Portal:North Dakota

The North Dakota Portal

North Dakota ( /- dəˈktə/ (listen)) is a U.S. state in the Upper Midwest, named after the indigenous Dakota Sioux. North Dakota is bordered by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba to the north and by the U.S. states of Minnesota to the east, South Dakota to the south, and Montana to the west. It is believed to host the geographic center of North America, Rugby, and is home to the tallest man-made structure in the Western Hemisphere, the KVLY-TV mast.

North Dakota is the nineteenth largest state, but with a population of less than 780,000 as of 2020, it is the fourth least populous and fourth most sparsely populated. The capital is Bismarck while the largest city is Fargo, which accounts for nearly a fifth of the state's population; both cities are among the fastest-growing in the U.S., although half of all residents live in rural areas. The state is part of the Great Plains region, with broad prairies, steppe, temperate savanna, badlands, and farmland being defining characteristics.

What is now North Dakota was inhabited for thousands of years by various Native American tribes, including the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara along the Missouri River; the Ojibwa and Cree in the northeast; and several Sioux groups (the Assiniboine, Yankton, Wahpeton, and Teton) across the rest of the state. European explorers and traders first arrived in the early 18th century, mostly in pursuit of lucrative furs. The United States acquired the region in the early 19th century, gradually settling it amid growing resistance by increasingly displaced natives. (Full article...)

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Portrait of Sha-kó-ka, a Mandan girl,
by George Catlin, 1832

The Mandan are a Native American tribe of the Great Plains who have lived for centuries primarily in what is now North Dakota. They are enrolled in the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation. About half of the Mandan still reside in the area of the reservation; the rest reside around the United States and in Canada.

The Mandan historically lived along both banks of the Upper Missouri River and two of its tributaries—the Heart and Knife rivers— in present-day North and South Dakota. Speakers of Mandan, a Siouan language, they developed a settled, agrarian culture. They established permanent villages featuring large, round, earth lodges, some 40 feet (12 m) in diameter, surrounding a central plaza. Matrilineal families lived in the lodges. The Mandan were a great trading nation, trading especially their large corn surpluses with other tribes in exchange for bison meat and fat. Food was the primary item, but they also traded for horses, guns, and other trade goods. (Full article...)
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  • ... that a "North Dakota joke of the mornin'" was a feature on Montana radio station KGRZ because the station's owner and morning show host hailed from that state?
  • ... that Ken Johannson became the captain of the University of North Dakota ice hockey team despite attending the school on a football scholarship?
  • ... that Fannie Mahood Heath was nicknamed the "flower lady of North Dakota" for her garden that included over 450 different species of flowers, bushes, and trees?
  • ... that KILO's broadcast license allowed the University of North Dakota to get out of the commercial broadcasting business?
  • ... that horticulturalist Albert F. Yeager's accomplishments led to him being referred to as the "plant wizard of the north" and the "Luther Burbank of North Dakota"?
  • ... that two utility companies fought in court over who would supply electricity to North Dakota radio station KBMR?


Largest cities

2019 Rank City 2019 Estimate[1] 2010 Census[2] Change County
1 Fargo 124,662 105,549 +18.11% Cass
2 Bismarck 73,529 61,272 +20.00% Burleigh
3 Grand Forks 55,839 52,838 +5.68% Grand Forks
4 Minot 47,382 40,888 +15.88% Ward
5 West Fargo 37,058 25,830 +43.47% Cass
6 Williston 29,033 14,716 +97.29% Williams
7 Dickinson 23,133 17,787 +30.06% Stark
8 Mandan 22,752 18,331 +24.12% Morton
9 Jamestown 15,084 15,427 −2.22% Stutsman
10 Watford City 7,835 1,744 +349.25% McKenzie
11 Wahpeton 7,734 7,766 −0.41% Richland
12 Devils Lake 7,320 7,141 +2.51% Ramsey
13 Valley City 6,323 6,585 −3.98% Barnes
14 Grafton 4,157 4,284 −2.96% Walsh
15 Lincoln 3,817 2,406 +58.65% Burleigh

  County seat
  State capital and county seat

See List of cities in North Dakota for a full list.

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      1. ^ "City and Town Population Totals: 2010-2019". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
      2. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder2. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved October 26, 2012.[dead link]