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Kidder County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,435.[1] Its county seat is Steele.[2]

Kidder County
The Kidder County Courthouse in Steele
Map of North Dakota highlighting Kidder County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°59′N 99°47′W / 46.98°N 99.78°W / 46.98; -99.78
Country United States
State  North Dakota
FoundedJanuary 4, 1873 (created)
March 22, 1881 (organized)
Named forJefferson Kidder
SeatSteele
Largest citySteele
Area
 • Total1,433 sq mi (3,710 km2)
 • Land1,351 sq mi (3,500 km2)
 • Water82 sq mi (210 km2)  5.7%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
2,450
 • Density1.84/sq mi (0.71/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large

HistoryEdit

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on January 4, 1873, with areas partitioned from Buffalo County. The county government was not organized at that time, nor was the area attached to another county for administrative or judicial purposes. It was named for Jefferson Parrish Kidder,[3] a delegate to the United States Congress from Dakota Territory (1875–1879) and associate justice of the territorial supreme court (1865-1875, 1879-1883). The county government was effected on March 22, 1881.

The county boundaries were altered on 1879 with territory partitioned to Burleigh, and in 1885 with territory partitioned from Burleigh County. Its boundaries have remained unchanged since 1885.[4][5]

GeographyEdit

The terrain of Kidder County consists of hills dotted with lakes and ponds, largely devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain slopes to the east and south; its highest point is a hill near its NW corner, at 2,064' (629m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 1,433 square miles (3,710 km2), of which 1,351 square miles (3,500 km2) is land and 82 square miles (210 km2) (5.7%) is water.[8]

Major highwaysEdit

Lakes[6]Edit

  • Alkali Lake
  • Alkaline Lake
  • Ashley Lake
  • Big Muddy Lake
  • Bird Lake
  • Buffalo Lake
  • Cherry Lake
  • Dead Buffalo Lake
  • Deer Lake
  • Fresh Lake
  • Geneva Lake
  • Harker Lake
  • Horsehead Lake
  • Kunkel Lake
  • Lake Etta
  • Lake George
  • Lake Helen
  • Lake Henry
  • Lake Isabel
  • Long Alkaline Lake[9]
  • Long Lake (partial)
  • McPhall Slough
  • Mud Lake
  • Pursian Lake
  • Round Lake
  • Salt Alkaline Lake
  • Sibley Lake
  • Swan Lake
  • Upper Harker Lake
  • Willow Lake
  • Woodhouse Lake

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[6]Edit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
188089
18901,2111,260.7%
19001,75444.8%
19105,962239.9%
19207,79830.8%
19308,0313.0%
19406,692−16.7%
19506,168−7.8%
19605,386−12.7%
19704,362−19.0%
19803,833−12.1%
19903,332−13.1%
20002,753−17.4%
20102,485−9.7%
Est. 20182,450[10]−1.4%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2018[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 2,753 people, 1,158 households, and 787 families in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,610 housing units at an average density of 1.27 per square mile (0.49/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.49% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 0.15% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 64.2% were of German and 15.4% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 1,158 households out of which 27.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 4.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 29.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.91.

The county population contained 23.20% under the age of 18, 5.00% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 24.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 103.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,389, and the median income for a family was $30,469. Males had a median income of $23,056 versus $17,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,270. About 17.60% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 23.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,435 people, 1,059 households, and 722 families in the county.[15] The population density was 1.8 inhabitants per square mile (0.69/km2). There were 1,674 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile (0.46/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 96.3% white, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 1.9% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 65.8% were German, 21.8% were Norwegian, 8.2% were Russian, 6.0% were English, and 1.7% were American.[17]

Of the 1,059 households, 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.77. The median age was 47.2 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,250 and the median income for a family was $47,981. Males had a median income of $35,380 versus $24,330 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,502. About 15.1% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 23.1% of those age 65 or over.[18]

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

  • Allen
  • Atwood
  • Baker
  • Buckeye
  • Bunker
  • Chestina
  • Clear Lake
  • Crown Hill
  • Crystal Springs
  • Excelsior
  • Frettim
  • Graf
  • Haynes
  • Lake Williams
  • North & South Manning
  • North & South Merkel
  • Northwest
  • Peace
  • Petersville
  • Pettibone
  • Pleasant Hill
  • Quinby
  • Rexine
  • Robinson
  • Sibley
  • Stewart
  • Tanner
  • Tappen
  • Tuttle
  • Valley
  • Vernon
  • Wallace
  • Weiser
  • Westford
  • Williams
  • Woodlawn

Unorganized territoriesEdit

  • Kickapoo
  • Liberty

PoliticsEdit

Kidder County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In no national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 80.7% 1,111 13.0% 179 6.3% 86
2012 65.5% 870 29.6% 393 4.9% 65
2008 61.2% 752 34.4% 422 4.4% 54
2004 65.9% 902 31.6% 433 2.5% 34
2000 65.6% 837 22.2% 283 12.2% 156
1996 50.0% 691 31.4% 434 18.6% 257
1992 43.2% 739 27.4% 468 29.5% 504
1988 59.0% 1,039 38.5% 678 2.5% 44
1984 68.6% 1,240 28.0% 506 3.4% 61
1980 77.1% 1,474 17.0% 326 5.9% 113
1976 47.2% 954 46.3% 936 6.6% 133
1972 67.1% 1,315 28.4% 557 4.5% 89
1968 61.8% 1,204 28.2% 548 10.0% 195
1964 51.3% 1,104 48.7% 1,047
1960 64.4% 1,574 35.5% 868 0.0% 1
1956 68.1% 1,523 31.7% 708 0.3% 6
1952 81.9% 2,195 17.5% 468 0.6% 16
1948 63.7% 1,510 32.6% 773 3.7% 87
1944 66.4% 1,397 33.0% 693 0.6% 13
1940 72.3% 2,214 27.3% 837 0.4% 11
1936 29.7% 872 50.9% 1,492 19.4% 568
1932 25.4% 709 73.1% 2,042 1.5% 41
1928 49.9% 1,200 49.5% 1,190 0.5% 13
1924 39.4% 844 5.1% 110 55.4% 1,187
1920 80.7% 1,855 14.6% 336 4.7% 108
1916 42.8% 604 46.1% 650 11.1% 157
1912 38.6% 322 26.1% 218 35.3% 294
1908 72.6% 769 22.8% 242 4.6% 49
1904 87.1% 447 10.3% 53 2.5% 13
1900 74.0% 225 23.0% 70 3.0% 9

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 174.
  4. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  5. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c Kidder County ND Google Maps (accessed 21 February 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Kidder County ND" Google Maps (accessed 21 February 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  9. ^ Long Alkaline Lake/ND Game & Fish Div (accessed 21 February 2019)
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  15. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.

Coordinates: 46°59′N 99°47′W / 46.98°N 99.78°W / 46.98; -99.78