Sangrur district is in the state of Punjab in northern India. Sangrur city is the district headquarters. It is one of the five districts in Patiala Division in the Indian state of Punjab.[1] Neighbouring districts are Malerkotla (north), Barnala (west), Patiala (east), Mansa (southwest) and Fatehabad (Haryana) and Jind (Haryana) (south).

Sangrur district
Rajarajeshwari Temple in Sangrur
Rajarajeshwari Temple in Sangrur
Location in Punjab
Location in Punjab
Coordinates: 30°14′N 75°50′E / 30.23°N 75.83°E / 30.23; 75.83
Country India
 • Total2,848 km2 (1,100 sq mi)
232 m (761 ft)
 • Total1,225,415
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code01672
Vehicle registrationPB 13

Sangrur consists of the cities of Dhuri, Lehragaga, Sangrur, and Sunam. Other cities are Bhawanigarh, Dirba, Khanauri, Longowal, Cheema and Moonak. There are 7 sub-divisions, being Sangrur, Dhuri, Sunam, Lehragaga, Moonak, Bhawanigarh and Dirba. Till 2006, Barnala was also a part of Sangrur district, but now it is a separate district. In 2021, a new district Malerkotla district, consisting of Malerkotla and Ahmedgarh subdivisions and the Amargarh sub-tehsil, was formed out of Sangrur district.[2]

Origin and history Edit

The administrative district of Sangrur was created in 1948. Earlier the area fell in the Nabha Princely State. Settlements in Sangrur trace back to the pre-Harappan period. Recent excavations in Rohira in Sangrur have revealed a 10-metre high mound with settlements dating back to 2300 BC.[3] Excavations from Mard Khera village have led to the discovery of pottery from the Harappan period.[4] Remnants of pottery from the Kushan period have also been discovered.

Demographics Edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2011 census Sangrur district (including Malerkotla district) had a population of 1,655,169 of which male and female were 878,029 and 777,140 respectively,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[7] or the US state of Idaho.[8] This gives it a ranking of 300st in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 449 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,160/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.3%. Sangrur has a sex ratio of 885 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.99%.[6]

After bifurcation, the district had a population of 1,225,415. Scheduled Castes made up 368,562 (30.08%) of the population.[6]

Religion Edit

Religion in Sangrur district (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

Sikhism is followed by majority of the people in the Sangrur district. Hinduism is followed by a considerable population. Before the division of Malerkotla district, Sangrur had the largest population of Muslims in Punjab. However in the residual district Muslims are a small minority.[9]

Language Edit

Languages of Sangrur district (2011)[10]

  Punjabi (94.93%)
  Hindi (3.12%)
  Haryanvi (1.48%)
  Others (0.47%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 94.93% of the population spoke Punjabi, 3.12% Hindi and 1.48% Haryanvi as their first language.[10]

Politics Edit

No. Constituency Name of MLA Party Bench
99 Lehragaga Barinder Kumar Goyal Aam Aadmi Party Government
100 Dirba (SC) Harpal Singh Cheema Aam Aadmi Party Government
101 Sunam Aman Arora Aam Aadmi Party Government
102 Malerkotla (SC) Mohammad Jamil Ur Rehman Aam Aadmi Party Government
103 Amargarh Jaswant Singh Gajjan Majra Aam Aadmi Party Government
104 Dhuri Bhagwant Mann Aam Aadmi Party Government
105 Sangrur Narinder Kaur Bharaj Aam Aadmi Party Government

Administration Edit

Sangrur district is further sub-divided into 7 sub-divisions/tehsils - Bhawanigarh, Dhuri, Dirba, Lehragaga, Moonak, Sangrur and Sunam.[clarification needed] [11]

The district is part of the Sangrur Lok Sabha constituency. By-election to Sangrur Lok Sabha constituency is scheduled to be held on 23 June 2022.[12]

Villages Edit

Historical Places and Monuments Edit

  • Banasar Bagh, Sangrur[14]
  • Suraj Kund Mandir, Sunam
  • Jind State Memorial Museum, Sangrur[14]
  • Ancestral House of Sardar Udham Singh, Sunam - The house of India's independence activist has been renovated and converted into a museum. Apart from the building itself, around 30 letters and other objects related to him are at display in the museum.[15]
  • Shahi Samadhan, Sangrur[14]
  • Clock Tower, Sangrur[14]
  • Fort Badrukhan - The fort was the residence of Maharaja Ranjit Singh's mother, Sardarni Raj Kaur.[14]

Notable people Edit

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Sangrur, Punjab". Government of Punjab. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Malerkotla is Punjab's 23rd district". The Hindu. 14 May 2021. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Sangrur, History". Government of Punjab. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  4. ^ Sharma, Amaninder (5 September 2014). "Park may wipe out 'Harappan' site in Sangrur Village". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  5. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. ^ a b c d "District Census Handbook: Sangrur" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Idaho 1,567,582
  9. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religious Community: Punjab". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Punjab". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  11. ^ "Administrative Setup | District Sangrur, Government of Punjab | India". Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Sangrur Lok Sabha bypoll on June 23". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
  13. ^ "Uppli Pin Code". Independent News Service. Retrieved 18 July 2023.
  14. ^ a b c d e "Sangrur Basant Festival Jan - March 2020 | Heritage Sites". Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Shaheed Udham Singh's house almost restored". Hindustan Times. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  16. ^ "9 OPDs to begin at PGI's satellite centre at Sangrur soon". Hindustan Times. 22 December 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2019.

External links Edit