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Political appointments by Donald Trump

This is a list of political appointments of current officeholders made by the 45th President of the United States, Donald Trump.

Links to lists of announced positions from which candidates have withdrawn or appointees who have resigned, as well as lists of appointments to other independent agencies and of holdovers from previous administrations are below.

There are 1,212 presidential appointments which require confirmation by the U.S. Senate and 353 presidential appointments which do not require confirmation.[1] The Washington Post has identified 636 key positions requiring U.S. Senate confirmation. As of February 16, 2018, 256 of Trump's nominees have been confirmed for those key positions, 145 are awaiting confirmation, and 9 have been announced but not yet formally nominated.[2]

All members of the Cabinet require the advice and consent of the United States Senate following appointment by the President prior to taking office. The Vice Presidency is exceptional in that the position requires election to office pursuant to the United States Constitution. Although some are afforded Cabinet-level rank, non-cabinet members within the Executive Office of the President, such as White House Chief of Staff, National Security Advisor, and White House Press Secretary, do not hold constitutionally created positions and most do not require Senate confirmation for appointment.



Certain news organizations, such as Politico and Newsweek, called Trump's incomplete cabinet a "conservative dream team"[3] or "the most conservative cabinet [in United States history]."[4] On the other hand, The Wall Street Journal stated that "it's nearly impossible to identify a clear ideological bent in the incoming president's" cabinet nominations.[5] The Wall Street Journal also stated that Trump's nominations signaled a pro-deregulation administration policy.[6]

Among Donald Trump's appointments there have been several former Goldman Sachs employees, such as Steven Mnuchin, Steven Bannon, and Gary Cohn, as well as several generals, such as Michael T. Flynn, James Mattis, and John F. Kelly. These appointments have generated some criticism, including allegations of violations of the principle of civilian control of the military and allegations of regulatory capture.[7][8] The Democratic senator from Missouri, Claire McCaskill, has criticized Donald Trump's cabinet stating; "I call it the three 'G' Cabinet: Goldman, generals and gazillionaires."[9]

On January 18, two days before Trump's inauguration, it was reported that he had by then nominated only 28 people to fill 690 positions requiring Senate confirmation.[10] In particular, there had been no nominations below the Cabinet level for the departments of State or Defense, and the staff for the National Security Council was incomplete, while none of the NSC leadership had any NSC experience.[11]

On February 28, 2017, Trump announced he did not intend on filling many of the numerous governmental positions that were still vacant, as he considered them unnecessary.[12] According to CNN on February 25, nearly 2,000 vacant governmental positions existed.[13]

Color keyEdit

     Denotes appointees serving in offices that did not require Senate confirmation.

     Denotes appointees confirmed by the Senate.

     Denotes appointees awaiting Senate confirmation.

     Denotes appointees serving in an acting capacity.

     Denotes appointees who have left office or offices which have been disbanded.

     Denotes nominees who were withdrawn prior to being confirmed or assuming office.

