7]

Languages of Mansa district (First Language) (2011)[9]

  Punjabi (98.53%)
  Hindi (1.31%)
  Others (0.70%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 98.53% of the population spoke Punjabi and 1.31% Hindi as their first language.[9]

Agriculture and industryEdit

Mansa is situated in the cotton belt of Punjab and therefore popularly called the "Area of white gold". Indeed, agriculture forms the backbone of the district economy.

Mansa is home to the largest Thermal Power Plant of Punjab. The Thermal Power Plant has the capacity to produce 1980MW of electricity

Industrially, the district is very deficient, yet some trade and industry is being carried out in urban areas.

Major cities and townsEdit

Village UbhaEdit

Ubha is situated in Mansa District. It is famous for its temple.

BaretaEdit

Bareta is situated on BathindaDelhi railway line.

Budhlada or BadladaEdit

Badlasa was named after the Budha Singh Badholada, who was a khatri sikh by caste. It is also situated on Bathinda-Delhi railway line. It was the largest market of Eastern Punjab and a very big recruitment centre for military personnel.[10]

PoliticsEdit

No. Constituency Name of MLA Party Bench
96 Mansa Vijay Singla Aam Aadmi Party Government
97 Sardulgarh Gurpreet Singh Banawali Aam Aadmi Party Government
98 Budhlada (SC) Budhram Singh Aam Aadmi Party Government

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About | Mansa". www.mansa.nic.in. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Gurpreet gets Mansa seat". News in English. Ludhiana. The Tribune. 10 January 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
  3. ^ Lal, B.B; Gupta, S.P. (1984) [1981-82]. Frontier of Indus Valley Civilization. Delhi.
  4. ^ "Ancient history of Mansa district". B.B. Lal and S.P. Gupta. www.punjabrevenue.nic.in. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  5. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in.
  6. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religious Community: Punjab". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ a b "District Census Hand Book – Mansa" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Alaska 710,231
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Punjab". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ Moga, Parminder Singh Grover; Singh, Davinderjit (20 May 2011). Discover Punjab: Attractions of Punjab. Parminder Singh Grover.

External linksEdit