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National Infrastructure Advisory Council

The National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC) is a United States government advisory council, which advises the President of the United States on the security of information systems in banking, finance, transportation, energy, manufacturing, and emergency government services.[1] The George W. Bush Administration's executive order 13231 of October 16, 2001 created the NIAC,[1] and its functioning was last extended until September 30, 2017 by executive order 13708 of the Barack Obama Administration.[2]

In August 2017, 8 of the 32 members resigned in protest. As reasons for resigning, they mentioned that President Donald Trump has given "insufficient attention to the growing threats to the cybersecurity of the critical systems upon which all Americans depend, including those impacting the systems supporting our democratic election process,", they mentioned "his failure "to denounce intolerance and violence of hate groups" when asked about the "horrific violences in Charlottesville", and they pointed to his move to withdraw from the Paris Agreement. [3]

Contents

PurposeEdit

The NIAC provides the United States President, through the Secretary of Homeland Security, with advice on the security of critical infrastructures, both physical and cyber, supporting sectors of the economy. It also has the authority to provide advice directly to the heads of other agencies that have shared responsibility for critical infrastructure protection, including Health and Human Services, Transportation, and Energy. The NIAC is charged to improve the cooperation and partnership between the public and private sectors in securing the critical infrastructures and advises on policies and strategies that range from risk assessment and management to information sharing to protective strategies and clarification on roles and responsibilities between public and private sectors.[4]

BackgroundEdit

The National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC) was created by Executive Order 13231 of October 16, 2001 and amended by Executive Order 13286 of February 28, 2003, Executive Order 13385 of September 29, 2005, Executive Order 13446 of September 28, 2007, and Executive Order 13511 of September 29, 2009. The Council is composed of not more than 30 members, appointed by the President, who are selected from the private sector, academia, and State and local government, representing senior executive leadership expertise from the critical infrastructure and key resource areas as delineated in HSPD-7. LEADERSHIP: The position of NIAC Chair and Vice-Chair are named by the President. Currently, the NIAC Chair position is held by Mr. Erle A. Nye, Chairman Emeritus, TXU Corporation, and Mr. Alfred R. Berkeley III, Chairman, Pipeline Trading, LLC, serves as the Vice Chair.[4]

NIAC OperationsEdit

The NIAC meets publicly four times each year. All meetings, whether in person or by teleconference, are hosted in Washington, D.C. in a venue open to the public and members desiring to attend in person. The Council uses its public meetings as working meetings, focused on progress reports from its working groups and on deliberations to produce useful and actionable recommendations in a timely manner. The Council is very active, taking on up to six major studies per year, with high performance goals of delivering quality, well-researched reports between 6–12 months from the inception of the selected studies. Its reports have drawn public and private sector interest with regular requests from Congressional committees for copies. Public meetings are normally attended by several members of the Press. The President meets with the Council at least once a year and has directed very specific requests to the Council for recommendations on issues of interest. The White House monitors the progress of the Council’s studies on a regular basis between meetings through a liaison in the Homeland Security Council.[4]

NIAC MembershipEdit

As of January 30, 2017 the members of the NIAC were:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Exec. Order No. 13231 (October 16, 2001; in English) President of the United States. Retrieved on December 19, 2016.
  2. ^ Exec. Order No. 13708 (September 30, 2015; in English) President of the United States. Retrieved on December 19, 2016.
  3. ^ "Trump's cybersecurity advisors resign en masse". engadget.com. August 26, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c [1]
  5. ^ "National Infrastructure Advisory Council Members". Homeland Security. Retrieved 1 September 2017. 

  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of Homeland Security document "FACT SHEET The National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC)".