Executive Office of the PresidentEdit

Office of the Vice President of the United StatesEdit

Council of Economic AdvisersEdit

Office of AdministrationEdit

Office of Management and BudgetEdit

Office of National Drug Control PolicyEdit

Office of the United States Trade RepresentativeEdit

Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall FoundationEdit

Department of AgricultureEdit

Department of CommerceEdit

Department of DefenseEdit

Department of the ArmyEdit

Department of the NavyEdit

Department of the Air ForceEdit

Department of EducationEdit

Department of EnergyEdit

Department of Health and Human ServicesEdit

Department of Homeland SecurityEdit

Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentEdit

Department of the InteriorEdit

Department of JusticeEdit

Department of LaborEdit

Department of StateEdit

Department of TransportationEdit

Department of the TreasuryEdit

Department of Veterans AffairsEdit

Independent intelligence agenciesEdit

National IntelligenceEdit

Central Intelligence AgencyEdit

Other independent agenciesEdit

Environmental Protection AgencyEdit

Federal Reserve SystemEdit


Small Business AdministrationEdit

Independent banksEdit

Independent boardsEdit

Independent commissionsEdit

Independent officesEdit


Appointees who have resignedEdit

Announced positions from which candidates have withdrawnEdit

Holdovers from previous administrationsEdit

Pace of appointments and approvalsEdit

While President Trump tweeted on February 7, 2017, dissatisfaction – "It is a disgrace my Cabinet is not yet in place, the longest such delay in the history of our country"—the assertion was ruled false by the BBC based on a detailed review of the last five administrations. The analysis found more room for a general complaint of slowness in congressional action and that the administration "has by far the fewest confirmed cabinet selections at this point" but it also noted that, beyond the non-action on Judge Merrick Garland's 10-month nomination to the Supreme Court by Trump's predecessor, President Obama's "choice for Labor secretary, Thomas Perez, took 121 days to be confirmed. John Bryson, his commerce pick, waited 126 days. Attorney General Loretta Lynch holds the modern record, as 161 days passed before getting Senate approval."[302]

In an update on the March 2017 nomination of J. Christopher Giancarlo to the CFTC, the White House submitted his paperwork to the Senate committee in early May. "The paperwork is a prerequisite for the panel to advance the nomination with a hearing and an eventual committee vote, which now may not come until the summer or fall. The committee is said to be waiting for the administration to nominate individuals to fill two more vacancies at the commission before it holds the hearing, according to Senate aides and people familiar with the process," reported the Wall Street Journal.[245]

In July 2017, the New York Times assessed the pace and reported that Trump had announced 36 percent of "leadership positions below the secretary level" compared with 78 percent by Obama over the same period. Average approval time has been nine days slower for Trump appointees versus Obama's. Ten of 15 Cabinet agencies had no number two, several deputy secretaries were not nominated until after the Administration's 100-day mark, and some had not yet been nominated.[303]

By October 2017, Trump had made 412 nominations. By the same point in their respective presidencies, George W. Bush had made 640 nominations and Barack Obama had made 536 nominations.[304]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ McMaster assumed the office of National Security Advisor without Senate confirmation. However, because he was a Lieutenant General in the Army on active duty when he was appointed, he required Senate confirmation in order to continue serving in grade on active duty while he held the position of National Security Advisor. He was confirmed by the Senate (86–10), but even without Senate confirmation, he could have continued as National Security Advisor, although he would have had to retire from the Army.


  1. ^ Piaker, Zach (March 16, 2016). "Help Wanted: 4,000 Presidential Appointees". Center for Presidential Transition. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Tracking how many key positions Trump has filled so far". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 16, 2018. 
  3. ^ Restuccia, Andrew; Cook, Nancy; Woellert, Lorraine (November 30, 2016). "Trump's Conservative Dream Team". Politico. Retrieved November 30, 2016. 
  4. ^ Cooper, Matthew (December 9, 2016). "Donald Trump Is Building the Most Conservative Presidential Cabinet In U.S. History". Newsweek. Retrieved December 10, 2016. 
  5. ^ Seib, Gerald (December 5, 2016). "Donald Trump Shuffles the Ideological Deck". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  6. ^ Timiraos, Nick; Tangel, Andrew (December 8, 2016). "Donald Trump's Cabinet Selections Signal Deregulation Moves Are Coming". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 10, 2016. 
  7. ^ Smith, David (December 2, 2016). "Trump's billionaire cabinet could be the wealthiest administration ever". The Guardian. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  8. ^ Crilly, Rob (December 13, 2016). "'Goldman, generals and gazillionaires' make up Trump's team". The National. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  9. ^ Page, Susan (December 11, 2016). "Analysis: Trump's Cabinet dubbed 'Goldman, generals and gazillionaires'". USA Today. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  10. ^ Bernstein, Jonathan (January 18, 2017). "The Empty Trump Administration". Bloomberg View. Bloomberg LP. Retrieved January 19, 2017. 
  11. ^ Crowley, Michael (January 17, 2017). "Is Trump ready for a national security crisis?". POLITICO LLC. Retrieved January 19, 2017. 
  12. ^ Derespina, Cody (February 28, 2017). "Trump: No Plans to Fill 'Unnecessary' Appointed Positions". Fox News. Retrieved March 6, 2017. 
  13. ^ Kessler, Aaron; Kopan, Tal (February 25, 2017). "Trump Still Has to Fill Nearly 2,000 Vacancies". CNN. Retrieved March 6, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Top White House official to leave West Wing to become drug czar". Retrieved February 9, 2018. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "President Donald J. Trump Announces White House Appointments". White House. September 6, 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t