Grafton, North Dakota

Grafton is a city in the State of North Dakota and is the county seat of Walsh County.[4] As of the 2020 Census, the city of Grafton had a population of 4,170,[2] making it the fifteenth largest city in North Dakota. Grafton was founded in 1881.

Grafton, North Dakota
Downtown Grafton
Downtown Grafton
Location of Grafton, North Dakota
Location of Grafton, North Dakota
Coordinates: 48°24′58″N 97°24′38″W / 48.41611°N 97.41056°W / 48.41611; -97.41056Coordinates: 48°24′58″N 97°24′38″W / 48.41611°N 97.41056°W / 48.41611; -97.41056
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Dakota
CountyWalsh
Founded1881
Government
 • MayorChris West
Area
 • Total3.57 sq mi (9.24 km2)
 • Land3.30 sq mi (8.55 km2)
 • Water0.26 sq mi (0.68 km2)
Elevation
830 ft (253 m)
Population
 • Total4,170
 • Density1,258.55/sq mi (485.96/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
58237
Area code(s)701
FIPS code38-31820
GNIS feature ID1029194[3]
HighwaysUS 81, ND 17
Websitegraftongov.com

HistoryEdit

 
Grafton State School in the early 1900s

The Grafton area was first settled by Thomas E Cooper in early 1879. He became postmaster later that year when a post office was constructed as part of expansions in service for the Northern Pacific Railway and the Great Northern Railway.[5] It was incorporated as a village in 1881 and then became a city in 1903.[6] In 1881, Walsh County was established and Grafton was subsequently designated the county seat.[7] The city was named for Grafton County, New Hampshire, the native home of a large share of its early settlers.[8]

The Grafton State School, a home for the developmentally disabled, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9]

GovernmentEdit

The city employs a mayor-council government where the mayor is elected for a four-year term and eight city council members are elected to staggered four-year terms. There are four at-large members of the city council while the remaining four members are elected from the four wards of the city. Currently, Chris West is serving as mayor while the city council members are as follows: Shane Mohn (1st Ward), Greg Young (2nd Ward), Philip Ray (3rd Ward), Don Hutson (4th Ward), David Fellman (At-large), Chris Lipsh (At-large), Brian Sieben (At-large), and Mary Stark (At-large).

GeographyEdit

Grafton is located at 48°24′58″N 97°24′38″W / 48.416082°N 97.410633°W / 48.416082; -97.410633 (48.416082, −97.410633).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.40 square miles (8.81 km2), all land.[11]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,594
19002,37849.2%
19102,229−6.3%
19202,51212.7%
19303,13624.8%
19404,07029.8%
19504,90120.4%
19605,88520.1%
19705,9461.0%
19805,293−11.0%
19904,840−8.6%
20004,516−6.7%
20104,284−5.1%
20204,170−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2020 Census[2]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 4,284 people, 1,776 households, and 1,073 families living in the city. The population density was 1,260.0 inhabitants per square mile (486.5/km2). There were 1,990 housing units at an average density of 585.3 per square mile (226.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.2% White, 0.4% African American, 2.8% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.1% of the population.

There were 1,776 households, of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.6% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 42.5 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 19.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,516 people, 1,804 households, and 1,143 families living in the city. The population density was 506.9/km2 (1,312.2/mi2). There were 2,005 housing units at an average density of 225.0/km2 (582.6/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.67% White, 0.58% African American, 1.35% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 4.69% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.57% of the population, making Grafton the city with the highest percentage of Hispanics in North Dakota.[citation needed]

The top 6 ancestry groups in the city are Norwegian (39.4%), German (19.8%), French (8.9%), Polish (8.7%), Czech (8.3%), Irish (7.4%).

There were 1,804 households, out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

EducationEdit

The city of Grafton is served by the Grafton Public Schools system. The system includes Century Primary Elementary School (grades PK-2), Century Intermediate Elementary School grades (3-6) Grafton Junior High School (grades 7–8), and Grafton High School (grades 9–12).

North Valley Career and Technology Center is a multi-district regional technology education center, serving students grades 9-12 from across the region.

LibraryEdit

Grafton's Carnegie Regional Library opened in 1897 and is North Dakota's first public library. Carnegie's collection contains 49,005 volumes and circulates 33,620 items per year. The library, including its 3 branches, serves a population of over 27,000 residents.[14]

MediaEdit

Local print and online newsEdit

Local radioEdit

AM radioEdit

AM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner City
1340 AM KXPO Expo Radio Full service/Country Simmons Broadcasting Inc. Grafton

FM radioEdit

FM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner Target city/market City of license
100.9 FM KAUJ Oldies 101 Oldies Simmons Broadcasting Inc. Grafton Grafton

Sites of interestEdit

  • Walsh County Courthouse – The Walsh County Courthouse has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1985.
  • Centennial Center
  • Elmwood historic home[15]
  • Fair Oaks Golf Club – a nine-hole golf course located in Grafton
  • Grafton Winter Sports Arena – site of the former Winter Sports Arena, the first indoor hockey arena in North Dakota.
  • Chandler Field - named after Albert "Happy" Chandler

Notable peopleEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "2020 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "Walsh County Historical Society". Walsh County Historical Society. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  6. ^ Lounsberry, Clement Augustus (1919). Early History of North Dakota: Essential Outlines of American History. Liberty Press. p. 534.
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 836. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  8. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1938). North Dakota, a Guide to the Northern Prairie State. WPA. p. 188. ISBN 978-1-62376-033-5.
  9. ^ "North Dakota – Walsh County". nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  13. ^ "United States Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  14. ^ "Grafton ND Library".
  15. ^ [1] Archived January 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Eriksmoen, Curt (2006). Did You Know That...?: 47 Fascinating Stories about People Who Have Lived in North Dakota. Vol. 1. United States: McCleery & Sons Publishing. pp. 140–141. ISBN 1-931916-46-2.

External linksEdit