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Pierce County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 4,357.[1] Its county seat is Rugby.[2]

Pierce County
Pierce County Courthouse
Map of North Dakota highlighting Pierce County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 48°15′N 99°59′W / 48.25°N 99.98°W / 48.25; -99.98
Country United States
State  North Dakota
FoundedMarch 11, 1887 (created)
April 6, 1889 (organized)
Named forGilbert A. Pierce
SeatRugby
Largest cityRugby
Area
 • Total1,082 sq mi (2,800 km2)
 • Land1,019 sq mi (2,640 km2)
 • Water64 sq mi (170 km2)  5.9%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
4,081
 • Density4.02/sq mi (1.55/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.piercecountynd.gov

HistoryEdit

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on March 11, 1887, with areas partitioned from Bottineau, Rolette, McHenry and the now-extinct DeSmet counties. It was named for Gilbert A. Pierce, a Dakotas political figure. The county was not organized at that time, nor was it attached to another county for administrative or judicial purposes. It was attached to McHenry County on February 4, 1889, but that lasted only two months; on April 6 the county government was effected and the attachment to McHenry was terminated.

The county's boundaries were enlarged on November 8, 1892, when Church County was dissolved and a portion of its territory was annexed into Pierce.[3][4]

The geographical center of North America is in Pierce County, about 6 miles (10 km) west of Balta.[5] Rugby has a monument for the center at the intersection of US 2 and ND 3.

GeographyEdit

The North Fork of the Sheyenne River flows easterly through central Pierce County. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, mostly devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain generally slopes to the north and east, with its highest point a hill near the SW county corner, at 1,634' (498m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 1,082 square miles (2,800 km2), of which 1,019 square miles (2,640 km2) is land and 64 square miles (170 km2) (5.9%) is water.[8]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[6]Edit

Lakes[6]Edit

  • Antelope Lakes
  • Aylmer Lake (part)
  • Battema Lake
  • Buffalo Lake
  • Clear Lake
  • Davis Lake
  • Girard Lake
  • Goose Lake
  • Gunderson Lake
  • Guss Lake
  • Horseshoe Lake
  • Kilgore Lake
  • Lesmeister Lake
  • Long Lake
  • Petrified Lake
  • Ranch Lake
  • Round Lake
  • Sand Lake
  • Smoky Lake (part)
  • Twin Lakes (part)

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1890905
19004,765426.5%
19109,740104.4%
19209,283−4.7%
19309,074−2.3%
19409,2081.5%
19508,326−9.6%
19607,394−11.2%
19706,323−14.5%
19806,166−2.5%
19905,052−18.1%
20004,675−7.5%
20104,357−6.8%
Est. 20184,081[9]−6.3%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2018[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 4,675 people, 1,964 households, and 1,276 families in the county. The population density was 4.59/sqmi (1.77/km²). There were 2,269 housing units at an average density of 2.23/sqmi (0.86/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.50% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.04% from other races, and 0.41% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 47.7% were of German and 32.7% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 1,964 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.00% were non-families. 32.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.94.

The county population contained 23.90% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 23.90% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 24.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,524, and the median income for a family was $34,412. Males had a median income of $25,037 versus $16,946 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,055. About 9.30% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.40% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 census, there were 4,357 people, 1,835 households, and 1,145 families in the county.[14] The population density was 4.28/sqmi (1.65/km²). There were 2,199 housing units at an average density of 2.16/sqmi (0.83/km²).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 94.1% white, 3.9% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 52.3% were German, 34.5% were Norwegian, 5.5% were Irish, and 2.0% were American.[16]

Of the 1,835 households, 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.6% were non-families, and 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 46.9 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,091 and the median income for a family was $55,304. Males had a median income of $39,511 versus $21,811 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,575. About 6.4% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.[17]

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communities[6]Edit

  • Leverich
  • Silva
  • Tunbridge

TownshipsEdit

  • Alexanter
  • Antelope Lake
  • Balta
  • Elling
  • Elverum
  • Hagel
  • Jefferson
  • Meyer
  • Ness
  • Reno Valley
  • Rush Lake
  • Torgerson
  • Truman
  • Tuscarora
  • White

PoliticsEdit

Pierce County voters have tended to vote Republican for decades. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 69.4% 1,437 20.8% 431 9.8% 203
2012 67.3% 1,465 30.3% 660 2.4% 53
2008 60.8% 1,301 37.0% 792 2.2% 46
2004 67.2% 1,475 31.3% 686 1.6% 34
2000 68.4% 1,348 25.4% 500 6.2% 123
1996 51.5% 1,017 34.0% 671 14.5% 286
1992 45.2% 1,099 31.3% 761 23.5% 571
1988 57.4% 1,422 40.7% 1,008 1.9% 47
1984 71.7% 1,883 26.3% 691 2.0% 52
1980 76.1% 2,273 17.3% 517 6.6% 198
1976 48.4% 1,396 49.7% 1,434 2.0% 57
1972 66.2% 1,970 32.7% 973 1.2% 35
1968 57.1% 1,700 35.2% 1,048 7.8% 231
1964 38.3% 1,178 61.6% 1,893 0.1% 2
1960 44.2% 1,464 55.8% 1,848 0.0% 1
1956 59.8% 1,997 40.1% 1,340 0.2% 5
1952 77.8% 2,806 21.4% 773 0.8% 29
1948 58.9% 1,738 38.8% 1,147 2.3% 68
1944 60.1% 1,992 39.4% 1,307 0.5% 17
1940 61.6% 2,349 38.1% 1,451 0.3% 11
1936 24.2% 912 57.6% 2,168 18.2% 684
1932 25.7% 856 73.2% 2,439 1.1% 38
1928 47.6% 1,469 52.0% 1,606 0.4% 11
1924 46.9% 1,160 6.4% 157 46.8% 1,157
1920 84.6% 2,102 11.8% 294 3.6% 89
1916 44.3% 703 49.7% 789 6.1% 96
1912 22.4% 264 38.4% 453 39.2% 462[19]
1908 57.4% 884 39.6% 610 3.1% 47
1904 73.4% 921 22.6% 284 4.0% 50
1900 64.9% 535 33.5% 276 1.6% 13

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  5. ^ MacPherson, James (June 2, 2010). "N.D. town misses mark as North America's center". USA Today. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d Pierce County ND Google Maps (accessed 26 February 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Pierce County ND" Google Maps (accessed 26 February 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  19. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 276 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 159 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 27 votes.

External linksEdit