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Richland County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 16,321.[1] Its county seat is Wahpeton.[2]

Richland County, North Dakota
Richland County Courthouse Wahpeton.jpg
Richland County Courthouse in Wahpeton
Map of North Dakota highlighting Richland County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 4, 1873 (created)
November 25, 1873 (organized)
Named forMorgan T. Rich
SeatWahpeton
Largest cityWahpeton
Area
 • Total1,445 sq mi (3,743 km2)
 • Land1,436 sq mi (3,719 km2)
 • Water9.7 sq mi (25 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)16,239
 • Density11.4/sq mi (4.4/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.richland.nd.us

Richland County is part of the Wahpeton, ND–MN Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Fargo-Wahpeton, ND-MN Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on January 4, 1873, with area partitioned from Pembina County. It was named for Morgan T. Rich, who settled on the site of the future Wahpeton in 1869. The county organization was completed on November 25 of that same year. Its boundaries were altered in 1883 and 1885. It has maintained its present configuration since 1885.[3][4]

GeographyEdit

Richland County lies at the SE corner of North Dakota. Its eastern boundary line abuts the western boundary line of the state of Minnesota (across the Red River), and its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of the state of South Dakota. The Red River flows northerly along its eastern boundary line on its way to the Hudson Bay. The Wild Rice River flows easterly and then northerly through the county, discharging into the Red River north of Richland County, in Cass County. The Sheyenne River flows northeasterly through the NW corner of the county, also discharging into the Red in Cass County.

The Richland County terrain consists of verdant hills, sprinkled with lakes and ponds. It is largely devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain slopes to the north and east, with its highest point near its SW corner, at 1,220' (372m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 1,445 square miles (3,740 km2), of which 1,436 square miles (3,720 km2) is land and 9.7 square miles (25 km2) (0.7%) is water.[7]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

Lakes[5]Edit

  • Bisek Lake
  • Grass Lake
  • Gullys Slough
  • Kreiser Lake
  • Lueck Lake
  • Moran Lake
  • Park Lake
  • Silver Lake
  • Stacks Slough
  • Swan Lake
  • Willows Pond

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18803,597
189010,751198.9%
190017,38761.7%
191019,65913.1%
192020,8876.2%
193021,0080.6%
194020,519−2.3%
195019,865−3.2%
196018,824−5.2%
197018,089−3.9%
198019,2076.2%
199018,148−5.5%
200017,998−0.8%
201016,321−9.3%
Est. 201816,239[8]−0.5%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 17,998 people, 6,885 households, and 4,427 families in the county. The population density was 12.3/sqmi (4.84/km²). There were 7,575 housing units at an average density of 5.28/sqmi (2.04/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.83% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 1.66% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 46.5% were of German and 26.9% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 6,885 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.06.

The county population contained 24.7% under the age of 18, 14.5% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.7 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 108.6 men.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,098, and the median income for a family was $45,484. Men had a median income of $30,829 versus $20,310 for women. The per capita income for the county was $16,339. About 6.1% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 census, there were 16,321 people, 6,651 households, and 4,171 families in the county.[13] The population density was 11.4 inhabitants per square mile (4.4/km2). There were 7,503 housing units at an average density of 5.2 per square mile (2.0/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 95.0% white, 2.0% American Indian, 0.7% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.7% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 53.0% were German, 31.2% were Norwegian, 7.0% were Irish, and 2.3% were American.[15]

Of the 6,651 households, 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were non-families, and 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 39.4 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,131 and the median income for a family was $64,636. Males had a median income of $42,597 versus $28,284 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,342. About 5.2% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

CommunitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Richland County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In only one national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 62.8% 4,767 27.2% 2,064 10.0% 761
2012 55.6% 4,229 42.0% 3,198 2.4% 186
2008 51.6% 3,900 46.5% 3,513 2.0% 150
2004 64.1% 5,264 34.3% 2,821 1.6% 130
2000 62.4% 4,999 31.1% 2,490 6.6% 526
1996 47.3% 3,345 40.9% 2,890 11.8% 834
1992 46.7% 3,873 32.4% 2,688 21.0% 1,740
1988 56.4% 4,670 42.6% 3,523 1.0% 81
1984 65.5% 5,980 33.4% 3,047 1.2% 106
1980 61.2% 5,711 28.9% 2,698 9.9% 928
1976 51.0% 4,991 46.9% 4,592 2.1% 202
1972 60.2% 5,194 39.0% 3,367 0.7% 63
1968 54.4% 4,224 39.9% 3,098 5.7% 445
1964 43.1% 3,425 56.9% 4,525 0.1% 5
1960 54.0% 4,711 45.9% 4,003 0.1% 4
1956 61.0% 4,971 38.9% 3,171 0.2% 12
1952 69.8% 6,022 29.4% 2,541 0.8% 67
1948 48.7% 3,448 48.2% 3,413 3.0% 214
1944 57.7% 4,402 41.9% 3,192 0.4% 30
1940 58.4% 5,102 41.0% 3,584 0.6% 48
1936 31.4% 2,386 49.9% 3,792 18.7% 1,418
1932 28.2% 2,304 69.2% 5,663 2.6% 216
1928 53.9% 4,251 45.7% 3,604 0.4% 34
1924 48.8% 3,235 11.6% 769 39.6% 2,620
1920 79.5% 5,483 19.4% 1,339 1.1% 78
1916 53.3% 2,097 45.0% 1,772 1.8% 69
1912 32.0% 1,034 42.7% 1,380 25.4% 822
1908 54.2% 1,864 43.7% 1,502 2.2% 75
1904 66.5% 2,420 30.7% 1,116 2.8% 103
1900 58.5% 2,067 39.6% 1,399 2.0% 70

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Richland County ND Google Maps (accessed 24 February 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude/Richland County ND" Google Maps (accessed 24 February 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 13, 2018.

External linksEdit