Hester Peirce

Hester Maria Peirce is an American lawyer specializing in financial market regulation. Peirce is serving as a Commissioner on the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). She previously served as the director of the Financial Markets Working Group at George Mason University's Mercatus Center.[1] Peirce was confirmed by the United States Senate in December 2017 to fill a Republican vacancy on the SEC.[2] She was sworn in on January 11, 2018, for a term ending in 2020, and her second term expires in 2025. Peirce is a former staff member of the United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and of the SEC. In 2016, she was nominated by President Barack Obama for Commissioner on the SEC, but the United States Senate did not act on her nomination.

Hester Peirce
Hester Peirce official photo.jpg
Commissioner of the
United States Securities and Exchange Commission
Assumed office
January 11, 2018
PresidentDonald Trump
ChairmanJay Clayton
Personal details
Political partyRepublican
Education
OccupationAttorney

EducationEdit

Peirce earned her B.A. in economics from Case Western Reserve University (1993) and her J.D. from Yale Law School (1997).[3]

CareerEdit

Legal careerEdit

Peirce started her career as a clerk for Judge Roger Andewelt on the Court of Federal Claims from 1997–1998. Afterwards, she was an associate at Washington, D.C. law firm Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering (today WilmerHale) between 1998 and 2000.[4] In 2000, Peirce served at the Securities and Exchange Commission, first as a staff attorney in the Division of Investment Management from 2000 to 2004 and then as counsel to Commissioner Paul S. Atkins from 2004 to 2008.[5]

Afterwards, Peirce worked as part of Senator Richard Shelby's staff on the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. In that position, Peirce's work mostly centered on the financial regulatory reform in the aftermath of the financial crisis of 2008 and the oversight of the regulatory implementation of the Dodd–Frank Act.[6]

Between 2012 and 2017, Peirce was a senior research fellow and the director of the Financial Markets Working Group at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University[7] where she also teaches as an adjunct professor at the Antonin Scalia Law School.[8] Peirce is a member of the Federalist Society.[9]

U.S. Securities and Exchange CommissionEdit

In 2015, Peirce was chosen during the Obama administration to fill a Republican seat at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Democrats on the Senate Banking Committee attempted to block her nomination because she declined to fully commit to requiring corporations to publicly disclose political donations. Peirce was eventually approved by the Senate Banking Committee, but the full Senate never voted on her nomination.[10]

On July 18, 2017, the White House announced that President Donald Trump would nominate Peirce as a Commissioner of the SEC for the remainder of a five-year term expiring on June 5, 2020.[11] She was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on December 21, 2017, and sworn in on January 11, 2018. on August 6, 2020, the Senate confirmed Peirce by voice vote for another five-year term expiring on June 5, 2025,[12] and was sworn in on August 17, 2020.[13]

ViewsEdit

Peirce regularly contributed through books, articles, comments and statements to the debate about banking regulation. She has been critical of the regulatory expansion enacted in response to the 2008 financial crisis.[14][15] In her 2012 book Dodd-Frank, What It Does and Why It's Flawed, she argues for economic freedom and against the idea that markets could be improved through regulatory micromanagement.[16] In fact, she argues, the more important regulation becomes, the less are banks oriented towards their actual duty, which is to service customers with financial opportunities.[17] In 2016, a book she co-edited entitled Reframing Financial Regulation: Enhancing Stability and Protecting Consumers was published by the Mercatus Center.[18]

Peirce had opinion editorials published in The New York Times in 2012[19] and in 2013,[20] wherein she argued that it would be more sensible to let the market pare the big banks down to size rather than nationalizing them. Peirce has also authored articles in American Banker, The Hill and FinRegRag. In January 2017, she spoke at the American Economic Association in Chicago, where she discussed reforms of the role of financial regulators[21] a topic she had previously raised in a video by the Mercatus Center in 2015.[22]

In 2018, Peirce argued that lawyers who work for large corporations practice a form of public interest law. She also suggested that her own work at the SEC "indirectly" qualified as public interest law.[23]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 22, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Michaels, Dave (December 22, 2017). "Senate Confirms Robert Jackson, Hester Peirce to Join SEC". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  3. ^ "U.S. Government Attorney Profile: Hester Maria Peirce". Martindale-Hubbell. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  4. ^ "Press Release - President Obama Announces Another Key Administration Post". The American Presidency Project. October 20, 2015. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  5. ^ "Trump To Nominate Hester Peirce As SEC Commissioner". Law360. July 19, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  6. ^ "Trump likely to nominate former Senate aide Peirce for SEC: Bloomberg". Reuters. June 16, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  7. ^ "Hester Peirce". Mercatus Center. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  8. ^ "Hester Peirce". George Mason University. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  9. ^ "Trump Will Nominate Former Senate Aide Hester Maria Peirce For SEC Commissioner". Fortune. July 19, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  10. ^ "Trump to nominate former Senate aide Peirce for SEC commissioner". Reuters. July 18, 2017. Archived from the original on June 9, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  11. ^ "President Donald J. Trump Announces Intent to Nominate Personnel to Key Administration Posts". White House. July 18, 2017. Archived from the original on July 19, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  12. ^ "PN1936 — Hester Maria Peirce — Securities and Exchange Commission". Congress.gov. Archived from the original on October 18, 2020. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  13. ^ Lane, Sylvan (August 17, 2020). "SEC swears in Crenshaw, Peirce to fill commission for first time since 2018". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  14. ^ Bain, Benjamin (June 16, 2017). "Trump Said Likely to Name Hester Peirce as SEC Commissioner". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  15. ^ Hirschfeld Davis, Julie (October 20, 2015). "The Most Diverse S.E.C. Ever May Be Taking Shape". New York Times. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  16. ^ "Pots and kettles". The Economist. November 5, 2015. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  17. ^ "American banks think they are over-regulated". The Economist. May 4, 2017. Archived from the original on November 26, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  18. ^ "White House to Nominate Hester Peirce as Republican SEC Commissioner". The Wall Street Journal. July 18, 2017. Archived from the original on November 30, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  19. ^ "Nationalize the Banks?". The New York Times. July 30, 2012. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  20. ^ "State Banks Would Further Distort the Market". The New York Times. October 1, 2013. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  21. ^ "The role of financial regulation" on YouTube
  22. ^ "Hester Peirce on the Fed as a Financial Regulator" on YouTube
  23. ^ "Want Public Interest Work? Try Corporate Law: SEC's Peirce". Bloomberg. October 2, 2018. Archived from the original on October 3, 2018. Retrieved October 3, 2018.